Company Announcements

3rd Quarter Results

Source: RNS
RNS Number : 5527B
Carnival PLC
08 October 2020
 

October 8, 2020

 

RELEASE OF CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE THIRD QUARTER OF 2020

 

Carnival Corporation & plc is hereby announcing that today it has released its three and nine months results of operations in its earnings release and filed its joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") containing the Carnival Corporation & plc 2020 three and nine months unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

The information included in the attached Schedules A, B and C is extracted from the Form 10-Q and has been prepared in accordance with SEC rules and regulations. The Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements contained in the Form 10-Q have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

 

(a)   Schedule A contains the Carnival Corporation & plc unaudited consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020

(b)   Schedule B contains management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") of financial conditions and results of operations

(c)   Schedule C contains information on Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc's sales and purchases of their equity securities and use of proceeds from such sales

 

The Directors consider that within the Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc dual listed company arrangement, the most appropriate presentation of Carnival plc's results and financial position is by reference to the Carnival Corporation & plc U.S. GAAP unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

MEDIA CONTACT                                                                               INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT

Roger Frizzell                                                                                           Beth Roberts

001 305 406 7862                                                                                     001 305 406 4832

 

The Form 10-Q, including the portions extracted for this announcement, is available for viewing on the SEC website at www.sec.gov under Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc or the Carnival Corporation & plc website at www.carnivalcorp.com or www.carnivalplc.com. A copy of the Form 10-Q has been submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available for inspection at data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationalstoragemechanism. Additional information can be obtained via Carnival Corporation & plc's website listed above or by writing to Carnival plc at Carnival House, 100 Harbour Parade, Southampton, SO15 1ST, United Kingdom.

 

Carnival Corporation & plc is one of the world's largest leisure travel companies with a portfolio of nine of the world's leading cruise lines. With operations in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia, its portfolio features - Carnival Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, P&O Cruises (Australia), Seabourn, Costa Cruises, AIDA Cruises, P&O Cruises (UK) and Cunard.

 

Additional information can be found on www.carnivalcorp.com, www.carnivalsustainability.com, www.carnival.com, www.princess.com, www.hollandamerica.com, www.pocruises.com.au, www.seabourn.com, www.costacruise.com, www.aida.de, www.pocruises.com and www.cunard.com.

 

SCHEDULE A

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except per share data)

 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passenger ticket

$

 

 

$

4,477 

 

 

$

3,680 

 

 

$

10,934 

 

Onboard and other

31 

 

 

2,056 

 

 

1,881 

 

 

5,110 

 

 

31 

 

 

6,533 

 

 

5,561 

 

 

16,043 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commissions, transportation and other

34 

 

 

803 

 

 

1,098 

 

 

2,125 

 

Onboard and other

 

 

668 

 

 

593 

 

 

1,620 

 

Payroll and related

248 

 

 

548 

 

 

1,563 

 

 

1,671 

 

Fuel

121 

 

 

401 

 

 

718 

 

 

1,204 

 

Food

19 

 

 

284 

 

 

404 

 

 

821 

 

Ship and other impairments

910 

 

 

23 

 

 

1,829 

 

 

24 

 

Other operating

208 

 

 

805 

 

 

1,349 

 

 

2,367 

 

 

1,549 

 

 

3,532 

 

 

7,556 

 

 

9,833 

 

Selling and administrative

265 

 

 

563 

 

 

1,435 

 

 

1,813 

 

Depreciation and amortization

551 

 

 

548 

 

 

1,698 

 

 

1,607 

 

Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

2,096 

 

 

 

 

2,364 

 

 

4,643 

 

 

12,784 

 

 

13,252 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

(2,333)

 

 

1,890 

 

 

(7,223)

 

 

2,791 

 

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

 

 

15 

 

 

16 

 

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

(310)

 

 

(52)

 

 

(547)

 

 

(157)

 

Other income (expense), net

(221)

 

 

(19)

 

 

(260)

 

 

(27)

 

 

(528)

 

 

(63)

 

 

(793)

 

 

(168)

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

(2,861)

 

 

1,827 

 

 

(8,016)

 

 

2,624 

 

Income Tax Benefit (Expense), Net

 

 

(47)

 

 

 

 

(56)

 

Net Income (Loss)

$

(2,858)

 

 

$

1,780 

 

 

$

(8,014)

 

 

$

2,567 

 

Earnings Per Share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

(3.69)

 

 

$

2.58 

 

 

$

(11.03)

 

 

$

3.72 

 

Diluted

$

(3.69)

 

 

$

2.58 

 

 

$

(11.03)

 

 

$

3.71 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Net Income (Loss)

$

(2,858)

 

 

$

1,780 

 

 

$

(8,014)

 

 

$

2,567 

 

Items Included in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

519 

 

 

(101)

 

 

567 

 

 

(215)

 

Other

 

 

(6)

 

 

60 

 

 

(19)

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

524 

 

 

(107)

 

 

627 

 

 

(234)

 

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)

$

(2,335)

 

 

$

1,674 

 

 

$

(7,387)

 

 

$

2,333 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions, except par values)

 

 

August 31,
2020

 

November 30, 2019

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

8,176 

 

 

$

518 

 

Trade and other receivables, net

376 

 

 

444 

 

Inventories

349 

 

 

427 

 

Prepaid expenses and other

367 

 

 

671 

 

  Total current assets

9,268 

 

 

2,059 

 

Property and Equipment, Net

36,926 

 

 

38,131 

 

Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets (a)

1,379 

 

 

 

Goodwill

807 

 

 

2,912 

 

Other Intangibles

1,186 

 

 

1,174 

 

Other Assets

1,252 

 

 

783 

 

 

$

50,818 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

Short-term borrowings

$

3,374 

 

 

$

231 

 

Current portion of long-term debt

2,621 

 

 

1,596 

 

Current portion of operating lease liabilities (a)

150 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

691 

 

 

756 

 

Accrued liabilities and other

1,199 

 

 

1,809 

 

Customer deposits

2,150 

 

 

4,735 

 

  Total current liabilities

10,184 

 

 

9,127 

 

Long-Term Debt

18,916 

 

 

9,675 

 

Long-Term Operating Lease Liabilities (a)

1,281 

 

 

 

Other Long-Term Liabilities

934 

 

 

890 

 

Contingencies and Commitments

 

 

 

Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

Common stock of Carnival Corporation, $0.01 par value; 1,960 shares authorized; 830 shares at 2020 and 657 shares at 2019 issued

 

 

 

Ordinary shares of Carnival plc, $1.66 par value; 217 shares at 2020 and 2019 issued

361 

 

 

358 

 

Additional paid-in capital

10,680 

 

 

8,807 

 

Retained earnings

18,297 

 

 

26,653 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI")

(1,439)

 

 

(2,066)

 

Treasury stock, 130 shares at 2020 and 2019 of Carnival Corporation and 60 shares at 2020 and 2019 of Carnival plc, at cost

(8,404)

 

 

(8,394)

 

  Total shareholders' equity

19,503 

 

 

25,365 

 

 

$

50,818 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

 

(a)   We adopted the provisions of Leases on December 1, 2019.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

 

2020

 

2019

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(8,014)

 

 

$

2,567 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

1,698 

 

 

1,607 

 

Impairments

3,925 

 

 

26 

 

Loss on repurchase of Convertible Notes

224 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

52 

 

 

38 

 

(Gain) loss on ship sales and other, net

164 

 

 

29 

 

 

(1,951)

 

 

4,266 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

Receivables

25 

 

 

(101)

 

Inventories

71 

 

 

22 

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

(220)

 

Accounts payable

(97)

 

 

(25)

 

Accrued liabilities and other

(169)

 

 

63 

 

Customer deposits

(2,539)

 

 

409 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

(4,649)

 

 

4,414 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

(1,899)

 

 

(3,448)

 

Proceeds from sales of ships

271 

 

 

15 

 

Purchase of minority interest

(81)

 

 

 

Derivative settlements and other, net

257 

 

 

116 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(1,452)

 

 

(3,317)

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

Proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings, net

3,141 

 

 

(600)

 

Principal repayments of long-term debt

(896)

 

 

(472)

 

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

11,468 

 

 

1,722 

 

Dividends paid

(689)

 

 

(1,041)

 

Purchases of treasury stock

(12)

 

 

(472)

 

Issuance of common stock, net

778 

 

 

 

Other, net

(91)

 

 

(53)

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

13,699 

 

 

(912)

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

63 

 

 

(11)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

7,661 

 

 

174 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

530 

 

 

996 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

8,191 

 

 

$

1,170 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

(in millions)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Common
stock

 

Ordinary
shares

 

Additional
paid-in
capital

 

Retained
earnings

 

AOCI

 

Treasury
stock

 

Total shareholders' equity

At May 31, 2019

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,785 

 

 

$

25,138 

 

 

$

(2,076)

 

 

$

(8,104)

 

 

$

24,108 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,780 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,780 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(107)

 

 

 

 

(107)

 

Cash dividends declared ($0.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

13 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(157)

 

 

(144)

 

At August 31, 2019

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,798 

 

 

$

26,576 

 

 

$

(2,183)

 

 

$

(8,261)

 

 

$

25,295 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At May 31, 2020

$

 

 

$

360 

 

 

$

9,683 

 

 

$

21,155 

 

 

$

(1,962)

 

 

$

(8,404)

 

 

$

20,840 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,858)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,858)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

524 

 

 

 

 

524 

 

Issuance of common stock related to the repurchase of Convertible Notes

 

 

 

 

222 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

222 

 

Repurchase of Convertible Notes

 

 

 

 

765 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

766 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At August 31, 2020

$

 

 

$

361 

 

 

$

10,680 

 

 

$

18,297 

 

 

$

(1,439)

 

 

$

(8,404)

 

 

$

19,503 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

Common
stock

 

Ordinary
shares

 

Additional
paid-in
capital

 

Retained
earnings

 

AOCI

 

Treasury
stock

 

Total
shareholders'
equity

At November 30, 2018

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,756 

 

 

$

25,066 

 

 

$

(1,949)

 

 

$

(7,795)

 

 

$

24,443 

 

Changes in accounting principles (a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,567 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,567 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(234)

 

 

 

 

(234)

 

Cash dividends declared ($1.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,034)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,034)

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

42 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(467)

 

 

(424)

 

At August 31, 2019

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,798 

 

 

$

26,576 

 

 

$

(2,183)

 

 

$

(8,261)

 

 

$

25,295 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At November 30, 2019

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,807 

 

 

$

26,653 

 

 

$

(2,066)

 

 

$

(8,394)

 

 

$

25,365 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,014)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,014)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

627 

 

 

 

 

627 

 

Cash dividends declared ($0.50 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

777 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

778 

 

Issuance and repurchase of Convertible Notes

 

 

 

 

1,051 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,052 

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

44 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10)

 

 

36 

 

At August 31, 2020

$

 

 

$

361 

 

 

$

10,680 

 

 

$

18,297 

 

 

$

(1,439)

 

 

$

(8,404)

 

 

$

19,503 

 

 

(a)   We adopted the provisions of Revenue from Contracts with Customers and Derivatives and Hedging on December 1, 2018.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 1 - General

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and their respective subsidiaries. Together with their consolidated subsidiaries, they are referred to collectively in these consolidated financial statements and elsewhere in this joint Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as "Carnival Corporation & plc," "our," "us" and "we."

 

     Liquidity and Management's Plans

 

Due to the spread of COVID-19, we paused our global cruise operations in mid-March 2020. In September 2020 we began the resumption of limited guest operations as part of our anticipated phased-in return to service. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19, typically have an impact on booking patterns, with the full extent of the impact generally determined by the length of time the event influences travel decisions. We believe that the ongoing effects of COVID-19 on our operations and global bookings will continue to have a material negative impact on our financial results and liquidity, and such negative impact may continue well beyond the containment of such outbreak.

 

We cannot assure you that our assumptions used to estimate our liquidity requirements will be correct because we have never previously experienced a complete cessation of our guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive is uncertain. In addition, the magnitude, duration and speed of the global pandemic are uncertain. As a consequence, we cannot estimate the impact on our business, financial condition or near- or longer-term financial or operational results with reasonable certainty, but we continue to expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the quarter and year ending November 30, 2020. We have taken and continue to take actions to improve our liquidity, including capital expenditure and operating expense reductions, accelerating the removal of certain ships from our fleet, suspending dividend payments on, and the repurchase of, common stock of Carnival Corporation and ordinary shares of Carnival plc and pursuing various capital market transactions.

 

Based on these actions and assumptions regarding the impact of COVID-19, we have concluded that we will be able to generate sufficient liquidity to satisfy our obligations for at least the next twelve months.

 

     Basis of Presentation

The Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), and the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020 and 2019, Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended August 31, 2020 and 2019, and the Consolidated Balance Sheet at August 31, 2020 are unaudited and, in the opinion of our management, contain all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement. Our interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Carnival Corporation & plc 2019 joint Annual Report on Form 10-K and Form 10-K/A ("Form 10-K") filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 28, 2020 and March 31, 2020, respectively. 

For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2019, we reclassified $200 million and $299 million from tour and other revenues to onboard and other revenues as well as $109 million and $198 million from tour and other costs and expenses to other operating cost and expenses in order to conform to the current year presentation.

 

     COVID-19 Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty

 

The preparation of our interim consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed. The full extent to which the effects of COVID-19 will directly or indirectly impact our business, operations, results of operations and financial condition, including our valuation of goodwill and trademarks, impairment of ships, collectability of trade and notes receivables as well as provisions for pending litigation, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain. We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods.

 

     Accounting Pronouncements

 

On December 1, 2019, we adopted the FASB issued guidance, Leases, using the modified retrospective approach, which allows entities to either apply the new lease standard to the beginning of the earliest period presented or only to the consolidated financial statements in the period of adoption without restating prior periods. We have elected to apply the new guidance at the date of adoption without restating prior periods.

 

We have implemented changes to our internal controls to address the collection, recording, and accounting for leases in accordance with the new guidance. Upon adoption of the new guidance, the most significant impact was the recognition of $1.4 billion of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities relating to operating leases, reported within operating lease right-of-use assets and long-term operating lease liabilities, with the current portion of the liability reported within current portion of operating lease liabilities, in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 1, 2019. There was no cumulative effect of applying the new standard and accordingly there was no adjustment to our retained earnings upon adoption. This guidance had an immaterial impact on our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the compliance with debt covenants under our current agreements.

 

The FASB issued amended guidance, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software, which requires a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal-use software guidance to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred. The expense related to deferred implementation costs is required to be presented in the same net income (loss) line item as the related hosting fees. Additionally, the payments for deferred implementation costs are required to be presented in the same line item in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as payments for the related hosting fees. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2021 and we have elected to apply the guidance using a prospective approach. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

The FASB issued amended guidance, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which requires an entity to present the net amount expected to be collected for certain financial assets, including trade receivables. On initial recognition and at each reporting period, this guidance will require an entity to recognize an allowance that reflects the entity's current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the financial instrument. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2021 and will be applied prospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings. We are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

The FASB issued guidance, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options and Derivative and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments. This guidance eliminates certain models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features, in certain cases. Additionally, among other changes, the guidance eliminates certain of the conditions for equity classification for contracts in an entity's own equity. The guidance also requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, except for certain liability-classified share-based payment awards. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2023 and must be applied using either a modified or full retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 2 - Revenue and Expense Recognition

 

Guest cruise deposits are initially included in customer deposit liabilities when received. Customer deposits are subsequently recognized as cruise revenues, together with revenues from onboard and other activities, and all associated direct costs and expenses of a voyage are recognized as cruise costs and expenses, upon completion of voyages with durations of ten nights or less and on a pro rata basis for voyages in excess of ten nights. The impact of recognizing these shorter duration cruise revenues and costs and expenses on a completed voyage basis versus on a pro rata basis is not significant. Certain of our product offerings are bundled and we allocate the value of the bundled services and goods between passenger ticket revenues and onboard and other revenues based upon the estimated standalone selling prices of those goods and services. Guest cancellation fees, when applicable, are recognized in passenger ticket revenues at the time of cancellation. 

 

Our sales to guests of air and other transportation to and from airports near the home ports of our ships are included in passenger ticket revenues, and the related costs of purchasing these services are included in transportation costs. The proceeds that we collect from the sales of third-party shore excursions are included in onboard and other revenues and the related costs are included in onboard and other costs. The amounts collected on behalf of our onboard concessionaires, net of the amounts remitted to them, are included in onboard and other revenues as concession revenues. All of these amounts are recognized on a completed voyage or pro rata basis as discussed above.

 

Passenger ticket revenues include fees, taxes and charges collected by us from our guests. A portion of these fees, taxes and charges vary with guest head counts and are directly imposed on a revenue-producing arrangement. This portion of the fees, taxes and charges is expensed in commissions, transportation and other costs when the corresponding revenues are recognized.  For the three and nine months ended August 31, fees, taxes, and charges included in commissions, transportation and other costs were not significant and $213 million in 2020 and $186 million and $503 million in 2019. The remaining portion of fees, taxes and charges are expensed in other operating expenses when the corresponding revenues are recognized.

 

Revenues and expenses from our hotel and transportation operations, which are included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized at the time the services are performed. Revenues from the long-term leasing of ships, which are also included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized ratably over the term of the agreement.

 

     Customer Deposits

 

Our payment terms generally require an initial deposit to confirm a reservation, with the balance due prior to the voyage. Cash received from guests in advance of the cruise is recorded in customer deposits and in other long-term liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts include refundable deposits. We are providing flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled due to the pause in cruise operations by allowing guests to receive enhanced future cruise credits ("FCC") or elect to receive refunds in cash. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of these cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for FCCs to the extent we have received cash from guests with bookings on cancelled sailings. We had customer deposits of $2.4 billion as of August 31, 2020 and $4.9 billion as of November 30, 2019. The current portion of our customer deposits was $2.1 billion as of August 31, 2020, the majority of which are FCCs. These amounts include deposits related to cancelled cruises prior to the election of a cash refund by guests. Refunds payable to guests who have elected cash refunds are recorded in accounts payable. Due to the uncertainty associated with the duration and extent of COVID-19, we are unable to estimate the amount of the August 31, 2020 customer deposits that will be recognized in earnings compared to amounts that will be refunded to customers or issued as a credit for future travel. During the nine months ended August 31, 2020 and 2019, we recognized revenues of $3.3 billion and $4.1 billion related to our customer deposits as of November 30, 2019 and December 1, 2018. Historically, our customer deposits balance changes due to the seasonal nature of cash collections, the recognition of revenue, refund of customer deposits and foreign currency translation. 

 

     Contract Receivables

 

Although we generally require full payment from our customers prior to or concurrently with their cruise, we grant credit terms to a relatively small portion of our revenue source. We also have receivables from credit card merchants for cruise ticket purchases and onboard revenue. These receivables are included within trade and other receivables, net.

 

     Contract Assets

 

Contract assets are amounts paid prior to the start of a voyage, which we record as an asset within prepaid expenses and other and which are subsequently recognized as commissions, transportation and other at the time of revenue recognition or at the time of voyage cancellation. We have contract assets of $17 million and $154 million as of August 31, 2020 and November 30, 2019. 

 

NOTE 3 - Debt

 

     Short-Term Borrowings

 

At August 31, 2020, our short-term borrowings consisted primarily of $3.0 billion borrowing under our multicurrency revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility"), $314 million of commercial paper, $20 million of euro-denominated commercial paper and $33 million of sterling-denominated commercial paper. For the nine months ended August 31, 2020, we had borrowings of $525 million and repayments of $192 million of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months. For the nine months ended August 31, 2019, there were no borrowings or repayments of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months.

 

     Export Credit Facility Borrowings

 

In December 2019, we borrowed $823 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

 

In September 2020, we borrowed $610 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

 

2023 Secured Notes

 

In April 2020, we issued $4.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 11.5% first-priority senior secured notes due in 2023 (the "2023 Secured Notes"). The 2023 Secured Notes mature on April 1, 2023 unless earlier redeemed or repurchased. They are guaranteed by Carnival plc and certain of our subsidiaries that own or operate our vessels and material intellectual property, and are secured by collateral, which includes vessels and material intellectual property with a net book value of $27.9 billion as of August 31, 2020 and certain other assets. Upon the occurrence of certain change of control events, we are required to offer to repurchase the 2023 Secured Notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the purchase date.

 

The indenture governing the 2023 Secured Notes contains covenants that limit our ability to, among other things: (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue certain preferred shares; (ii) make dividend payments on or make other distributions in respect of our capital stock or make other restricted payments; (iii) make certain investments; (iv) sell certain assets; (v) create liens on assets; (vi) consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets; and (vii) enter into certain transactions with our affiliates. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

     Convertible Notes

 

In April 2020, we issued $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.75% convertible senior notes due 2023 (the "Convertible Notes"). The Convertible Notes mature on April 1, 2023, unless earlier repurchased or redeemed by us or earlier converted in accordance with their terms prior to the maturity date. The Convertible Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Carnival plc, Carnival Finance, LLC and our subsidiaries that guarantee the 2023 Secured Notes.

 

The Convertible Notes are convertible by holders, subject to the conditions described below, into cash, shares of Carnival Corporation common stock, or a combination thereof, at our election. The Convertible Notes have an initial conversion rate of 100 shares of Carnival Corporation common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the Convertible Notes, equivalent to an initial conversion price of $10 per share of common stock. The initial conversion price is subject to certain anti-dilutive adjustments and may also increase if the Convertible Notes are converted in connection with a tax redemption or certain corporate events.

 

The Convertible Notes are convertible at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding January 1, 2023, only under the following circumstances:

 

•      during any fiscal quarter, (and only during such fiscal quarter), if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;

•      during the five business day period after any five consecutive trading day period (the "measurement period") in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of common stock and the conversion rate on each such trading day;

•      prior to the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding any tax redemption date; or

•      upon the occurrence of specified corporate events.

 

On or after January 1, 2023, until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may convert their Convertible Notes at any time.

 

If we undergo certain corporate events (each, a "fundamental change"), subject to certain conditions, holders may require us to

repurchase for cash all or any portion of their Convertible Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the

Convertible Notes to be repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the fundamental change repurchase date.

 

We may redeem the Convertible Notes, in whole but not in part, at any time on or prior to December 31, 2022 at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, if we or any guarantor would have to pay any additional amounts on the Convertible Notes due to a change in tax laws, regulations or rulings or a change in the official application, administration or interpretation thereof.

 

As of August 31, 2020, a condition allowing holders of the Convertible Notes to convert has been met and therefore the notes are convertible. The holders are entitled to convert all or any portion of their Convertible Notes at any time during the three months starting on September 1, 2020 and ending on November 30, 2020, at the conversion rate of 100 shares of Carnival Corporation common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes.

 

In August 2020, we completed a registered direct offering of 99.2 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at a price of $14.02 per share to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes. We used the proceeds of the stock offering to repurchase from such holders $886 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes in privately negotiated transactions, (such registered direct offering and the use of proceeds to repurchase the Convertible Notes, the "Convertible Notes Repurchase Transaction"). We recognized a $224 million extinguishment loss as a result of these transactions in other income (expense), net.

 

We account for the Convertible Notes as separate liability and equity components. We determined the carrying amount of the liability component as the present value of its cash flows.

 

The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was $286 million on the date of issuance and was calculated by deducting the carrying value of the liability component from the initial proceeds from the Convertible Notes. The excess of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes over the carrying amount of the liability component represents a debt discount that is amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes under the effective interest rate method using an effective interest rate of 12.9%. The carrying amount of the equity component was reduced to $0 in conjunction with the partial repurchase of Convertible Notes in August 2020 because at the time of repurchase, the fair value of the equity component for the portion of the Convertible Notes that was repurchased, exceeded the total amount of the equity component recorded at the time the Convertible Notes were issued.

 

The net carrying value of the liability component of the Convertible Notes was as follows:

 

(in millions)

 

August 31, 2020

Principal

 

$

1,127 

 

Less: Unamortized debt discount and transaction costs

 

(173)

 

 

 

$

954 

 

 

The interest expense recognized related to the Convertible Notes was as follows:

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended August 31, 2020

 

Nine Months Ended August 31, 2020

Contractual interest expense

$

26 

 

 

$

43 

 

Amortization of debt discount and transaction costs

22 

 

 

37 

 

 

$

47 

 

 

$

80 

 

 

We had no Convertible Notes in 2019.

 

2025 Secured Term Loan

  

In June 2020, we borrowed an aggregate principal amount of $2.8 billion in two tranches ($1.9 billion and €800 million), under a first-priority senior secured term loan facility that matures on June 30, 2025 (the "2025 Secured Term Loan"). The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR (with a 1% floor) plus 7.5%. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 7.5%. The 2025 Secured Term Loan is guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a first-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 Secured Notes, the 2026 Secured Notes and the 2027 Secured Notes. The 2025 Secured Term Loan contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 Secured Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

2026 Secured Notes

 

In July 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $1.3 billion in two tranches ($775 million and €425 million), under second-priority senior secured notes that mature on February 1, 2026 (the "2026 Secured Notes"). The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.5% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.1% per year. The 2026 Secured Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a second-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 Secured Notes, the 2025 Secured Term Loan and the 2027 Secured Notes. The indenture governing the 2026 Secured Notes contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 Secured Notes and the 2027 Secured Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

2027 Secured Notes

 

In August 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $900 million of second-priority senior secured notes that mature on August 1, 2027 (the "2027 Secured Notes"). The 2027 Secured Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.9% per year. The 2027 Secured Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a second-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 Secured Notes, the 2025 Secured Term Loan and the 2026 Secured Notes. The indenture governing the 2027 Secured Notes contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 Secured Notes and the 2026 Secured Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

Modifications and Other

 

In February 2020, we extended a $452 million sterling-denominated floating rate bank loan, originally maturing in 2022, to 2025 with an option to extend to 2026.

 

In April 2020, we amended and extended a $166 million euro-denominated fixed rate bank loan, originally maturing in September 2020, to a floating rate loan maturing in March 2021.

 

In July 2020, we extended a $337 million euro-denominated floating rate bank loan originally maturing in 2021 to 2022.

 

As of August 31, 2020, we repurchased in the open market $86 million aggregate principal amount of our $700 million 4.0% notes due in 2020 and $123 million aggregate principal amount of our $555 million 1.6% euro notes due in 2021. We recognized a related gain on early extinguishment of debt of $5 million. This gain is included in other income (expense), net in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

 

Certain export credit agencies have offered 12-month debt amortization and a financial covenant holiday (the "Debt Holiday").  We have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters for the Debt Holiday amendments to defer certain principal repayments otherwise due through March 31, 2021 through the creation of separate tranches of loans with repayments made over the following four years.

 

As of August 31, 2020, the scheduled annual maturities of our outstanding debt were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

Principal Payments (a)

Remainder of 2020

 

$

1,048 

 

2021 (b)

 

1,702 

 

2022

 

2,539 

 

2023

 

6,686 

 

2024

 

1,174 

 

Thereafter

 

9,382 

 

 

 

$

22,532 

 

 

(a)   Excluding the Revolving Facility. As of August 31, 2020, borrowings under the Revolving Facility were $3.0 billion, which were drawn in March 2020 for an initial term of six months. The maturities for these borrowings were extended in September 2020 for an additional six months through March 2021. We may re-borrow such amounts subject to satisfaction of the conditions in the Revolving Facility Agreement.

(b)   We have a principal balance of $0.5 billion and $0.8 billion of debt outstanding as of August 31, 2020, otherwise due through 2032, for which covenant waivers expire during the second quarter 2021 and fourth quarter 2021, respectively. We are working on extending these covenant waivers. If the covenant waiver extensions are not received, we would be required to prepay the outstanding principal balance.

 

   Debt Covenant Compliance

 

Many of our debt agreements contain one or more financial covenants that require us to:

 

•      Maintain minimum debt service coverage

•      Maintain minimum shareholders' equity

•      Limit our debt to capital ratio

•      Limit the amounts of our secured and other indebtedness

 

Under the terms of certain of our debt facilities, we are required to maintain minimum debt service coverage (EBITDA to consolidated net interest charges for the most recently ended four fiscal quarters) of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 at the end of each fiscal quarter (the "Financial Covenant"). As of August 31, 2020, we have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to amend our agreements with respect to this Financial Covenant to:

 

•      Waive compliance for all of our funded export credit facilities through March 31, 2021, August 31, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable.

•      Waive compliance through November 30, 2021 for certain of our bank loans. We will be required to comply beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2022.

•      Waive compliance for the remaining applicable bank loans through their respective maturity dates.

 

At August 31, 2020, we were in compliance with the applicable debt covenants.

 

Subsequent to August 31, 2020, we extended the Financial Covenant waivers for our funded export credit facilities through at least November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) except that for three of our funded export credit facilities with Financial Covenant waivers through March 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of May 31, 2021) or August 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of November 30, 2021), with total aggregate indebtedness of $1.3 billion as of August 31, 2020, we are currently engaged in discussions to extend the waivers for these facilities through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022).

 

Any covenant waiver may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable. There can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain additional waivers in a timely manner, or on acceptable terms at all. If we were not able to obtain additional waivers or repay the debt facilities, this would lead to an event of default and potential acceleration of amounts due under all of our outstanding debt and derivative contract payables. As a result, the failure to obtain the additional waivers would have a material adverse effect on us.

 

     Credit Ratings Update

 

Since March 2020, Moody's and S&P Global have downgraded our credit ratings to be below investment grade. Our current short-term commercial paper credit rating prevents us from issuing additional commercial paper.

 

NOTE 4 - Contingencies and Commitments

Litigation

 

We are routinely involved in legal proceedings, claims, disputes, regulatory matters and governmental inspections or investigations arising in the ordinary course of or incidental to our business, including those noted below. Additionally, as a result of the impact of COVID-19, litigation claims, enforcement actions, regulatory actions and investigations, including, but not limited to, those arising from personal injury and loss of life, have been and may, in the future, be asserted against us. Many of the existing assertions are in their initial stages. We expect many of these claims and actions, or any settlement of these claims and actions, to be covered by insurance and historically the maximum amount of our liability, net of any insurance recoverables, has been limited to our self-insurance retention levels.

 

We record provisions in the consolidated financial statements for pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.

 

Legal proceedings and government investigations are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings or other events could occur. Unfavorable resolutions could involve substantial monetary damages. In addition, in matters for which conduct remedies are sought, unfavorable resolutions could include an injunction or other order prohibiting us from selling one or more products at all or in particular ways, precluding particular business practices or requiring other remedies. An unfavorable outcome might result in a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 2, 2019, two lawsuits were filed against Carnival Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act, also known as the Helms-Burton Act. On July 9, 2020, the court granted our motion for judgment on the pleadings in the action filed by Javier Garcia Bengochea, and dismissed plaintiff's action with prejudice. On August 6, 2020, Bengochea filed a notice of appeal. On September 14, 2020, the court denied our motion to dismiss the amended action filed by Havana Docks Corporation. We continue to believe we have a meritorious defense to these actions and we believe that any liability which may arise as a result of these actions will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Contingent Obligations - Indemnifications

Some of the debt contracts we enter into include indemnification provisions obligating us to make payments to the counterparty if certain events occur. These contingencies generally relate to changes in taxes or changes in laws which increase the lender's costs. There are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification clauses, and we are not able to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments, if any, under these indemnification clauses.

Other Contingencies

We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request under certain circumstances that we provide a reserve fund in cash. Although the agreements vary, these requirements may generally be satisfied either through a withheld percentage of customer payments or providing cash funds directly to the card processor. As of August 31, 2020, we have been requested to provide reserve funds of $27 million and have had $200 million of customer deposits withheld to satisfy these requirements. These reserve funds are included within other assets. We expect the funds withheld under these agreements will be approximately $65 million per month up to a maximum of $600 million. In September 2020, we placed $136 million of cash collateral to be held in escrow.

 

COVID-19 Actions

 

We have been named in a number of actions related to COVID-19. The following purported class actions have been brought by former guests from Ruby Princess, Diamond Princess, Grand Princess, Coral Princess, Costa Luminosa, Carnival Ecstasy or Zaandam. Both the previously disclosed and newly filed actions seek compensation based on a variety of tort claims, including, but not limited to, negligence and failure to warn, physical injuries and severe emotional distress associated with being exposed and/or contracting COVID-19 onboard. Below are material updates to the previously disclosed class actions, individual actions and governmental inquiries and investigations, and a description of newly filed COVID-19 actions.

 

Previously Disclosed Class Actions

 

As previously disclosed, on April 7, 2020, Paul Turner, a former guest from Costa Luminosa, filed a purported class action against Costa Crociere, S.p.A. ("Costa") and Costa Cruise Line, Inc. in the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of Florida. On September 10, 2020, the court granted Costa's motion to dismiss based upon forum non conveniens, and directed that the action be filed in Italy. The plaintiff has appealed the order.

 

As previously disclosed, on April 8, 2020, numerous former guests from Grand Princess filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and two of our subsidiaries, Princess Cruise Lines, Ltd. ("Princess Cruises") and Fairline Shipping International Corporation, Ltd. On September 22, 2020, the court granted our motions to dismiss plaintiffs' second amended complaint in part. The court granted our motion to dismiss plaintiffs' negligence-based claims without prejudice and with leave to amend and granted our motion to dismiss plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief without prejudice. The court denied our motion to dismiss plaintiffs' claims for intentional infliction of emotional distress. On October 2, 2020, plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 27, 2020, Service Lamp Corporation Profit Sharing Plan filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation, Arnold W. Donald and David Bernstein on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation securities between January 28 and May 1, 2020. As previously disclosed, on June 3, 2020, John P. Elmensdorp filed a purported class action against the same defendants, and included Micky Arison as a defendant. This action is on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation securities between September 26, 2019 and April 30, 2020. These actions allege that the defendants violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 by making misrepresentations and omissions related to Carnival Corporation's COVID-19 knowledge and response, and seek to recover unspecified damages and equitable relief for the alleged misstatements and omissions. On July 21, 2020, Abraham Atachbarian filed a purported class action against the same defendants as Elmensdorp action. The Atachbarian action is on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation options between January 27 and May 1, 2020 and allege the same set of factual theories presented in the class actions described above. 

 

As previously disclosed, on June 4, 2020, Gregory Eicher, a former guest from Grand Princess filed a purported class action against Princess Cruises. On September 10, 2020, this action was voluntarily dismissed.

 

As previously disclosed, on June 4, 2020, numerous former guests from Ruby Princess filed a purported class action against Princess Cruises. Princess Cruises filed a motion to dismiss, in response to which the plaintiffs amended their action to remove their class action allegations and seek recovery on behalf of two guests who allege that they contracted COVID-19 while on Ruby Princess. 

 

As previously disclosed, on June 24, 2020, Leonard C. Lindsay and Carl E.W. Zehner, former guests from Zaandam, filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc, Holland America Line, Inc. and Holland America Line - U.S.A., Inc. On September 11, 2020, the plaintiffs filed an amended class action on behalf of all persons in the U.S. who were guests from Zaandam who embarked on March 8, 2020.

 

Newly Filed Class Actions

 

As discussed above, these newly filed actions also seek compensation based on economic losses, alleged personal injury and emotional distress for guests who either contracted or feared contracting COVID-19 and assert claims for negligence and intentional infliction of emotional distress. 

 

On July 13, 2020, Kathleen O'Neill, a former guest from Coral Princess filed a purported class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Princess Cruises, Carnival Corporation, and Carnival plc. We have filed a motion to dismiss.

 

On July 13, 2020, another group of former guests from Grand Princess filed a purported class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Princess Cruises, Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. We have filed a motion to dismiss plaintiff's amended action.

 

On July 23, 2020, Susan Karpik, a former guest from Ruby Princess filed a purported class action against Carnival plc and Princess Cruises in the Federal Court of Australia.

 

We believe that the claims asserted in these actions are without merit and are taking proper actions to defend against them.

 

Individual Actions

 

Since March 9, 2020, more than 100 former U.S. guests who sailed onboard various vessels, including, but not limited to, Diamond Princess, Grand Princess, Ruby Princess, or Coral Princess, filed individual actions against Princess Cruises and, in some actions, also against Carnival Corporation and/or Carnival plc, including actions previously disclosed. Both the previously disclosed and newly filed actions include tort claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence and failure to warn. The plaintiffs in these actions allege a variety of injuries: some plaintiffs allege only emotional distress, while others allege injuries arising from testing positive for COVID-19. A smaller number of actions include wrongful death claims.

 

Previously Disclosed Individual Actions

 

Motions to dismiss were filed on June 2, 2020 in the individual actions brought against Princess Cruises prior to such date and that allege only emotional distress associated with exposure to COVID-19 while onboard. All courts that considered those motions to date have granted them. Princess Cruises has filed motions to dismiss in all other matters in which a responsive pleading has been due. Several courts have granted the various motions to dismiss, with leave for the plaintiffs to amend.

 

As previously disclosed, between April 7 and July 7, 2020, former U.S. guests from Costa Luminosa filed individual actions against Costa in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida or the Circuit Court in and for the 11th Judicial Circuit in and for Miami-Dade County. These actions have been voluntarily dismissed with and without prejudice, respectively. The action brought in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida may be pursued in Italy.

 

As previously disclosed, on June 16, 2020, Patricia Vickers, on behalf of the Estate of Jessie Vickers, a former guest from Carnival Ecstasy, filed an action against Carnival Corporation. The case was dismissed by the court without prejudice. 

 

As previously disclosed, on June 30, 2020, Kenneth and Nora Hook, former guests from Zaandam, filed an action against Holland America Line N.V. A motion to dismiss is pending and on September 3, 2020, the court denied plaintiff's motion for an expedited trial date.

   

Newly Filed Individual Actions

 

On July 16, 2020, Toyling Maa, individually and as personal representative of the estate of Wilson Maa, a former guest from Coral Princess, and the estate of Wilson Maa, filed an action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises seeking compensation for damages for Ms. Maa allegedly contracting COVID-19 and alleging wrongful death as a result of Mr. Maa contracting COVID-19. The action asserts claims for negligence. On September 21, 2020, the court denied plaintiffs' motion to remand and granted defendants' motion to dismiss without prejudice and with leave to amend.

 

On July 23, 2020, an action was filed on behalf of the estate of Carl Weidner, a former guest from Grand Princess, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises seeking compensation based on a claim alleging wrongful death as a result of contracting COVID-19. The action asserts claims for negligence. The action also alleges that the forum selection clause in the guest's ticket contract that specifies venue in the Central District of California is unenforceable.

 

These individual actions seek monetary and punitive damages but do not specify exact amounts. We are taking proper actions to defend against them.

 

Governmental Inquiries and Investigations

 

Federal and non-U.S. governmental agencies and officials are investigating or otherwise seeking information, testimony and/or documents, regarding COVID-19 incidents and related matters, including, but not limited to, those noted below. We are investigating these matters internally and are cooperating with all requests. The investigations could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties in the future.

 

As previously disclosed, in March and April, 2020, there were several inquiries or investigations initiated by foreign governmental authorities related to Ruby Princess, including authorities in Australia and New Zealand. The New South Wales Commission of Inquiry Report dated August 14, 2020, concluded that no recommendations were directed towards Princess Cruises or Carnival Australia. 

 

At this time, we continue to believe we have a meritorious defense to the aforementioned claims and while we are unable to estimate a potential range of damages, we do not believe that the ultimate outcome of these proceedings will have any material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Ship Commitments

 

As of August 31, 2020, we expect the timing of our new ship growth capital commitments to be as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

 

Remainder of 2020

 

$

1,776 

 

2021

 

3,122 

 

2022

 

4,609 

 

2023

 

3,226 

 

2024

 

780 

 

Thereafter

 

1,061 

 

 

 

$

14,574 

 

 

NOTE 5 - Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and is measured using inputs in one of the following three categories:

•      Level 1 measurements are based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access. Valuation of these items does not entail a significant amount of judgment.

•      Level 2 measurements are based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or market data other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets or liabilities.

•      Level 3 measurements are based on unobservable data that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Considerable judgment may be required in interpreting market data used to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, certain estimates of fair value presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current or future market exchange.

 

 

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis 

 

August 31, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

 

Carrying
Value

 

Fair Value

 

Carrying
Value

 

Fair Value

(in millions)

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term other assets (a)

$

46 

 

 

$

 

 

$

24 

 

 

$

14 

 

 

$

181 

 

 

$

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

149 

 

Total

$

46 

 

 

$

 

 

$

24 

 

 

$

14 

 

 

$

181 

 

 

$

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

149 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed rate debt (b)

$

14,250 

 

 

$

 

 

$

13,789 

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,438 

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,782 

 

 

$

 

Floating rate debt (b)

11,287 

 

 

 

 

10,291 

 

 

 

 

4,195 

 

 

 

 

4,248 

 

 

 

Total

$

25,537 

 

 

$

 

 

$

24,080 

 

 

$

 

 

$

11,634 

 

 

$

 

 

$

12,030 

 

 

$

 

 

(a)         Long-term other assets are comprised of notes receivable, which at November 30, 2019, included loans on ship sales. The fair values of our Level 2 notes receivable were based on estimated future cash flows discounted at appropriate market interest rates. The fair values of our Level 3 notes receivable were estimated using risk-adjusted discount rates.

(b)         The debt amounts above do not include the impact of interest rate swaps or debt issuance costs. The fair values of our publicly-traded notes were based on their unadjusted quoted market prices in markets that are not sufficiently active to be Level 1 and, accordingly, are considered Level 2. The fair values of our other debt were estimated based on current market interest rates being applied to this debt.

 

Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

August 31, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

(in millions)

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

8,176 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

518 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Restricted cash

15 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

58 

 

 

 

Total

$

8,191 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

530 

 

 

$

58 

 

 

$

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

$

 

 

$

11 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

 

Total

$

 

 

$

11 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

 

  

Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

Valuation of Goodwill and Trademarks 

 

As a result of the effect of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows, we performed interim discounted cash flow analyses for certain reporting units with goodwill as of February 29, 2020 and for all reporting units with goodwill as of May 31, 2020. Consequently, prior to our annual test date of July 31, 2020, we determined that the estimated fair values of two of our North America & Australia ("NAA") segment reporting units and two of our Europe & Asia ("EA") segment reporting units no longer exceeded their carrying values. We recognized goodwill impairment charges of $731 million and $1.3 billion for those reporting units during the first and second quarters of 2020, respectively, and have no remaining goodwill for those reporting units. As of July 31, 2020, we performed our annual goodwill and trademark impairment reviews, which covered updates since the last test date of May 31, 2020, and we determined there was no impairment for goodwill or trademarks at our annual test date.

 

The determination of our reporting units' goodwill and trademark fair values includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered Level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of:

 

•      Changes in market conditions, port or other restrictions, or strategy, including decisions about the allocation of new ships amongst brands and the transfer of ships between brands

•      Forecasted future operating results, including net revenue yields and fuel expenses

•      Weighted-average cost of capital of market participants, adjusted for the risk attributable to the geographic regions in which these cruise brands operate

 

We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments. A change in the conditions, circumstances or strategy (including decisions about the allocation of new ships amongst brands and the transfer of ships between brands), which influence determinations of fair value, may result in a need to recognize an additional impairment charge. Refer to Note 1 - "General, COVID-19 Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty" for additional discussion.

 

 

Goodwill

(in millions)

NAA
Segment

 

EA
Segment

 

Total

At November 30, 2019

$

1,898 

 

 

$

1,014 

 

 

$

2,912 

 

Impairment charges

(1,319)

 

 

(777)

 

 

(2,096)

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(10)

 

 

(10)

 

At August 31, 2020

$

579 

 

 

$

228 

 

 

$

807 

 

 

 

Trademarks

(in millions)

NAA
Segment

 

EA
Segment

 

Total

At November 30, 2019

$

927 

 

 

$

240 

 

 

$

1,167 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

12 

 

 

13 

 

At August 31, 2020

$

927 

 

 

$

253 

 

 

$

1,180 

 

 

Impairment of Ships 

 

We review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate potential impairment. As a result of the effect of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows and our decisions to dispose of certain ships, we determined certain impairment triggers had occurred. Accordingly, we performed undiscounted cash flow analyses on some ships in our fleet as of February 29, 2020, May 31, 2020 and during the quarter ended and as of August 31, 2020. Based on these undiscounted cash flow analyses, we determined that certain ships had net carrying values that exceeded their estimated undiscounted future cash flows. We estimated the fair values of these ships based on their discounted cash flows or estimated selling value. We then compared these estimated fair values to the net carrying values and, as a result, we recognized the following:

 

•      $836 million and $2 million of ship impairment charges in the NAA and EA segments, respectively, for the three months ended August 31, 2020.

•      $1.4 billion and $311 million of ship impairment charges in the NAA and EA segments, respectively, for the nine months ended August 31, 2020.

 

The principal assumptions used in our analyses consisted of changes in strategy (including decisions about the sale of ships, estimated sale proceeds and timing, as well as the transfer of ships between brands), return to service, forecasted future operating results, including net revenue yields and fuel expenses. All principal assumptions are considered Level 3 inputs. Refer to Note 1 - "General, COVID-19 Use of Estimates and Risks and Uncertainty" for additional discussion.

 

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

(in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

 

August 31, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

Derivative assets

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps (a)

Prepaid expenses and other

 

$

 

 

$

32 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

 

25 

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars (b)

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

 

 

Total derivative assets

 

 

$

 

 

$

58 

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps (a)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars (b)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps (c)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

 

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

Total derivative liabilities

 

 

$

11 

 

 

$

25 

 

 

(a)         At August 31, 2020, we had no cross currency swaps. At November 30, 2019, we had cross currency swaps totaling $1.9 billion that were designated as hedges of our net investment in foreign operations with a euro-denominated functional currency. 

(b)         At August 31, 2020 and November 30, 2019, we had foreign currency derivatives consisting of foreign currency zero cost collars designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges for a portion of our euro-denominated shipbuilding payments. See "Newbuild Currency Risks" below for additional information regarding these derivatives.

(c)         We have interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges whereby we receive floating interest rate payments in exchange for making fixed interest rate payments. These interest rate swap agreements effectively changed $273 million at August 31, 2020 and $300 million at November 30, 2019 of EURIBOR-based floating rate euro debt to fixed rate euro debt. At August 31, 2020, these interest rate swaps settle through 2025.

 

Our derivative contracts include rights of offset with our counterparties. We have elected to net certain of our derivative assets and liabilities within counterparties.

 

 

 

August 31, 2020

(in millions)

 

Gross Amounts 

 

Gross Amounts Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Total Net Amounts Presented in the Balance Sheet

 

Gross Amounts not Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Net Amounts

Assets

 

$

 

 

$

(1)

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Liabilities

 

$

12 

 

 

$

(1)

 

 

$

11 

 

 

$

 

 

$

11 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 30, 2019

(in millions)

 

Gross Amounts

 

Gross Amounts Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Total Net Amounts Presented in the Balance Sheet

 

Gross Amounts not Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Net Amounts

Assets

 

$

58 

 

 

$

 

 

$

58 

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

54 

 

Liabilities

 

$

25 

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

21 

 

The effect of our derivatives qualifying and designated as hedging instruments recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) and in net income (loss) was as follows:

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Gains (losses) recognized in AOCI:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - included component

$

 

 

$

16 

 

 

$

131 

 

 

$

36 

 

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - excluded component

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(1)

 

 

$

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars - cash flow hedges

$

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

 

 

$

(5)

 

Foreign currency forwards - cash flow hedges

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

53 

 

 

$

 

Interest rate swaps - cash flow hedges

$

 

 

$

(1)

 

 

$

 

 

$

(1)

 

Gains (losses) reclassified from AOCI - cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$

(1)

 

 

$

(2)

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

(6)

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars - Depreciation and amortization

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Gains (losses) recognized on derivative instruments (amount excluded from effectiveness testing - net investment hedges)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

12 

 

 

$

16 

 

 

The amount of estimated cash flow hedges' unrealized gains and losses that are expected to be reclassified to earnings in the next twelve months is not significant.

 

Financial Risks

Fuel Price Risks

We manage our exposure to fuel price risk by managing our consumption of fuel. Substantially all of our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. We manage fuel consumption through ship maintenance practices, modifying our itineraries and implementing innovative technologies.

  

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risks

Overall Strategy

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates through our normal operating and financing activities, including netting certain exposures to take advantage of any natural offsets and, when considered appropriate, through the use of derivative and non-derivative financial instruments. Our primary focus is to monitor our exposure to, and manage, the economic foreign currency exchange risks faced by our operations and realized if we exchange one currency for another. We currently only hedge certain of our ship commitments and net investments in foreign operations. The financial impacts of the hedging instruments we do employ generally offset the changes in the underlying exposures being hedged.

Operational Currency Risks

Our operations primarily utilize the U.S. dollar, Australian dollar, euro or sterling as their functional currencies. Our operations also have revenue and expenses denominated in non-functional currencies. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates affect our financial statements. 

Investment Currency Risks

We consider our investments in foreign operations to be denominated in stable currencies and of a long-term nature. We partially mitigate the currency exposure of our investments in foreign operations by designating a portion of our foreign currency debt and derivatives as hedges of these investments. As of August 31, 2020, we have designated $883 million of our sterling-denominated debt as non-derivative hedges of our net investments in foreign operations. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020, we recognized $66 million and $29 million of loss on these non-derivative net investment hedges in the cumulative translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income (loss). We also have $7.0 billion of euro-denominated debt, which provides an economic offset for our operations with euro functional currency.

Newbuild Currency Risks

 

Our shipbuilding contracts are typically denominated in euros. Our decision to hedge a non-functional currency ship commitment for our cruise brands is made on a case-by-case basis, considering the amount and duration of the exposure, market volatility, economic trends, our overall expected net cash flows by currency and other offsetting risks. We use foreign currency derivative contracts to manage foreign currency exchange rate risk for some of our ship construction payments. At August 31, 2020, for the following newbuild, we had foreign currency contracts for a portion of our euro-denominated shipyard payments. These contracts are designated as cash flow hedges. 

 

Entered Into

 

Matures In

 

Weighted-Average Floor Rate

 

Weighted- Average Ceiling Rate

Foreign currency zero cost collars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mardi Gras

2020

 

December 2020

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.28 

 

                       

If the spot rate is between the ceiling and floor rates on the date of maturity, then we would not owe or receive any payments under the zero cost collars.

At August 31, 2020, our remaining newbuild currency exchange rate risk primarily relates to euro-denominated newbuild contract payments to non-euro functional currency brands, which represent a total unhedged commitment of $8.4 billion for newbuilds scheduled to be delivered from 2020 through 2025.

The cost of shipbuilding orders that we may place in the future that is denominated in a different currency than our cruise brands' will be affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. These foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations may affect our decision to order new cruise ships. 

Interest Rate Risks

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through our debt portfolio management and investment strategies. We evaluate our debt portfolio to determine whether to make periodic adjustments to the mix of fixed and floating rate debt through the use of interest rate swaps, issuance of new debt, amendment of existing debt or early retirement of existing debt. 

  

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

As part of our ongoing control procedures, we monitor concentrations of credit risk associated with financial and other institutions with which we conduct significant business. We seek to manage these credit risk exposures, including counterparty nonperformance primarily associated with our cash equivalents, investments, notes receivables, future financing facilities, contingent obligations, derivative instruments, insurance contracts, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payment guarantees, by: 

 

•      Conducting business with well-established financial institutions, insurance companies and export credit agencies

•      Diversifying our counterparties 

•      Having guidelines regarding credit ratings and investment maturities that we follow to help safeguard liquidity and minimize risk

•      Generally requiring collateral and/or guarantees to support notes receivable on significant asset sales, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payments to shipyards 

 

At August 31, 2020, our exposures under derivative instruments were not material. We also monitor the creditworthiness of travel agencies and tour operators in Asia, Australia and Europe, which includes charter-hire agreements in Asia and credit and debit card providers to which we extend credit in the normal course of our business. Concentrations of credit risk associated with trade receivables and other receivables, charter-hire agreements and contingent obligations are not considered to be material, principally due to the large number of unrelated accounts, the nature of these contingent obligations and their short maturities. Normally, we have not required collateral or other security to support normal credit sales. Historically, we have not experienced significant credit losses, including counterparty nonperformance. Because of the impact COVID-19 is having on economies, we have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, an increase in credit losses.

 

Our credit exposure also includes contingent obligations related to cash payments received directly by travel agents and tour operators for cash collected by them on cruise sales in Australia and most of Europe where we are obligated to honor our guests' cruise payments made by them to their travel agents and tour operators regardless of whether we have received these payments.

 

NOTE 6 - Leases

 

Substantially all of our leases for which we are the lessee are operating leases of port facilities and real estate and are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, long-term operating lease liabilities and current portion of operating lease liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of August 31, 2020.

 

We have port facilities and real estate lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, and in such cases, we account for the components as a single lease component.

 

We do not recognize lease assets and lease liabilities for any leases with an original term of less than one year. For some of our port facilities and real estate lease agreements, we have the option to extend our current lease term by 1 to 10 years. Generally, we do not include renewal options as a component of our present value calculation as we are not reasonably certain that we will exercise the options.

 

As most of our leases do not have a readily determinable implicit rate, we estimate the incremental borrowing rate ("IBR") to determine the present value of lease payments. We apply judgment in estimating the IBR including considering the term of the lease, the currency in which the lease is denominated, and the impact of collateral and our credit risk on the rate. For leases that were in place upon adoption of Leases, we used the remaining lease term as of December 1, 2019 in determining the IBR. For the initial measurement of the lease liabilities for leases commencing after the adoption, the IBR at the lease commencement date was applied.

 

We amortize our lease assets on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The components of expense were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Three months ended August 31, 2020

 

Nine months ended August 31, 2020

Operating lease expense

$

51 

 

 

$

153 

 

Variable lease expense (a) (b)

$

(36)

 

 

$

(26)

 

 

(a)   Variable lease expense represents costs associated with our multi-year preferential berthing agreements, which vary based on the number of passengers. These costs are recorded within commission, transportation and other in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). Variable and short-term lease costs related to operating leases, other than the port facilities, were not material to our consolidated financial statements.

(b)   Several of our preferential berthing agreements have force majeure provisions. We have treated the concessions granted under such provision as variable payment adjustments. If our interpretation of the force majeure provisions is disputed, we could be required to record and make additional guarantee payments.

 

We have multiple agreements, with a total undiscounted minimum commitment of approximately $440 million, that have been executed but the lease term has not commenced as of August 31, 2020. These are substantially all related to our rights to use certain port facilities. The leases are expected to commence between 2020 and 2022.

 

During the nine months ended August 31, 2020, we obtained $126 million of right-of-use assets in exchange for new operating lease liabilities. The cash outflow for leases was materially consistent with the lease expense recognized during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020.

 

Weighted average of the remaining lease terms and weighted average discount rates are as follows:

 

 

 

August 31, 2020

Weighted average remaining lease term - operating leases (in years)

 

13

Weighted average discount rate - operating leases

 

3.2 

%

 

As of August 31, 2020, maturities of operating lease liabilities were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

 

Remainder of 2020

 

$

36 

 

2021

 

197 

 

2022

 

162 

 

2023

 

156 

 

2024

 

147 

 

Thereafter

 

1,074 

 

Total lease payments

 

1,773 

 

Less: Present value discount

 

(342)

 

Present value of lease liabilities

 

$

1,431 

 

 

Under ASC 840, Leases, future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases of port facilities and other assets as of November 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

 

2020

 

$

219 

 

2021

 

196 

 

2022

 

161 

 

2023

 

173 

 

2024

 

167 

 

Thereafter

 

1,408 

 

 

 

$

2,324 

 

 

For time charter arrangements where we are the lessor and for transactions with cruise guests related to the use of cabins, we do not separate lease and non-lease components. As the non-lease components are the predominant components in the agreements, we account for these transactions under the Revenue Recognition guidance.

 

NOTE 7 - Segment Information

 

Our operating segments are reported on the same basis as the internally reported information that is provided to our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), who is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. The CODM assesses performance and makes decisions to allocate resources for Carnival Corporation & plc based upon review of the results across all of our segments. Our four reportable segments are comprised of (1) NAA cruise operations, (2) EA cruise operations, (3) Cruise Support and (4) Tour and Other.

 

The operating segments within each of our NAA and EA reportable segments have been aggregated based on the similarity of their economic and other characteristics, including geographic guest sourcing. Our Cruise Support segment includes our portfolio of leading port destinations and other services, all of which are operated for the benefit of our cruise brands. Our Tour and Other segment represents the hotel and transportation operations of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours and other operations. 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

(in millions)

Revenues

 

Operating costs and
expenses

 

Selling
and
administrative

 

Depreciation
and
amortization

 

Operating
income (loss)

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

15 

 

 

$

1,292 

 

 

$

144 

 

 

$

348 

 

 

$

(1,770)

 

 

EA

(4)

 

 

225 

 

 

71 

 

 

165 

 

 

(465)

 

 

Cruise Support

 

 

12 

 

 

44 

 

 

32 

 

 

(86)

 

 

Tour and Other

20 

 

 

20 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11)

 

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

1,549 

 

 

$

265 

 

 

$

551 

 

 

$

(2,333)

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

4,256 

 

 

$

2,327 

 

 

$

339 

 

 

$

345 

 

 

$

1,246 

 

 

EA

2,035 

 

 

1,058 

 

 

150 

 

 

165 

 

 

662 

 

 

Cruise Support

42 

 

 

39 

 

 

65 

 

 

29 

 

 

(92)

 

 

Tour and Other

200 

 

 

109 

 

 

 

 

 

 

74 

 

 

 

$

6,533 

 

 

$

3,532 

 

 

$

563 

 

 

$

548 

 

 

$

1,890 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended August 31,

 

(in millions)

Revenues

 

Operating costs and
expenses

 

Selling
and
administrative

 

Depreciation
and
amortization

 

Operating
income (loss)

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

3,612 

 

 

$

5,197 

 

 

$

841 

 

 

$

1,081 

 

 

$

(4,827)

 

(a)

EA

1,785 

 

 

2,314 

 

 

404 

 

 

499 

 

 

(2,208)

 

(b)

Cruise Support

67 

 

 

(22)

 

 

170 

 

 

96 

 

 

(177)

 

 

Tour and Other

96 

 

 

67 

 

 

19 

 

 

22 

 

 

(12)

 

 

 

$

5,561 

 

 

$

7,556 

 

 

$

1,435 

 

 

$

1,698 

 

 

$

(7,223)

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

10,495 

 

 

$

6,370 

 

 

$

1,034 

 

 

$

1,012 

 

 

$

2,079 

 

 

EA

5,122 

 

 

3,166 

 

 

540 

 

 

483 

 

 

933 

 

 

Cruise Support

128 

 

 

99 

 

 

217 

 

 

84 

 

 

(272)

 

 

Tour and Other

299 

 

 

198 

 

 

21 

 

 

28 

 

 

52 

 

 

 

$

16,043 

 

 

$

9,833 

 

 

$

1,813 

 

 

$

1,607 

 

 

$

2,791 

 

 

 

(a)           Includes $1.3 billion of goodwill impairment charges.

(b)           Includes $777 million of goodwill impairment charges.

 

Revenue by geographic areas, which are based on where our guests are sourced, were as follows:

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended August 31,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

North America

$

14 

 

 

$

3,751 

 

 

$

3,065 

 

 

$

8,910 

 

Europe

 

 

1,738 

 

 

1,622 

 

 

4,486 

 

Australia and Asia

 

 

937 

 

 

681 

 

 

2,261 

 

Other

10 

 

 

107 

 

 

192 

 

 

385 

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

6,533 

 

 

$

5,561 

 

 

$

16,043 

 

 

 

NOTE 8 - Earnings Per Share 

 

Three Months Ended
August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

(in millions, except per share data)

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Net income (loss) for basic and diluted earnings per share

$

(2,858)

 

 

$

1,780 

 

 

$

(8,014)

 

 

$

2,567 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

689 

 

 

727 

 

 

691 

 

Dilutive effect of equity plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

691 

 

 

727 

 

 

693 

 

Basic earnings per share

$

(3.69)

 

 

$

2.58 

 

 

$

(11.03)

 

 

$

3.72 

 

Diluted earnings per share

$

(3.69)

 

 

$

2.58 

 

 

$

(11.03)

 

 

$

3.71 

 

 

Antidilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share computations were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended
August 31, 2020

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31, 2020

Equity awards

 

 

 

Convertible Notes

186 

 

 

102 

 

Total antidilutive securities

186 

 

 

103 

 

 

There were no antidilutive shares excluded from our 2019 diluted earnings per share computations.

 

NOTE 9 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information

(in millions)

August 31, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

Cash and cash equivalents (Consolidated Balance Sheets)

$

8,176 

 

 

$

518 

 

Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other and other assets

15 

 

 

13 

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows)

$

8,191 

 

 

$

530 

 

 

In connection with the Convertible Notes Repurchase Transaction, as an administrative convenience, we permitted the purchasers of 83.3 million of Carnival Corporation common stock to offset the purchase price payable to us against our obligation to pay the purchase price for $744 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes held by them, which is reflected as a non-cash transaction for the nine months ended August 31, 2020.

  

NOTE 10 - Other Assets

 

We have a minority interest in CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping Limited ("CSSC-Carnival"), a China-based cruise company which will operate its own fleet designed to serve the Chinese market. Our investment in CSSC-Carnival was $135 million as of August 31, 2020 and $48 million as of November 30, 2019. In December 2019, we sold to CSSC-Carnival a controlling interest in an entity with full ownership of two EA segment ships and recognized a related gain of $107 million, included in other operating expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). We will continue to operate each of these ships under bareboat charter agreements through December 2020 and May 2021, respectively.

 

NOTE 11 - Defined Benefit Pension Plans and Restructuring Costs

 

We have several single-employer defined benefit pension plans, which cover some of our shipboard and shoreside employees. The U.S. and UK shoreside employee plans are closed to new membership and are funded at or above the level required by U.S. or UK regulations. As required by UK regulations, the UK employee plan is undergoing its triennial valuation. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the economic environment and our operations, the finalization of the valuation may result in a plan deficit, which would then trigger a funding obligation under UK regulations. The remaining defined benefit plans are primarily unfunded. In determining all of our plans' benefit obligations at November 30, 2019 and 2018, we assumed a weighted-average discount rate of 2.4% for 2019 and 3.4% for 2018.

 

In May 2020, we announced a combination of layoffs, furloughs and salary reductions across the company in response to the extended pause in our global cruise operations. For the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020, we incurred restructuring costs of $3 million and $42 million, principally consisting of severance and our continued payment of health benefits to affected employees. These costs are included in the selling and administrative line item within our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

 

NOTE 12 - Property and Equipment

 

Ship Sales

 

During 2020, we sold seven NAA segment ships and three EA segment ships, which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 11,560 for our NAA segment and 5,510 for our EA segment. In addition, we have either entered into agreements to sell or expect to sell six NAA segment ships and two EA segment ships, which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 9,620 for our NAA segment and 4,320 for our EA segment.

 

NOTE 13 - Subsequent Events

 

Public Equity Offering

 

On September 15, 2020, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with sales agents pursuant to which we may, from time to time, offer and sell shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $1.0 billion through the sales agents (the "ATM Offering"). We have filed a prospectus supplement with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the ATM Offering on September 15, 2020. As of October 2, 2020, we sold 23 million shares for net proceeds of $352 million and paid $4 million in compensation with respect of such sales of shares under the ATM Offering.

 

SCHEDULE B

 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

Some of the statements, estimates or projections contained in this document are "forward-looking statements" that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions with respect to us, including some statements concerning future results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, cash flows, liquidity and other events which have not yet occurred. These statements are intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical facts are statements that could be deemed forward-looking. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We have tried, whenever possible, to identify these statements by using words like "will," "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "depends," "expect," "goal," "anticipate," "forecast," "project," "future," "intend," "plan," "estimate," "target," "indicate," "outlook," and similar expressions of future intent or the negative of such terms.

 

Forward-looking statements include those statements that relate to our outlook and financial position including, but not limited to, statements regarding:

•      Net revenue yields

•      Estimates of ship depreciable lives and residual values

•      Booking levels

•      Goodwill, ship and trademark fair values

•      Pricing and occupancy

•      Liquidity

•      Interest, tax and fuel expenses

•      Adjusted earnings per share

•      Currency exchange rates

•      Impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus global pandemic on our financial condition and results of operations

•      Net cruise costs, excluding fuel per available lower berth day

Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are many factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. This note contains important cautionary statements of the known factors that we consider could materially affect the accuracy of our forward looking statements and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial position. Additionally, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently amplified by and will continue to be amplified by, or in the future may be amplified by, the COVID-19 outbreak. It is not possible to predict or identify all such risks. There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

•      COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price

•      As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, we may be out of compliance with a maintenance covenant in certain of our debt facilities, for which we have waivers for the period through March 31, 2021 with the next testing date of May 31, 2021

•      World events impacting the ability or desire of people to travel may lead to a decline in demand for cruises 

•      Incidents concerning our ships, guests or the cruise vacation industry as well as adverse weather conditions and other natural disasters may impact the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage

•      Changes in and non-compliance with laws and regulations under which we operate, such as those relating to health, environment, safety and security, data privacy and protection, anti-corruption, economic sanctions, trade protection and tax may lead to litigation, enforcement actions, fines, penalties, and reputational damage

•      Breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy as well as disruptions and other damages to our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks, including the recent ransomware incident, and failure to keep pace with developments in technology may adversely impact our business operations, the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage   

•      Ability to recruit, develop and retain qualified shipboard personnel who live away from home for extended periods of time may adversely impact our business operations, guest services and satisfaction

•      Increases in fuel prices, changes in the types of fuel consumed and availability of fuel supply may adversely impact our scheduled itineraries and costs 

•      Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may adversely impact our financial results

•      Overcapacity and competition in the cruise and land-based vacation industry may lead to a decline in our cruise sales, pricing and destination options 

•      Geographic regions in which we try to expand our business may be slow to develop or ultimately not develop how we expect 

•      Inability to implement our shipbuilding programs and ship repairs, maintenance and refurbishments may adversely impact our business operations and the satisfaction of our guests

 

The ordering of the risk factors set forth above is not intended to reflect our indication of priority or likelihood.

Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. Subject to any continuing obligations under applicable law or any relevant stock exchange rules, we expressly disclaim any obligation to disseminate, after the date of this document, any updates or revisions to any such forward-looking statements to reflect any change in expectations or events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

  

Recent Developments

 

Resumption of Guest Operations

 

In the face of the global impact of COVID-19, we paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March. We resumed limited guest operations in September 2020, with Costa Cruises ("Costa") successful voyages on two of our ships, Costa Deliziosa and Costa Diadema. We are continuing the limited resumption of our guest cruise operations with sailings on additional Costa ships shortly, as well as with sailings on AIDA Cruises ("AIDA") which are anticipated to begin in mid-October 2020. These brands are beginning our anticipated gradual, phased-in resumption of guest cruise operations. The initial cruises will continue to take place with adjusted passenger capacity and enhanced health protocols developed with government and health authorities, and guidance from our roster of medical and scientific experts.

 

Other brands and ships are expected to return to service over time to provide guests with unmatched joyful vacations in a manner consistent with our highest priorities, which are compliance, environmental protection and the health, safety and well-being of our guests, crew, shoreside employees and the people in the communities our ships visit. Many of our brands source the majority of their guests from the geographical region in which they operate. In the current environment, we believe this will benefit us in resuming guest cruise operations.

 

Health and Safety Protocols

 

Working with global and national health authorities and medical experts, Costa and AIDA have a comprehensive set of health and hygiene protocols to help facilitate a safe and healthy return to cruise vacations. Both brands are providing guests with detailed information about enhanced protocols, which are modeled after shoreside health and mitigation guidelines as provided by each brand's respective country, and approved by the flag state, Italy. Protocols will be updated based on evolving scientific and medical knowledge related to mitigation strategies.

 

Costa is the first cruise company to earn the Biosafety Trust Certification from Registro Italiano Navale ("RINA"). The certification process examined all aspects of life onboard and ashore and assessed the compliance of the system with procedures aimed at the prevention and control of infections. Costa's comprehensive set of measures and procedures implemented on the ships that resumed operations cover key areas such as crew health and safety, the booking process, guest activities, entertainment and dining, and medical care on board, as well as pre-boarding, embarkation and disembarkation operations, which includes testing for all guests prior to embarkation.

 

More broadly, as the understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve, we have been working with a number of world-leading public health, epidemiological and policy experts to support our ongoing efforts with enhanced protocols and procedures for the return of cruise vacations. These advisors will continue to provide guidance based on the latest scientific evidence and best practices for protection and mitigation.

 

Optimizing the Future Fleet

 

We expect future capacity to be moderated by the phased re-entry of our ships, the removal of capacity from our fleet and delays in new ship deliveries. Since the pause in guest operations, we have accelerated the removal of ships in fiscal 2020 which were previously expected to be sold over the ensuing years. We now expect to dispose of 18 ships, 10 of which have already left the fleet. In total, the 18 ships represent approximately 12 percent of pre-pause capacity and only three percent of operating income in 2019. The sale of less efficient ships will result in future operating expense efficiencies of approximately two percent per available lower berth day ("ALBD") and a reduction in fuel consumption of approximately one percent per ALBD. We expect only two of the four ships originally scheduled for delivery in 2020, following the start of the pause, to be delivered prior to the end of fiscal 2020, including Enchanted Princess which was delivered in September 2020. We currently expect only five of the nine ships originally scheduled for delivery in fiscal 2020 and 2021 to be delivered prior to the end of fiscal year 2021. We currently expect nine cruise ships and two smaller expedition ships of the 13 ships originally scheduled for delivery prior to the end of fiscal year 2022 to be delivered by then.

 

Based on the actions taken to date and the scheduled newbuild deliveries through 2022, our fleet will be more efficient with a roughly 13 percent larger average berth size per ship and an average age of 12 years in 2022 versus 13 years, in each case as compared to 2019.

 

 

Ships expected to return to service
as of August 31, 2020 (a)

 

 

Passenger Capacity

 

Percentage of Total Capacity

 

Number of Cruise Ships

 

NAA Segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Carnival Cruise Line

66,440

 

30 

%

 

23

 

   Princess Cruises

38,950

 

18 

 

 

13

 

   Holland America Line

20,260

 

 

 

10

 

   P&O Cruises (Australia)

7,230

 

 

 

3

 

   Seabourn

2,570

 

 

 

5

 

 

135,450

 

61 

 

 

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EA Segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Costa Cruises ("Costa")

34,980

 

16 

 

 

11

 

   AIDA Cruises ("AIDA")

31,930

 

14 

 

 

14

 

   P&O Cruises (UK)

13,810

 

 

 

5

 

   Cunard

6,830

 

 

 

3

 

 

87,550

 

39 

 

 

33

 

 

223,000

 

100 

%

 

87

 

 

(a)           Excludes 18 ships that we expect to dispose. Ten ships have left the fleet and we expect six ships to leave the fleet by December 2020, one by February 2021 and one by May 2021.

 

Update on Bookings 

 

While we believe bookings in the first half of 2021 reflect expectations of the phased resumption of our guest cruise operations and anticipated itinerary changes, as of September 20, 2020, cumulative advanced bookings for the second half of 2021 capacity currently available for sale are at the higher end of the historical range. We believe this demonstrates the long-term potential demand for cruising. Pricing on these bookings are lower by mid-single digits versus the second half of 2019, on a comparable basis, reflecting the effect of FCCs from previously cancelled cruises being applied. We continue to take bookings for both 2021 and 2022.

 

We are providing flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled by allowing guests to receive enhanced FCCs or elect to receive refunds in cash. Enhanced FCCs increase the value of the guest's original booking or provide incremental onboard credits. As of September 20, 2020, approximately 45 percent of guests affected by our schedule changes have received enhanced FCCs and approximately 55 percent have requested refunds.

 

Total customer deposits balance at August 31, 2020, was $2.4 billion, the majority of which are FCCs, compared to total customer deposits balance of $2.9 billion at May 31, 2020. The decline in customer deposits is consistent with previous expectations. As of August 31, 2020, the current portion of customer deposits was $2.1 billion with $0.1 billion relating to fourth quarter sailings. Approximately 60 percent of bookings taken during the three weeks ended September 20, 2020 were new bookings, as opposed to FCC re-bookings, despite minimal advertising or marketing.

 

Update on Liquidity

 

Refer to "Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources."

 

Refer to "Risk Factors" - "COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price."

 

Update on Cyber Incident

 

On August 15, 2020, we detected a ransomware attack and unauthorized access to our information technology systems. We engaged a major cybersecurity firm to investigate the matter and notified law enforcement and regulators of the incident. While the investigation is ongoing, early indications are that the unauthorized third-party gained access to certain personal information relating to some guests, employees and crew for some of our operations. There is currently no indication of any misuse of this information. While at this time we do not believe that this information will be misused going forward or that this incident will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results, no assurances can be given and further we may be subject to future attacks or incidents that could have such a material adverse effect.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

Refer to Note 1 - "General, Accounting Pronouncements" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion regarding accounting pronouncements.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

For a discussion of our critical accounting estimates, see "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" that is included in the Form 10-K. A discussion of our goodwill impairment charges recognized during the first and second quarters of 2020, and ship impairment charges recognized during 2020 is included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

Seasonality

 

Our passenger ticket revenues are seasonal. Historically, demand for cruises has been greatest during our third quarter, which includes the Northern Hemisphere summer months, although 2020 will continue to be adversely impacted by COVID-19. This higher demand during the third quarter results in higher ticket prices and occupancy levels and, accordingly, the largest share of our operating income is earned during this period. This historical trend has been disrupted by the pause in global cruise operations. In addition, substantially all of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours' revenue and net income (loss) is generated from May through September in conjunction with Alaska's cruise season. During 2020, the Alaska cruise season was adversely impacted by the effects of COVID-19.

 

Statistical Information

 

Three Months Ended
August 31,

 

Nine Months Ended
August 31,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

ALBDs (in thousands) (a)

 

 

22,727 

 

 

25,598 

 

 

65,671 

 

Occupancy percentage (b)

%

 

113.0 

%

 

103.1 

%

 

107.8 

%

Passengers carried (in thousands)

 

 

3,752 

 

 

3,489 

 

 

9,790 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel consumption in metric tons (in thousands)

325 

 

 

822 

 

 

1,639 

 

 

2,487 

 

Fuel cost per metric ton consumed

$

371 

 

 

$

487 

 

 

$

438 

 

 

$

484 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currencies (USD to 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUD

$

0.70 

 

 

$

0.69 

 

 

$

0.67 

 

 

$

0.70 

 

CAD

$

0.74 

 

 

$

0.76 

 

 

$

0.74 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

EUR

$

1.15 

 

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.13 

 

GBP

$

1.28 

 

 

$

1.24 

 

 

$

1.27 

 

 

$

1.28 

 

RMB

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.15 

 

 

We paused our guest operations in mid-March 2020 and have been in a pause for a majority of the second quarter and all of the third quarter. The pause in guest operations is continuing to have material negative impacts on all aspects of our business, including the above statistical information. 

 

Notes to Statistical Information

 

(a)         ALBD is a standard measure of passenger capacity for the period that we use to approximate rate and capacity variances, based on consistently applied formulas that we use to perform analyses to determine the main non-capacity driven factors that cause our cruise revenues and expenses to vary. ALBDs assume that each cabin we offer for sale accommodates two passengers and is computed by multiplying passenger capacity by revenue-producing ship operating days in the period.

 

(b)         In accordance with cruise industry practice, occupancy is calculated using a denominator of ALBDs, which assumes two passengers per cabin even though some cabins can accommodate three or more passengers. Percentages in excess of 100% indicate that on average more than two passengers occupied some cabins.

 

Results of Operations

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

 

Nine Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

 

 

$

4,477 

 

 

$

(4,477)

 

 

(100)

%

 

$

3,680 

 

 

$

10,934 

 

 

$

(7,254)

 

 

(66)

%

    Onboard and other

31 

 

 

2,056 

 

 

(2,024)

 

 

(98)

%

 

1,881 

 

 

5,110 

 

 

(3,229)

 

 

(63)

%

 

31 

 

 

6,533 

 

 

(6,501)

 

 

(100)

%

 

5,561 

 

 

16,043 

 

 

(10,483)

 

 

(65)

%

Operating Costs and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Commissions, transportation and other

34 

 

 

803 

 

 

(769)

 

 

(96)

%

 

1,098 

 

 

2,125 

 

 

(1,027)

 

 

(48)

%

    Onboard and other

 

 

668 

 

 

(659)

 

 

(99)

%

 

593 

 

 

1,620 

 

 

(1,027)

 

 

(63)

%

    Payroll and related

248 

 

 

548 

 

 

(300)

 

 

(55)

%

 

1,563 

 

 

1,671 

 

 

(108)

 

 

(6)

%

    Fuel

121 

 

 

401 

 

 

(280)

 

 

(70)

%

 

718 

 

 

1,204 

 

 

(486)

 

 

(40)

%

    Food

19 

 

 

284 

 

 

(265)

 

 

(93)

%

 

404 

 

 

821 

 

 

(417)

 

 

(51)

%

    Ship and other impairments

910 

 

 

23 

 

 

887 

 

 

3838 

%

 

1,829 

 

 

24 

 

 

1,806 

 

 

7682 

%

    Other operating

208 

 

 

805 

 

 

(597)

 

 

(74)

%

 

1,349 

 

 

2,367 

 

 

(1,018)

 

 

(43)

%

 

1,549 

 

 

3,532 

 

 

(1,983)

 

 

(56)

%

 

7,556 

 

 

9,833 

 

 

(2,277)

 

 

(23)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Selling and administrative

265 

 

 

563 

 

 

(298)

 

 

(53)

%

 

1,435 

 

 

1,813 

 

 

(378)

 

 

(21)

%

    Depreciation and amortization

551 

 

 

548 

 

 

 

 

%

 

1,698 

 

 

1,607 

 

 

91 

 

 

%

    Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

2,096 

 

 

 

 

2,096 

 

 

100 

%

 

2,364 

 

 

4,643 

 

 

(2,279)

 

 

(49)

%

 

12,784 

 

 

13,252 

 

 

(468)

 

 

(4)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(2,333)

 

 

$

1,890 

 

 

$

(4,223)

 

 

(223)

%

 

$

(7,223)

 

 

$

2,791 

 

 

$

(10,015)

 

 

(359)

%

 

NAA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

 

Nine Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

 

 

$

2,896 

 

 

$

(2,891)

 

 

(100)

%

 

$

2,329 

 

 

$

6,976 

 

 

$

(4,647)

 

 

(67)

%

    Onboard and other

 

 

1,361 

 

 

(1,351)

 

 

(99)

%

 

1,283 

 

 

3,519 

 

 

(2,236)

 

 

(64)

%

 

15 

 

 

4,256 

 

 

(4,242)

 

 

(100)

%

 

3,612 

 

 

10,495 

 

 

(6,883)

 

 

(66)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

1,292 

 

 

2,327 

 

 

(1,034)

 

 

(44)

%

 

5,197 

 

 

6,370 

 

 

(1,172)

 

 

(18)

%

Selling and administrative

144 

 

 

339 

 

 

(194)

 

 

(57)

%

 

841 

 

 

1,034 

 

 

(193)

 

 

(19)

%

Depreciation and amortization

348 

 

 

345 

 

 

 

 

%

 

1,081 

 

 

1,012 

 

 

69 

 

 

%

Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

1,319 

 

 

 

 

1,319 

 

 

100 

%

 

1,785 

 

 

3,010 

 

 

(1,225)

 

 

(41)

%

 

8,439 

 

 

8,416 

 

 

23 

 

 

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(1,770)

 

 

$

1,246 

 

 

$

(3,016)

 

 

(242)

%

 

$

(4,827)

 

 

$

2,079 

 

 

$

(6,906)

 

 

(332)

%

 

EA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

 

Nine Months Ended August 31,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

(4)

 

 

$

1,609 

 

 

$

(1,613)

 

 

(100)

%

 

$

1,393 

 

 

$

4,021 

 

 

$

(2,628)

 

 

(65)

%

    Onboard and other

 

 

426 

 

 

(426)

 

 

(100)

%

 

393 

 

 

1,101 

 

 

(708)

 

 

(64)

%

 

(4)

 

 

2,035 

 

 

(2,039)

 

 

(100)

%

 

1,785 

 

 

5,122 

 

 

(3,336)

 

 

(65)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

225 

 

 

1,058 

 

 

(833)

 

 

(79)

%

 

2,314 

 

 

3,166 

 

 

(852)

 

 

(27)

%

Selling and administrative

71 

 

 

150 

 

 

(79)

 

 

(53)

%

 

404 

 

 

540 

 

 

(136)

 

 

(25)

%

Depreciation and amortization

165 

 

 

165 

 

 

 

 

%

 

499 

 

 

483 

 

 

16 

 

 

%

Goodwill impairment

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

777 

 

 

 

 

777 

 

 

100 

%

 

461 

 

 

1,373 

 

 

(912)

 

 

(66)

%

 

3,994 

 

 

4,189 

 

 

(195)

 

 

(5)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(465)

 

 

$

662 

 

 

$

(1,127)

 

 

(170)

%

 

$

(2,208)

 

 

$

933 

 

 

$

(3,141)

 

 

(337)

%

 

We paused our guest operations in mid-March 2020 and as a result have been in a pause for a majority of the second quarter and all of the third quarter. We resumed limited guest cruise operations in September 2020 as part of our phased-in return to service. The partial pause in guest operations is continuing to have material negative impacts on all aspects of our business. The longer the partial pause in guest operations continues, the greater the impact on our liquidity and financial position.

 

As a result of the pause in our guest cruise operations, we have experienced essentially no revenue for the three months ended and meaningfully lower revenues for the nine months ended August 31, 2020 compared to the prior year periods resulting in operating losses for the current periods. We are unable to definitively predict the timing of our complete return to service. As a result, we are currently unable to provide an earnings forecast. We expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the quarter and year ending November 30, 2020.

 

While maintaining compliance, environmental protection and safety, we significantly reduced ship operating expenses, including cruise payroll and related expenses, food, fuel, insurance and port charges by transitioning ships into paused status, either at anchor or in port and staffed at a safe manning level. We continue to seek ways to further reduce our ongoing ship operating expenses.

 

In addition, during the nine months ended August 31, 2020, we incurred incremental COVID-19 related costs associated with repatriating guests and crew members, enhancing health protocols and sanitizing our ships, restructuring costs and defending lawsuits.

 

As a result of the effects of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows, we recognized goodwill impairment charges of $2.1 billion during the nine months ended August 31, 2020. In addition, we recognized ship impairment charges of $0.8 billion and $1.7 billion during the three and nine months ended August 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Key Performance Non-GAAP Financial Indicators

 

The table below reconciles Adjusted net income (loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (loss) and Adjusted earnings per share to Earnings per share for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

August 31,

 

August 31,

(in millions, except per share data)

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP net income (loss)

$

(2,858)

 

 

$

1,780 

 

 

$

(8,014)

 

 

$

2,567 

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

937 

 

 

14 

 

 

3,819 

 

 

 

     Restructuring expenses

 

 

 

 

42 

 

 

 

     Other

220 

 

 

25 

 

 

223 

 

 

47 

 

     Adjusted net income (loss)

$

(1,699)

 

 

$

1,819 

 

 

$

(3,930)

 

 

$

2,614 

 

     Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

310 

 

 

52 

 

 

547 

 

 

157 

 

     Interest income

(3)

 

 

(8)

 

 

(15)

 

 

(16)

 

     Income tax expense, net

(2)

 

 

47 

 

 

(2)

 

 

56 

 

     Depreciation and amortization

551 

 

 

548 

 

 

1,698 

 

 

1,607 

 

     Adjusted EBITDA

$

(844)

 

 

$

2,458 

 

 

$

(1,702)

 

 

$

4,418 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

691 

 

 

727 

 

 

693 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP diluted earnings per share

$

(3.69)

 

 

$

2.58 

 

 

$

(11.03)

 

 

$

3.71 

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

1.21 

 

 

0.02 

 

 

5.26 

 

 

 

     Restructuring expenses

 

 

 

 

0.06 

 

 

 

     Other

0.28 

 

 

0.04 

 

 

0.31 

 

 

0.07 

 

     Adjusted earnings per share

$

(2.19)

 

 

$

2.63 

 

 

$

(5.41)

 

 

$

3.77 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explanations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures 

 

We use adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share as non-GAAP financial measures of our cruise segments' and the company's financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are provided along with U.S. GAAP net income (loss) and U.S. GAAP diluted earnings per share.   

 

We believe that gains and losses on ship sales, impairment charges, restructuring costs and other gains and losses are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Therefore, we believe it is more meaningful for these items to be excluded from our net income (loss) and earnings per share and, accordingly, we present adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share excluding these items.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure, and we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our operating profitability adjusted for certain non-cash items and other gains and expenses that we believe are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Further, we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our ability to operate our business in compliance with the restrictions set forth in our debt agreements. We define Adjusted EBITDA as adjusted net income (loss) adjusted for (i) interest, (ii) taxes and (iii) depreciation and amortization. There are material limitations to using Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account certain significant items that directly affect our net income (loss). These limitations are best addressed by considering the economic effects of the excluded items independently, and by considering Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with net income (loss) as calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

The presentation of our non-GAAP financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as substitute for, or superior to the financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. It is possible that our non-GAAP financial measures may not be exactly comparable to the like-kind information presented by other companies, which is a potential risk associated with using these measures to compare us to other companies.

 

Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources

 

We have taken, and continue to take, significant actions to preserve cash and secure additional financing to increase our liquidity. Since March 2020, we have raised $12.5 billion through a series of financing transactions through October 2, 2020. We have completed the following transactions:

•      In March 2020, we fully drew down our $3.0 billion Revolving Facility.

•      In March 2020, we settled outstanding derivatives resulting in proceeds of $220 million. 

•      In April 2020, we completed (i) a public offering of 71,875,000 shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $8.00, resulting in net proceeds of $556 million and (ii) a private offering of $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.75% Convertible Notes.

•      In April 2020, we completed a private offering of $4.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 11.5% 2023 Secured Notes that mature on April 1, 2023.

•      In April 2020, we extended a $166 million euro-denominated bank loan, originally maturing in 2020, to March 2021.

•      Certain of the counterparties to our export credit facilities have offered the Debt Holiday. We have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters for the Debt Holiday amendments to defer certain principal repayments otherwise due through March 31, 2021 through the creation of separate tranches of loans with repayments made over the following four years. We have also entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to waive the Financial Covenant for our funded export credit facilities through March 31, 2021, August 31, 2021, November 30, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable. We will be required to comply with the Financial Covenant beginning with the next testing date of May 31, 2021, November 30, 2021, February 28, 2022 or February 28, 2022, respectively.

•      Subsequent to August 31, 2020, we extended the Financial Covenant waivers for our funded export credit facilities through at least November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) except that for three of our funded export credit facilities with Financial Covenant waivers through March 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of May 31, 2021) or August 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of November 30, 2021), with total aggregate indebtedness of $1.3 billion as of August 31, 2020, we are currently engaged in discussions to extend the waivers for these facilities through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022).

•      We obtained waivers of the Financial Covenant for certain of our bank loans through November 2021. We will be required to comply with the covenant beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2022. We have also obtained waivers of the covenant for the remaining applicable bank loans through their respective maturity dates.

•      To further enhance our liquidity, as well as comply with the dividend restrictions contained in our recent debt agreements, we have suspended the payment of dividends on, and the repurchase of, the common stock of Carnival Corporation and the ordinary shares of Carnival plc.

•      In June 2020, we borrowed an aggregate principal amount of $2.8 billion in two tranches ($1.9 billion and €800 million), under the 2025 Secured Term Loan that matures on June 30, 2025. The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR (with a 1% floor) plus 7.5%. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 7.5%.

•      In July 2020, we extended a $337 million euro-denominated floating rate bank loan originally maturing in 2021 to 2022.

•      In July 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $1.3 billion in two tranches ($775 million and €425 million), under 2026 Secured Notes, that mature on February 1, 2026. The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.5% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.1% per year.

•      In August 2020, we completed a registered direct offering of 99.2 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $14.02 to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes (the "Registered Direct Offering"). We used the proceeds from the Registered Direct Offering to repurchase $886 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes and pay accrued interest thereon in privately negotiated transactions.

•      In August 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $900 million of second-priority senior secured notes that mature on August 1, 2027. The 2027 Secured Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.9% per year.

•      On September 15, 2020, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with sales agents pursuant to which we may, from time to time, offer and sell shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $1.0 billion through the sales agents. We have filed a prospectus supplement with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the ATM Offering on September 15, 2020. As of October 2, 2020, we sold 23 million shares for net proceeds of $352 million and paid $4 million in compensation with respect of such sales of shares under the ATM Offering.

•      In September 2020, we borrowed $610 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

 

As of August 31, 2020, we had a total of $8.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents.

 

Our monthly average cash burn rate for the third quarter 2020 was $770 million, which was in line with the anticipated monthly cash burn rate. We expect the monthly average cash burn rate for the fourth quarter of 2020 to be approximately $530 million. This results in an average monthly burn rate for the second half of the year of $650 million, as previously disclosed. This rate includes approximately $250 million of ongoing ship operating and administrative expenses, working capital changes (excluding changes in customer deposits), interest expense and committed capital expenditures (net of unfunded export credit facilities) and also excludes scheduled debt maturities as well as other cash collateral to be provided. We continue to explore opportunities to further reduce our monthly cash burn rate.

 

We estimate non-newbuild capital expenditures during the fourth quarter of 2020 to be approximately $130 million. Our scheduled debt maturities, for debt outstanding as of August 31, 2020, are as follows:

(in billions)

4Q 2020

 

1Q 2021

 

2Q 2021

 

3Q 2021

 

4Q 2021

 

Principal Payments (a)

$

1.0 

 

 

$

0.5 

 

 

$

0.3 

 

(b)

$

0.6 

 

 

$

0.2 

 

(b)

                                         

 

(a)   Excluding the Revolving Facility. As of August 31, 2020, borrowings under the Revolving Facility were $3.0 billion, which were drawn in March 2020 for an initial term of six months. The maturities for these borrowings were extended in September 2020 for an additional six months through March 2021. We may re-borrow such amounts subject to satisfaction of the conditions in the Revolving Facility Agreement.

(b)   We have a principal balance of $0.5 billion and $0.8 billion of debt outstanding as of August 31, 2020, otherwise due through 2032, for which covenant waivers expire during the second quarter 2021 and fourth quarter 2021, respectively. We are working on extending these covenant waivers. If the covenant waiver extensions are not received, we would be required to prepay the outstanding principal balance.

 

Since March 2020, Moody's and S&P Global have downgraded our credit ratings to be below investment grade. Our current short-term commercial paper credit rating prevents us from issuing additional commercial paper.

 

We had a working capital deficit of $916 million as of August 31, 2020 compared to a working capital deficit of $7.1 billion as of November 30, 2019. The decrease in working capital deficit was caused by an increase in cash and cash equivalents and a decrease in customer deposits, partially offset by increases in short-term borrowings and the current portion of long-term debt. Historically, we operate with a substantial working capital deficit. This deficit is mainly attributable to the fact that, under our business model, substantially all of our passenger ticket receipts are collected in advance of the applicable sailing date. These advance passenger receipts generally remain a current liability until the sailing date. The cash generated from these advance receipts is used interchangeably with cash on hand from other sources, such as our borrowings and other cash from operations. The cash received as advanced receipts can be used to fund operating expenses, pay down our debt, make long-term investments or any other use of cash. Included within our working capital deficit were $2.1 billion and $4.7 billion of customer deposits as of August 31, 2020 and November 30, 2019, respectively. We are providing flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled due to the pause by allowing guests to receive enhanced FCCs or elect to receive refunds in cash. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of these cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for FCCs to the extent we have received cash from guests with bookings on cancelled sailings.  As of August 31, 2020, approximately 55% of guests affected have requested cash refunds. In addition, we have a relatively low-level of accounts receivable and limited investment in inventories. We expect that we will continue to have working capital deficits in the future.

 

Refer to Note 1 - "General, Liquidity and Management's Plans" of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion regarding our liquidity.

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

     Operating Activities

Our business used $4.6 billion of net cash flows in operating activities during the nine months ended August 31, 2020, a decrease of $9.1 billion, or 205%, compared to $4.4 billion of net cash provided for the same period in 2019. 

 

    Investing Activities

During the nine months ended August 31, 2020, net cash used in investing activities was $1.5 billion. This was caused by the following:

•      Capital expenditures of $1.0 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program

•      Capital expenditures of $855 million for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

•      Proceeds from sale of ships of $271 million

•      Proceeds of $220 million from the settlement of outstanding derivatives

 

During the nine months ended August 31, 2019, net cash used in investing activities was $3.3 billion. This was caused by the following:

•      Capital expenditures of $2.2 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program

•      Capital expenditures of $1.2 billion for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

•      Proceeds from sale of ships of $15 million

 

     Financing Activities

During the nine months ended August 31, 2020, net cash provided by financing activities of $13.7 billion was caused by the following:

•      Net proceeds from short-term borrowings of $3.1 billion in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period, including proceeds of $3.0 billion from the Revolving Facility

•      Repayments of $896 million of long-term debt, including the $222 million that was cash settled to repurchase a portion of the Convertible Notes

•      Issuances of $11.5 billion of long-term debt, including net proceeds of $3.9 billion from the issuance of the 2023 Secured Notes, net proceeds of $2.6 billion from the issuance of the 2025 Secured Term Loan, net proceeds of $2.0 billion from the issuance of Convertible Notes, net proceeds of $1.2 billion from the issuance of the 2026 Secured Notes and net proceeds of $0.9 billion from the issuance of the 2027 Secured Notes.

•      Payments of cash dividends of $689 million

•      Purchases of $12 million of Carnival plc ordinary shares in open market transactions under our Repurchase Program

•      Net proceeds of $556 million from our public offering of Carnival Corporation common stock

•      Net proceeds of $222 million from a registered direct offering of Carnival Corporation common stock used to repurchase a portion of the Convertible Notes

 

During the nine months ended August 31, 2019, net cash used in financing activities of $912 million was caused by the following:

•      Net repayments of short-term borrowings of $600 million in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period

•      Repayments of $472 million of long-term debt

•      Issuances of $1.7 billion of long-term debt

•      Payments of cash dividends of $1.0 billion

•      Purchases of $472 million of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares in open market transactions under our Repurchase Program

 

Funding Sources

 

As of August 31, 2020, we had $8.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents. In addition, we had $9.4 billion of export credit facilities to fund ship deliveries planned through 2024.

 

(in billions)

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

Future export credit facilities at August 31, 2020 (a)

 

$

1.5 

 

 

$

2.0 

 

 

$

3.4 

 

 

$

1.9 

 

 

$

0.6 

 

                                         

 

(a)   Under the terms of these export credit facilities, we are required to comply with the Financial Covenant. We have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to amend our agreements with respect to the Financial Covenant for our unfunded export credit facilities to waive compliance through August 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of November 30, 2021) for aggregate principal of $2.7 billion, through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for aggregate principal of $1.2 billion (of which we borrowed $610 million to fund delivery of a ship in September 2020), and through December 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for aggregate principal of $3.7 billion. For the remaining three unfunded export credit facilities with an aggregate principal of $1.8 billion, we are engaged in discussions with the counterparties to waive the Financial Covenant through March 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of May 31, 2021). Simultaneously with obtaining the initial waivers for these three unfunded export credit facilities, we have also requested extension of waivers for these facilities through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022).

 

Many of our debt agreements contain various other financial covenants, including those described in Note 3 - "Debt" and in Note 5 - "Deb" in the annual consolidated financial statements, which are included within our Form 10-K. At August 31, 2020, we were in compliance with the applicable debt covenants.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements, including guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests, certain derivative instruments and variable interest entities that either have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

For a discussion of our hedging strategies and market risks, see the discussion below and Note 10 - "Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks" in our consolidated financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations within our Form 10-K. 

 

     Interest Rate Risks 

 

The composition of our debt, including the effect of interest rate swaps, was as follows:

 

August 31, 2020

Fixed rate

44 

%

EUR fixed rate

13 

%

Floating rate

25 

%

EUR floating rate

14 

%

GBP floating rate

%

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

A. Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures and have concluded, as of August 31, 2020, that they are effective at a reasonable level of assurance, as described above.

 

B. Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended August 31, 2020 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

In addition to the proceeding described below, the legal proceedings described in Note 4 - "Contingencies and Commitments" of our consolidated financial statements, including those described under "COVID-19 Actions," are incorporated in this "Legal Proceedings" section by reference.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 19, 2017, Holland America Line and Princess Cruises notified the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ("NOAA") regarding discharges made by certain vessels in the recently expanded area of the National Marine Sanctuary in the Farallones Island. On February 7, 2020, Carnival Corporation received an assessment for a civil penalty of $1.4 million for these discharges. The parties are negotiating a final settlement.

 

As previously disclosed, in June and August of 2018, Holland America Line received four Notices of Violation from the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation ("ADEC") alleging that four ships violated the Alaska state visible emissions standards while docked in Skagway, Haines and Ketchikan. On July 8, 2020, ADEC waived opacity penalties for two vessels and proposed a settlement of $112,500 to resolve all outstanding penalties, which Holland America Line accepted on July 31, 2020.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

The risk factors in this Form 10-Q below should be carefully considered, including the risk factors discussed in "Risk Factors" and other risks discussed in our Form 10-K, our Form 10-Q for the quarters ended February 29, 2020 and May 31, 2020 and other filings with the SEC since the date of the Form 10-K. These risks could materially and adversely affect our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price. Our business also could be affected by risks that we are not presently aware of or that we currently consider immaterial to our operations.

 

•      COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, growth, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price.

 

The spread of COVID-19 and the recent developments surrounding the global pandemic are having material negative impacts on all aspects of our business. We implemented a pause of our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020 across all brands. Although we have begun the resumption of limited guest operations in September 2020, such partial pause may be prolonged. In addition, we have been, and will continue to be further, negatively impacted by related developments, including heightened governmental regulations and travel advisories, recommendations by the U.S. Department of State, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other regulatory authorities, and travel bans and restrictions, each of which has impacted, and is expected to continue to significantly impact, global guest sourcing and our access to various ports of call.

 

To date we have incurred significant costs as we paused our guest cruise operations, provided air transportation to return our passengers to their home destinations, repatriated shipboard team members and assisted some of our crew that were unable to return home, with food and housing. We will continue to incur COVID-19 related costs as we sanitize our ships and implement additional hygiene-related protocols to our ships, as well as prepare for the continued resumption of guest operations. In addition, the industry may be subject to enhanced health and hygiene requirements in attempts to counteract future outbreaks, which requirements may be costly and take a significant amount of time to implement across our global fleet cruise operations.

 

Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 on some of our ships, and the resulting illness and loss of life in certain instances, we have been the subject of negative publicity, which could have a long term impact on the appeal of our brands, which would diminish demand for vacations on our vessels. We cannot predict how long the negative impact of media attention on our brands will last, or the level of investment that will be required to address the concerns of potential travelers through marketing and pricing actions.

 

We have received, and may continue to receive, lawsuits, other governmental investigations and other actions stemming from COVID-19. We cannot predict the quantum or outcome of any such proceedings, some of which could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties in the future, and the impact that they will have on our financial results, but any such impact may be material. We also remain subject to extensive, complex, and closely monitored obligations under the court-ordered environmental compliance plan supervised by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, as a result of the previously disclosed settlement agreement relating to the violation of probation conditions for a plea agreement entered into by Princess Cruises and the U.S. Department of Justice in 2016. We remain fully committed to satisfying those obligations. COVID-19 presents enormous challenges for the company, which could result in material adverse impacts.

 

We have insurance coverage for certain liabilities, costs and expenses related to COVID-19 through our participation in Protection and Indemnity ("P&I") clubs, including coverage for direct and incremental costs including, but not limited to, certain quarantine expenses and for certain liabilities to passengers and crew. P&I clubs are mutual indemnity associations owned by members. There is a $10 million deductible per occurrence (meaning per outbreak on a particular ship). We cannot assure you that we will receive insurance proceeds that will compensate us fully for our liabilities, costs and expenses under these policies. We have no insurance coverage for loss of revenues or earnings from our ships or other operations.

 

In connection with our capacity optimization strategy, we have accelerated the removal of ships from our fleet in 2020 which were previously expected to be sold over the ensuing years. We have sold, expect to sell or have agreements for the disposal of various vessels. Some of these agreements or preliminary agreements for the disposal of vessels are for recycling. When we choose to dispose of a ship, there can be no assurance that there will be a viable buyer to purchase it at a price that exceeds our net book value, which could result in ship impairment charges and losses on ship disposals.

 

The effects of COVID-19 on the operations of shipyards where our ships are under construction will result in a delay in ship deliveries, which we cannot predict and may be prolonged.

 

We cannot predict the timing of our complete return to service and when various ports will reopen to our ships. If we are delayed in recommencing guest cruise operations or there is a future pause in the resumption of limited guest operations, it could negatively impact our liquidity. Moreover, even as travel advisories and restrictions are lifted, demand for cruises may remain weak for a significant length of time and we cannot predict if and when each brand will return to pre-outbreak demand or fare pricing. In particular, our bookings may be negatively impacted by the adverse changes in the perceived or actual economic climate, including higher unemployment rates, declines in income levels and loss of personal wealth resulting from the impact of COVID-19. In addition, we cannot predict the impact COVID-19 will have on our partners, such as travel agencies, suppliers and other vendors, counterparties and joint ventures. We may be adversely impacted as a result of the adverse impact our partners, counterparties and joint ventures suffer. 

 

We have never previously experienced a complete cessation of our guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive regarding the impact of such a cessation on our brands and future prospects is uncertain. In particular, we cannot predict the impact on our financial performance and our cash flows required for cash refunds of deposits as a result of the current partial pause in our global fleet cruise operations, which may be prolonged, and the public's concern regarding the health and safety of travel, especially by cruise ship, and related decreases in demand for travel and cruising. Moreover, our ability to attract and retain guests and our ability to hire and the amounts we must pay our crew depends, in part, upon the perception and reputation of our company and our brands and the public's concerns regarding the health and safety of travel generally, as well as regarding the cruising industry and our ships specifically. As a result, we expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the quarter and year ending November 30, 2020, and our ability to forecast our cash inflows and additional capital needs is hampered.

 

As a result of all of the foregoing, we have raised, and expect to be required to further raise, significant additional capital, including additional equity capital. Our access to and cost of financing depend on, among other things, global economic conditions, conditions in the global financing markets, the availability of sufficient amounts of financing, our prospects and our credit ratings. As a result of COVID-19's effects on our liquidity, since March 2020, Moody's and S&P Global have downgraded our credit ratings to be below investment grade. Our current short-term commercial paper credit rating prevents us from issuing additional commercial paper.

 

If our credit ratings were to be further downgraded, or general market conditions were to ascribe higher risk to our rating levels, our industry, or us, our access to capital and the cost of any debt financing will be further negatively impacted. In addition, the terms of future debt agreements could include more restrictive covenants, or require incremental collateral, which may further restrict our business operations or be unavailable due to our covenant restrictions then in effect. There is no guarantee that debt financings will be available in the future to fund our obligations, or that they will be available on terms consistent with our expectations. Additionally, the impact of COVID-19 on the financial markets is expected to adversely impact our ability to raise funds through equity financings.

 

In addition, the COVID-19 outbreak has significantly increased economic and demand uncertainty. The current outbreak and continued spread of COVID-19 could cause a global recession, which would have a further adverse impact on our financial condition and operations. In past recessions, demand for our cruise vacations has been significantly negatively impacted which has resulted in lower occupancy rates and adverse pricing, with a corresponding increase in the use of credits and other means to attract travelers. Current economic forecasts for significant increases in unemployment in the U.S. and other regions due to the adoption of physical distancing and other policies to slow the spread of the virus is likely to have a negative impact on booking demand for our global fleet cruise operations, and these impacts could exist for an extensive period of time.

 

The extent of the effects of the outbreak on our business and the cruising industry at large is highly uncertain and will ultimately depend on future developments, including, but not limited to, the duration and severity of the outbreak, the length of time it takes for demand and pricing to return and normal economic and operating conditions to resume. To the extent COVID-19 adversely affects our business, operations, financial condition and operating results, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in Item 1A. "Risk Factors" included in our Form 10-K.

 

•      Any potential government disaster relief assistance could impose significant limitations on our corporate activities and may not be available to us on terms that are favorable or at all.

 

If any government provides or agrees to provide disaster relief assistance, it may impose certain requirements on the recipients of the aid including restrictions on executive officer compensation, share buybacks, dividends, prepayment of debt, incurrence of additional indebtedness and other similar restrictions until the aid is repaid or redeemed in full. In addition, the government may change the terms of the assistance or the eligibility requirements. We cannot assure you that any such government disaster relief assistance will not significantly limit our corporate activities or, even if we qualify for a program, will be available to us on terms that are favorable or at all. For example, we initially qualified for a government commercial paper program providing over $700 million of available liquidity, and in September 2020, the relevant government agency paused our access to further drawings, and the ability to roll over existing drawings, under the government commercial paper program. Any restrictions, terms and inability to access government disaster relief assistance could adversely impact our business, operations, liquidity and financial condition.

 

•      Our substantial debt could adversely affect our financial health and operating flexibility.

 

We have a substantial amount of debt and significant debt service obligations.

 

Our substantial debt could have important negative consequences for us. Our substantial debt could:

 

◦      require us to dedicate a large portion of our cash flow from operations to service debt and fund repayments

on our debt, thereby reducing the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures

and other general corporate purposes;

◦      increase our vulnerability to adverse general economic or industry conditions;

◦      limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business or the industry in which we operate;

◦      place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that have less debt;

◦      make us more vulnerable to downturns in our business, the economy or the industry in which we operate;

◦      limit our ability to raise additional debt or equity capital in the future to satisfy our requirements relating to

working capital, capital expenditures, development projects, strategic initiatives or other purposes;

◦      restrict us from making strategic acquisitions, introducing new technologies or exploiting business

opportunities;

◦      make it difficult for us to satisfy our obligations with respect to our debt; and

◦      expose us to the risk of increased interest rates as certain of our borrowings are (and may be in the future) at

a variable rate of interest.

 

•      Despite our leverage, we may incur more debt, which could adversely affect our business and prevent us from fulfilling our obligations with respect to our debt.

 

We may be able to incur substantial additional debt in the future. Although the instruments governing our existing indebtedness contain restrictions on the incurrence of additional debt, these restrictions are subject to a number of significant qualifications and exceptions, and under certain circumstances, the amount of debt that could be incurred in compliance with these restrictions could be substantial and a portion of such debt could be secured. The instruments governing our existing indebtedness do not prevent us from incurring liabilities that do not constitute "Indebtedness" as defined therein. If new debt is added to our existing debt levels, our business could be adversely affected, which may prevent us from fulfilling our obligations with respect to our debt.

 

•      We are subject to restrictive debt covenants that may limit our ability to finance future operations and capital needs and to pursue business opportunities and activities. In addition, if we fail to comply with any of these restrictions, it could have a material adverse effect on the company.

 

Certain of our debt instruments limit our flexibility in operating our business. For example, some of our debt instruments limit the ability of Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and certain of their respective subsidiaries to, among other things:

 

◦      incur or guarantee additional indebtedness;

◦      pay dividends or distributions on, or redeem or repurchase capital stock and make other restricted payments;

◦      make certain investments;

◦      consummate certain asset sales;

◦      engage in certain transactions with affiliates;

◦      grant or assume certain liens; and

◦      consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets.

 

All of these limitations are subject to significant exceptions and qualifications. Despite these exceptions and qualifications, we cannot assure you that the operating and financial restrictions and covenants in certain of our debt instruments will not adversely affect our ability to finance our future operations or capital needs or engage in other business activities that may be in our interest. Any future indebtedness may include similar or other restrictive terms. In addition, many of our debt agreements contain one or more financial covenants that require us to maintain minimum debt service coverage, maintain minimum shareholders equity and/or limit our debt to capital ratio. Our ability to comply with our debt covenants, including the financial maintenance covenants described above, and restrictions may be affected by events beyond our control. These include prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions. If we breach any of these covenants or restrictions, we could be in default under the terms of certain of our debt facilities and the relevant lenders could elect to declare the debt, together with accrued and unpaid interest and other fees, if any, immediately due and payable and proceed against any collateral, if any, securing that debt. If the debt under certain of our debt instruments that we enter into were to be accelerated, our assets may be insufficient to repay in full our debt. Borrowings under other debt instruments that contain cross-default provisions also may be accelerated or become payable on demand. In these circumstances, our assets may not be sufficient to repay in full our indebtedness then outstanding.

 

•      We require a significant amount of cash to service our debt and sustain our operations. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors beyond our control, and we may not be able to generate cash required to service our debt.

 

Our ability to meet our debt service obligations or refinance our debt depends on our future operating and financial performance and ability to generate cash. This will be affected by our ability to successfully implement our business strategy, as well as general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors beyond our control, such as the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. If we cannot generate sufficient cash to meet our debt service obligations or fund our other business needs, we may, among other things, need to refinance all or a portion of our debt, obtain additional financing, delay planned capital expenditures or sell assets. We cannot assure you that we will be able to generate sufficient cash through any of the foregoing. If we are not able to refinance any of our debt, obtain additional financing or sell assets on commercially reasonable terms or at all, we may not be able to satisfy our obligations with respect to our debt. Refer to "Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources."

 

•      Our variable rate indebtedness subjects us to interest rate risk, which could cause our debt service obligations to increase significantly.

 

Borrowings under certain of our facilities are at variable rates of interest and expose us to interest rate risk. If interest rates increase, our debt service obligations on certain of our variable rate indebtedness will increase even though the amount borrowed remains the same, and our net income and cash flows, including cash available for servicing our indebtedness, will correspondingly decrease.

 

In addition, in July 2017, the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), announced that it will no longer persuade or compel banks to submit LIBOR rates after 2021. It is unclear whether or not, at that time, LIBOR will cease to exist and a satisfactory replacement rate developed or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. The U.S. Federal Reserve, in conjunction with the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of, among other entities, large U.S. financial institutions, is considering replacing U.S. dollar LIBOR with a new index that measures the cost of borrowing cash overnight, backed by U.S. Treasury securities ("SOFR"). SOFR is observed and backward-looking, which stands in contrast with LIBOR under the current methodology, which is an estimated forward-looking rate and relies, to some degree, on the expert judgment of submitting panel members. Whether or not SOFR attains market traction as a LIBOR replacement rate remains in question.  As such, the future of LIBOR at this time is uncertain. If LIBOR ceases to exist, the level of interest payments on the portion of our indebtedness that bears interest at variable rates would be affected, which may adversely impact the amount of our interest payments under such debt.

 

We have entered into, and in the future we will continue to enter into, interest rate swaps that involve the exchange of floating for fixed-rate interest payments to reduce interest rate volatility. However, we may not maintain interest rate swaps with respect to all of our variable rate indebtedness, and any such swaps may not fully mitigate our interest rate risk, may prove disadvantageous, or may create additional risks.

 

•      As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, we may be out of compliance with a maintenance covenant in certain of our debt facilities, for which we have waivers for the period through March 31, 2021 with the next testing date of May 31, 2021.

 

Under the terms of certain of our debt facilities, we are required to maintain minimum debt service coverage (EBITDA to consolidated net interest charges for the most recently ended four fiscal quarters) of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 at the end of each fiscal quarter. As of August 31, 2020, we have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to amend our agreements with respect to this Financial Covenant to:

 

•      Waive compliance for all of our funded export credit facilities through March 31, 2021, August 31, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable.

•      Waive compliance through November 30, 2021 for certain of our bank loans. We will be required to comply beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2022.

•      Waive compliance for the remaining applicable bank loans through their respective maturity dates.

 

At August 31, 2020, we were in compliance with the applicable debt covenants.

 

Subsequent to August 31, 2020, we extended the Financial Covenant waivers for our funded export credit facilities through at least November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) except that for three of our funded export credit facilities with Financial Covenant waivers through March 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of May 31, 2021) or August 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of November 30, 2021), with total aggregate indebtedness of $1.3 billion as of August 31, 2020, we are currently engaged in discussions to extend the waivers for these facilities through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022). 

 

In addition, we have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to amend our agreements with respect to the Financial Covenant for our unfunded export credit facilities to waive compliance through August 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of November 30, 2021) for aggregate principal of $2.7 billion, through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for aggregate principal of $1.2 billion (of which we borrowed $610 million to fund delivery of a ship in September 2020), and through December 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for aggregate principal of $3.7 billion. For the remaining three unfunded export credit facilities with an aggregate principal of $1.8 billion, we are engaged in discussions with the counterparties to waive the Financial Covenant through March 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of May 31, 2021). Simultaneously with obtaining the initial waivers for these three unfunded export credit facilities, we have also requested extension of waivers for these facilities through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022).

 

Although highly unlikely, if the covenant waiver for any unfunded facility for which we have not yet obtained a waiver is not obtained, the lender under that facility could terminate it if we did not comply with the Financial Covenant for any fiscal quarter ending on or after August 31, 2020.

 

Even though we have or expect to have waivers in place with respect to this covenant, we may be out of compliance with the Financial Covenant following March 31, 2021 with the next testing date of May 31, 2021 or in future periods for certain agreements because of the pause in our guest operations. If we expected to be out of compliance, we would again seek waivers from the lenders under the applicable facilities prior to any covenant violation.

 

Covenant waivers have led and may continue to lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable to us under these debt facilities, and such increased costs, restrictions and modifications may vary among debt facilities. Our ability to provide additional lender protections under these facilities, including the granting of security interests in collateral, will be limited by the restrictions in our indebtedness.  There can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain waivers in a timely manner, on acceptable terms or at all. If we were not able to obtain a covenant waiver under any one or more of these debt facilities, we would be in default of such agreements, which could result in cross defaults to our other debt agreements. As a consequence, we would need to refinance or repay the applicable debt facility or facilities, and would be required to raise additional debt or equity capital, or divest assets, to refinance or repay such facility or facilities. If we were to be unable to obtain a covenant waiver under any one or more of these debt facilities, there can be no assurance that we would be able to raise sufficient debt or equity capital, or divest assets, to refinance or repay such facility or facilities.

 

With respect to each of these debt facilities, if we were not to obtain a waiver or refinance or repay such debt facilities, it would lead to an event of default under such facilities, which could lead to an acceleration of the indebtedness under such debt facilities. In turn, this would lead to an event of default and potential acceleration of amounts due under all of our outstanding debt and derivative contract payables. As a result, the failure to obtain the covenant waivers described above would have a material adverse effect.

 

•      The covenants in certain of our debt facilities may require us to secure those facilities in the future.

 

Certain of our debt facilities contain provisions which may require that we provide a security interest in certain assets. In certain of our debt facilities, there is a requirement that if the credit rating of our senior indebtedness should fall below investment grade (which occurred on June 24, 2020) and at such time we have granted liens or security interests in respect of indebtedness in an amount exceeding 25% of our total assets (excluding for these purposes the value of any intangible assets) as shown in our most recent Consolidated Balance Sheet, then we will be required to provide a first-priority security interest in certain designated assets. In addition, under our export credit facilities, there is a requirement that if a security interest or lien is granted in respect of a vessel to secure borrowed money under certain other debt facilities, then a first-priority security interest will be required to be provided over certain designated vessels.

 

If the events described above were to occur, we may be unable to comply with this requirement and expect to seek waivers from the lenders under the relevant facilities. Any such waiver may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable to us under these debt facilities, and such increased costs, restrictions and modifications may vary among debt facilities. Our ability to give additional lender protections under these facilities, including the granting of security interests in collateral, will be limited by the restrictions in our indebtedness and security interest we have already granted. If we were not able to obtain a waiver, the occurrence of such events may result in an event of default under these facilities and other debt facilities that contain cross default provisions that would be triggered.

 

•      Breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy as well as disruptions and other damages to our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks, including the recent ransomware incident, and failure to keep pace with developments in technology may adversely impact our business operations, the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage

 

We have been and may continue to be impacted by breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy, which occur from time to time. These can vary in scope and intent from economically motivated attacks to malicious attacks intended to disrupt or compromise our shoreside and shipboard operations by targeting our key operating systems. Breach or circumvention of our systems or the systems of third parties, including by ransomware or other attacks, results in disruptions to our business operations; unauthorized access to (or the loss of company access to) competitively sensitive, confidential or other critical data (including sensitive financial, medical or other personal or business information) or systems; loss of customers; financial losses; regulatory enforcement actions and fines; litigation and misuse or corruption of critical data and proprietary information, any of which could be material.

 

On August 15, 2020, we detected a ransomware attack and unauthorized access to our information technology systems. We engaged a major cybersecurity firm to investigate the matter and notified law enforcement and regulators of the incident. While the investigation is ongoing, early indications are that the unauthorized third-party gained access to certain personal information relating to some guests, employees and crew for some of our operations. There is currently no indication of any misuse of this information. While at this time we do not believe that this information will be misused going forward or that this incident will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results, no assurances can be given and further we may be subject to future attacks or incidents that could have such a material adverse effect.

 

Our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks may be impacted by actual or threatened natural

disasters (for example, hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, fires, tornadoes, tsunamis, typhoons and volcanic eruptions) or other

disruptive events. Our maritime and/or shoreside operations, including our ability to manage our inventory of cabins held for

sale and set pricing, control costs, and serve our guests, depends on the reliability of our information technology operations and

system networks as well as our ability to refine and update to more advanced systems and technologies.

 

SCHEDULE C

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

A. Repurchase Program

 

Under a share repurchase program effective 2004, we had been authorized to repurchase Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares (the "Repurchase Program"). Effective August 2018, the company approved a modification of the general authorization under the Repurchase Program, which replenished the remaining authorized repurchases at the time of the approval to $1.0 billion. To enhance our liquidity and comply with restrictions in our recent financing transactions, on June 15, 2020, the Boards of Directors terminated the Repurchase Program. During the three months ended August 31, 2020, no shares of Carnival Corporation common stock or Carnival plc ordinary shares were repurchased pursuant to the Repurchase Program.

 

No shares of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares were purchased outside of publicly announced plans or programs.

 

B. Carnival plc Shareholder Approvals

 

Carnival plc ordinary share repurchases under the Repurchase Program require annual shareholder approval. The existing shareholder approval is limited to a maximum of 18.2 million ordinary shares and is valid until the earlier of the conclusion of the Carnival plc 2021 annual general meeting or October 5, 2021. To enhance our liquidity and comply with restrictions in our recent financing transactions, we have terminated the Repurchase Program.

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