Company Announcements

Final Results

Source: RNS
RNS Number : 9632M
Carnival PLC
26 January 2021
 

January 26, 2021

 

RELEASE OF CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED NOVEMBER 30, 2020

 

Carnival Corporation & plc announced its summary preliminary fourth quarter results of operations in its earnings release issued on January 11, 2021. Carnival Corporation & plc is hereby announcing that today it has filed its joint Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Form 10-K") with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") containing the Carnival Corporation & plc 2020 annual consolidated financial statements, which reported results are unchanged from those previously announced on January 11, 2021.

 

The information included in the attached Schedules A, B and C is extracted from the Form 10-K and has been prepared in accordance with SEC rules and regulations. The Carnival Corporation & plc consolidated financial statements contained in the Form 10-K have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP").

 

(a)   Schedule A contains the Carnival Corporation & plc consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended November 30, 2020

(b)   Schedule B contains management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A") of financial conditions and results of operations

(c)   Schedule C contains information on Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc's sales and purchases of their equity securities and use of proceeds from such sales

 

The Directors consider that within the Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc dual listed company arrangement, the most appropriate presentation of Carnival plc's results and financial position is by reference to the Carnival Corporation & plc U.S. GAAP consolidated financial statements.

 

All these schedules (A, B and C) are presented together as Carnival plc's annual report in accordance with the requirements of the UK Disclosure and Transparency Rules.

 

MEDIA CONTACT                                                                               INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT

Roger Frizzell                                                                                           Beth Roberts

001 305 406 7862                                                                                     001 305 406 4832

 

The Form 10-K, including the portions extracted for this announcement, is available for viewing on the SEC website at www.sec.gov under Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc or the Carnival Corporation & plc website at www.carnivalcorp.com or www.carnivalplc.com. A copy of the Form 10-K has been submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and will shortly be available for inspection at data.fca.org.uk/#/nsm/nationalstoragemechanism. Additional information can be obtained via Carnival Corporation & plc's website listed above or by writing to Carnival plc at Carnival House, 100 Harbour Parade, Southampton, SO15 1ST, United Kingdom.

 

Carnival Corporation & plc is one of the world's largest leisure travel companies with a portfolio of nine of the world's leading cruise lines. With operations in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia, its portfolio features - Carnival Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, P&O Cruises (Australia), Seabourn, Costa Cruises, AIDA Cruises, P&O Cruises (UK) and Cunard.

 

Additional information can be found on www.carnivalcorp.com, www.carnivalsustainability.com, www.carnival.com, www.princess.com, www.hollandamerica.com, www.pocruises.com.au, www.seabourn.com, www.costacruise.com, www.aida.de, www.pocruises.com and www.cunard.com.

 

SCHEDULE A

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)

(in millions, except per share data)

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

Passenger ticket

$

3,684 

 

 

$

14,104 

 

 

$

13,930 

 

Onboard and other

1,910 

 

 

6,721 

 

 

4,950 

 

 

5,595 

 

 

20,825 

 

 

18,881 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Commissions, transportation and other

1,139 

 

 

2,720 

 

 

2,590 

 

Onboard and other

605 

 

 

2,101 

 

 

638 

 

Payroll and related

1,780 

 

 

2,249 

 

 

2,190 

 

Fuel

823 

 

 

1,562 

 

 

1,619 

 

Food

413 

 

 

1,083 

 

 

1,066 

 

Ship and other impairments

1,967 

 

 

26 

 

 

16 

 

Other operating

1,518 

 

 

3,167 

 

 

2,971 

 

 

8,245 

 

 

12,909 

 

 

11,089 

 

Selling and administrative

1,878 

 

 

2,480 

 

 

2,450 

 

Depreciation and amortization

2,241 

 

 

2,160 

 

 

2,017 

 

Goodwill impairments

2,096 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,460 

 

 

17,549 

 

 

15,556 

 

Operating Income (Loss)

(8,865)

 

 

3,276 

 

 

3,325 

 

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

18 

 

 

23 

 

 

14 

 

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

(895)

 

 

(206)

 

 

(194)

 

Gains on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

59 

 

Other income (expense), net

(511)

 

 

(32)

 

 

 

 

(1,388)

 

 

(215)

 

 

(118)

 

Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes

(10,253)

 

 

3,060 

 

 

3,207 

 

Income Tax Benefit (Expense), Net

17 

 

 

(71)

 

 

(54)

 

Net Income (Loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

Earnings Per Share

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.34 

 

 

$

4.45 

 

Diluted

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.32 

 

 

$

4.44 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in millions)

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Net Income (Loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

Items Included in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

Change in foreign currency translation adjustment

578 

 

 

(86)

 

 

(199)

 

Other

51 

 

 

(31)

 

 

32 

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

630 

 

 

(117)

 

 

(167)

 

Total Comprehensive Income (Loss)

$

(9,606)

 

 

$

2,873 

 

 

$

2,986 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in millions, except par values)

 

 

November 30,

 

2020

 

2019

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

9,513 

 

 

$

518 

 

Trade and other receivables, net

273 

 

 

444 

 

Inventories

335 

 

 

427 

 

Prepaid expenses and other

443 

 

 

671 

 

  Total current assets

10,563 

 

 

2,059 

 

Property and Equipment, Net

38,073 

 

 

38,131 

 

Operating Lease Right-of-Use Assets (a)

1,370 

 

 

 

Goodwill

807 

 

 

2,912 

 

Other Intangibles

1,186 

 

 

1,174 

 

Other Assets

1,594 

 

 

783 

 

 

$

53,593 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

Current Liabilities

 

 

 

Short-term borrowings

$

3,084 

 

 

$

231 

 

Current portion of long-term debt

1,742 

 

 

1,596 

 

Current portion of operating lease liabilities (a)

151 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

624 

 

 

756 

 

Accrued liabilities and other

1,144 

 

 

1,809 

 

Customer deposits

1,940 

 

 

4,735 

 

  Total current liabilities

8,686 

 

 

9,127 

 

Long-Term Debt

22,130 

 

 

9,675 

 

Long-Term Operating Lease Liabilities (a)

1,273 

 

 

 

Other Long-Term Liabilities

949 

 

 

890 

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

Common stock of Carnival Corporation, $0.01 par value; 1,960 shares authorized; 1,060 shares at 2020 and 657 shares at 2019 issued

11 

 

 

 

Ordinary shares of Carnival plc, $1.66 par value; 217 shares at 2020 and 2019 issued

361 

 

 

358 

 

Additional paid-in capital

13,948 

 

 

8,807 

 

Retained earnings

16,075 

 

 

26,653 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) ("AOCI")

(1,436)

 

 

(2,066)

 

Treasury stock, 130 shares at 2020 and 2019 of Carnival Corporation and 60 shares at 2020 and 2019 of Carnival plc, at cost

(8,404)

 

 

(8,394)

 

  Total shareholders' equity

20,555 

 

 

25,365 

 

 

$

53,593 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

(a)     We adopted the provisions of Leases on December 1, 2019.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in millions)

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

2,241 

 

 

2,160 

 

 

2,017 

 

Impairments

4,063 

 

 

26 

 

 

16 

 

Gains on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

(59)

 

Loss on repurchases of Convertible Notes

464 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

105 

 

 

46 

 

 

65 

 

Noncash lease expense

172 

 

 

 

 

 

(Gain) loss on ship sales and other, net

78 

 

 

43 

 

 

(6)

 

 

(3,114)

 

 

5,265 

 

 

5,186 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Receivables

125 

 

 

(114)

 

 

(58)

 

Inventories

77 

 

 

79 

 

 

(67)

 

Prepaid expenses and other

(209)

 

 

(254)

 

 

74 

 

Accounts payable

(165)

 

 

34 

 

 

(24)

 

Accrued liabilities and other

(311)

 

 

80 

 

 

(100)

 

Customer deposits

(2,703)

 

 

387 

 

 

539 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

(6,301)

 

 

5,475 

 

 

5,549 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

(3,620)

 

 

(5,429)

 

 

(3,749)

 

Proceeds from sales of ships

334 

 

 

26 

 

 

389 

 

Purchase of minority interest

(81)

 

 

 

 

(135)

 

Derivative settlements and other, net

127 

 

 

126 

 

 

(19)

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(3,240)

 

 

(5,277)

 

 

(3,514)

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings, net

2,852 

 

 

(605)

 

 

417 

 

Principal repayments of long-term debt

(1,621)

 

 

(1,651)

 

 

(1,556)

 

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

15,020 

 

 

3,674 

 

 

2,542 

 

Dividends paid

(689)

 

 

(1,387)

 

 

(1,355)

 

Purchases of treasury stock

(12)

 

 

(603)

 

 

(1,468)

 

Issuance of common stock, net

3,249 

 

 

 

 

 

Other, net

(150)

 

 

(86)

 

 

(42)

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

18,650 

 

 

(655)

 

 

(1,460)

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

53 

 

 

(9)

 

 

(1)

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

9,161 

 

 

(465)

 

 

574 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year

530 

 

 

996 

 

 

422 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year

$

9,692 

 

 

$

530 

 

 

$

996 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

(in millions)

 

 

Common
stock

 

Ordinary
shares

 

Additional
paid-in
capital

 

Retained
earnings

 

AOCI

 

Treasury
stock

 

Total
shareholders'
equity

At November 30, 2017

$

 

 

$

358 

 

 

$

8,690 

 

 

$

23,292 

 

 

$

(1,782)

 

 

$

(6,349)

 

 

$

24,216 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,152 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,152 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(167)

 

 

 

 

(167)

 

Cash dividends declared

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,378)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,378)

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

66 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,446)

 

 

(1,380)

 

At November 30, 2018

 

 

358 

 

 

8,756 

 

 

25,066 

 

 

(1,949)

 

 

(7,795)

 

 

24,443 

 

Change in accounting principle (a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24)

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,990 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,990 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(117)

 

 

 

 

(117)

 

Cash dividends declared

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,379)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,379)

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

51 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(599)

 

 

(548)

 

At November 30, 2019

 

 

358 

 

 

8,807 

 

 

26,653 

 

 

(2,066)

 

 

(8,394)

 

 

25,365 

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,236)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,236)

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

630 

 

 

 

 

630 

 

Cash dividends declared

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(342)

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

3,247 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,249 

 

Issuance and repurchase of Convertible Notes (net settled through a registered direct offering)

 

 

 

 

1,798 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,799 

 

Purchases of treasury stock under the Repurchase Program and other

 

 

 

 

97 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10)

 

 

89 

 

At November 30, 2020

$

11 

 

 

$

361 

 

 

$

13,948 

 

 

$

16,075 

 

 

$

(1,436)

 

 

$

(8,404)

 

 

$

20,555 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

(a)       We adopted the provisions of Revenue from Contracts with Customers and Derivatives and Hedging on December 1, 2018.

 

CARNIVAL CORPORATION & PLC

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 - General

 

Description of Business

 

Carnival Corporation was incorporated in Panama in 1974 and Carnival plc was incorporated in England and Wales in 2000. Together with their consolidated subsidiaries, they are referred to collectively in these consolidated financial statements and elsewhere in this 2020 Annual Report as "Carnival Corporation & plc," "our," "us" and "we." The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and their respective subsidiaries. 

 

We are a leisure travel company with a portfolio of nine of the world's leading cruise lines. With operations in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia, our portfolio features - Carnival Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Holland America Line, P&O Cruises (Australia), Seabourn, Costa Cruises, AIDA Cruises, P&O Cruises (UK) and Cunard.

 

DLC Arrangement

 

Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc operate a dual listed company ("DLC") arrangement, whereby the businesses of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc are combined through a number of contracts and provisions in Carnival Corporation's Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws and Carnival plc's Articles of Association. The two companies operate as a single economic enterprise with a single senior executive management team and identical Boards of Directors, but each has retained its separate legal identity. Each company's shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") for Carnival Corporation and the London Stock Exchange for Carnival plc. The Carnival plc American Depositary Shares are traded on the NYSE.

 

The constitutional documents of each company provide that, on most matters, the holders of the common equity of both companies effectively vote as a single body. The Equalization and Governance Agreement between Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc provides for the equalization of dividends and liquidation distributions based on an equalization ratio and contains provisions relating to the governance of the DLC arrangement. Because the equalization ratio is 1 to 1, one share of Carnival Corporation common stock and one Carnival plc ordinary share are generally entitled to the same distributions. 

 

Under deeds of guarantee executed in connection with the DLC arrangement, as well as stand-alone guarantees executed since that time, each of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc have effectively cross guaranteed all indebtedness and certain other monetary obligations of each other. Once the written demand is made, the holders of indebtedness or other obligations may immediately commence an action against the relevant guarantor. 

 

Under the terms of the DLC arrangement, Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc are permitted to transfer assets between the companies, make loans to or investments in each other and otherwise enter into intercompany transactions. In addition, the cash flows and assets of one company are required to be used to pay the obligations of the other company, if necessary.

 

Given the DLC arrangement, we believe that providing separate financial statements for each of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc would not present a true and fair view of the economic realities of their operations. Accordingly, separate financial statements for Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc have not been presented.

 

Liquidity and Management's Plans

 

In the face of the global impact of COVID-19, we paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020. In September 2020 we began the resumption of limited guest operations as part of our phased-in return to service. As of January 14, 2021, none of our ships were operating with guests onboard. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19 and our pause in guest cruise operations, have had an impact on booking patterns. The full extent of the impact will be determined by our gradual return to service and the length of time COVID-19 influences travel decisions. We believe that the ongoing effects of COVID-19 on our operations and global bookings have had, and will continue to have, a material negative impact on our financial results and liquidity.

 

The estimation of our future liquidity requirements includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions used to estimate our future liquidity requirements consist of:

 

•      Expected continued gradual resumption of guest cruise operations

•      Expected lower than comparable historical occupancy levels during the resumption of guest cruise operations

•      Expected incremental expenses for the resumption of guest cruise operations, for the maintenance of additional public health protocols and procedures for additional regulations 

 

In addition, we make certain assumptions about new ship deliveries, improvements and disposals, and consider the future export credit financings that are associated with the ship deliveries.

 

We are preparing to execute on the necessary steps to comply with the various heightened governmental regulations required to return to guest cruise operations. We are working with a number of world-leading public health, epidemiological and policy experts to support our ongoing efforts with enhanced protocols and procedures for the return of cruise vacations. These advisors will continue to provide guidance based on the latest scientific evidence and best practices for protection and mitigation. We also believe that there have been positive developments around the availability and widespread distribution and use of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines, which we believe will be important to achieving historical occupancy levels over time.

 

We cannot make assurances that our assumptions used to estimate our liquidity requirements may not change because we have never previously experienced a complete cessation of our guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive is uncertain. In addition, the magnitude, duration and speed of the global pandemic are uncertain. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our consolidated financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods. We expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for 2021. We have taken and continue to take actions to improve our liquidity, including capital expenditure and operating expense reductions, amending credit agreements, accelerating the removal of certain ships from our fleet, suspending dividend payments on, and the repurchase of, common stock of Carnival Corporation and ordinary shares of Carnival plc and pursuing various capital market transactions.

 

Based on these actions and assumptions regarding the impact of COVID-19, and considering our available liquidity including cash and cash equivalents of $9.5 billion at November 30, 2020, we have concluded that we have sufficient liquidity to satisfy our obligations for at least the next twelve months. Beginning on February 28, 2022, one month beyond the twelve month assessment period, additional financial covenant amendments for our export credit facilities has been requested and will be needed in order to maintain covenant compliance.

 

NOTE 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

We consolidate entities over which we have control, as typically evidenced by a voting control of greater than 50% or for which we are the primary beneficiary, whereby we have the power to direct the most significant activities and the obligation to absorb significant losses or receive significant benefits from the entity. We do not separately present our noncontrolling interests in the consolidated financial statements since the amounts are immaterial. For affiliates we do not control but where significant influence over financial and operating policies exists, as typically evidenced by a voting control of 20% to 50%, the investment is accounted for using the equity method.

 

For 2019 and 2018, we reclassified $390 million and $272 million from tour and other revenues to onboard and other revenues as well as $268 million and $180 million from tour and other costs and expenses to other operating cost and expenses in order to conform to the current year presentation.

 

Preparation of Financial Statements

 

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and disclosed in our consolidated financial statements. The full extent to which the effects of COVID-19 will directly or indirectly impact our business, operations, results of operations and financial condition, including our valuation of goodwill and trademarks, impairment of ships, collectability of trade and notes receivables as well as provisions for pending litigation, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain. We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments within our financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing our consolidated financial statements. All material intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include investments with maturities of three months or less at acquisition, which are stated at cost and present insignificant risk of changes in value. 

 

Inventories

 

Inventories consist substantially of food, beverages, hotel supplies, fuel and retail merchandise, which are all carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted-average or first-in, first-out methods.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment charges. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over our estimates of useful lives and residual values, as a percentage of original cost, as follows: 

 

Years

 

Residual
Values

Ships

30

 

15%

Ship improvements

3-30

 

  0%

Buildings and improvements

10-40

 

0% or 10%

Computer hardware and software

2-12

 

0% or 10%

Transportation equipment and other

3-20

 

0% or 10%

Leasehold improvements, including port facilities

Shorter of the remaining lease term or related asset life (3-30)

 

0%

 

The cost of ships under construction include progress payments for the construction of new ships, as well as design and engineering fees, capitalized interest, construction oversight costs and various owner supplied items. We account for ship improvement costs, including replacements of certain significant components and parts, by capitalizing those costs we believe add value to our ships and have a useful life greater than one year and depreciating those improvements over their estimated remaining useful life. We have a capital program for the improvement of our ships and for asset replacements in order to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of our operations; to comply with, or exceed, all relevant legal and statutory requirements related to health, environment, safety, security and sustainability; and to gain strategic benefits or provide improved product innovations to our guests. 

 

We capitalize interest as part of the cost of capital projects during their construction period. The specifically identified or estimated cost and accumulated depreciation of previously capitalized ship components are written-off upon retirement, which may result in a loss on disposal that is also included in other operating expenses. Liquidated damages received from shipyards as a result of late ship delivery are recorded as reductions to the cost basis of the ship.

 

The costs of repairs and maintenance, including minor improvement costs and expenses related to dry-docks, are charged to expense as incurred and included in other operating expenses. Dry-dock expenses primarily represent planned major maintenance activities that are incurred when a ship is taken out-of-service for scheduled maintenance.

 

We review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of these assets may not be recoverable. Upon the occurrence of a triggering event, the assessment of possible impairment is based on our ability to recover the carrying value of our asset from the asset's estimated undiscounted future cash flows. If these estimated undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, an impairment charge is recognized for the excess, if any, of the asset's carrying value over its estimated fair value. The lowest level for which we maintain identifiable cash flows that are independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities is at the individual ship level. A significant amount of judgment is required in estimating the future cash flows and fair values of our cruise ships.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in a business acquisition. We review our goodwill for impairment as of July 31 every year, or more frequently if events or circumstances dictate. All of our goodwill has been allocated to our reporting units. The impairment review for goodwill allows us to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the more detailed quantitative goodwill impairment test. We would perform the quantitative test if our qualitative assessment determined it is more-likely-than-not that a reporting unit's estimated fair value is less than its carrying amount. We may also elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to the quantitative test for any reporting unit. When performing the quantitative test, if the estimated fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying value, no further analysis is required. However, if the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value, goodwill is written down based on the difference between the reporting unit's carrying amount and its fair value, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit.  

 

Trademarks represent substantially all of our other intangibles. Trademarks are estimated to have an indefinite useful life and are not amortizable but are reviewed for impairment at least annually and as events or circumstances dictate. The impairment review for trademarks also allows us to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform a more detailed quantitative trademark impairment test. We would perform the quantitative test if our qualitative assessment determined it was more-likely-than-not that the trademarks are impaired. We may also elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to the quantitative test. Our trademarks would be considered impaired if their carrying value exceeds their estimated fair value.

 

A significant amount of judgment is required in estimating the fair values of our reporting units.

 

Derivatives and Other Financial Instruments

 

We utilize derivative and non-derivative financial instruments, such as foreign currency forwards, options and swaps, foreign currency debt obligations and foreign currency cash balances, to manage our exposure to fluctuations in certain foreign currency exchange rates. We use interest rate swaps primarily to manage our interest rate exposure to achieve a desired proportion of fixed and floating rate debt. Our policy is to not use financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

 

All derivatives are recorded at fair value. If a derivative is designated as a cash flow hedge, then the change in the fair value of the derivative is recognized as a component of AOCI until the underlying hedged item is recognized in earnings or the forecasted transaction is no longer probable. If a derivative or a non-derivative financial instrument is designated as a hedge of our net investment in a foreign operation, then changes in the effective portion of the fair value of the financial instrument are recognized as a component of AOCI to offset the change in the translated value of the designated portion of net investment being hedged until the investment is sold or substantially liquidated, while the impact attributable to components excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness is recorded in interest expense, net of capitalized interest, on a systematic and rational basis. For derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment, the change in fair value is recognized in earnings.

 

We classify the fair value of all our derivative contracts as either current or long-term, depending on the maturity date of the derivative contract. The cash flows from derivatives treated as cash flow hedges are classified in our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in the same category as the item being hedged. Our cash flows related to fuel derivatives are classified within investing activities.

 

Derivative valuations are based on observable inputs such as interest rates and commodity price curves, forward currency exchange rates, credit spreads, maturity dates, volatilities, and cross currency basis spreads. We use the income approach to value derivatives for foreign currency options and forwards, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps using observable market data for all significant inputs and standard valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present value amount, assuming that participants are motivated but not compelled to transact. 

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

 

Each foreign entity determines its functional currency by reference to its primary economic environment. We translate the assets and liabilities of our foreign entities that have functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses of these foreign entities are translated at weighted-average exchange rates for the period. Equity is translated at historical rates and the resulting foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of AOCI, which is a separate component of shareholders' equity. Therefore, the U.S. dollar value of the non-equity translated items in our consolidated financial statements will fluctuate from period to period, depending on the changing value of the U.S. dollar versus these currencies.

 

We execute transactions in a number of different currencies. At the date that the transaction is recognized, each asset, liability, revenue, expense, gain or loss arising from the transaction is measured and recorded in the functional currency of the recording entity using the exchange rate in effect at that date. At each balance sheet date, recorded monetary balances denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are adjusted using the exchange rate at the balance sheet date, with gains or losses recorded in other income or other expense, unless such monetary balances have been designated as hedges of net investments in our foreign entities. The net gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions were not material in 2020, 2019 and 2018. In addition, the unrealized gains or losses on our long-term intercompany receivables and payables which are denominated in a non-functional currency and which are not expected to be repaid in the foreseeable future are recorded as foreign currency translation adjustments included as a component of AOCI.

 

Revenue and Expense Recognition

 

Guest cruise deposits are initially included in customer deposit liabilities when received. Customer deposits are subsequently recognized as cruise revenues, together with revenues from onboard and other activities, and all associated direct costs and expenses of a voyage are recognized as cruise costs and expenses, upon completion of voyages, with durations of ten nights or less and on a pro rata basis for voyages in excess of ten nights. The impact of recognizing these shorter duration cruise revenues and costs and expenses on a completed voyage basis versus on a pro rata basis is not material. Certain of our product offerings are bundled and we allocate the value of the bundled services and goods between passenger ticket revenues and onboard and other revenues based upon the estimated standalone selling prices of those goods and services. Guest cancellation fees, when applicable, are recognized in passenger ticket revenues at the time of cancellation. 

 

Our sales to guests of air and other transportation to and from airports near the home ports of our ships are included in passenger ticket revenues, and the related costs of purchasing these services are included in transportation costs. The proceeds that we collect from the sales of third-party shore excursions are included in onboard and other revenues and the related costs are included in onboard and other costs. The amounts collected on behalf of our onboard concessionaires, net of the amounts remitted to them, are included in onboard and other revenues as concession revenues. All of these amounts are recognized on a completed voyage or pro rata basis as discussed above.

 

Passenger ticket revenues include fees, taxes and charges collected by us from our guests. A portion of these fees, taxes and charges vary with guest head counts and are directly imposed on a revenue-producing arrangement. This portion of the fees, taxes and charges is expensed in commissions, transportation and other costs when the corresponding revenues are

recognized. These fees, taxes and charges included in commissions, transportation and other costs were $215 million in 2020, $659 million in 2019 and $615 million in 2018. The remaining portion of fees, taxes and charges are expensed in other operating expenses when the corresponding revenues are recognized.

 

Revenues and expenses from our hotel and transportation operations, which are included in our Tour and Other segment, are recognized at the time the services are performed. 

 

     Customer Deposits

 

Our payment terms generally require an initial deposit to confirm a reservation, with the balance due prior to the voyage. Cash received from guests in advance of the cruise is recorded in customer deposits and in other long-term liabilities on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts include refundable deposits. We have provided, and expect to continue to provide, flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled due to the pause in cruise operations by allowing guests to receive enhanced future cruise credits ("FCC") or to elect to receive refunds in cash. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of these cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for these FCCs only to the extent we have received cash from guests with bookings on cancelled sailings. We had customer deposits of $2.2 billion and $4.9 billion as of November 30, 2020 and 2019. The current portion of our customer deposits was $1.9 billion and $4.7 billion as of November 30, 2020 and 2019. These amounts include deposits related to cancelled cruises prior to the election of a cash refund by guests. Refunds payable to guests who have elected cash refunds are recorded in accounts payable. Due to the uncertainty associated with the duration and extent of COVID-19, we are unable to estimate the amount of the November 30, 2020 customer deposits that will be recognized in earnings compared to amounts that will be refunded to customers or issued as a credit for future travel. During 2020 and 2019, we recognized revenues of $3.2 billion and $4.3 billion related to our customer deposits as of November 30, 2019 and December 1, 2018. Historically, our customer deposits balance changes due to the seasonal nature of cash collections, the recognition of revenue, refunds of customer deposits and foreign currency translation. 

 

     Contract Receivables

 

Although we generally require full payment from our customers prior to or concurrently with their cruise, we grant credit terms to a relatively small portion of our revenue source. We also have receivables from credit card merchants for cruise ticket purchases and onboard revenue. These receivables are included within trade and other receivables, net.

 

     Contract Assets

 

Contract assets are amounts paid prior to the start of a voyage, which we record as an asset within prepaid expenses and other and which are subsequently recognized as commissions, transportation and other at the time of revenue recognition or at the time of voyage cancellation. We have contract assets of an immaterial amount and $154 million as of November 30, 2020 and November 30, 2019. 

 

Insurance

 

We use a combination of insurance and self-insurance to cover a number of risks including illness and injury to crew, guest injuries, pollution, other third-party claims in connection with our cruise activities, damage to hull and machinery for each of our ships, war risks, workers' compensation, directors' and officers' liability, property damage and general liability for shoreside third-party claims. We recognize insurance recoverables from third-party insurers up to the amount of recorded losses at the time the recovery is probable and upon settlement for amounts in excess of the recorded losses. All of our insurance policies are subject to coverage limits, exclusions and deductible levels. The liabilities associated with crew illnesses and crew and guest injury claims, including all legal costs, are estimated based on the specific merits of the individual claims or actuarially estimated based on historical claims experience, loss development factors and other assumptions.

 

Selling and Administrative Expenses

 

Selling expenses include a broad range of advertising, marketing and promotional expenses. Advertising is charged to expense as incurred, except for media production costs, which are expensed upon the first airing of the advertisement. Selling expenses totaled $348 million in 2020, $728 million in 2019 and $673 million in 2018. Administrative expenses represent the costs of our shoreside support, reservations and other administrative functions, and include salaries and related benefits, professional fees and building occupancy costs, which are typically expensed as incurred.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

We recognize compensation expense for all share-based compensation awards using the fair value method. For time-based share awards, we recognize compensation cost ratably using the straight-line attribution method over the expected vesting period or to the retirement eligibility date, if earlier than the vesting period. For performance-based share awards, we estimate compensation cost based on the probability of the performance condition being achieved and recognize expense ratably using the straight-line attribution method over the expected vesting period. If all or a portion of the performance condition is not expected to be met, the appropriate amount of previously recognized compensation expense is reversed and future compensation expense is adjusted accordingly. For market-based share awards, we recognize compensation cost ratably using the straight-line attribution method over the expected vesting period. If the target market conditions are not expected to be met, compensation expense will still be recognized. We account for forfeitures as they occur.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of shares and common stock equivalents outstanding during each period. For earnings per share purposes, Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares are considered a single class of shares since they have equivalent rights.

 

Accounting Pronouncements

 

On December 1, 2019, we adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued guidance, Leases, using the modified retrospective approach, which allows entities to either apply the new lease standard to the beginning of the earliest period presented or only to the consolidated financial statements in the period of adoption without restating prior periods. We have elected to apply the new guidance at the date of adoption without restating prior periods.

 

We have implemented changes to our internal controls to address the collection, recording, and accounting for leases in accordance with the new guidance. Upon adoption of the new guidance, the most material impact was the recognition of $1.4 billion of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities relating to operating leases, reported within operating lease right-of-use assets and long-term operating lease liabilities, with the current portion of the liability reported within current portion of operating lease liabilities, in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 1, 2019. There was no cumulative effect of applying the new standard and accordingly there was no adjustment to our retained earnings upon adoption. This guidance had an immaterial impact on our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss), Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the compliance with debt-covenants under our current agreements.

 

The FASB issued amended guidance, Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General, which clarifies disclosure requirements for entities that sponsor defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans. This guidance eliminates requirements for certain disclosures that are no longer considered cost beneficial. Additionally, this guidance requires explanations of the reasons for material gains and losses related to changes in the defined benefit obligation for the period and any other material change in the benefit obligation or plan assets not otherwise apparent in disclosures. On November 30, 2020, we adopted this guidance using the retrospective method for each period presented. As a result, we are not required to present the amount in accumulated other comprehensive income that is expected to be recognized as components of net periodic benefit cost over the next fiscal year.

 

The FASB issued amended guidance, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software, which requires a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal-use software guidance to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred. The expense related to deferred implementation costs is required to be presented in the same line item within the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) as the related hosting fees. Additionally, the payments for deferred implementation costs are required to be presented in the same line item in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows as payments for the related hosting fees. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2021 and we have elected to apply the guidance using a prospective approach. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

The FASB issued amended guidance, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which requires an entity to present the net amount expected to be collected for certain financial assets, including trade receivables. On initial recognition and at each reporting period, this guidance will require an entity to recognize an allowance that reflects the entity's current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the financial instrument. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2021 and will be applied prospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

The FASB issued guidance, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options and Derivative and Hedging - Contracts in Entity's Own Equity, which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments. This guidance eliminates certain models that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features, in certain cases. Additionally, among other changes, the guidance eliminates certain of the conditions for equity classification for contracts in an entity's own equity. The guidance also requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, except for certain liability-classified share-based payment awards. This guidance is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of 2023 and must be applied using either a modified or full retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 3 - Property and Equipment

 

November 30,

 (in millions)

2020

 

2019

Ships and ship improvements

$

49,803 

 

 

$

50,446 

 

Ships under construction

1,354 

 

  

2,492 

 

Other property and equipment

3,992 

 

  

3,843 

 

Total property and equipment

55,148 

 

  

56,781 

 

Less accumulated depreciation

(17,075)

 

 

(18,650)

 

 

$

38,073 

 

 

$

38,131 

 

 

Capitalized interest amounted to $66 million in 2020, $39 million in 2019 and $36 million in 2018.

 

Sales of Ships

 

We have sold 12 NAA segment ships and five EA segment ships, which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 20,510 for our NAA segment and 9,740 for our EA segment. In addition, we expect to sell two NAA segment ships which represents a passenger-capacity reduction of 2,100.

 

Refer to Note 10 - "Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks, Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis, Impairment of Ships" for additional discussion.

 

NOTE 4 - Other Assets

 

We have a minority interest in Grand Bahama Shipyard Ltd. ("Grand Bahama"), a ship repair and maintenance facility. Grand Bahama provided services to us of $38 million in 2020, $62 million in 2019 and $89 million in 2018. As of November 30, 2020, our investment in Grand Bahama was $55 million, consisting of $13 million in equity and a loan of $42 million. As of November 30, 2019, our investment in Grand Bahama was $54 million, consisting of $15 million in equity and a loan of $39 million.

 

We have a minority interest in the White Pass & Yukon Route ("White Pass") that includes port, railroad and retail operations in Skagway, Alaska. Due to the impact of COVID-19 on the Alaska season, White Pass provided no services to us in 2020, and $22 million in 2019. As of November 30, 2020, our investment in White Pass was $94 million, consisting of $75 million in equity and a loan of $19 million. As of November 30, 2019, our investment in White Pass was $102 million, consisting of $84 million in equity and a loan of $18 million. 

 

We have a minority interest in CSSC Carnival Cruise Shipping Limited ("CSSC-Carnival"), a China-based cruise company which will operate its own fleet designed to serve the Chinese market. As of November 30, 2020 and 2019, our investment in CSSC-Carnival was $140 million and $48 million. In December 2019, we sold to CSSC-Carnival a controlling interest in an entity with full ownership of two EA segment ships and recognized a related gain of $107 million, included in other operating expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). As of November 30, 2020, our investment in the minority interest of this entity was $283 million.  

 

NOTE 5 - Debt

 

 

 

 

November 30,

(in millions)

Maturity

 

Rate (a)

 

2020

 

2019

Secured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Apr 2023

 

11.5%

 

$

4,000 

 

 

$

 

Notes

Feb 2026

 

10.5%

 

775 

 

 

 

EUR Notes

Feb 2026

 

10.1%

 

508 

 

 

 

Notes (c)

Jun 2027

 

7.9%

 

192 

 

 

192 

 

Notes

Aug 2027

 

9.9%

 

900 

 

 

 

Bank Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR fixed rate (c)

Jul 2024 - May 2025

 

5.5 - 6.2%

 

136 

 

 

154 

 

Floating rate

Jun 2025

 

LIBOR + 7.5%

 

1,855 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate (c)

Jun 2025 - Oct 2026

 

EURIBOR + 2.7 - 7.5%

 

1,026 

 

 

77 

 

Total Secured Debt

 

 

 

 

9,393 

 

 

423 

 

Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolver

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facility (expires Aug 2024)

(b)

 

LIBOR + 0.6%

 

3,083 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Oct 2020

 

4.0%

 

 

 

700 

 

EUR Notes

Feb 2021

 

1.6%

 

429 

 

 

550 

 

EUR Notes

Nov 2022

 

1.9%

 

658 

 

 

605 

 

Convertible Notes

Apr 2023

 

5.8%

 

537 

 

 

 

Notes

Oct 2023

 

7.2%

 

125 

 

 

125 

 

Notes

Mar 2026

 

7.6%

 

1,450 

 

 

 

EUR Notes

Mar 2026

 

7.6%

 

598 

 

 

 

Notes

Jan 2028

 

6.7%

 

200 

 

 

200 

 

EUR Notes

Oct 2029

 

1.0%

 

718 

 

 

660 

 

Bank Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR fixed rate

Mar 2021 - Sep 2021

 

0.3 - 3.9%

 

32 

 

 

221 

 

EUR floating rate

Mar 2021 - Apr 2023

 

EURIBOR + 0.3 - 4.8%

 

1,860 

 

 

1,596 

 

Floating rate

Jul 2024 - Sep 2024

 

LIBOR + 3.8%

 

300 

 

 

300 

 

GBP floating rate

Aug 2021 - Feb 2025

 

GBP LIBOR + 0.8 - 0.9%

 

881 

 

 

854 

 

Export Credit Facilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate

Mar 2021 - Oct 2032

 

EURIBOR + 0.2 - 1.5%

 

1,891 

 

 

963 

 

EUR fixed rate

Feb 2031 - Sep 2032

 

1.1%

 

1,159 

 

 

545 

 

Fixed rate

Aug 2027 - Oct 2031

 

2.4 - 3.4%

 

3,131 

 

 

3,485 

 

Floating rate

Feb 2022 - Dec 2031

 

LIBOR + 0.5 - 1.5%

 

1,138 

 

 

174 

 

Commercial Paper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate commercial paper

-

 

-%

 

 

 

231 

 

Total Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

18,188 

 

 

11,211 

 

Total Debt

 

 

 

 

27,581 

 

 

11,634 

 

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs

 

 

 

 

(624)

 

 

(131)

 

Total Debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs

 

 

 

26,957 

 

 

11,503 

 

Less: short-term borrowings

 

 

 

 

(3,084)

 

 

(231)

 

Less: current portion of long-term debt

 

 

 

 

(1,742)

 

 

(1,596)

 

Long-Term Debt

 

 

 

 

$

22,130 

 

 

$

9,675 

 

 

The scheduled maturities of our debt are as follows:

 

 

November 30, 2020

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions)

Rate (a)

 

1Q

2Q

3Q

4Q

2022

2023

2024

2025

Thereafter

Secured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

11.5%

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

4,000 

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

Notes

10.5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

775 

 

EUR Notes

10.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

508 

 

Notes (c)

7.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

192 

 

Notes

9.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

900 

 

Bank Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR fixed rate (c)

5.5 - 6.2%

 

 

 

 

 

32 

 

32 

 

32 

 

 

 

Floating rate

LIBOR + 7.5%

 

 

 

 

 

19 

 

19 

 

19 

 

1,781 

 

 

EUR floating rate (c)

EURIBOR + 2.7 - 7.5%

 

 

 

 

 

22 

 

22 

 

22 

 

928 

 

12 

 

Total Secured Debt

 

 

15 

 

21 

 

15 

 

21 

 

72 

 

4,072 

 

72 

 

2,717 

 

2,387 

 

Unsecured Debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolver

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facility (expires Aug 2024)

LIBOR + 0.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,083 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR Notes

1.6%

 

429 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR Notes

1.9%

 

 

 

 

 

658 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible Notes

5.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

537 

 

 

 

 

Notes

7.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

125 

 

 

 

 

Notes

7.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,450 

 

EUR Notes

7.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

598 

 

Notes

6.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200 

 

EUR Notes

1.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

718 

 

Bank Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR fixed rate

0.3 - 3.9%

 

 

17 

 

 

15 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate

EURIBOR + 0.3 - 4.8%

 

 

179 

 

 

 

1,053 

 

628 

 

 

 

 

Floating rate

LIBOR + 3.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 

 

 

 

GBP floating rate

GBP LIBOR + 0.8 - 0.9%

 

40 

 

 

375 

 

 

 

 

93 

 

373 

 

 

Export Credit Facilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EUR floating rate

EURIBOR + 0.2 - 1.5%

 

 

24 

 

49 

 

124 

 

333 

 

306 

 

277 

 

200 

 

629 

 

EUR fixed rate

1.1%

 

 

 

26 

 

26 

 

103 

 

103 

 

103 

 

103 

 

644 

 

Fixed rate

2.4 - 3.4%

 

 

74 

 

36 

 

98 

 

291 

 

332 

 

332 

 

332 

 

1,576 

 

Floating rate

LIBOR + 0.5 - 1.5%

 

16 

 

35 

 

68 

 

41 

 

194 

 

152 

 

152 

 

92 

 

446 

 

Total Unsecured Debt

 

 

485 

 

330 

 

553 

 

304 

 

2,631 

 

2,183 

 

4,340 

 

1,100 

 

6,261 

 

Total Debt

 

 

$

500 

 

$

351 

 

$

568 

 

$

325 

 

$

2,703 

 

$

6,255 

 

$

4,412 

 

$

3,818 

 

$

8,648 

 

 

(a)   Certain of the EURIBOR and LIBOR based loans have 0% or 1% floors, respectively.

(b)   As of November 30, 2020, we had a $3.1 billion ($1.7 billion, €1.0 billion and £150 million) multi-currency revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility") that was drawn in March 2020 for an initial term of six months. The maturities for these borrowings were extended in September 2020 for an additional six months through March 2021. We may re-borrow such amounts through August 2024 subject to satisfaction of the conditions in the facility. The Revolving Facility also includes an emissions linked margin adjustment whereby, after the initial applicable margin is set per the margin pricing grid, the margin may be adjusted based on performance in achieving certain agreed annual carbon emissions goals. We are required to pay a commitment fee on any undrawn portion.

(c)   In 2019, these notes and bank loans were unsecured.

 

The above debt tables do not include the impact of our interest rate swaps. The interest rates on some of our debt, and in the case of our Revolving Facility, fluctuate based on the applicable rating of senior unsecured long-term securities of Carnival Corporation or Carnival plc. For the year ended November 30, 2020, we had borrowings of $525 million and repayments of $526 million of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months. For the year ended November 30, 2019, we did not have borrowings or repayments of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months. For the year ended November 30, 2018, we had borrowings of $2 million and repayments of $2 million of commercial paper with original maturities greater than three months.

 

Debt is recorded at initial fair value, which normally reflects the proceeds received by us, net of debt issuance costs, and is subsequently stated at amortized cost. Debt issuance costs are generally amortized to interest expense using the straight-line method, which approximates the effective interest method, over the term of the debt. Debt issue discounts and premiums are generally amortized to interest expense using the effective interest rate method over the term of the debt.

 

Covenant Compliance

 

Many of our debt agreements contain one or more financial covenants that require us to:

 

•      Maintain minimum debt service coverage (EBITDA to consolidated net interest charges for the most recently ended four fiscal quarters) of not less than 3.0 to 1.0 at the end of each fiscal quarter (the "Financial Covenant")

•      Maintain minimum shareholders' equity of $5.0 billion

•      Limit our debt to capital percentage to 65% at the end of each fiscal quarter (the "Debt to Capital Covenant")

•      Limit the amounts of our secured assets as well as secured and other indebtedness

 

As of November 30, 2020, we had entered into supplemental agreements to amend our agreements with respect to the Financial Covenant to:

 

•      Waive compliance for all of our export credit facilities through November 30, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable, with aggregate indebtedness of $7.3 billion as of November 30, 2020. We will be required to comply beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2022.

•      Waive compliance through November 30, 2021 for certain of our bank loans with aggregate indebtedness of $2.1 billion as of November 30, 2020. The amendments were subsequently extended through November 30, 2022, with the applicable covenant threshold reduced beginning from the February 28, 2023 testing date before reverting to 3.0 to 1.0 from the February 28, 2024 testing date onwards.

•      Waive compliance for the remaining applicable bank loans with aggregate indebtedness of $479 million as of November 30, 2020, through their respective maturity dates.

 

At November 30, 2020, we were in compliance with the applicable debt covenants.

 

In December 2020, we entered into an amendment agreement to our Revolving Facility. The amendment increased the maximum percentage for our Debt to Capital Covenant from the testing date on November 30, 2021 through the testing date on February 28, 2024, introduced a new minimum liquidity covenant (from the testing date of February 28, 2021 to November 30, 2022), introduced the Financial Covenant (from the testing date of February 28, 2023 for the remainder of the term of the Revolving Facility), and introduced certain other restrictive covenants through November 30, 2024. The amendment also restricts the granting of guarantees and security interests for certain of our outstanding debt through November 30, 2024. In January 2021, we entered into amendments which resulted in similar changes to agreements governing our bank loans.

 

Generally, if an event of default under any debt agreement occurs, then, pursuant to cross default acceleration clauses, substantially all of our outstanding debt and derivative contract payables could become due, and all debt and derivative contracts could be terminated. Any financial covenant amendment may lead to increased costs, increased interest rates, additional restrictive covenants and other available lender protections that would be applicable.

 

     Credit Ratings Update

 

Since March 2020, Moody's and S&P Global have downgraded our credit ratings to be non investment grade.

 

     Newbuild Ship Financing

 

We have unsecured long-term unfunded export credit ship financings. These facilities, if drawn at the time of ship delivery, are generally repayable semi-annually over 12 years. We have the option to cancel each one at specified dates prior to the underlying ship's delivery date.

 

2023 First Lien Notes

 

In April 2020, we issued $4.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 11.5% first-priority senior secured notes due in 2023 (the "2023 First Lien Notes"). The 2023 First Lien Notes mature on April 1, 2023 unless earlier redeemed or repurchased. Our obligations under the 2023 First Lien Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and certain of our subsidiaries that own or operate our vessels and material intellectual property, and are secured by collateral, which includes vessels and material intellectual property with a net book value of $27.8 billion as of November 30, 2020 and certain other assets. Upon the occurrence of certain change of control events, we are required to offer to repurchase the 2023 First Lien Notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the purchase date.

 

The indenture governing the 2023 First Lien Notes contains covenants that limit our ability to, among other things: (i) incur additional indebtedness or issue certain preferred shares; (ii) make dividend payments on or make other distributions in respect of our capital stock or make other restricted payments; (iii) make certain investments; (iv) sell certain assets; (v) create liens on assets; (vi) consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets; and (vii) enter into certain transactions with our affiliates. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

     Convertible Notes

 

In April 2020, we issued $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.75% convertible senior notes due 2023 (the "Convertible Notes"). The Convertible Notes mature on April 1, 2023, unless earlier repurchased or redeemed by us or earlier converted in accordance with their terms prior to the maturity date. The Convertible Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by Carnival plc, Carnival Finance, LLC and our subsidiaries that guarantee the 2023 First Lien Notes.

 

The Convertible Notes are convertible by holders, subject to the conditions described below, into cash, shares of Carnival Corporation common stock, or a combination thereof, at our election. The Convertible Notes have an initial conversion rate of 100 shares of Carnival Corporation common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the Convertible Notes, equivalent to an initial conversion price of $10 per share of common stock. The initial conversion price is subject to certain anti-dilutive adjustments and may also increase if the Convertible Notes are converted in connection with a tax redemption or certain corporate events.

 

The Convertible Notes are convertible at any time prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding January 1, 2023, only under the following circumstances:

 

•      during any fiscal quarter (and only during such fiscal quarter) if the last reported sale price of the common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during a period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price on each applicable trading day;

•      during the five business day period after any five consecutive trading day period (the "measurement period") in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of common stock and the conversion rate on each such trading day;

•      prior to the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding any tax redemption date; or

•      upon the occurrence of specified corporate events.

 

On or after January 1, 2023, until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may convert their Convertible Notes at any time.

 

If we undergo certain corporate events (each, a "fundamental change"), subject to certain conditions, holders may require us to

repurchase for cash all or any portion of their Convertible Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the

Convertible Notes to be repurchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the fundamental change repurchase date.

 

We may redeem the Convertible Notes, in whole but not in part, at any time on or prior to December 31, 2022 at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date, if we or any guarantor would have to pay any additional amounts on the Convertible Notes due to a change in tax laws, regulations or rulings or a change in the official application, administration or interpretation thereof.

 

As of November 30, 2020, a condition allowing holders of the Convertible Notes to convert has been met and therefore the notes are convertible. The holders are entitled to convert all or any portion of their Convertible Notes at any time during the three months starting on December 1, 2020 and ending on February 28, 2021, at the conversion rate of 100 shares of Carnival Corporation common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Notes.

 

In August 2020, we completed registered direct offering of 99.2 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at a price of $14.02 per share to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes (the "August Registered Direct Offering"). We used the proceeds of the stock offerings to repurchase from such holders $886 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes in privately negotiated transactions.

 

In November 2020, we completed two registered direct offerings of 57.4 million shares and 10.4 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at a price of $18.05 and $17.59 per share, respectively, to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes (the "November Registered Direct Offerings"). We used the proceeds from the stock offering to repurchase from such holders $590 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes in privately negotiated transactions.

 

We recognized a $464 million extinguishment loss as a result of the August and November Registered Direct Offerings in other income (expense), net.

 

We account for the Convertible Notes as separate liability and equity components. We determined the carrying amount of the liability component as the present value of its cash flows.

 

The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was $286 million on the date of issuance and was calculated by deducting the carrying value of the liability component from the initial proceeds from the Convertible Notes. The excess of the principal amount of the Convertible Notes over the carrying amount of the liability component represents a debt discount that is amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes under the effective interest rate method using an effective interest rate of 12.9%. The carrying amount of the equity component was reduced to zero in conjunction with the partial repurchase of Convertible Notes in August 2020 because at the time of repurchase, the fair value of the equity component for the portion of the Convertible Notes that was repurchased, exceeded the total amount of the equity component recorded at the time the Convertible Notes were issued.

 

The net carrying value of the liability component of the Convertible Notes was as follows:

 

(in millions)

 

November 30, 2020

Principal

 

$

537 

 

Less: Unamortized debt discount and transaction costs

 

(76)

 

 

 

$

461 

 

 

The interest expense recognized related to the Convertible Notes was as follows:

 

(in millions)

 

Year Ended
November 30, 2020

Contractual interest expense

 

$

58 

 

Amortization of debt discount and transaction costs

 

$

50 

 

 

 

$

109 

 

 

We had no Convertible Notes in 2019.

 

2025 Secured Term Loan

  

In June 2020, we borrowed an aggregate principal amount of $2.8 billion in two tranches ($1.9 billion and €800 million), under a first-priority senior secured term loan facility that matures on June 30, 2025 (the "2025 Secured Term Loan"). The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR (with a 1% floor) plus 7.5%. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 7.5%. The 2025 Secured Term Loan is guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a first-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 First Lien Notes, the 2026 Second Lien Notes and the 2027 Second Lien Notes. The 2025 Secured Term Loan contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 First Lien Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

2026 Second Lien Notes

 

In July 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $1.3 billion in two tranches ($775 million and €425 million), under second-priority senior secured notes that mature on February 1, 2026 (the "2026 Second Lien Notes"). The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.5% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.1% per year. The 2026 Second Lien Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a second-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 First Lien Notes, the 2025 Secured Term Loan and the 2027 Second Lien Notes. The indenture governing the 2026 Second Lien Notes contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 First Lien Notes and the 2027 Second Lien Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

2027 Second Lien Notes

 

In August 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $900 million of second-priority senior secured notes that mature on August 1, 2027 (the "2027 Second Lien Notes"). The 2027 Second Lien Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.9% per year. The 2027 Second Lien Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee, and are secured on a second-priority basis by substantially the same collateral that currently secures, the 2023 First Lien Notes, the 2025 Secured Term Loan and the 2026 Second Lien Notes. The indenture governing the 2027 Second Lien Notes contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indenture governing the 2023 First Lien Notes and the 2026 Second Lien Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

2026 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

In November 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $2.0 billion in two tranches $1.5 billion and €500 million) under senior unsecured notes that mature on March 1, 2026 (the "2026 Senior Unsecured Notes"). The U.S dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 7.6% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 7.6% per year. The 2026 Senior Unsecured Notes are guaranteed by Carnival plc and the same subsidiaries that currently guarantee the 2023 First Lien Notes, 2026 Second Lien Notes and the 2027 Second Lien Notes and are unsecured. The 2026 Senior Unsecured Notes contains covenants that are substantially similar to the covenants in the indentures governing the 2023 First Lien Notes, 2026 Second Lien Notes and the 2027 Second Lien Notes. These covenants are subject to a number of important limitations and exceptions.

 

Modifications and Other

 

Certain export credit agencies have offered 12-month debt amortization and a financial covenant holiday ("Debt Holiday").  In 2020, we have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters for Debt Holiday amendments to defer certain principal repayments otherwise due through March 31, 2021, except for one export credit facility with a deferral period through April 30, 2021, through the creation of separate tranches of loans with repayments made over the following four years.

 

During the year-ended November 30, 2020, we recognized a gain on early extinguishment of debt of $5 million that is included in other income (expense), net in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

 

NOTE 6 - Commitments

 

Fiscal

 

 

 

 

(in millions)

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

 

2025

 

Thereafter

 

Total

New ship growth capital

$

3,201 

 

 

$

4,692 

 

 

$

3,273 

 

 

$

793 

 

 

$

1,076 

 

 

$

 

 

$

13,036 

 

Other long-term commitments

219 

 

 

98 

 

 

54 

 

 

52 

 

 

37 

 

 

18 

 

 

478 

 

 

$

3,421 

 

 

$

4,790 

 

 

$

3,327 

 

 

$

845 

 

 

$

1,113 

 

 

$

18 

 

 

$

13,515 

 

 

NOTE 7 - Contingencies

 

Litigation

 

We are routinely involved in legal proceedings, claims, disputes, regulatory matters and governmental inspections or investigations arising in the ordinary course of or incidental to our business, including those noted below. Additionally, as a result of the impact of COVID-19, litigation claims, enforcement actions, regulatory actions and investigations, including, but not limited to, those arising from personal injury and loss of life, have been and may, in the future, be asserted against us. We expect many of these claims and actions, or any settlement of these claims and actions, to be covered by insurance and historically the maximum amount of our liability, net of any insurance recoverables, has been limited to our self-insurance retention levels.

 

We record provisions in the consolidated financial statements for pending litigation when we determine that an unfavorable outcome is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.

 

Legal proceedings and government investigations are subject to inherent uncertainties, and unfavorable rulings or other events could occur. Unfavorable resolutions could involve substantial monetary damages. In addition, in matters for which conduct remedies are sought, unfavorable resolutions could include an injunction or other order prohibiting us from selling one or more products at all or in particular ways, precluding particular business practices or requiring other remedies. An unfavorable outcome might result in a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 2, 2019, two lawsuits were filed against Carnival Corporation in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida under Title III of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act, also known as the Helms-Burton Act, claiming ownership of commercial waterfront real property we own and use at the Havana docks and seeking damages, including treble damages. On July 9, 2020, the court granted our motion for judgment on the pleadings in the action filed by Javier Garcia Bengochea, and dismissed the plaintiff's action with prejudice. On August 6, 2020, Bengochea filed a notice of appeal. On September 14, 2020, the court denied our motion to dismiss the amended action filed by Havana Docks Corporation. We filed an answer to the amended complaint on September 25, 2020. The plaintiff filed a second amended complaint on October 27, 2020, and we filed an answer on November 10, 2020. We continue to believe we have a meritorious defense to these actions and we believe that any liability which may arise as a result of these actions will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Contingent Obligations - Indemnifications

Some of the debt contracts we enter into include indemnification provisions obligating us to make payments to the counterparty if certain events occur. These contingencies generally relate to changes in taxes or changes in laws which increase the lender's costs. There are no stated or notional amounts included in the indemnification clauses, and we are not able to estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments, if any, under these indemnification clauses.

 

Other Contingencies 

 

We have agreements with a number of credit card processors that transact customer deposits related to our cruise vacations. Certain of these agreements allow the credit card processors to request under certain circumstances that we provide a reserve fund in cash. Although the agreements vary, these requirements may generally be satisfied either through a withheld percentage of customer payments or providing cash funds directly to the card processor. As of November 30, 2020, we had $377 million of customer deposits withheld to satisfy these requirements. We expect the funds withheld under these agreements will be approximately $60 million per month up to a maximum of $600 million. Additionally, during 2020, we placed $166 million of cash collateral in escrow and provided $46 million in reserve funds, these amounts are included within other assets.

 

COVID-19 Actions

 

We have been named in a number of actions related to COVID-19. The following purported class actions have been brought by former guests from Ruby Princess, Diamond Princess, Grand Princess, Coral Princess, Costa Luminosa or Zaandam. These actions seek compensation based on a variety of tort claims, including, but not limited to, negligence and failure to warn, physical injuries and severe emotional distress associated with being exposed and/or contracting COVID-19 onboard. Below are material updates to the previously disclosed class actions and individual actions.

 

     Previously Disclosed Class Actions

 

As previously disclosed, on April 7, 2020, Paul Turner, a former guest from Costa Luminosa, filed a purported class action against Costa Crociere, S.p.A. ("Costa") and Costa Cruise Line, Inc. in the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of Florida. On September 10, 2020, the court granted Costa's motion to dismiss based upon forum non conveniens, and directed that the action be filed in Italy. The plaintiff has appealed the order, and the appeal is pending in the Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit.

 

As previously disclosed, on April 8, 2020, numerous former guests from Grand Princess filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and two of our subsidiaries, Princess Cruise Lines, Ltd. ("Princess Cruises") and Fairline Shipping International Corporation, Ltd. The plaintiffs ultimately removed Fairline Shipping from the case. On September 22, 2020, the court granted our motions to dismiss the plaintiffs' second amended complaint in part. The court granted our motion to dismiss the plaintiffs' negligence-based claims without prejudice and with leave to amend and granted our motion to dismiss the plaintiffs' request for injunctive relief without prejudice. The court denied our motion to dismiss plaintiffs' claims for intentional infliction of emotional distress. On October 2, 2020, the plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint. On October 20, 2020, the court denied plaintiffs' motion for class certification, and the plaintiffs filed a petition for leave to appeal this ruling to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals on November 3, 2020. The petition for leave to appeal is pending. On November 25, 2020, the court granted in part and denied in part our motion to dismiss, allowing the negligence claims of those individual plaintiffs who claim to have contracted COVID-19 or to have experienced COVID-19 symptoms to proceed against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises and dismissing the claims of those plaintiffs who did not allege contracting COVID-19 with prejudice. The court also dismissed the plaintiffs' claims for injunctive relief with prejudice. On December 9, 2020, we filed an answer to the plaintiffs' third amended complaint. On December 28, 2020, the parties filed a request for private mediation.

 

As previously disclosed, on May 27, 2020, Service Lamp Corporation Profit Sharing Plan filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation, Arnold W. Donald and David Bernstein on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation securities between January 28 and May 1, 2020. As previously disclosed, on June 3, 2020, John P. Elmensdorp filed a purported class action against the same defendants, and included Micky Arison as a defendant. This action is on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation securities between September 26, 2019 and April 30, 2020. These actions allege that the defendants violated Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 by making misrepresentations and omissions related to Carnival Corporation's COVID-19 knowledge and response, and seek to recover unspecified damages and equitable relief for the alleged misstatements and omissions. On July 21, 2020, Abraham Atachbarian filed a purported class action against the same defendants as the Elmensdorp action. The Atachbarian action is on behalf of all purchasers of Carnival Corporation options between January 27 and May 1, 2020 and allege the same set of factual theories presented in the class actions described above. These three cases have been consolidated with a new lead plaintiff, the New England Carpenters Pension and Guaranteed Annuity Fund and the Massachusetts Laborers' Pension and Annuity Fund, and a consolidated class action complaint was filed on December 15, 2020, which also removed Micky Arison and David Bernstein as defendants. A motion to dismiss was filed on January 18, 2021.  

 

As previously disclosed, on June 4, 2020, another group of former guests from Grand Princess filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc, and Princess Cruises in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, seeking compensation based on largely the same factual theories presented in the class action described above. The action asserts claims for negligence, gross negligence, negligent infliction of emotional distress and intentional infliction of emotional distress. On November 23, 2020, a motion to dismiss plaintiff's amended action was filed and the briefing is now complete.

 

As previously disclosed, on June 4, 2020, numerous former guests from Ruby Princess filed a purported class action against Princess Cruises. Princess Cruises filed a motion to dismiss, in response to which the plaintiffs amended their action to remove their class action allegations and seek recovery on behalf of two guests who allege that they contracted COVID-19 while on Ruby Princess. Princess Cruises filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint. On October 12, 2020, plaintiffs filed a second amended complaint, to which Princess Cruises filed an answer on October 26, 2020.

 

As previously disclosed, on June 24, 2020, Leonard C. Lindsay and Carl E.W. Zehner, former guests from Zaandam, filed a purported class action against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Holland America Line N.V. On September 11, 2020, the plaintiffs filed an amended class action on behalf of all persons in the U.S. who were guests from Zaandam who embarked on March 8, 2020. Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Holland America Line N.V have filed a motion to dismiss on November 20, 2020. On December 11, 2020, plaintiffs filed their response, to which we filed our reply on December 24, 2020.

 

As previously disclosed, on July 13, 2020, Kathleen O'Neill, a former guest from Coral Princess filed a purported class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Princess Cruises, Carnival Corporation, and Carnival plc. We have filed a motion to dismiss. This case is currently stayed and is pending resolution of the appeal by the plaintiffs in the Grand Princess class action of the court's denial of the plaintiffs' motion for class certification, Archer et al v. Carnival Corporation and plc et al. 

 

As previously disclosed, on July 13, 2020, another group of former guests from Grand Princess filed a purported class action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Princess Cruises, Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. On November 23, 2020, a motion to dismiss the plaintiff's amended action was filed and the briefing is now complete.

 

As previously disclosed, on July 23, 2020, Susan Karpik, a former guest from Ruby Princess filed a purported class action against Carnival plc and Princess Cruises in the Federal Court of Australia On December 14, 2020, we filed an interlocutory appeal.

 

We believe that all the claims asserted in the above class actions are without merit and are taking proper actions to defend against them.

 

Individual Actions

 

Since March 9, 2020, more than 100 former U.S. guests who sailed onboard various vessels, including, but not limited to, Diamond Princess, Grand Princess, Ruby Princess, Coral Princess or Zaandam, filed individual actions against Princess Cruises and, in some actions, also against Carnival Corporation and/or Carnival plc, Costa and Holland America Line, including actions previously disclosed. Both the previously disclosed and newly filed actions include tort claims based on a variety of theories, including negligence and failure to warn. The plaintiffs in these actions allege a variety of injuries: some plaintiffs allege only emotional distress, while others allege injuries arising from testing positive for COVID-19. A smaller number of actions include wrongful death claims.

 

Previously Disclosed Individual Actions

 

Princess Cruises has filed motions to dismiss in all other matters in which a responsive pleading has been due. Several courts have granted the various motions to dismiss, with leave for the plaintiffs to amend.

 

As previously disclosed, between April 7 and July 7, 2020, former U.S. guests from Costa Luminosa filed individual actions against Costa in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida or the Circuit Court in and for the 11th Judicial Circuit in and for Miami-Dade County. These actions have been voluntarily dismissed with and without prejudice, respectively. The action brought in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida may be pursued in Italy.  

 

As previously disclosed, on June 30, 2020, Kenneth and Nora Hook, former guests from Zaandam, filed an action against Holland America Line N.V. The court denied the plaintiff's motion for an expedited trial date and Holland America's motion to dismiss. The case is currently scheduled for a bench trial on November 15, 2021.

 

As previously disclosed, on July 16, 2020, Toyling Maa, individually and as personal representative of the estate of Wilson Maa, a former guest from Coral Princess, and the estate of Wilson Maa, filed an action in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises seeking compensation for damages for Ms. Maa allegedly contracting COVID-19 and alleging wrongful death as a result of Mr. Maa contracting COVID-19. The action asserts claims for negligence. On September 21, 2020, the court denied the plaintiffs' motion to remand and granted defendants' motion to dismiss without prejudice and with leave to amend. On November 30, 2020, plaintiffs filed an amended complaint and the defendants filed a motion to dismiss on December 14, 2020.

 

As previously disclosed, on July 23, 2020, an action was filed on behalf of the estate of Carl Weidner, a former guest from Grand Princess, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California against Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises seeking compensation based on a claim alleging wrongful death as a result of contracting COVID-19. The action asserts claims for negligence. The action also alleges that the forum selection clause in the guest's ticket contract that specifies venue in the Central District of California is unenforceable. Carnival Corporation, Carnival plc and Princess Cruises filed a motion to dismiss and a motion to transfer venue to the Central District of California on October 5, 2020. On January 8, 2021, the court granted the motion to transfer the case to the Central District of California.

 

Newly Filed Individual Actions

 

Costa has been named in several individual actions filed in France, Italy and Brazil. These actions are in their preliminary stages and potential damages are not yet known. We believe, however, that the claims asserted in these actions are without merit and are taking proper actions to defend against them.

 

All the above individual actions seek monetary and punitive damages but do not specify exact amounts. We are taking proper actions to defend against them.

 

Governmental Inquiries and Investigations

 

Federal and non-U.S. governmental agencies and officials are investigating or otherwise seeking information, testimony and/or documents, regarding COVID-19 incidents and related matters. We are investigating these matters internally and are cooperating with all requests. The investigations could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties in the future.

 

NOTE 8 - Taxation

 

A summary of our principal taxes and exemptions in the jurisdictions where our significant operations are located is as follows:

 

U.S. Income Tax

 

We are primarily foreign corporations engaged in the business of operating cruise ships in international transportation. We also own and operate, among other businesses, the U.S. hotel and transportation business of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours through U.S. corporations.

 

Our North American cruise ship businesses and certain ship-owning subsidiaries are engaged in a trade or business within the U.S. Depending on its itinerary, any particular ship may generate income from sources within the U.S. We believe that our U.S. source income and the income of our ship-owning subsidiaries, to the extent derived from, or incidental to, the international operation of a ship or ships, is currently exempt from U.S. federal income and branch profit taxes.

 

Our domestic U.S. operations, principally the hotel and transportation business of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours, are subject to federal and state income taxation in the U.S.

 

In general, under Section 883 of the Internal Revenue Code, certain non-U.S. corporations (such as our North American cruise ship businesses) are not subject to U.S. federal income tax or branch profits tax on U.S. source income derived from, or incidental to, the international operation of a ship or ships. Applicable U.S. Treasury regulations provide in general that a foreign corporation will qualify for the benefits of Section 883 if, in relevant part, (i) the foreign country in which the foreign corporation is organized grants an equivalent exemption to corporations organized in the U.S. in respect of each category of shipping income for which an exemption is being claimed under Section 883 (an "equivalent exemption jurisdiction") and (ii) the foreign corporation meets a defined publicly-traded corporation stock ownership test (the "publicly-traded test"). Subsidiaries of foreign corporations that are organized in an equivalent exemption jurisdiction and meet the publicly-traded test also benefit from Section 883. We believe that Panama is an equivalent exemption jurisdiction and that Carnival Corporation currently satisfies the publicly-traded test under the regulations. Accordingly, substantially all of Carnival Corporation's income is exempt from U.S. federal income and branch profit taxes.

 

Regulations under Section 883 list certain activities that the IRS does not consider to be incidental to the international operation of ships and, therefore, the income attributable to such activities, to the extent such income is U.S. source, does not qualify for the Section 883 exemption. Among the activities identified as not incidental are income from the sale of air transportation, transfers, shore excursions and pre- and post-cruise land packages to the extent earned from sources within the U.S.

 

We believe that the U.S. source transportation income earned by Carnival plc and its subsidiaries currently qualifies for exemption from U.S. federal income tax under applicable bilateral U.S. income tax treaties.

 

Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc and certain of their subsidiaries are subject to various U.S. state income taxes generally imposed on each state's portion of the U.S. source income subject to U.S. federal income taxes. However, the state of Alaska imposes an income tax on its allocated portion of the total income of our companies doing business in Alaska and certain of their subsidiaries.

 

UK and Australian Income Tax

 

Cunard, P&O Cruises (UK) and P&O Cruises (Australia) are divisions of Carnival plc and have elected to enter the UK tonnage tax under a rolling ten-year term and, accordingly, reapply every year. Companies to which the tonnage tax regime applies pay corporation taxes on profits calculated by reference to the net tonnage of qualifying ships. UK corporation tax is not chargeable under the normal UK tax rules on these brands' relevant shipping income. Relevant shipping income includes income from the operation of qualifying ships and from shipping related activities.

 

For a company to be eligible for the regime, it must be subject to UK corporation tax and, among other matters, operate qualifying ships that are strategically and commercially managed in the UK. Companies within UK tonnage tax are also subject to a seafarer training requirement.

 

Our UK non-shipping activities that do not qualify under the UK tonnage tax regime remain subject to normal UK corporation tax.

 

P&O Cruises (Australia) and all of the other cruise ships operated internationally by Carnival plc for the cruise segment of the Australian vacation region are exempt from Australian corporation tax by virtue of the UK/Australian income tax treaty.

 

Italian and German Income Tax

 

In 2015, Costa and AIDA re-elected to enter the Italian tonnage tax regime through 2024 and can reapply for an additional ten-year period beginning in early 2025. Companies to which the tonnage tax regime applies pay corporation taxes on shipping profits calculated by reference to the net tonnage of qualifying ships.

 

Most of Costa's and AIDA's earnings that are not eligible for taxation under the Italian tonnage tax regime will be taxed at an effective tax rate of 4.8% in 2020 and 2019.

 

Substantially all of AIDA's earnings are exempt from German income taxes by virtue of the Germany/Italy income tax treaty.

 

Asian Countries Income Taxes

 

Substantially all of our brands' income from their international operations in Asian countries is exempt from income tax by virtue of relevant income tax treaties.

 

Other

 

We recognize income tax provisions for uncertain tax positions, based solely on their technical merits, when it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by the relevant tax authority. The tax benefit to be recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate resolution. Based on all known facts and circumstances and current tax law, we believe that the total amount of our uncertain income tax position liabilities and related accrued interest are not material to our financial position. All interest expense related to income tax liabilities is included in income tax expense.

 

In addition to or in place of income taxes, virtually all jurisdictions where our ships call impose taxes, fees and other charges based on guest counts, ship tonnage, passenger capacity or some other measure, and these taxes, fees and other charges are included in commissions, transportation and other costs and other operating expenses. 

 

NOTE 9 - Shareholders' Equity

 

Share Repurchase Program

 

Under a share repurchase program effective 2004, we had been authorized to repurchase Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares (the "Repurchase Program"). On June 15, 2020, to enhance our liquidity and comply with restrictions in our recent financing transactions, the Boards of Directors terminated the Repurchase Program.

 

Carnival Corporation

 

Carnival plc

(in millions)

Number of Shares Repurchased

 

Dollar Amount Paid for Shares Repurchased

 

Number of Shares Repurchased

 

Dollar Amount Paid for Shares Repurchased

2020

 

 

$

 

 

0.2 

 

 

$

10 

 

2019

0.6 

 

 

$

26 

 

 

12.2 

 

 

$

569 

 

2018

7.8 

 

 

$

476 

 

 

16.3 

 

 

$

985 

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

AOCI

 

November 30,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments, net

$

(1,382)

 

 

$

(1,961)

 

Unrecognized pension expenses

(95)

 

 

(88)

 

Net losses on cash flow derivative hedges

41 

 

 

(18)

 

 

$

(1,436)

 

 

$

(2,066)

 

 

During 2020, 2019 and 2018, there were $3 million, $5 million and $5 million of unrecognized pension expenses that were reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss and were included within payroll and related expenses and selling and administrative expenses.

 

Dividends

 

To enhance our liquidity, as well as comply with the dividend restrictions contained in our debt agreements, we suspended the payment of dividends on the common stock of Carnival Corporation and the ordinary shares of Carnival plc. We declared quarterly cash dividends on all of our common stock and ordinary shares as follows:

 

Quarters Ended

(in millions, except per share data)

February 28

 

May 31

 

August 31

 

November 30

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per share

$

0.50 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Dividends declared

$

342 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per share

$

0.50 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

Dividends declared

$

345 

 

 

$

346 

 

 

$

342 

 

 

$

346 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per share

$

0.45 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

 

$

0.50 

 

Dividends declared

$

322 

 

 

$

357 

 

 

$

350 

 

 

$

349 

 

 

Carnival Corporation's Articles of Incorporation authorize its Board of Directors, at its discretion, to issue up to 40 million shares of preferred stock. At November 30, 2020 and 2019, no Carnival Corporation preferred stock or Carnival plc preference shares had been issued.

 

Public Equity Offerings

 

In April 2020, we completed a public offering of 71.9 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $8.00, resulting in net proceeds of $556 million.

 

In October 2020, we completed our $1.0 billion "at-the-market" ("ATM") equity offering program that was announced on September 15, 2020, pursuant to which we sold 67.1 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock.

 

In November 2020, we completed our $1.5 billion ATM equity offering program that was announced on November 10, 2020, pursuant to which we sold 94.5 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock.
 

NOTE 10 - Fair Value Measurements, Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities and Financial Risks

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and is measured using inputs in one of the following three categories:

 

•      Level 1 measurements are based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access. Valuation of these items does not entail a significant amount of judgment.

 

•      Level 2 measurements are based on quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active or market data other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets or liabilities.

 

•      Level 3 measurements are based on unobservable data that are supported by little or no market activity and are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Considerable judgment may be required in interpreting market data used to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, certain estimates of fair value presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that could be realized in a current or future market exchange.

 

 

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

November 30, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

 

Carrying
Value

 

Fair Value

 

Carrying
Value

 

Fair Value

(in millions)

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term other assets (a)

$

45 

 

 

$

 

 

$

17 

 

 

$

18 

 

 

$

181 

 

 

$

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

149 

 

Total

$

45 

 

 

$

 

 

$

17 

 

 

$

18 

 

 

$

181 

 

 

$

 

 

$

31 

 

 

$

149 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed rate debt (b)

$

15,547 

 

 

$

 

 

$

16,258 

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,438 

 

 

$

 

 

$

7,782 

 

 

$

 

Floating rate debt (b)

12,034 

 

 

 

 

11,412 

 

 

 

 

4,195 

 

 

 

 

4,248 

 

 

 

Total

$

27,581 

 

 

$

 

 

$

27,670 

 

 

$

 

 

$

11,634 

 

 

$

 

 

$

12,030 

 

 

$

 

 

(a)         Long-term other assets are comprised of notes receivable, which at November 30, 2019, included loans on ship sales. The fair values of our Level 2 notes receivable were based on estimated future cash flows discounted at appropriate market interest rates. The fair values of our Level 3 notes receivable were estimated using risk-adjusted discount rates.

(b)         The debt amounts above do not include the impact of interest rate swaps or debt issuance costs. The fair values of our publicly-traded notes were based on their unadjusted quoted market prices in markets that are not sufficiently active to be Level 1 and, accordingly, are considered Level 2. The fair values of our other debt were estimated based on current market interest rates being applied to this debt.

 

Financial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis 

 

November 30, 2020

 

November 30, 2019

(in millions)

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Level 3

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

9,513 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

518 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Restricted cash

179 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

58 

 

 

 

Total

$

9,692 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

530 

 

 

$

58 

 

 

$

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

$

 

 

$

10 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

 

Total

$

 

 

$

10 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

 

 

Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis 

 

Valuation of Goodwill and Trademarks

 

As a result of the effect of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows, we performed interim discounted cash flow analyses for certain reporting units with goodwill as of February 29, 2020 and for all reporting units with goodwill or trademarks as of May 31, 2020 (i.e. prior to our annual test date of July 31, 2020). Consequently, we determined that the estimated fair values of two of our North America & Australia ("NAA") segment reporting units and two of our Europe & Asia ("EA") segment reporting units no longer exceeded their carrying values. We recognized goodwill impairment charges of $2.1 billion and have no remaining goodwill for those reporting units. As of July 31, 2020, we performed our annual goodwill and trademark impairment reviews and we determined there was no incremental impairment for goodwill or trademarks at our annual test date. As a result of the extended pause in operations, we performed an additional quantitative goodwill impairment review for all remaining reporting units as of November 30, 2020 and we determined there was no incremental impairment for goodwill. 

 

As of July 31, 2019 and 2018, we performed our annual goodwill and trademark impairment reviews and we determined there was no impairment for goodwill or trademarks.

 

As of November 30, 2019, we performed an additional goodwill impairment review for our Costa reporting unit, $435 million of goodwill recorded, and we determined there was no impairment for goodwill.

 

The determination of the fair value of our reporting units' and trademarks includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Our pause in guest cruise operations and the possibility of further extensions created some uncertainty in forecasting the operating results and future cash flows used in our impairment analyses. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered Level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of:        

 

•      The timing of our return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

•      Forecasted revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation, and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues including credit and debit card fees  

•      The allocation of new ships and the timing of the transfer or sale of ships amongst brands, as well as the estimated proceeds from ship sales

•      Weighted-average cost of capital of market participants, adjusted for the risk attributable to the geographic regions in which these cruise brands operate 

 

We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments. A change in the principal assumptions, which influences the determination of fair value, may result in a need to recognize an additional impairment charge. Refer to Note 2 - "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Preparation of Financial Statements" for additional discussion.

 

Goodwill

(in millions)

NAA Segment

 

EA Segment

 

Total

At November 30, 2018

$

1,898 

 

 

$

1,027 

 

 

$

2,925 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(13)

 

 

(13)

 

At November 30, 2019

1,898 

 

 

1,014 

 

 

2,912 

 

Impairment charges

(1,319)

 

 

(777)

 

 

(2,096)

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(9)

 

 

(9)

 

At November 30, 2020

$

579 

 

 

$

228 

 

 

$

807 

 

 

 

Trademarks

(in millions)

NAA Segment

 

EA Segment

 

Total

At November 30, 2018

$

927 

 

 

$

242 

 

 

$

1,169 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(2)

 

 

(2)

 

At November 30, 2019

927 

 

 

240 

 

 

1,167 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

13 

 

 

13 

 

At November 30, 2020

$

927 

 

 

$

253 

 

 

$

1,180 

 

 

Impairments of Ships

 

We review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate potential impairment. As a result of the effect of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows and our decisions to dispose of certain ships, we determined certain impairment triggers had occurred. Accordingly, we performed undiscounted cash flow analyses on certain ships in our fleet throughout 2020. Based on these undiscounted cash flow analyses, we determined that certain ships, specifically those being disposed of, had net carrying values that exceeded their estimated undiscounted future cash flows. We determined the fair values of these ships based on their estimated selling value. We then compared these estimated fair values to the net carrying values and, as a result, we recognized ship impairment charges of $1.5 billion and $0.3 billion in our NAA and EA segments, respectively, during 2020. We did not recognize ship impairment charges during 2019 and 2018. The principal assumptions, all of which are considered level 3 inputs, used in our cash flow analyses consisted of:

 

•      Timing of the respective ship's return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

•      Forecasted ship revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues, including credit and debit card fees

•      Timing of the sale of ships and estimated proceeds

 

Refer to Note 2 - "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, Preparation of Financial Statements" for additional discussion.

 

 

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

 

 

 

November 30,

(in millions)

Balance Sheet Location

 

2020

 

2019

Derivative assets

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps (a)

Prepaid expenses and other

 

$

 

 

$

32 

 

Other assets

 

 

 

25

Total derivative assets

 

 

$

 

 

$

58 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps (a)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars (b)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps (c)

Accrued liabilities and other

 

 

 

 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

 

 

Total derivative liabilities

 

 

$

10 

 

 

$

25 

 

 

(a)       At November 30, 2020, we had no cross currency swaps. At November 30, 2019, we had cross currency swaps totaling $1.9 billion that are designated as hedges of our net investments in foreign operations with a euro-denominated functional currency.

(b)       At November 30, 2020, we had foreign currency derivatives consisting of foreign currency zero cost collars that are designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges for a portion of our euro-denominated shipbuilding payments. See "Newbuild Currency Risks" below for additional information regarding these derivatives.

(c)       We have interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges whereby we receive floating interest rate payments in exchange for making fixed interest rate payments. These interest rate swap agreements effectively changed $248 million at November 30, 2020 and $300 million at November 30, 2019 of EURIBOR-based floating rate euro debt to fixed rate euro debt. At November 30, 2020, these interest rate swaps settle through 2025.

 

Our derivative contracts include rights of offset with our counterparties. We have elected to net certain of our derivative assets and liabilities within counterparties.

 

November 30, 2020

(in millions)

Gross Amounts

 

Gross Amounts Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Total Net Amounts Presented in the Balance Sheet

 

Gross Amounts not Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Net Amounts

Assets

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Liabilities

$

10 

 

 

$

 

 

$

10 

 

 

$

 

 

$

10 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 30, 2019

(in millions)

Gross Amounts

 

Gross Amounts Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Total Net Amounts Presented in the Balance Sheet

 

Gross Amounts not Offset in the Balance Sheet

 

Net Amounts

Assets

$

58 

 

 

$

 

 

$

58 

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

54 

 

Liabilities

$

25 

 

 

$

 

 

$

25 

 

 

$

(4)

 

 

$

21 

 

 

The effect of our derivatives qualifying and designated as hedging instruments recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) and in income was as follows:

 

November 30,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Gains (losses) recognized in AOCI:

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - included component

$

131 

 

 

$

43 

 

 

$

18 

 

Cross currency swaps - net investment hedges - excluded component

$

(1)

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars - cash flow hedges

$

 

 

$

(1)

 

 

$

(12)

 

Foreign currency forwards - cash flow hedges

$

53 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Interest rate swaps - cash flow hedges

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Gains (losses) reclassified from AOCI - cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$

(6)

 

 

$

(7)

 

 

$

(10)

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars - Depreciation and amortization

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Gains (losses) recognized on derivative instruments (amount excluded from effectiveness testing - net investment hedges)

 

 

 

 

 

Cross currency swaps - Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

$

12 

 

 

$

23 

 

 

$

 

 

The amount of estimated cash flow hedges' unrealized gains and losses that are expected to be reclassified to earnings in the next twelve months is not material. 

 

Financial Risk

 

Fuel Price Risks

 

We manage our exposure to fuel price risk by managing our consumption of fuel. Substantially all of our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. We manage fuel consumption through ship maintenance practices, modifying our itineraries and implementing innovative technologies.

(in millions)

November 30, 2018

$

94 

 

(35)

 

$

59 

 

 

There were no unrealized or realized gains or losses on fuel derivatives for the period ended November 30, 2020 and 2019.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risks

 

Overall Strategy

 

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates through our normal operating and financing activities, including netting certain exposures to take advantage of any natural offsets and, when considered appropriate, through the use of derivative and non-derivative financial instruments. Our primary focus is to monitor our exposure to, and manage, the economic foreign currency exchange risks faced by our operations and realized if we exchange one currency for another. We currently only hedge certain of our ship commitments and net investments in foreign operations. The financial impacts of the hedging instruments we do employ generally offset the changes in the underlying exposures being hedged.

 

Operational Currency Risks

 

Our operations primarily utilize the U.S. dollar, Australian dollar, euro or sterling as their functional currencies. Our operations also have revenue and expenses denominated in non-functional currencies. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates will affect our financial statements.   

 

Investment Currency Risks

 

We consider our investments in foreign operations to be denominated in stable currencies and of a long-term nature. We partially mitigate the currency exposure of our investments in foreign operations by designating a portion of our foreign currency debt and derivatives as hedges of these investments. As of November 30, 2020, we have designated $881 million of our sterling-denominated debt as non-derivative hedges of our net investments in foreign operations. In 2020, we recognized $27 million of losses on these non-derivative net investment hedges in the cumulative translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income (loss). We also have $9.0 billion of euro-denominated debt, which provides an economic offset for our operations with euro functional currency.

 

Newbuild Currency Risks

 

Our shipbuilding contracts are typically denominated in euros. Our decision to hedge a non-functional currency ship commitment for our cruise brands is made on a case-by-case basis, considering the amount and duration of the exposure, market volatility, economic trends, our overall expected net cash flows by currency and other offsetting risks. We use foreign currency derivative contracts to manage foreign currency exchange rate risk for some of our ship construction payments. At November 30, 2020, for the following newbuild, we had foreign currency contracts for a portion of our euro-denominated shipyard payments. These contracts are designated as cash flow hedges.

 

Foreign currency zero cost collars

 

Entered Into

 

Matures In

 

Weighted-Average Floor Rate

 

Weighted- Average Ceiling Rate

Mardi Gras

 

2020

 

December 2020

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.28 

 

                         

 

If the spot rate is between the ceiling and floor rates on the date of maturity, then we would not owe or receive any payments under the zero cost collars.

 

At November 30, 2020, our remaining newbuild currency exchange rate risk primarily relates to euro-denominated newbuild contract payments to non-euro functional currency brands, which represent a total unhedged commitment of $6.9 billion for newbuilds scheduled to be delivered from 2020 through 2025.

 

The cost of shipbuilding orders that we may place in the future that is denominated in a different currency than our cruise brands' will be affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. These foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations may affect our decision to order new cruise ships.

 

Interest Rate Risks

 

We manage our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates through our debt portfolio management and investment strategies. We evaluate our debt portfolio to determine whether to make periodic adjustments to the mix of fixed and floating rate debt through the use of interest rate swaps, issuance of new debt, amendment of existing debt, early retirement of existing debt or through the completion of various other capital transactions.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

As part of our ongoing control procedures, we monitor concentrations of credit risk associated with financial and other institutions with which we conduct significant business. We seek to manage these credit risk exposures, including counterparty nonperformance primarily associated with our cash equivalents, investments, notes receivables, future financing facilities, contingent obligations, derivative instruments, insurance contracts, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payment guarantees, by:

 

•      Conducting business with well-established financial institutions, insurance companies and export credit agencies

•      Diversifying our counterparties

•      Having guidelines regarding credit ratings and investment maturities that we follow to help safeguard liquidity and minimize risk

•      Generally requiring collateral and/or guarantees to support notes receivable on significant asset sales, long-term ship charters and new ship progress payments to shipyards 

 

At November 30, 2020, our exposures under derivative instruments were not material. We also monitor the creditworthiness of travel agencies and tour operators in Asia, Australia and Europe, which includes charter-hire agreements in Asia and credit and debit card providers to which we extend credit in the normal course of our business. Concentrations of credit risk associated with trade receivables and other receivables, charter-hire agreements and contingent obligations are not considered to be material, principally due to the large number of unrelated accounts, the nature of these contingent obligations and their short maturities. Normally, we have not required collateral or other security to support normal credit sales. Historically, we have not experienced significant credit losses, including counterparty nonperformance, however, because of the impact COVID-19 is having on economies, we have experienced, and expect to continue to experience, an increase in credit losses.

 

Our credit exposure also includes contingent obligations related to cash payments received directly by travel agents and tour operators for cash collected by them on cruise sales in Australia and most of Europe where we are obligated to honor our guests' cruise payments made by them to their travel agents and tour operators regardless of whether we have received these payments.

 

NOTE 11 - Leases

 

Substantially all of our leases for which we are the lessee are operating leases of port facilities and real estate and are included within operating lease right-of-use assets, long-term operating lease liabilities and current portion of operating lease liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of November 30, 2020.

 

We have port facilities and real estate lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, and in such cases, we account for the components as a single lease component.

 

We do not recognize lease assets and lease liabilities for any leases with an original term of less than one year. For some of our port facilities and real estate lease agreements, we have the option to extend our current lease term by 1 to 10 years. Generally, we do not include renewal options as a component of our present value calculation as we are not reasonably certain that we will exercise the options.

 

As most of our leases do not have a readily determinable implicit rate, we estimate the incremental borrowing rate ("IBR") to determine the present value of lease payments. We apply judgment in estimating the IBR including considering the term of the lease, the currency in which the lease is denominated, and the impact of collateral and our credit risk on the rate. For leases that were in place upon adoption of Leases, we used the remaining lease term as of December 1, 2019 in determining the IBR. For the initial measurement of the lease liabilities for leases commencing after the adoption, the IBR at the lease commencement date was applied.

 

We amortize our lease assets on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The components of expense were as follows:

 

 

(in millions)

 

Year Ended November 30, 2020

Operating lease expense

 

$

203 

 

Variable lease expense (a) (b)

 

$

(61)

 

 

 

(a)   Variable lease expense represents costs associated with our multi-year preferential berthing agreements which vary based on the number of passengers. These costs are recorded within commission, transportation and other in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss). Variable and short-term lease costs related to operating leases, other than the port facilities, were not material to our consolidated financial statements.

(b)   Several of our preferential berthing agreements have force majeure provisions. We have treated the concessions granted under such provisions as variable payment adjustments. If our interpretation of the force majeure provisions is disputed, we could be required to record and make additional guarantee payments.

 

We have multiple agreements, with a total undiscounted minimum commitment of approximately $439 million, that have been executed but the lease term has not commenced as of November 30, 2020. These are substantially all related to our rights to use certain port facilities. The leases are expected to commence between 2021 and 2022.

 

During 2020, we obtained $144 million of right-of-use assets in exchange for new operating lease liabilities. The cash outflow for leases was materially consistent with the lease expense recognized during 2020.

 

Weighted average of the remaining lease terms and weighted average discount rates are as follows:

 

 

 

November 30, 2020

Weighted average remaining lease term - operating leases (in years)

 

13

Weighted average discount rate - operating leases

 

3.4 

%

 

As of November 30, 2020, maturities of operating lease liabilities were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

 

2021

 

$

204 

 

2022

 

176 

 

2023

 

159 

 

2024

 

147 

 

2025

 

143 

 

Thereafter

 

936 

 

Total lease payments

 

1,765 

 

Less: Present value discount

 

(341)

 

Present value of lease liabilities

 

$

1,424 

 

 

Under ASC 840, Leases, future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases of port facilities and other assets as of November 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

(in millions)

Year

 

 

2020

 

$

219 

 

2021

 

196 

 

2022

 

161 

 

2023

 

173 

 

2024

 

167 

 

Thereafter

 

1,408 

 

 

 

$

2,324 

 

 

For time charter arrangements where we are the lessor and for transactions with cruise guests related to the use of cabins, we do not separate lease and non-lease components. As the non-lease components are the predominant components in the agreements, we account for these transactions under the Revenue Recognition guidance.

 

NOTE 12 - Segment Information

 

Our operating segments are reported on the same basis as the internally reported information that is provided to our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), who is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc. The CODM assesses performance and makes decisions to allocate resources for Carnival Corporation & plc based upon review of the results across all of our segments. Our four reportable segments are comprised of (1) NAA cruise operations, (2) EA cruise operations, (3) Cruise Support and (4) Tour and Other.

 

The operating segments within each of our NAA and EA reportable segments have been aggregated based on the similarity of their economic and other characteristics. Our Cruise Support segment includes our portfolio of leading port destinations and other services, all of which are operated for the benefit of our cruise brands. Our Tour and Other segment represents the hotel and transportation operations of Holland America Princess Alaska Tours and other operations.  

 

As of and for the years ended November 30,

(in millions)

Revenues

 

Operating costs and expenses

 

Selling and administrative

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

Operating income (loss)

 

Capital expenditures

 

Total assets

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

3,627 

 

 

$

5,623 

 

 

$

1,066 

 

 

$

1,413 

 

 

$

(5,794)

 

(a)

$

1,430 

 

 

$

25,257 

 

EA

1,790 

 

 

2,548 

 

 

523 

 

 

672 

 

 

(2,729)

 

(b)

2,036 

 

 

16,505 

 

Cruise Support

68 

 

 

(10)

 

 

262 

 

 

128 

 

 

(313)

 

 

144 

 

 

11,135 

 

Tour and Other

110 

 

 

84 

 

 

27 

 

 

28 

 

 

(29)

 

 

11 

 

 

696 

 

 

$

5,595 

 

 

$

8,245 

 

 

$

1,878 

 

 

$

2,241 

 

 

$

(8,865)

 

 

$

3,620 

 

 

$

53,593 

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

13,612 

 

 

$

8,370 

 

 

$

1,427 

 

 

$

1,364 

 

 

$

2,451 

 

 

$

2,781 

 

 

$

27,102 

 

EA

6,650 

 

 

4,146 

 

 

744 

 

 

645 

 

 

1,115 

 

 

2,462 

 

 

15,473 

 

Cruise Support

173 

 

 

125 

 

 

281 

 

 

115 

 

 

(347)

 

 

143 

 

 

1,861 

 

Tour and Other

390 

 

 

268 

 

 

28 

 

 

36 

 

 

56 

 

 

43 

 

 

623 

 

 

$

20,825 

 

 

$

12,909 

 

 

$

2,480 

 

 

$

2,160 

 

 

$

3,276 

 

 

$

5,429 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NAA

$

12,236 

 

 

$

7,180 

 

 

$

1,403 

 

 

$

1,264 

 

 

$

2,389 

 

 

$

2,614 

 

 

$

25,613 

 

EA

6,243 

 

 

3,676 

 

 

751 

 

 

611 

 

 

1,205 

 

 

945 

 

 

13,825 

 

Cruise Support

129 

 

 

53 

 

 

268 

 

 

103 

 

 

(296)

 

 

38 

 

 

2,303 

 

Tour and Other

272 

 

 

180 

 

 

28 

 

 

39 

 

 

26 

 

 

152 

 

 

660 

 

 

$

18,881 

 

 

$

11,089 

 

 

$

2,450 

 

 

$

2,017 

 

 

$

3,325 

 

 

$

3,749 

 

 

$

42,401 

 

(a)           Includes $1.3 billion of goodwill impairment charges.

(b)           Includes $777 million of goodwill impairment charges.

 

Revenues by geographic areas, which are based on where our guests are sourced, were as follows:

  

Years Ended November 30,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

2018

North America

$

3,084 

 

 

$

11,502 

 

 

$

10,066 

 

Europe

1,643 

 

 

6,318 

 

 

5,957 

 

Australia and Asia

687 

 

 

2,632 

 

 

2,530 

 

Other

180 

 

 

373 

 

 

327 

 

 

$

5,595 

 

 

$

20,825 

 

 

$

18,881 

 

 

Substantially all of our long-lived assets consist of our ships and move between geographic areas.

 

NOTE 13 - Compensation Plans and Post-Employment Benefits

 

Equity Plans

 

We issue our share-based compensation awards, which at November 30, 2020 included time-based share awards (restricted stock awards and restricted stock units), performance-based share awards and market-based share awards (collectively "equity awards"), under the Carnival Corporation and Carnival plc stock plans. Equity awards are principally granted to management level employees and members of our Boards of Directors. The plans are administered by the Compensation Committee which is made up of independent directors who determine which employees are eligible to participate, the monetary value or number of shares for which equity awards are to be granted and the amounts that may be exercised or sold within a specified term. We had an aggregate of 11.1 million shares available for future grant at November 30, 2020. We fulfill our equity award obligations using shares purchased in the open market or with unissued or treasury shares. Our equity awards generally vest over a three-year period, subject to earlier vesting under certain conditions. 

 

Shares

 

Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair
Value

Outstanding at November 30, 2017

2,949,968 

 

 

$

51.82 

 

Granted

951,906 

 

 

$

66.68 

 

Vested

(1,419,218)

 

 

$

45.45 

 

Forfeited

(202,139)

 

 

$

56.57 

 

Outstanding at November 30, 2018

2,280,517 

 

 

$

61.57 

 

Granted

1,357,177 

 

 

$

52.17 

 

Vested

(960,693)

 

 

$

53.49 

 

Forfeited

(185,625)

 

 

$

56.13 

 

Outstanding at November 30, 2019

2,491,376 

 

 

$

59.97 

 

Granted

9,971,331 

 

 

$

20.72 

 

Vested

(1,641,570)

 

 

$

30.68 

 

Forfeited

(480,361)

 

 

$

50.96 

 

Outstanding at November 30, 2020

10,340,776 

 

 

$

26.61 

 

 

As of November 30, 2020, there was $129 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to equity awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years.

 

Single-employer Defined Benefit Pension Plans

 

We maintain several single-employer defined benefit pension plans, which cover certain of our shipboard and shoreside employees. The U.S. and UK shoreside employee plans are closed to new membership and are funded at or above the level required by U.S. or UK regulations. The remaining defined benefit plans are primarily unfunded. These plans provide pension benefits primarily based on employee compensation and years of service.

 

 

 

UK Plan (a)

 

All Other Plans

(in millions)

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Change in projected benefit obligation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Projected benefit obligation as of December 1

 

$

299 

 

 

$

267 

 

 

$

259 

 

 

$

213 

 

   Past service cost

 

 

 

 

 

20 

 

 

17 

 

   Interest cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Benefits paid

 

(16)

 

 

(10)

 

 

(14)

 

 

(18)

 

   Actuarial (gain) loss on plans' liabilities

 

14 

 

 

35 

 

 

13 

 

 

34 

 

   Plan curtailments, settlements and other

 

 

 

 

 

(4)

 

 

 

Projected benefit obligation as of November 30

 

303 

 

 

299 

 

 

280 

 

 

254 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in plan assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of plan assets as of December 1

 

312 

 

 

278 

 

 

18 

 

 

18 

 

Return on plans' assets

 

23 

 

 

43 

 

 

 

 

 

Employer contributions

 

 

 

 

 

14 

 

 

18 

 

Benefits paid

 

(16)

 

 

(10)

 

 

(14)

 

 

(19)

 

Plan settlements

 

 

 

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

Administrative expenses

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fair value of plan assets as of November 30

 

325 

 

 

312 

 

 

17 

 

 

18 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funded status as of November 30

 

$

22 

 

 

$

13 

 

 

$

(263)

 

 

$

(236)

 

 

(a) The P&O Princess Cruises (UK) Pension Scheme ("UK Plan")

 

The amounts recognized the Consolidated Balance Sheets for these plans were as follows:

 

 

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

 

 

November 30,

 

November 30,

(in millions)

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Other assets

 

$

22 

 

 

$

13 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Accrued liabilities and other

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

32 

 

 

$

25 

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

231 

 

 

$

210 

 

 

The accumulated benefit obligation for all defined benefit pension plans was $584 million and $531 million at November 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

Amounts for pension plans with accumulated benefit obligations in excess of fair value of plan assets are as follows:

 

 

 

November 30,

(in millions)

 

2020

 

2019

Projected benefit obligation

 

$

280 

 

 

$

254 

 

Accumulated benefit obligation

 

$

272 

 

 

$

247 

 

Fair value of plan assets

 

$

17 

 

 

$

18 

 

 

The net benefit cost recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) were as follows:

 

 

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

 

 

November 30,

 

November 30,

(in millions)

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Service cost

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

20 

 

 

$

17 

 

 

$

16 

 

Interest cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

(8)

 

 

(11)

 

 

(12)

 

 

(1)

 

 

(1)

 

 

 

Amortization of prior service cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of net loss (gain)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Settlement loss recognized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost

 

$

(3)

 

 

$

(3)

 

 

$

(2)

 

 

$

32 

 

 

$

28 

 

 

$

29 

 

 

The components of net periodic benefit cost other than the service cost component are included in other income (expense), net in the Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss).

 

Weighted average assumptions used to determine the projected benefit obligation are as follows:

 

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Discount rate

 

1.6 

%

 

1.9 

%

 

2.2 

%

 

2.9 

%

Rate of compensation increase

 

2.3 

%

 

2.9 

%

 

2.8 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

Weighted average assumptions used to determine net pension income are as follows:

 

 

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Discount rate

 

1.9 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

2.6 

%

 

2.9 

%

 

3.5 

%

 

3.3 

%

Expected return on assets

 

3.0 

%

 

4.2 

%

 

4.0 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

3.0 

%

Rate of compensation increase

 

2.9 

%

 

3.4 

%

 

3.2 

%

 

2.7 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

3.0 

%

 

The discount rate used to determine the UK Plan's projected benefit obligation was determined as the single equivalent rate based on applying a yield curve determined from AA credit rated bonds at the balance sheet date to the cash flows making up the pension plan's obligations. The discount rate used to determine the UK Plan's future net periodic benefit cost was determined as the equivalent rate based on applying each individual spot rate from a yield curve determined from AA credit rated bonds at the balance sheet date for each year's cash flow. The UK Plan's expected long-term return on plan assets is consistent with the long-term investment return target provided to the UK Plan's fiduciary manager (U.K. government fixed interest bonds (gilts) plus 1.0% to 1.8% per annum as of November 30, 2020).

 

Amounts recognized in AOCI are as follows:

 

 

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

 

 

November 30,

 

November 30,

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

Actuarial losses (gains) recognized in the current year

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

13 

 

 

$

33 

 

Amortization and settlements included in net periodic benefit cost

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(8)

 

 

$

(3)

 

 

We anticipate making contributions of $27 million to the plans during 2021. Estimated future benefit payments to be made during each of the next five fiscal years and in the aggregate during the succeeding five fiscal years are as follows:

 

(in millions)

 

UK Plan

 

All Other Plans

2021

 

$

 

 

$

27 

 

2022

 

 

 

25 

 

2023

 

 

 

26 

 

2024

 

 

 

27 

 

2025

 

 

 

29 

 

2026-2030

 

38 

 

 

143 

 

 

 

$

71 

 

 

$

277 

 

 

Our investment strategy for our pension plan assets is to maintain a diversified portfolio of asset classes to produce a sufficient level of diversification and investment return over the long term. The investment policy for each plan specifies the type of investment vehicles appropriate for the plan, asset allocation guidelines, criteria for selection of investment managers and procedures to monitor overall investment performance, as well as investment manager performance. As of November 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, the All Other Plans were all unfunded.

 

The fair values of the plan assets of the UK Plan by investment class are as follows:

 

 

 

 

As of November 30,

 

 

2020

 

2019

Equities

 

$

55 

 

 

$

153 

 

U.K. government fixed interest bonds (gilts)

 

270 

 

 

159 

 

 

Multiemployer Defined Benefit Pension Plans 

 

We participate in two multiemployer defined benefit pension plans in the UK, the British Merchant Navy Officers Pension Fund (registration number 10005645) ("MNOPF"), which is divided into two sections, the "New Section" and the "Old Section" and the British Merchant Navy Ratings Pension Fund (registration number 10005646) ("MNRPF"). Collectively, we refer to these as "the multiemployer plans." The multiemployer plans are maintained for the benefit of the employees of the participating employers who make contributions to the plans. The risks of participating in these multiemployer plans are different from single-employer plans, including:

 

•      Contributions made by employers, including us, may be used to provide benefits to employees of other participating employers

•      If any of the participating employers were to withdraw from the multiemployer plans or fail to make their required contributions, any unfunded obligations would be the responsibility of the remaining participating employers.

 

We are contractually obligated to make all required contributions as determined by the plans' trustees. All of our multiemployer plans are closed to new membership and future benefit accrual. The MNOPF Old Section is fully funded.

 

We expense our portion of the MNOPF New Section deficit as amounts are invoiced by, and become due and payable to, the trustees. We accrue and expense our portion of the MNRPF deficit based on our estimated probable obligation from the most recent actuarial review. Total expense for the multiemployer plans, was $2 million in 2020, $6 million in 2019 and $8 million in 2018.

 

Based on the most recent valuation at March 31, 2018 of the MNOPF New Section, it was determined that this plan was 98% funded. In 2020, 2019 and 2018, our contributions to the MNOPF New Section did not exceed 5% of total contributions to the fund. Based on the most recent valuation at March 31, 2017 of the MNRPF, it was determined that this plan was 84% funded. In 2020, 2019 and 2018 our contributions to the MNRPF did not exceed 5% of total contributions to the fund. It is possible that we will be required to fund and expense additional amounts for the multiemployer plans in the future; however, such amounts are not expected to be material to our consolidated financial statements.

 

Defined Contribution Plans

 

We have several defined contribution plans available to most of our employees. We contribute to these plans based on employee contributions, salary levels and length of service. Total expense for these plans was $24 million in 2020, $41 million in 2019 and $39 million in 2018.

 

NOTE 14 - Earnings Per Share

 

Years Ended November 30,

 (in millions, except per share data)

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Net income (loss) for basic and diluted earnings per share

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

690 

 

 

709 

 

Dilutive effect of equity plans

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

692 

 

 

710 

 

Basic earnings per share

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.34 

 

 

$

4.45 

 

Diluted earnings per share

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.32 

 

 

$

4.44 

 

 

Antidilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share computations were as follows:

 

(in millions)

November 30, 2020

Equity awards

 

Convertible Notes

103 

 

Total antidilutive securities

104 

 

 

There were no antidilutive shares excluded from our 2019 and 2018 diluted earnings per share computations.

 

NOTE 15 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

November 30,

(in millions)

2020

 

 2019

Cash and cash equivalents (Consolidated Balance Sheets)

$

9,513 

 

 

$

518 

 

Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other and other assets

179 

 

 

13 

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows)

$

9,692 

 

 

$

530 

 

 

Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest, was $610 million in 2020, $171 million in 2019 and $182 million in 2018. In addition, cash paid for income taxes, net was not material in 2020, $46 million in 2019 and $58 million in 2018.

 

In connection with the repurchase of the Convertible Notes as part of the August and November Registered Direct Offerings, as an administrative convenience, we permitted the purchasers of 151.2 million of Carnival Corporation common stock to offset the purchase price payable to us against our obligation to pay the purchase price for $1.3 billion aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes held by them, which is reflected as a non-cash transaction for the year ended November 30, 2020.

 

SCHEDULE B

 

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Cautionary Note Concerning Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

Some of the statements, estimates or projections contained in this document are "forward-looking statements" that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions with respect to us, including some statements concerning future results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, cash flows, liquidity and other events which have not yet occurred. These statements are intended to qualify for the safe harbors from liability provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements other than statements of historical facts are statements that could be deemed forward-looking. These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. We have tried, whenever possible, to identify these statements by using words like "will," "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "depends," "expect," "goal," "anticipate," "forecast," "project," "future," "intend," "plan," "estimate," "target," "indicate," "outlook," and similar expressions of future intent or the negative of such terms.

 

Forward-looking statements include those statements that relate to our outlook and financial position including, but not limited to, statements regarding: 

•      Pricing

•      Estimates of ship depreciable lives and residual values

•      Booking levels

•      Goodwill, ship and trademark fair values

•      Occupancy

•      Liquidity and credit ratings

•      Interest, tax and fuel expenses

•      Adjusted earnings per share

•      Currency exchange rates

•      Impact of the COVID-19 coronavirus global pandemic on our financial condition and results of operations

 

Because forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are many factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward looking statements. This note contains important cautionary statements of the known factors that we consider could materially affect the accuracy of our forward-looking statements and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial position. Additionally, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently amplified by and will continue to be amplified by, or in the future may be amplified by, the COVID-19 outbreak. It is not possible to predict or identify all such risks. There may be additional risks that we consider immaterial or which are unknown. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

•     COVID-19 has had, and is expected to continue to have, a significant impact on our financial condition and operations, which impacts our ability to obtain acceptable financing to fund resulting reductions in cash from operations. The current, and uncertain future, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including its effect on the ability or desire of people to travel (including on cruises), is expected to continue to impact our results, operations, outlooks, plans, goals, reputation, litigation, cash flows, liquidity, and stock price.

•     As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, we may be out of compliance with one or more maintenance covenants in certain of our debt facilities, for which we currently have amendments for the period through November 30, 2021 with the next testing date of February 28, 2022.

•      World events impacting the ability or desire of people to travel have and may continue to lead to a decline in demand for cruises.

•      Incidents concerning our ships, guests or the cruise vacation industry as well as adverse weather conditions and other natural disasters have in the past and may, in the future, impact the satisfaction of our guests and crew and lead to reputational damage.

•      Changes in and non-compliance with laws and regulations under which we operate, such as those relating to health, environment, safety and security, data privacy and protection, anti-corruption, economic sanctions, trade protection and tax have in the past and may, in the future, lead to litigation, enforcement actions, fines, penalties, and reputational damage.

•      Breaches in data security and lapses in data privacy as well as disruptions and other damages to our principal offices, information technology operations and system networks, including the recent ransomware incidents, and failure to keep pace with developments in technology may adversely impact our business operations, the satisfaction of our guests and crew and may lead to reputational damage.

•      Ability to recruit, develop and retain qualified shipboard personnel who live away from home for extended periods of time may adversely impact our business operations, guest services and satisfaction.

•      Increases in fuel prices, changes in the types of fuel consumed and availability of fuel supply may adversely impact our scheduled itineraries and costs.

•      Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may adversely impact our financial results.

•      Overcapacity and competition in the cruise and land-based vacation industry may lead to a decline in our cruise sales, pricing and destination options.  

•      Inability to implement our shipbuilding programs and ship repairs, maintenance and refurbishments may adversely impact our business operations and the satisfaction of our guests.

 

The ordering of the risk factors set forth above is not intended to reflect our indication of priority or likelihood.

 

Forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. Subject to any continuing obligations under applicable law or any relevant stock exchange rules, we expressly disclaim any obligation to disseminate, after the date of this document, any updates or revisions to any such forward-looking statements to reflect any change in expectations or events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statements are based.

 

2020 Executive Overview

 

2020 was an unprecedented year with significant impacts on our business from the effects of COVID-19. In response to the global pandemic, we paused our guest cruise operations in mid-March 2020. We returned over 260,000 guests home, repatriated 90,000 crew members, processed billions of dollars of guest refunds and cruise credits, accelerated the exit of 19 vessels, negotiated the delay of 16 ships on order, moved our entire fleet into full pause status, developed new cruise protocols and are putting them to test as we resume limited cruise operations in both Italy and Germany. Additionally, we extended debt maturities and secured financial covenant amendments, while completing various financing transactions for a cumulative $19 billion of new capital. We ended the year with $9.5 billion in cash and believe we have the liquidity in place to sustain ourselves throughout 2021.

 

We executed a rationalization of our fleet reducing capacity by 13 percent. As a result, we expect to be less reliant on new guests due to our recurring base of repeat guests, which will be spread over a smaller fleet. Our capacity reduction is also expected to deliver a structurally lower cost base. As the 19 ships leaving the fleet are smaller and less efficient ships, we expect to benefit by a reduction in unit costs and a reduction in unit fuel consumption when we resume guest cruise operations. Our efforts to right size our shore side operations may reduce our costs further, as well as our continued focus on finding efficiencies across our ship operations. Over time, we believe we may achieve an additional structural benefit to unit costs as we deliver new, larger and more efficient ships. This includes the deliveries of Princess Cruises' Enchanted Princess and P&O UK's Iona in 2020 and the upcoming deliveries of Costa Firenze, Mardi Gras and Rotterdam in 2021. As a result of these and other actions, we expect to emerge from the pause a more efficient company.

 

We continue to work diligently to resume operations in the U.S., including ongoing discussions with the CDC. We are also working towards resuming operations in many other parts of the world, including Asia, Australia and the UK and we are working hard to do so in a way that serves the best interests of public health. Currently, the company is unable to predict when the entire fleet will return to normal operations. The pause in guest operations continues to have a material negative impact on all aspects of the company's business, including the company's liquidity, financial position and results of operations. We expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the full year ending November 30, 2021.

 

Our highest responsibility and top priorities are to be in compliance everywhere we operate in the world, to protect the environment and the health, safety and well-being of our guests, the people in the communities we touch and our shipboard and shoreside employees.

 

We have continued to make advancements in our sustainability efforts, reducing food waste and accelerating the reduction in single use plastics amongst others. We have dealt with many types of viruses previously, and already have effective protocols in place onboard our ships including screening measures, medical centers and enhanced sanitation procedures which prevent and reduce spread once brought onboard from land. We have been working with leading medical and science experts around the globe, to develop new and enhanced protocols and procedures based on the best available science to specifically address the risks associated with COVID-19. We expect these protocols to continue to evolve as society's understanding of COVID-19 strengthens. We intend to initially resume operations with a small percentage of the fleet. For our initial voyages, we have chosen to sail with low occupancy levels, enabling us to gain experience with our enhanced safety protocols.

 

Maintaining a strong balance sheet has historically been a key strength for our company. While we raised capital mainly through debt, we strengthened our capital structure through equity, raising $3.0 billion during 2020 and strengthened our balance sheet through the early conversion of convertible debt. All of these efforts are in line with our primary financial objective going forward, to maximize cash generation. As we return to full operations, our cash flow will be the primary driver in our efforts to return to investment grade credit over time, creating greater shareholder value. With the aggressive actions we have taken, managing the balance sheet and reducing capacity, we believe we are positioned to capitalize on pent up demand and to emerge a more efficient company.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

Refer to our consolidated financial statements for further information on Accounting Pronouncements

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

Our critical accounting estimates are those we believe require our most significant judgments about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. A discussion of our critical accounting estimates, the underlying judgments and uncertainties used to make them and the likelihood that materially different estimates would be reported under different conditions or using different assumptions is as follows:

 

Liquidity and COVID-19

 

We make several critical accounting estimates with respect to our liquidity.

 

The effects of COVID-19 have had a significant impact on our operations and liquidity. Significant events affecting travel, including COVID-19 and our pause in guest cruise operations, have had an impact on booking patterns. The full extent of the impact will be determined by our gradual return to service and the length of time COVID-19 influences travel decisions. We believe that the ongoing effects of COVID-19 on our operations and global bookings will continue to have a material negative impact on our financial results and liquidity.

 

The estimation of our future liquidity requirements includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions used to estimate our future liquidity requirements consist of:

 

•      Expected continued gradual resumption of guest cruise operations

•      Expected lower than comparable historical occupancy levels during the resumption of guest cruise operations

•      Expected incremental expenses for the resumption of guest cruise operations, for the maintenance of additional public health protocols and procedures for additional regulations 

 

We cannot make assurances that our assumptions used to estimate liquidity requirements may not change because we have never previously experienced a complete cessation of guest cruise operations, and as a consequence, our ability to be predictive is uncertain. In addition, the magnitude, duration and speed of the global pandemic are uncertain. We have made reasonable estimates and judgments of the impact of COVID-19 within our financial statements and there may be changes to those estimates in future periods. We have taken and will continue to take actions to improve liquidity, including capital expenditure and operating expense reductions, amending credit agreements, accelerating the removal of certain ships from the fleet, suspending dividend payments on, and the repurchase of, common stock of Carnival Corporation and ordinary shares of Carnival plc and pursuing various capital transactions.

 

Ship Accounting

 

We make several critical accounting estimates with respect to our ship accounting.

 

We account for ship improvement costs, including replacements of certain significant components and parts, by capitalizing those costs we believe add value to our ships and have a useful life greater than one year and depreciating those improvements over their estimated remaining useful life. The costs of repairs and maintenance, including minor improvement costs and expenses related to dry-docks, are charged to expense as incurred. If we change our assumptions in making our determinations as to whether improvements to a ship add value, the amounts we expense each year as repair and maintenance expense could increase, which would be partially offset by a decrease in depreciation expense, resulting from a reduction in capitalized costs.

 

In order to compute our ships' depreciation expense, we apply judgment to determine their useful lives as well as their residual values. We estimate the useful life of our ships and ship improvements based on the expected period over which the assets will be of economic benefit to us, including the impact of marketing and technical obsolescence, competition, physical deterioration, historical useful lives of similarly-built ships, regulatory constraints and maintenance requirements. In addition, we consider estimates of the weighted-average useful lives of the ships' major component systems, such as the hull, cabins, main electric, superstructure and engines. Taking all of this into consideration, we have estimated our new ships' useful lives at 30 years.

 

We determine the residual value of our ships based on our long-term estimates of their resale value at the end of their useful life to us but before the end of their physical and economic lives to others, historical resale values of our and other cruise ships and viability of the secondary cruise ship market. We have estimated our residual values at 15% of our original ship cost.

 

Given the large size and complexity of our ships, ship accounting estimates require considerable judgment and are inherently uncertain. We do not have cost segregation studies performed to specifically componentize our ships. In addition, since we do not separately componentize our ships, we do not identify and track depreciation of original ship components. Therefore, we typically have to estimate the net book value of components that are retired, based primarily upon their replacement cost, their age and their original estimated useful lives. 

 

If materially different conditions existed, or if we materially changed our assumptions of ship useful lives and residual values, our depreciation expense, loss on retirement of ship components and net book value of our ships would be materially different. Our 2020 ship depreciation expense would have increased by approximately $46 million assuming we had reduced our estimated 30-year ship useful life estimate by one year at the time we took delivery or acquired each of our ships. In addition, our 2020 ship depreciation expense would have increased by approximately $232 million assuming we had estimated our ships to have no residual value.

 

We believe that the estimates we made for ship accounting purposes are reasonable and our methods are consistently applied in all material respects and result in depreciation expense that is based on a rational and systematic method to equitably allocate the costs of our ships to the periods during which we use them. 

 

Valuation of Ships 

 

Impairment reviews of our ships require us to make significant estimates. 

 

We evaluate ship asset impairments at the individual ship level which is the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities. We review our ships for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of a ship may not be recoverable. If estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying value of a ship, an impairment charge is recognized to the extent its carrying value exceeds fair value.

 

The estimation of a ship's fair value includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. The principal assumptions used in our ship impairment reviews consist of:

 

•      Timing of the respective ship's return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

•      Forecasted ship revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues, including credit and debit card fees

•      Timing of the sale of ships and estimated proceeds

 

Refer to our consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of our property and equipment policy, ship impairment reviews and ship impairment charges recognized during 2020.

 

We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments.

 

Valuation of Goodwill

 

Impairment reviews of our goodwill require us to make significant estimates. 

 

We review our goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level as of July 31 every year, or more frequently if events or circumstances dictate. If the estimated fair value of any of our reporting units is less than the reporting unit's carrying value, goodwill is written down based on the difference between the reporting unit's carrying amount and its estimated fair value, limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. 

 

The estimation of our reporting unit fair value includes numerous assumptions that are subject to various risks and uncertainties. Our pause in guest cruise operations and the possibility of further extensions created some uncertainty in forecasting the operating results and future cash flows used in our impairment analyses. The principal assumptions used in our goodwill impairment reviews consist of:

 

•      The timing of our return to service, changes in market conditions and port or other restrictions

•      Forecasted revenues net of our most significant variable costs, which are travel agent commissions, costs of air and other transportation, and certain other costs that are directly associated with onboard and other revenues including credit and debit card fees  

•      The allocation of new ships and the timing of the transfer or sale of ships amongst brands, as well as the estimated proceeds from ship sales

•      Weighted-average cost of capital of market participants, adjusted for the risk attributable to the geographic regions in which these cruise brands operate 

 

Refer to our consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of our goodwill accounting policy, impairment reviews and goodwill impairment charges recognized during 2020. 

 

We believe that we have made reasonable estimates and judgments.

 

Contingencies

 

We periodically assess the potential liabilities related to any lawsuits or claims brought against us, as well as for other known unasserted claims, including environmental, legal, regulatory and guest and crew matters. While it is typically very difficult to determine the timing and ultimate outcome of these matters, we use our best judgment to determine the appropriate amounts to record in our consolidated financial statements.

 

We accrue a liability and establish a reserve when we believe a loss is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. In assessing probable losses, we make estimates of the amount of probable insurance recoveries, if any, which are recorded as assets where appropriate. Such accruals and reserves are typically based on developments to date, management's estimates of the outcomes of these matters, our experience in contesting, litigating and settling other similar matters, historical claims experience, actuarially determined estimates of liabilities and any related insurance coverage. 

 

Given the inherent uncertainty related to the eventual outcome of these matters and potential insurance recoveries, it is possible that all or some of these matters may be resolved for amounts materially different from any provisions or disclosures that we may have made. In addition, as new information becomes available, we may need to reassess the amount of asset or liability that needs to be accrued related to our contingencies. All such changes in our estimates could materially impact our results of operations and financial position.

 

Refer to our consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of contingencies.  

 

Results of Operations 

 

We have historically earned substantially all of our cruise revenues from the following:

 

•  Sales of passenger cruise tickets and, in some cases, the sale of air and other transportation to and from airports near our ships' home ports and cancellation fees. We also collect fees, taxes and other charges from our guests. The cruise ticket price typically includes the following:

 

·      Accommodations

·      Most meals, including snacks at numerous venues

·      Access to amenities such as swimming pools, water slides, water parks, whirlpools, a health club and sun decks

·      Supervised youth programs

·      Entertainment, such as theatrical and comedy shows, live music and nightclubs

·      Visits to multiple destinations 

 

•  Sales of onboard goods and services not included in the cruise ticket price. This generally includes the following:

 •    Beverage sales

 •    Internet and communication services

 •    Casino gaming

 •    Full service spas

 •    Shore excursions

 •    Specialty restaurants

 •    Retail sales

 •    Art sales

 •    Photo sales

 •    Laundry and dry cleaning services

 

These goods and services are provided either directly by us or by independent concessionaires, from which we receive either a percentage of their revenues or a fee. Concession revenues do not have direct expenses because the costs and services incurred for concession revenues are borne by our concessionaires.

 

We earn our tour and other revenues from our hotel and transportation operations, long-term leasing of ships and other revenues.

 

We incur cruise operating costs and expenses for the following:

 

•  The costs of passenger cruise bookings, which include travel agent commissions, cost of air and other transportation, port fees, taxes, and charges that directly vary with guest head counts and credit and debit card fees

 

•  Onboard and other cruise costs, which include the costs of beverage sales, costs of shore excursions, costs of retail sales, communication costs, credit and debit card fees, other onboard costs, costs of cruise vacation protection programs and pre- and post-cruise land packages

 

•  Payroll and related costs, which include the costs of officers and crew in bridge, engineering and hotel operations. Substantially all costs associated with our shoreside personnel are included in selling and administrative expenses

 

•  Fuel costs, which include fuel delivery costs

 

•  Food costs, which include both our guest and crew food costs

 

•  Other ship operating expenses, which include port costs that do not vary with guest head counts; repairs and maintenance, including minor improvements and dry-dock expenses; hotel costs; entertainment; gains and losses on ship sales; ship impairments; freight and logistics; insurance premiums and all other ship operating expenses 

 

We incur tour and other costs and expenses for our hotel and transportation operations, long-term leasing of ships and other expenses.

 

Statistical Information

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

ALBDs (in thousands) (b) (c)

(a)

 

87,424 

 

 

83,872 

 

Occupancy percentage (d)

(a)

 

106.8 

%

 

106.9 

%

Passengers carried (in thousands)

(a)

 

12,866 

 

 

12,407 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel consumption in metric tons (in thousands)

1,915 

 

 

3,312 

 

 

3,296 

 

Fuel cost per metric ton consumed

$

430 

 

 

$

472 

 

 

$

491 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currencies (USD to 1)

 

 

 

 

 

     AUD

$

0.68 

 

 

$

0.70 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

     CAD

$

0.74 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

 

$

0.78 

 

     EUR

$

1.13 

 

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.18 

 

     GBP

$

1.28 

 

 

$

1.27 

 

 

$

1.34 

 

     RMB

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.15 

 

 

We paused our guest operations in mid-March 2020 and have been in a pause for a majority of the fiscal year. The pause in guest operation had a material negative impact on all aspects of our business, including the above statistical information.

 

Notes to Statistical Information

 

(a)       Due to the impact of COVID-19 in 2020, current year data is not meaningful and is not included in the table.

 

(b)       ALBD is a standard measure of passenger capacity for the period that we use to approximate rate and capacity variances, based on consistently applied formulas that we use to perform analyses to determine the main non-capacity driven factors that cause our cruise revenues and expenses to vary. ALBDs assume that each cabin we offer for sale accommodates two passengers and is computed by multiplying passenger capacity by revenue-producing ship operating days in the period.

 

(c)       In 2019 compared to 2018, we had a 4.2% capacity increase in ALBDs comprised of a 1.8% capacity increase in our NAA segment and an 8.6% capacity increase in our EA segment.

 

Our NAA segment's capacity increase was caused by:

•      Partial period impact from one Carnival Cruise Line 3,960-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in April 2018

•      Partial period impact from one Seabourn 600-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in May 2018

•      Partial period impact from one Holland America Line 2,670-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in December 2018

•      Partial period impact from one Princess Cruises 3,660-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in October 2019

 

These increases were partially offset by:

•      Partial period impact from one P&O Cruises (Australia) 1,680-passenger capacity ship removed in March 2019

•      Partial period impact from one P&O Cruises (Australia) 1,260-passenger capacity ship removed in April 2019

•      Partial period impact from one Holland America Line 840-passenger capacity ship removed in July 2019

 

Our EA segment's capacity increase was caused by: 

•      Partial period impact from one AIDA 5,230-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in December 2018

•      Partial period impact from one Costa 4,200-passenger capacity ship that entered into service in March 2019

 

These increases were partially offset by:

•      Partial period impact from one P&O Cruises (UK) 700-passenger capacity ship removed from service in March 2018

•      Partial period impact from one Costa 1,300-passenger capacity ship removed from service in April 2018.

•      Partial period impact from one P&O Cruises (UK) 1,880-passenger capacity ship removed from service in August 2019

 

(d)       In accordance with cruise industry practice, occupancy is calculated using a denominator of ALBDs, which assumes two passengers per cabin even though some cabins can accommodate three or more passengers. Percentages in excess of 100% indicate that on average more than two passengers occupied some cabins.  

 

2020 Compared to 2019 

 

 Results of Operations

 

   Consolidated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

3,684 

 

 

$

14,104 

 

 

$

(10,420)

 

 

(74)

%

    Onboard and other

1,910 

 

 

6,721 

 

 

(4,810)

 

 

(72)

%

 

5,595 

 

 

20,825 

 

 

(15,230)

 

 

(73)

%

Operating Costs and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Commissions, transportation and other

1,139 

 

 

2,720 

 

 

(1,582)

 

 

(58)

%

    Onboard and other

605 

 

 

2,101 

 

 

(1,496)

 

 

(71)

%

    Payroll and related

1,780 

 

 

2,249 

 

 

(469)

 

 

(21)

%

    Fuel

823 

 

 

1,562 

 

 

(739)

 

 

(47)

%

    Food

413 

 

 

1,083 

 

 

(671)

 

 

(62)

%

    Ship and other impairments

1,967 

 

 

26 

 

 

1,941 

 

 

7542 

%

    Other operating

1,518 

 

 

3,167 

 

 

(1,649)

 

 

(52)

%

 

8,245 

 

 

12,909 

 

 

(4,664)

 

 

(36)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Selling and administrative

1,878 

 

 

2,480 

 

 

(601)

 

 

(24)

%

    Depreciation and amortization

2,241 

 

 

2,160 

 

 

81 

 

 

%

    Goodwill impairment

2,096 

 

 

 

 

2,096 

 

 

100 

%

 

14,460 

 

 

17,549 

 

 

(3,089)

 

 

(18)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(8,865)

 

 

$

3,276 

 

 

$

(12,141)

 

 

(371)

%

 

   NAA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

2,334 

 

 

$

8,992 

 

 

$

(6,658)

 

 

(74)

%

    Onboard and other

1,293 

 

 

4,620 

 

 

(3,327)

 

 

(72)

%

 

3,627 

 

 

13,612 

 

 

(9,985)

 

 

(73)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

5,623 

 

 

8,370 

 

 

(2,747)

 

 

(33)

%

Selling and administrative

1,066 

 

 

1,427 

 

 

(361)

 

 

(25)

%

Depreciation and amortization

1,413 

 

 

1,364 

 

 

49 

 

 

%

Goodwill impairment

1,319 

 

 

 

 

1,319 

 

 

100 

%

 

9,422 

 

 

11,161 

 

 

(1,739)

 

 

(16)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(5,794)

 

 

$

2,451 

 

 

$

(8,246)

 

 

(336)

%

 

   EA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

 

 

 

% increase (decrease)

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Passenger ticket

$

1,388 

 

 

$

5,207 

 

 

$

(3,820)

 

 

(73)

%

    Onboard and other

402 

 

 

1,442 

 

 

(1,040)

 

 

(72)

%

 

1,790 

 

 

6,650 

 

 

(4,860)

 

 

(73)

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Costs and Expenses

2,548 

 

 

4,146 

 

 

(1,599)

 

 

(39)

%

Selling and administrative

523 

 

 

744 

 

 

(221)

 

 

(30)

%

Depreciation and amortization

672 

 

 

645 

 

 

27 

 

 

%

Goodwill impairment

777 

 

 

 

 

777 

 

 

100 

%

 

4,519 

 

 

5,534 

 

 

(1,016)

 

 

(18)

%

Operating Income (Loss)

$

(2,729)

 

 

$

1,115 

 

 

$

(3,845)

 

 

(345)

%

 

We paused our guest operations in mid-March 2020. We resumed limited guest cruise operations in September 2020 as part of our phased return to service. As of January 14, 2021, none of our ships were operating with guests onboard. The pause in guest operations is continuing to have material negative impacts on all aspects of our business. The longer the pause in guest operations continues, the greater the impact on our liquidity and financial position.

 

During 2020, as a result of the pause in our guest cruise operations, we have experienced meaningfully lower revenues compared to the prior year. This has resulted in an operating loss for the current period. We are unable to predict when the entire fleet will return to normal operations, and as a result, unable to provide an earnings forecast. The pause in guest operations continues to have a material negative impact on all aspects of our business, including our liquidity, financial position and results of operations. We expect a net loss on both a U.S. GAAP and adjusted basis for the full year ending November 30, 2021. 

 

W

 

In addition, during the year we incurred incremental COVID-19 related costs associated with repatriating guests and crew members, enhancing health protocols and sanitizing our ships, restructuring costs and defending lawsuits.

 

As a result of the effects of COVID-19 on our expected future operating cash flows, we recognized goodwill impairment charges of $2.1 billion and ship impairment charges of $1.8 billion during 2020.

 

Key Performance Non-GAAP Financial Indicators

 

The table below reconciles Adjusted net income (loss) and Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (loss) and Adjusted earnings per share to Earnings per share for the periods presented:

 

 

Years Ended November 30,

(dollars in millions, except per share data)

2020

 

2019

 

2018

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP net income (loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

     Unrealized (gains) losses on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

(94)

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

3,934 

 

 

(6)

 

 

(38)

 

     Restructuring expenses

47 

 

 

10 

 

 

 

     Other

462 

 

 

47 

 

 

 

     Adjusted net income (loss)

$

(5,793)

 

 

$

3,041 

 

 

$

3,029 

 

     Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

895 

 

 

206 

 

 

194 

 

     Interest income

(18)

 

 

(23)

 

 

(14)

 

     Income tax expense, net

(17)

 

 

71 

 

 

54 

 

     Depreciation and amortization

2,241 

 

 

2,160 

 

 

2,017 

 

     Adjusted EBITDA

$

(2,692)

 

 

$

5,455 

 

 

$

5,280 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

692 

 

 

710 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP earnings per share

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.32 

 

 

$

4.44 

 

     Unrealized (gains) losses on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

(0.13)

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

5.08 

 

 

(0.01)

 

 

(0.05)

 

     Restructuring expenses

0.06 

 

 

0.01 

 

 

 

     Other

0.60 

 

 

0.07 

 

 

0.01 

 

     Adjusted earnings per share

$

(7.47)

 

 

$

4.40 

 

 

$

4.26 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explanations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures 

 

We use adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share as non-GAAP financial measures of our cruise segments' and the company's financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are provided along with U.S. GAAP net income (loss) and U.S. GAAP diluted earnings per share.  

 

We believe that gains and losses on ship sales, impairment charges, restructuring costs and other gains and losses are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Therefore, we believe it is more meaningful for these items to be excluded from our net income (loss) and earnings per share and, accordingly, we present adjusted net income (loss) and adjusted earnings per share excluding these items.

 

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure, and we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our operating profitability adjusted for certain non-cash items and other gains and expenses that we believe are not part of our core operating business and are not an indication of our future earnings performance. Further, we believe that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA provides additional information to investors about our ability to operate our business in compliance with the restrictions set forth in our debt agreements. We define Adjusted EBITDA as adjusted net income (loss) adjusted for (i) interest, (ii) taxes and, (iii) depreciation and amortization. There are material limitations to using Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA does not take into account certain significant items that directly affect our net income (loss). These limitations are best addressed by considering the economic effects of the excluded items independently, and by considering Adjusted EBITDA in conjunction with net income (loss) as calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

The presentation of our non-GAAP financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation from, as substitute for, or superior to the financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. It is possible that our non-GAAP financial measures may not be exactly comparable to the like-kind information presented by other companies, which is a potential risk associated with using these measures to compare us to other companies. 

 

2019 Compared to 2018 

 

     Revenues

 

Consolidated 

 

Cruise passenger ticket revenues made up 68% of our 2019 total revenues. Cruise passenger ticket revenues increased by $174 million, or 1.2%, to $14.1 billion in 2019 from $13.9 billion in 2018. 

 

This increase was caused by:

•      $607 million - 4.2% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $113 million - increase in air transportation revenues

 

These increases were partially offset by:

•      $305 million - net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact

•      $240 million - decrease in cruise ticket revenues, driven primarily by sourcing in Continental Europe, our Alaska programs and net unfavorable foreign currency transactional impact, partially offset by price improvements in the Caribbean program.

 

Onboard and other cruise revenues made up 30% of our 2019 total revenues. Onboard and other cruise revenues increased by $1.7 billion, or 35%, to $6.3 billion in 2019 from $4.7 billion in 2018.

 

This increase was caused by:

•      $1.4 billion - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $200 million - 4.2% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $124 million - higher onboard spending by our guests

 

These increases were partially offset by net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact of $89 million.

 

Tour and other revenues made up 1.9% of our 2019 total revenues. Tour and other revenues increased by $118 million, or 43%, to $390 million in 2019 from $272 million in 2018.

 

This increase was driven by the sale of Advanced Air Quality Systems to third parties, which accounted for $117 million.

 

Concession revenues, which are included in onboard and other revenues, increased by $24 million, or 2.1%, to $1.2 billion in 2019 from $1.1 billion in 2018. 

 

NAA Segment 

 

Cruise passenger ticket revenues made up 66% of our NAA segment's 2019 total revenues. Cruise passenger ticket revenues increased by $159 million, or 1.8% to $9.0 billion in 2019 from $8.8 billion in 2018.  

 

This increase was caused by:

•      $152 million - 1.8% capacity increase in ALBDs 

•      $57 million - increase in air transportation revenues

 

These increases were partially offset by net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact of $20 million.

 

The remaining 34% of our NAA segment's 2019 total revenues were comprised of onboard and other cruise revenues, which increased by $1.2 billion, or 36%, to $4.6 billion in 2019 from $3.4 billion in 2018.

 

This increase was caused by: 

•      $1.1 billion - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $58 million - 1.8% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $39 million - higher onboard spending by our guests

 

Concession revenues, which are included in onboard and other revenues, increased by $14 million, or 1.7%, to $821 million in 2019 from $807 million in 2018.

 

EA Segment

 

Cruise passenger ticket revenues made up 78% of our EA segment's 2019 total revenues. Cruise passenger ticket revenues increased by $68 million, or 1.3%, to $5.2 billion in 2019 from $5.1 billion in 2018. 

 

This increase was caused by: 

•      $451 million - 8.6% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $50 million - increase in air transportation revenues

 

These increases were partially offset by

•      $285 million - net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact 

•      $159 million - decrease in cruise ticket revenues, driven primarily by sourcing in Continental Europe

 

The remaining 22% of our EA segment's 2019 total revenues were comprised of onboard and other cruise revenues, which increased by $339 million, or 31%, to $1.4 billion in 2019 from $1.1 billion in 2018. 

 

This increase was caused by: 

•      $268 million - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $96 million - 8.6% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $51 million - higher onboard spending by our guests

 

These increases were partially offset by net unfavorable foreign currency translational impact of $79 million.

 

Concession revenues, which are included in onboard and other revenues, increased by $10 million, or 3.0%, to $337 million in 2019 from $328 million in 2018. 

 

Costs and Expenses 

 

Consolidated

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $1.8 billion or 16%, to $12.9 billion in 2019 from $11.1 billion in 2018.  

 

This increase was caused by:  

•      $1.4 billion - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $464 million - 4.2% capacity increase in ALBDs 

•      $88 million - increase in tour and other costs

•      $87 million - higher commissions, transportation and other expenses

•      $67 million - increase in various other ship operating costs

•      $35 million - gains on ship sales in 2018, net of gains on ship sales in 2019

 

These increases were partially offset by:

•      $221 million - net favorable foreign currency translational impact 

•      $63 million - lower fuel prices

•      $62 million - improved fuel consumption per ALBD

•      $46 million - lower dry-dock expenses and repair and maintenance expenses

 

Selling and administrative expenses increased by $30 million, or 1.2%, to $2.5 billion in 2019 compared to $2.5 billion in 2018.

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses increased by $143 million, or 7.1%, to $2.2 billion in 2019 from $2.0 billion in 2018. 

 

NAA Segment

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $1.2 billion, or 17%, to $8.4 billion in 2019 from $7.2 billion in 2018. 

 

This increase was caused by: 

•      $1.1 billion - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $124 million - 1.8% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $59 million - higher commissions, transportation and other

 

These increases were partially offset by:

•      $58 million - lower fuel prices  

•      $40 million - lower cruise payroll and related expenses

 

Selling and administrative expenses increased by $24 million, or 1.7%, to $1.4 billion in 2019 compared to $1.4 billion in 2018.

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses increased by $100 million, or 7.9%, to $1.4 billion in 2019 from $1.3 billion in 2018. 

 

EA Segment 

 

Operating costs and expenses increased by $470 million, or 13%, to $4.1 billion in 2019 from 3.7 billion in 2018. 

 

This increase was caused by:  

•      $307 million - 8.6% capacity increase in ALBDs

•      $268 million - related to the gross presentation of shore excursions and other onboard revenues as a result of the adoption of new revenue accounting guidance

•      $46 million - gains on ship sales in 2018, net of gains on ship sales in 2019 

•      $39 million - increase in various other ship operating costs

•      $36 million - higher commissions, transportation and other

•      $28 million - higher cruise payroll and related expenses 

 

These increases were partially offset by:   

•      $203 million - net favorable foreign currency translational impact 

•      $38 million - improved fuel consumption per ALBD

•      $21 million - lower dry-dock expenses and repair and maintenance expenses

 

Selling and administrative expenses decreased by $7 million, or 1.0%, to $744 million in 2019 from $751 million in 2018.

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses increased by $34 million, or 5.5%, to $645 million in 2019 from $611 million in 2018. 

 

Operating Income

 

Our consolidated operating income decreased by $49 million, or 1.5%, to $3.3 billion in 2019 compared to $3.3 billion in 2018. Our NAA segment's operating income increased by $62 million, or 2.6%, to $2.5 billion in 2019 from $2.4 billion in 2018, and our EA segment's operating income decreased by $90 million, or 7.5%, to $1.1 billion in 2019 from $1.2 billion in 2018. These changes were primarily due to the reasons discussed above.

 

Nonoperating Income (Expense)

 

(in millions)

Year Ended November 30, 2018

Unrealized gains on fuel derivatives, net

$

94 

 

Realized losses on fuel derivatives, net

(35)

 

Gains on fuel derivatives, net

$

59 

 

There were no unrealized or realized gains or losses on fuel derivatives in 2019.

 

Liquidity, Financial Condition and Capital Resources 

 

We have taken, and continue to take, significant actions to preserve cash and obtain additional financing to increase our liquidity. Since March 2020, we have raised $19 billion through a series of transactions. We have completed the following transactions:

•      In March 2020, we fully drew down our $3.0 billion Revolving Facility.

•      In March 2020, we settled outstanding derivatives resulting in proceeds of $220 million. 

•      In April 2020, we completed (i) a public offering of 71,875,000 shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $8.00, resulting in net proceeds of $556 million and (ii) a private offering of $2.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.75% Convertible Notes.

•      In April 2020, we completed a private offering of $4.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 11.5% 2023 First Lien Notes that mature on April 1, 2023.

•      In April 2020, we extended a $166 million euro-denominated bank loan, originally maturing in 2020, to March 2021.

•      Certain of the counterparties to our export credit facilities have offered the Debt Holiday. We have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters for the Debt Holiday amendments to defer certain principal repayments otherwise due through March 31, 2021 through the creation of separate tranches of loans with repayments made over the following four years. We have also entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to waive the Financial Covenant for our export credit facilities through November 30, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable. We will be required to comply with the Financial Covenant beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2022.

•      We obtained amendments to waive compliance with the Financial Covenant for certain of our bank loans through November 30, 2022. We will be required to comply with the covenant (at various thresholds) beginning with the next testing date of February 28, 2023. We have also obtained covenant amendments for the remaining applicable bank loans through their respective maturity dates.

•      To further enhance our liquidity, as well as comply with the dividend restrictions contained in our recent debt agreements, we have suspended the payment of dividends on, and the repurchase of, the common stock of Carnival Corporation and the ordinary shares of Carnival plc.

•      In June 2020, we borrowed an aggregate principal amount of $2.8 billion in two tranches ($1.9 billion and €800 million), under the 2025 Secured Term Loan that matures on June 30, 2025. The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR (with a 1% floor) plus 7.5%. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate per annum equal to EURIBOR (with a 0% floor) plus 7.5%.

•      In July 2020, we extended a $337 million euro-denominated floating rate bank loan originally maturing in 2021 to 2022.

•      In July 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $1.3 billion in two tranches ($775 million and €425 million), under 2026 Second Lien Notes, that mature on February 1, 2026. The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.5% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 10.1% per year.

•      In August 2020, we completed a registered direct offering of 99.2 million shares of Carnival Corporation's common stock at a price per share of $14.02 to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes as part of the August Registered Direct Offering. We used the proceeds from the August Registered Direct Offering to repurchase $886 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes and pay accrued interest thereon in privately negotiated transactions.

•      In August 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $900 million of second-priority senior secured notes that mature on August 1, 2027. The 2027 Second Lien Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.9% per year.

•      In October 2020, we completed our $1.0 billion ATM equity offering program that was announced on September 15, 2020, under which we sold 67.1 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock.

•      In September 2020, we borrowed $610 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

•      In October 2020, we borrowed $889 million under an export credit facility due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

•      In November 2020, we completed the sale of 94.5 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock under our $1.5 billion ATM equity offering program that was announced on November 10, 2020.

•      In November 2020, we completed two registered direct offerings of 57.4 million shares and 10.4 million shares of Carnival Corporation common stock at a price per share of $18.05 and $17.59, respectively, to a limited number of holders of the Convertible Notes as part of the November Registered Direct Offerings. We used the proceeds from the November Registered Direct Offerings to repurchase $590 million aggregate principal amount of the Convertible Notes and pay accrued interest thereon in privately negotiated transactions.

•      In November 2020, we issued an aggregate principal amount of $2.0 billion in two tranches ($1.5 billion and €500 million) under the 2026 Senior Unsecured Notes that mature on March 1, 2026. The U.S. dollar tranche bears interest at a rate of 7.6% per year. The euro tranche bears interest at a rate of 7.6% per year.

•      In December 2020, we borrowed $1.5 billion under export credit facilities due in semi-annual installments through 2032.

•      In December 2020 and January 2021, we entered into agreements to amend the Revolving Facility and the agreements governing our bank loans, respectively, for relief under the Debt to Capital Covenant. We are in the process of negotiating similar amendments to our funded export credit facilities and our unfunded export credit facilities to obtain amendments under the Debt to Capital Covenant (compliance with which is currently waived through November 30, 2021 or December 31, 2021, as applicable, with the next testing date of February 28, 2022).

 

We have raised significant capital and expect to further raise additional capital, including equity. Our access to and cost of financing depend on, among other things, global economic conditions, conditions in the global financing markets, the availability of sufficient amounts of financing, our prospects and our credit ratings. In addition, certain of our debt instruments contain provisions that may limit our ability to incur or guarantee additional indebtedness.

 

As of November 30, 2020, we have a total of $9.5 billion of cash and cash equivalents. During fiscal 2021, the company expects to enter into financial transactions to optimize its capital structure which may include opportunistically enhancing liquidity.

 

The company's monthly average cash burn rate for the fourth quarter 2020 was $500 million, which was slightly better than expected due to the timing of capital expenditures. The company expects the monthly average cash burn rate for the first quarter 2021 to be approximately $600 million. This rate includes ongoing ship operating and administrative expenses, working capital changes (excluding changes in customer deposits), interest expense and capital expenditures (net of unfunded export credit facilities) and also excludes scheduled debt maturities as well as other cash collateral to be provided (which may increase in the future). The company continues to explore opportunities to further reduce its monthly cash burn rate.

 

Since March 2020, Moody's and S&P Global have downgraded our credit ratings. As of November 30, 2020 all of our ratings are non investment grade.

 

We had working capital of $1.9 billion as of November 30, 2020 compared to a working capital deficit of $7.1 billion as of November 30, 2019. The change from a working capital deficit to a working capital surplus was caused by an increase in cash and cash equivalents and a decrease in customer deposits, partially offset by increases in short-term borrowings. Historically, we operate with a substantial working capital deficit. This deficit is mainly attributable to the fact that, under our business model, substantially all of our passenger ticket receipts are collected in advance of the applicable sailing date. These advance passenger receipts generally remain a current liability until the sailing date. The cash generated from these advance receipts is used interchangeably with cash on hand from other sources, such as our borrowings and other cash from operations. The cash received as advanced receipts can be used to fund operating expenses, pay down our debt, make long-term investments or any other use of cash. Included within our working capital are $1.9 billion and $4.7 billion of customer deposits as of November 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We have provided and expect to continue to provide flexibility to guests with bookings on sailings cancelled due to the pause by allowing guests to receive enhanced FCCs or elect to receive refunds in cash. We have paid and expect to continue to pay cash refunds of customer deposits with respect to a portion of these cancelled cruises. The amount of cash refunds to be paid may depend on the level of guest acceptance of FCCs and future cruise cancellations. We record a liability for these FCCs only to the extent we have received cash from guests with bookings on cancelled sailings. As of November 30, 2020, approximately 55% of guests affected have requested cash refunds. In addition, we have a relatively low-level of accounts receivable and limited investment in inventories. We expect that we will continue to have working capital deficits in the future.

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

     Operating Activities

 

Our business used $6.3 billion of net cash in operations during 2020, a decrease of $11.8 billion, compared to $5.5 billion provided in 2019. This decrease was due to the pause of our guest cruise operations during the year. During 2019, our business provided $5.5 billion of net cash from operations, a decrease of $73 million, or 1.3%, compared to $5.5 billion in 2018.

 

     Investing Activities

 

During 2020, net cash used in investing activities was $3.2 billion. This was caused by:

•      Capital expenditures of $2.8 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program

•      Capital expenditures of $868 million for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

•      Proceeds from sales of ships of $334 million

•      Proceeds of $220 million from the settlement of outstanding derivatives

 

During 2019, net cash used in investing activities was $5.3 billion. This was caused by:

•      Capital expenditures of $3.8 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program

•      Capital expenditures of $1.7 billion for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

•      Proceeds from sales of ships of $26 million 

 

During 2018, net cash used in investing activities was $3.5 billion. This was caused by:

•      Capital expenditures of $2.1 billion for our ongoing new shipbuilding program

•      Capital expenditures of $1.7 billion for ship improvements and replacements, information technology and buildings and improvements

•      Proceeds from sales of ships of $389 million

•      Purchase of minority interest of $135 million

 

    Financing Activities

 

During 2020, net cash provided by financing activities of $18.6 billion was caused by the following:

•      Net proceeds from short-term borrowings of $2.9 billion in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period, including proceeds of $3.1 billion from the Revolving Facility 

•      Repayments of $1.6 billion of long-term debt

•      Issuances of $15.0 billion of long-term debt

•      Payments of cash dividends of $689 million

•      Net proceeds of $3.0 billion from our public offerings of Carnival Corporation common stock

•      Net proceeds of $222 million from a registered direct offering of Carnival Corporation common stock used to repurchase a portion of the Convertible Notes

 

During 2019, net cash used in financing activities of $655 million was substantially all due to the following:

•      Net repayments from short-term borrowings of $605 million in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period

•      Repayments of $1.7 billion of long-term debt

•      Issuances of $3.7 billion of long-term debt 

•      Payments of cash dividends of $1.4 billion

•      Purchases of $603 million of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares in open market transactions under our Repurchase Program

 

During 2018, net cash used in financing activities of $1.5 billion was substantially all due to the following:

•      Net proceeds of short-term borrowings of $417 million in connection with our availability of, and needs for, cash at various times throughout the period

•      Repayments of $1.6 billion of long-term debt

•      Issuances of $2.5 billion of long-term debt 

•      Payments of cash dividends of $1.4 billion

•      Purchases of $1.5 billion of Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares in open market transactions under our Repurchase Program

 

Future Commitments

 

 

Payments Due by

 

 

 

 

(in millions)

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

 

2025

 

Thereafter

 

Total

Debt (a)

$

6,180 

 

 

$

4,035 

 

 

$

7,275 

 

 

$

2,076 

 

 

$

4,438 

 

 

$

9,264 

 

 

$

33,268 

 

Port facilities and other operating leases

204 

 

 

176 

 

 

159 

 

 

147 

 

 

143 

 

 

936 

 

 

1,765 

 

Other long-term liabilities reflected on the balance

     sheet (b)

 

 

225 

 

 

88 

 

 

71 

 

 

57 

 

 

243 

 

 

690 

 

New ship growth capital

3,201 

 

 

4,692 

 

 

3,273 

 

 

793 

 

 

1,076 

 

 

 

 

13,036 

 

Other long-term commitments

219 

 

 

98 

 

 

54 

 

 

52 

 

 

37 

 

 

18 

 

 

478 

 

Short-term purchase obligations

249 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

249 

 

Total Contractual Cash Obligations

$

10,061 

 

 

$

9,225 

 

 

$

10,849 

 

 

$

3,139 

 

 

$

5,751 

 

 

$

10,461 

 

 

$

49,487 

 

 

(a)       Includes principal as well as estimated interest payments. Excludes repayments of undrawn export credits.

(b)       Represents cash outflows for certain of our long-term liabilities which can be reasonably estimated. The primary outflows are for estimates of our compensation plans' obligations, crew and guest claims and certain deferred income taxes. Customer deposits and certain other deferred income taxes have been excluded from the table because they do not require a cash settlement in the future.

 

Capital Expenditure Forecast

 

Our annual capital expenditure forecast consists of new ship growth capital and estimated capital improvements.

 

 (in billions)

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

 

2025

Annual capital expenditure forecast

 

$

4.2 

 

 

$

6.2 

 

 

$

4.8 

 

 

$

2.8 

 

 

$

3.1 

 

                                         

 

Funding Sources

 

As of November 30, 2020, we had $9.5 billion of cash and cash equivalents. In addition, we had $8.0 billion of export credit facilities to fund ship deliveries planned through 2024.

 

(in billions)

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

Future export credit facilities at November 30, 2020 (a)

 

$

2.1 

 

 

$

3.4 

 

 

$

1.9 

 

 

$

0.6 

 

                                 

 

(a)   Under the terms of these export credit facilities, we are required to comply with the Financial Covenant and the Debt to Capital Covenant, among others. We have entered into supplemental agreements or side letters to amend our agreements with respect to the Financial Covenant and the Debt to Capital Covenant for our unfunded export credit facilities to waive compliance through November 30, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for an aggregate principal amount of $5.2 billion, and through December 31, 2021 (with the next testing date of February 28, 2022) for an aggregate principal amount of $2.8 billion.

 

Many of our debt agreements contain various other financial covenants as described in the consolidated financial statements. At November 30, 2020, we were in compliance with the applicable debt covenants.

 

Share Repurchase Program

 

Under a share repurchase program effective 2004, we had been authorized to repurchase Carnival Corporation common stock and Carnival plc ordinary shares (the "Repurchase Program"). On June 15, 2020, to enhance our liquidity and comply with restrictions in our recent financing transactions, the Boards of Directors terminated the Repurchase Program.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements, including guarantee contracts, retained or contingent interests, certain derivative instruments and variable interest entities that either have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

For a discussion of our hedging strategies and market risks, see the discussion below and the consolidated financial statements.  

 

Fuel Price Risks

 

Substantially all our exposure to market risk for changes in fuel prices relates to the consumption of fuel on our ships. We have been installing Advanced Air Quality Systems on our ships, which are aiding in partially mitigating the financial impact from the ECAs and global 0.5% sulfur requirements.

 

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risks 

 

Operational Currency Risks

 

Our operations primarily utilize the U.S. dollar, Australian dollar, euro or sterling as their functional currencies. Our operations also have revenue and expenses denominated in non-functional currencies. Movements in foreign currency exchange rates will affect our financial statements. 

 

Investment Currency Risks 

 

The foreign currency exchange rates were as follows: 

 

November 30,

USD to 1:

2020

 

2019

AUD

$

0.74 

 

 

$

0.68 

 

CAD

$

0.77 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

EUR

$

1.20 

 

 

$

1.10 

 

GBP

$

1.33 

 

 

$

1.29 

 

RMB

$

0.15 

 

 

$

0.14 

 

 

If the November 30, 2019 currency exchange rates had been used to translate our November 30, 2020 non-U.S. dollar functional currency operations' assets and liabilities (instead of the November 30, 2020 U.S. dollar exchange rates), our total assets would have been lower by $1.2 billion and our total liabilities would have been lower by $869 million.

 

Newbuild Currency Risks

 

At November 30, 2020, our remaining newbuild currency exchange rate risk primarily relates to euro-denominated newbuild contract payments, which represent a total unhedged commitment of $6.9 billion and relates to newbuilds scheduled to be delivered from 2020 through 2025 to non-euro functional currency brands. The functional currency cost of each of these ships will increase or decrease based on changes in the exchange rates until the unhedged payments are made under the shipbuilding contract. We may enter into additional foreign currency derivatives to mitigate some of this foreign currency exchange rate risk. Based on a 10% change in euro to U.S. dollar exchange rates as of November 30, 2020, the remaining unhedged cost of these ships would have a corresponding change of $695 million. 

 

Interest Rate Risks

 

The composition of our debt, including the effect of interest rate swaps, was as follows:

 

November 30, 2020

Fixed rate

41 

%

EUR fixed rate

16 

%

Floating rate

23 

%

EUR floating rate

16 

%

GBP floating rate

%

 

At November 30, 2020, we had interest rate swaps that have effectively changed $248 million of EURIBOR-based floating rate euro debt to fixed rate euro debt. Based on a 10% change in the November 30, 2020 market interest rates, our 2020 interest expense on floating rate debt, including the effect of our interest rate swaps, would have changed by an insignificant amount.

 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

The selected consolidated financial data presented below for 2016 through 2020 and as of the end of each such year, except for the statistical data, are derived from our consolidated financial statements and should be read in conjunction with those consolidated financial statements and the related notes.

(in millions, except per share, per ton and currency data)

Years Ended November 30,

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

Statements of Income Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

$

5,595 

 

 

$

20,825 

 

 

$

18,881 

 

 

$

17,510 

 

 

$

16,389 

 

Operating income (loss)

$

(8,865)

 

 

$

3,276 

 

 

$

3,325 

 

 

$

2,809 

 

 

$

3,071 

 

Net income (loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

 

$

2,606 

 

 

$

2,779 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Basic

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.34 

 

 

$

4.45 

 

 

$

3.61 

 

 

$

3.73 

 

     Diluted

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.32 

 

 

$

4.44 

 

 

$

3.59 

 

 

$

3.72 

 

Adjusted net income (loss)

$

(5,793)

 

 

$

3,041 

 

 

$

3,029 

 

 

$

2,770 

 

 

$

2,580 

 

Adjusted earnings per share - diluted

$

(7.47)

 

 

$

4.40 

 

 

$

4.26 

 

 

$

3.82 

 

 

$

3.45 

 

Dividends declared per share

$

0.50 

 

 

$

2.00 

 

 

$

1.95 

 

 

$

1.60 

 

 

$

1.35 

 

Statistical Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALBDs (in thousands)

(a)

 

87,424 

 

 

83,872 

 

 

82,303 

 

 

80,002 

 

Occupancy percentage

(a)

 

106.8 

%

 

106.9 

%

 

105.9 

%

 

105.9 

%

Passengers carried (in thousands)

(a)

 

12,866 

 

 

12,407 

 

 

12,130 

 

 

11,520 

 

Fuel consumption in metric tons (in thousands)

1,915 

 

 

3,312 

 

 

3,296 

 

 

3,286 

 

 

3,233 

 

Fuel cost per metric ton consumed

$

430 

 

 

$

472 

 

 

$

491 

 

 

$

378 

 

 

$

283 

 

Currencies (USD to 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     AUD

$

0.68 

 

 

$

0.70 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

 

$

0.77 

 

 

$

0.74 

 

     CAD

$

0.74 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

 

$

0.78 

 

 

$

0.77 

 

 

$

0.75 

 

     EUR

$

1.13 

 

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.18 

 

 

$

1.12 

 

 

$

1.11 

 

     GBP

$

1.28 

 

 

$

1.27 

 

 

$

1.34 

 

 

$

1.28 

 

 

$

1.37 

 

     RMB

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.14 

 

 

$

0.15 

 

 

$

0.15 

 

 

$

0.15 

 

 

As of November 30,

(in millions)

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

Balance Sheet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

$

53,593 

 

 

$

45,058 

 

 

$

42,401 

 

 

$

40,778 

 

 

$

38,881 

 

Total debt

$

26,957 

 

 

$

11,503 

 

 

$

10,323 

 

 

$

9,195 

 

 

$

9,399 

 

 

(a)       Due to the impact of COVID-19 in 2020, current year data is not meaningful and is not included in the table.

 

Years Ended November 30,

(in millions, except for per share data):

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP net income (loss)

$

(10,236)

 

 

$

2,990 

 

 

$

3,152 

 

 

$

2,606 

 

 

$

2,779 

 

     Unrealized (gains) losses on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

(94)

 

 

(227)

 

 

(236)

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

3,934 

 

 

(6)

 

 

(38)

 

 

387 

 

 

(2)

 

     Restructuring expenses

47 

 

 

10 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

462 

 

 

47 

 

 

 

 

 

 

37 

 

     Adjusted net income (loss)

$

(5,793)

 

 

$

3,041 

 

 

$

3,029 

 

 

$

2,770 

 

 

$

2,580 

 

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest

895 

 

 

206 

 

 

194 

 

 

198 

 

 

223 

 

Interest income

(18)

 

 

(23)

 

 

(14)

 

 

(9)

 

 

(6)

 

Income tax expense, net

(17)

 

 

71 

 

 

54 

 

 

60 

 

 

49 

 

Depreciation and amortization

2,241 

 

 

2,160 

 

 

2,017 

 

 

1,846 

 

 

1,738 

 

     Adjusted EBITDA

$

(2,692)

 

 

$

5,455 

 

 

$

5,280 

 

 

$

4,865 

 

 

$

4,584 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

775 

 

 

692 

 

 

710 

 

 

725 

 

 

747 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     U.S. GAAP earnings per share

$

(13.20)

 

 

$

4.32 

 

 

$

4.44 

 

 

$

3.59 

 

 

$

3.72 

 

     Unrealized (gains) losses on fuel derivatives, net

 

 

 

 

(0.13)

 

 

(0.31)

 

 

(0.32)

 

     (Gains) losses on ship sales and impairments

5.08 

 

 

(0.01)

 

 

(0.05)

 

 

0.53 

 

 

 

     Restructuring expenses

0.06 

 

 

0.01