Company Announcements

Annual Financial Report-2

Source: RNS
RNS Number : 1489G
China Petroleum & Chemical Corp
28 March 2022
 

REPORT OF THE PRC AUDITOR

 

 

KPMG Huazhen LLP

8th Floor, KPMG Tower

Oriental Plaza

1 East Chang An Avenue

Beijing 100738

China

Telephone     +86 (10) 8508 5000

Fax              +86 (10) 8518 5111

Internet         kpmg.com/cn

畢馬威華振會計師事務所

(特殊普通合夥)

中國北京

東長安街1

東方廣場畢馬威大樓8

郵政編碼:100738

電話 +86 (10) 8508 5000

傳真 +86 (10) 8518 5111

網址 kpmg.com/cn

AUDITOR'S REPORT

 

畢馬威華振審字第2202273

 

The Shareholders of China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation:

 

Opinion

 

We have audited the accompanying financial statements of China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation ("the Company"), which comprise the consolidated and company balance sheets as at 31 December 2021, the consolidated and company income statements, the consolidated and company cash flow statements, the consolidated and company statements of changes in shareholders' equity for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements.

 

In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated and company financial position of the Company as at 31 December 2021, and the consolidated and company financial performance and cash flows of the Company for the year then ended in accordance with Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises issued by the Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with China Standards on Auditing for Certified Public Accountants ("CSAs"). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the China Code of Ethics for Certified Public Accountants ("the Code"), and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with the Code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

 

Key Audit Matters

 

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

 

Assessment of impairment of fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities

 

 

Refer to Note 3 (8) Oil and gas properties, (12) Impairment of other non-financial long-term assets, Note 13 Fixed assets, and Note 58 Principal accounting estimates and judgements to the financial statements

 

 

The Key Audit Matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

             

             

The Company reported fixed assets of Renminbi ("RMB") 598,932 million as at 31 December 2021, a portion of which related to oil and gas producing activities. The Company reported impairment losses of RMB2,467 million for the fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities for the year ended 31 December 2021.

 

The Company groups fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities into cash-generating units ("CGUs") for impairment assessment. The Company compares the carrying amount of individual CGU with its value in use, using a discounted cash flow forecast, which was prepared based on the future production profiles included in the oil and gas reserves reports, to determine the impairment loss to be recognised.

 

We identified assessment of impairment of fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities as a key audit matter. The value in use amounts of these CGUs are sensitive to the changes to future selling prices and production costs for crude oil and natural gas, future production profiles, and discount rates. Therefore a higher degree of subjective auditor judgment was required to evaluate the Company's impairment assessment of fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities.

The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this key audit matter:

 

‧   we evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the process for impairment assessment of fixed assets relating to oil and gas producing activities;

 

‧   we assessed the competence, capabilities and objectivity of the Company's reserves specialists and evaluated the methodology adopted by them in estimating the oil and gas reserves against the recognised industry standards;

 

‧   we compared future selling prices for crude oil and natural gas used in the discounted cash flow forecasts with the Company's business plans and forecasts by external analysts;

 

‧   we compared future production costs and future production profiles used in the discounted cash flow forecasts with oil and gas reserves reports issued by the reserves specialists; and

             

‧   we involved valuation professionals with specialised skills and knowledge, who assisted in assessing the discount rates applied in the discounted cash flow forecasts against a discount rate range that was independently developed using publicly available market data for comparable companies in the same industry.

 






Other Information

 

The Company's management is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises all the information included in 2021 annual report of the Company, other than the financial statements and our auditor's report thereon.

 

Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

 

In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

 

If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

 

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Financial Statements

 

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with the Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises, and for the design, implementation and maintenance of such internal control necessary to enable that the financial statements are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

 

In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

 

Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Company's financial reporting process.

 

Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements

 

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with CSAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

 

As part of an audit in accordance with CSAs, we exercise professional judgement and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:

 

‧   Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.

 

‧   Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances.

 

‧   Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.

 

‧   Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.

 

‧   Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

 

‧   Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the Company to express an opinion on the financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.

 

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

 






Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements (Continued)

 

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence and, where applicable, related safeguards.

 

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

 

 

 

 

KPMG Huazhen LLP

Certified Public Accountants

Beijing, China

Registered in the People's

             

Republic of China

             

 

 

 

 

             

             

Yang Jie (Engagement Partner)

             

             

 

 

 

 

             

He Shu

 

25 March 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(A)    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PREPARED UNDER CHINA ACCOUNTING STANDARDS FOR BUSINESS ENTERPRISES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

               As at 31 December 2021

             

Notes

At 31 December

2021

At 31 December

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

Cash at bank and on hand

5

221,989

184,412

Financial assets held for trading

 

-

1

Derivative financial assets

6

18,371

12,528

Accounts receivable

7

34,861

35,439

Receivables financing

8

5,939

8,735

Prepayments

9

9,267

4,857

Other receivables

10

35,664

33,724

Inventories

11

207,433

152,191

Other current assets

 

24,500

23,773

Total current assets

 

558,024

455,660

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Long-term equity investments

12

209,179

188,342

Other equity instrument investments

 

767

1,525

Fixed assets

13

598,932

593,653

Construction in progress

14

155,939

125,525

Right-of-use assets

15

184,974

189,018

Intangible assets

16

119,210

114,280

Goodwill

17

8,594

8,620

Long-term deferred expenses

18

10,007

9,584

Deferred tax assets

19

19,389

25,054

Other non-current assets

20

24,240

27,635

Total non-current assets

 

1,331,231

1,283,236

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

1,889,255

1,738,896

Liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Short-term loans

22

27,366

20,756

Derivative financial liabilities

6

3,223

4,826

Bills payable

23

11,721

10,394

Accounts payable

24

203,919

151,514

Contract liabilities

25

124,622

126,241

Employee benefits payable

26

14,048

7,129

Taxes payable

27

81,267

76,848

Other payables

28

114,701

85,012

Non-current liabilities due within one year

29

28,651

22,494

Other current liabilities

30

31,762

17,781

Total current liabilities

 

641,280

522,995

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Long-term loans

31

49,341

45,459

Debentures payable

32

42,649

38,356

Lease liabilities

33

170,233

171,740

Provisions

34

43,525

45,552

Deferred tax liabilities

19

7,910

8,124

Other non-current liabilities

35

18,276

17,950

Total non-current liabilities

 

331,934

327,181

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

973,214

850,176

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Share capital

36

121,071

121,071

Capital reserve

37

120,188

127,389

Other comprehensive income

38

(690)

1,038

Specific reserve

 

2,664

1,941

Surplus reserves

39

213,224

209,280

Retained earnings

 

318,645

286,575

Total equity attributable to shareholders of the Company

 

775,102

747,294

Minority interests

 

140,939

141,426

Total shareholders' equity

 

916,041

888,720

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

1,889,255

1,738,896

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

BALANCE SHEET

As at 31 December 2021

 

             

Notes

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

             

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

Cash at bank and on hand

 

110,691

99,188

Derivative financial assets

 

4,503

7,776

Accounts receivable

7

21,146

21,763

Receivables financing

 

227

707

Prepayments

9

4,540

2,626

Other receivables

10

46,929

37,938

Inventories

 

63,661

39,034

Other current assets

 

23,408

14,048

Total current assets

 

275,105

223,080

Non-current assets

 

 

 

Long-term equity investments

12

360,847

343,356

Other equity instrument investments

 

201

428

Fixed assets

13

284,622

283,695

Construction in progress

14

66,146

59,880

Right-of-use assets

15

105,712

108,737

Intangible assets

 

9,334

8,779

Long-term deferred expenses

 

2,875

2,499

Deferred tax assets

 

8,715

12,661

Other non-current assets

 

34,227

26,828

Total non-current assets

 

872,679

846,863

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

1,147,784

1,069,943

Liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

Short-term loans

 

16,550

20,669

Derivative financial liabilities

 

1,121

362

Bills payable

 

6,058

6,061

Accounts payable

 

85,307

65,779

Contract liabilities

 

7,505

5,840

Employee benefits payable

 

8,398

1,673

Taxes payable

 

46,333

43,500

Other payables

 

211,179

188,568

Non-current liabilities due within one year

 

16,737

12,026

Other current liabilities

 

13,702

439

Total current liabilities

 

412,890

344,917

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

Long-term loans

 

34,258

30,413

Debentures payable

 

31,522

26,977

Lease liabilities

 

104,426

105,691

Provisions

 

35,271

36,089

Other non-current liabilities

 

3,103

3,581

Total non-current liabilities

 

208,580

202,751

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

621,470

547,668

Shareholders' equity

 

 

 

Share capital

 

121,071

121,071

Capital reserve

 

67,897

68,976

Other comprehensive income

 

6,024

5,910

Specific reserve

 

1,658

1,189

Surplus reserves

 

213,224

209,280

Retained earnings

 

116,440

115,849

Total shareholders' equity

 

526,314

522,275

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

1,147,784

1,069,943

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Notes

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Operating income

40

2,740,884

2,104,724

Less:   Operating costs

40

2,216,551

1,685,674

Taxes and surcharges

41

259,032

235,018

Selling and distribution expenses

44

57,891

64,495

General and administrative expenses

45

62,535

67,082

Research and development expenses

46

11,481

10,087

Financial expenses

42

9,010

9,510

Including:   Interest expenses

 

15,018

15,198

                Interest income

 

5,732

4,803

Exploration expenses, including dry holes

47

12,382

9,716

Add:   Other income

48

5,850

7,514

Investment income

49

6,032

47,486

Including: Income from investment in associates and joint ventures

 

23,253

6,712

Losses from changes in fair value

50

3,341

(1,253)

Credit impairment losses

 

(2,311)

(2,066)

Impairment losses

51

(13,165)

(26,087)

Asset disposal gains

 

665

2,067

Operating profit

 

112,414

50,803

Add: Non-operating income

52

3,516

2,370

Less: Non-operating expenses

53

7,582

4,732

Profit before taxation

 

108,348

48,441

Less: Income tax expense

54

23,318

6,344

Net profit

 

85,030

42,097

Including: Net (loss)/profit of acquiree before business combination under common control

 

(200)

347

Classification by going concern:

 

 

 

Continuous operating net profit

 

85,030

42,097

Termination of net profit

 

-

-

Classification by ownership:

 

 

 

Equity shareholders of the Company

 

71,208

33,271

Minority interests

 

13,822

8,826

Basic earnings per share

65

0.588

0.275

Diluted earnings per share

65

0.588

0.275

Other comprehensive income

38

 

 

Items that may not be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

(4)

(22)

Changes in fair value of other equity instrument investments

 

(4)

(22)

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

17,511

337

Other comprehensive income that can be converted into profit under the equity method

 

441

(2,441)

Cost of hedging reserve

 

(220)

162

Cash flow hedges

 

19,018

7,073

Foreign currency translation differences

 

(1,728)

(4,457)

Total other comprehensive income

 

17,507

315

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

102,537

42,412

Attributable to:

 

 

 

Equity shareholders of the Company

 

88,782

34,665

Minority interests

 

13,755

7,747

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

INCOME STATEMENT

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Notes

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Operating income

40

1,045,000

770,321

Less:   Operating costs

40

808,540

584,315

Taxes and surcharges

 

156,174

148,350

Selling and distribution expenses

 

1,774

3,256

General and administrative expenses

 

30,551

29,868

Research and development expenses

 

10,102

9,098

Financial expenses

 

10,644

8,749

Including:   Interest expenses

 

13,602

11,892

                Interest income

 

2,953

3,181

Exploration expenses, including dry holes

 

10,502

8,297

Add:   Other income

 

4,045

4,922

Investment income

49

30,881

43,356

Including: Income from investment in associates and joint ventures

 

8,151

3,637

Gains from changes in fair value

 

644

350

Credit impairment reversal

 

1

71

Impairment losses

 

(7,192)

(16,374)

Asset disposal gains

 

58

261

Operating profit

 

45,150

10,974

Add: Non-operating income

 

776

900

Less: Non-operating expenses

 

2,209

1,319

Profit before taxation

 

43,717

10,555

Less: Income tax expense

 

4,273

(8,017)

Net profit

 

39,444

18,572

Classification by going concern:

 

 

 

Continuous operating net profit

 

39,444

18,572

Termination of net profit

 

-

-

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss

 

13,612

4,766

Other comprehensive income that can be converted into profit or loss under the equity method

 

12

(182)

Cash flow hedges reserve

 

13,600

4,948

Total other comprehensive income

 

13,612

4,766

 

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

53,056

23,338

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENT

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Notes

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

Cash received from sale of goods and rendering of services

2,980,918

2,295,665

Refund of taxes and levies

4,641

2,985

Other cash received relating to operating activities

158,049

212,918

Sub-total of cash inflows

3,143,608

2,511,568

Cash paid for goods and services

(2,317,629)

(1,749,873)

Cash paid to and for employees

(95,778)

(85,481)

Payments of taxes and levies

(325,348)

(282,390)

Other cash paid relating to operating activities

(179,679)

(225,304)

Sub-total of cash outflows

(2,918,434)

(2,343,048)

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

225,174

168,520

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

Cash received from disposal of investments

9,812

11,651

Cash received from returns on investments

10,134

11,510

Net cash received from disposal of fixed assets, intangible assets and other long-term assets

1,478

2,656

Net cash received from disposal of subsidiaries and other business entities

5,205

49,869

Other cash received relating to investing activities

 

38,208

58,669

Sub-total of cash inflows

64,837

134,355

Cash paid for acquisition of fixed assets, intangible assets and other long-term assets

(144,921)

(131,636)

Cash paid for acquisition of investments

(13,085)

(12,740)

Net cash paid for the acquisition of subsidiaries and other business entities

(1,106)

(340)

Other cash paid relating to investing activities

 

(50,923)

(92,289)

Sub-total of cash outflows

(210,035)

(237,005)

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from investing activities

 

(145,198)

(102,650)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

Cash received from capital contributions

1,001

4,219

Including: Cash received from minority shareholders' capital contributions to subsidiaries

1,001

4,219

Cash received from borrowings

356,459

558,680

Other cash received relating to financing activities

 

133

700

Sub-total of cash inflows

357,593

563,599

Cash repayments of borrowings

(338,232)

(540,015)

Cash paid for dividends, profits distribution or interest

(49,027)

(43,812)

Including: Subsidiaries' cash payments for distribution of dividends or profits to
 minority shareholders

(8,068)

(4,821)

Other cash paid relating to financing activities

(28,276)

(17,282)

Sub-total of cash outflows

(415,535)

(601,109)

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from financing activities

 

(57,942)

(37,510)

Effects of changes in foreign exchange rate

 

(1,003)

(1,239)

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

21,031

27,121

Add: Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year

 

87,559

60,438

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

108,590

87,559

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

CASH FLOW STATEMENT

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Notes

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

Cash received from sale of goods and rendering of services

 

1,155,516

862,093

Refund of taxes and levies

 

2,959

2,796

Other cash received relating to operating activities

 

13,868

9,407

Sub-total of cash inflows

 

1,172,343

874,296

Cash paid for goods and services

 

(823,402)

(606,295)

Cash paid to and for employees

 

(49,784)

(44,139)

Payments of taxes and levies

 

(181,187)

(164,635)

Other cash paid relating to operating activities

 

(25,895)

(19,239)

Sub-total of cash outflows

 

(1,080,268)

(834,308)

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

 

92,075

39,988

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

Cash received from disposal of investments

 

32,738

12,157

Cash received from returns on investments

 

22,712

18,805

Net cash received from disposal of fixed assets, intangible assets and other long-term assets

 

72

6,579

Other cash received relating to investing activities

 

136,276

78,751

Sub-total of cash inflows

 

191,798

116,292

Cash paid for acquisition of fixed assets, intangible assets and other long-term assets

 

(70,578)

(59,216)

Cash paid for acquisition of investments

 

(52,212)

(41,066)

Other cash paid relating to investing activities

 

(134,009)

(66,408)

Sub-total of cash outflows

 

(256,799)

(166,690)

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from investing activities

 

(65,001)

(50,398)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

Cash received from borrowings

 

159,879

195,770

Other cash received relating to financing activities

 

298,755

70,516

Sub-total of cash inflows

 

458,634

266,286

Cash repayments of borrowings

 

(151,310)

(199,727)

Cash paid for dividends or interest

 

(42,933)

(36,973)

Other cash paid relating to financing activities

 

(284,979)

(7,074)

Sub-total of cash outflows

 

(479,222)

(243,774)

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from financing activities

 

(20,588)

22,512

Effects of changes in foreign exchange rate

 

8

(5)

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

6,494

12,097

Add: Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year

 

28,081

15,984

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

34,575

28,081

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Share

capital

Capital

reserve

Other

comprehensive

income

Specific

reserve

Surplus

reserves

Retained

earnings

Total

shareholders'

equity

attributable

to equity

shareholders of

the Company

Minority

interests

Total

shareholders'

equity

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Balance at 31 December 2019

121,071

122,864

(321)

1,741

207,423

287,187

739,965

138,409

878,374

Adjustment for business combination of entities under
 common control (Note 60)

-

4,773

-

-

-

-

4,773

1

4,774

Balance at 1 January 2020

121,071

127,637

(321)

1,741

207,423

287,187

744,738

138,410

883,148

Change for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Net profit

-

-

-

-

-

33,271

33,271

8,826

42,097

2.    Other comprehensive income (Note 38)

-

-

1,406

-

-

(12)

1,394

(1,079)

315

Total comprehensive income

-

-

1,406

-

-

33,259

34,665

7,747

42,412

Amounts transferred to initial carrying amount of hedged items

-

-

(47)

-

-

-

(47)

48

1

Transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    Appropriations of profits:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Appropriations for surplus reserves

-

-

-

-

1,857

(1,857)

-

-

-

- Distributions to shareholders (Note 55)

-

-

-

-

-

(31,479)

(31,479)

-

(31,479)

4.    Contributions to subsidiaries from minority interests

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3,325

3,325

5.    Transaction with minority interests

-

(138)

-

-

-

-

(138)

13

(125)

6.    Distributions to minority interests

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(6,726)

(6,726)

7.    Adjustment for business combination of entities under
 common control

-

(972)

-

-

-

-

(972)

972

-

Total transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity

-

(1,110)

-

-

1,857

(33,336)

(32,589)

(2,416)

(35,005)

8.    Net increase in specific reserve for the year

-

-

-

200

-

-

200

37

237

9.               Others

-

862

-

-

-

(535)

327

(2,400)

(2,073)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2020

121,071

127,389

1,038

1,941

209,280

286,575

747,294

141,426

888,720

Balance at 1 January 2021

121,071

127,389

1,038

1,941

209,280

286,575

747,294

141,426

888,720

Change for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Net profit

-

-

-

-

-

71,208

71,208

13,822

85,030

2.    Other comprehensive income (Note 38)

-

-

17,574

-

-

-

17,574

(67)

17,507

Total comprehensive income

-

-

17,574

-

-

71,208

88,782

13,755

102,537

Amounts transferred to initial carrying amount of hedged items

-

-

(19,302)

-

-

-

(19,302)

(648)

(19,950)

Transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    Appropriations of profits:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Appropriations for surplus reserves (Note 39)

-

-

-

-

3,944

(3,944)

-

-

-

- Distributions to shareholders (Note 55)

-

-

-

-

-

(35,110)

(35,110)

-

(35,110)

4.    Contributions to subsidiaries from minority interests

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,973

1,973

5.    Transaction with minority interests

-

(1,396)

-

-

-

-

(1,396)

(6,796)

(8,192)

6.    Distributions to minority interests

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(8,982)

(8,982)

7.    Adjustment for business combination of entities under
 common control (Note 60)

-

(6,124)

-

-

-

-

(6,124)

-

(6,124)

Total transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity

-

(7,520)

-

-

3,944

(39,054)

(42,630)

(13,805)

(56,435)

8.    Net increase in specific reserve for the year

-

-

-

723

-

-

723

52

775

9.               Others

-

319

-

-

-

(84)

235

159

394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

121,071

120,188

(690)

2,664

213,224

318,645

775,102

140,939

916,041

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

             

Share

capital

Capital

reserve

Other

comprehensive

income

Specific

reserve

Surplus

reserves

Retained

earnings

Total

shareholders'

equity

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Balance at 1 January 2020

121,071

68,841

1,181

949

207,423

130,645

530,110

Change for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Net profit

-

-

-

-

-

18,572

18,572

2.    Other comprehensive income

-

-

4,766

-

-

-

4,766

Total comprehensive income

-

-

4,766

-

-

18,572

23,338

Amounts transferred to initial carrying amount of hedged items

-

-

(37)

-

-

-

(37)

Transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    Appropriations of profits:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appropriations for surplus reserves

-

-

-

-

1,857

(1,857)

-

Distributions to shareholders (Note 55)

-

-

-

-

-

(31,479)

(31,479)

Total transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity

-

-

-

-

1,857

(33,336)

(31,479)

4.    Net increase in specific reserve for the year

-

-

-

240

-

-

240

5.              Others

-

135

-

-

-

(32)

103

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2020

121,071

68,976

5,910

1,189

209,280

115,849

522,275

Balance at 1 January 2021

121,071

68,976

5,910

1,189

209,280

115,849

522,275

Change for the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.    Net profit

-

-

-

-

-

39,444

39,444

2.    Other comprehensive income

-

-

13,612

-

-

-

13,612

Total comprehensive income

-

-

13,612

-

-

39,444

53,056

Amounts transferred to initial carrying amount of hedged items

-

-

(13,498)

-

-

-

(13,498)

Transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.    Appropriations of profits:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Appropriations for surplus reserves (Note 39)

-

-

-

-

3,944

(3,944)

-

Distributions to shareholders (Note 55)

-

-

-

-

-

(35,110)

(35,110)

Total transactions with owners, recorded directly in shareholders' equity

-

-

-

-

3,944

(39,054)

(35,110)

4.    Net increase in specific reserve for the year

-

-

-

469

-

-

469

5.              Others

-

(1,079)

-

-

-

201

(878)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

121,071

67,897

6,024

1,658

213,224

116,440

526,314

 

These financial statements have been approved for issue by the board of directors on 25 March 2022.

 

 

 

 

 

Ma Yongsheng

Yu Baocai

Shou Donghua

Chairman

President

Chief Financial Officer

(Legal representative)

             

             

 

The accompanying notes form part of these financial statements.

 

NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

For the year ended 31 December 2021

 

1    STATUS OF THE COMPANY

 

China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation (the "Company") was established on 25 February 2000 as a joint stock limited company. The company is registered in Beijing, the People's Republic of China, and the headquarter is located in Beijing, the People's Republic of China. The approval date of the financial report is 25 March 2022.

 

According to the State Council's approval to the "Preliminary Plan for the Reorganisation of China Petrochemical Corporation" (the "Reorganisation"), the Company was established by China Petrochemical Corporation, which transferred its core businesses together with the related assets and liabilities at 30 September 1999 to the Company. Such assets and liabilities had been valued jointly by China United Assets Appraisal Corporation, Beijing Zhong Zheng Appraisal Company, CIECC Assets Appraisal Corporation and Zhong Fa International Properties Valuation Corporation. The net asset value was determined at RMB98,249,084,000. The valuation was reviewed and approved by the Ministry of Finance (the "MOF") (Cai Ping Zi [2000] No. 20 "Comments on the Review of the Valuation Regarding the Formation of a Joint Stock Limited Company by China Petrochemical Corporation").

 

In addition, pursuant to the notice Cai Guan Zi [2000] No. 34 "Reply to the Issue Regarding Management of State-Owned Equity by China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation" issued by the MOF, 68.8 billion domestic state-owned shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each were issued to Sinopec Group Company, the amount of which is equivalent to 70% of the above net asset value transferred from Sinopec Group Company to the Company in connection with the Reorganisation.

 

Pursuant to the notice Guo Jing Mao Qi Gai [2000] No. 154 "Reply on the Formation of China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation", the Company obtained the approval from the State Economic and Trade Commission on 21 February 2000 for the formation of a joint stock limited company.

 

The Company took over the exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas, refining, chemicals and related sales and marketing business of Sinopec Group Company after the establishment of the Company.

 

The Company and its subsidiaries (the "Group") engage in the oil and gas and chemical operations and businesses, including:

 

(1)  the exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas;

 

(2)  the refining, transportation, storage and marketing of crude oil and petroleum product; and

 

(3)  the production and sale of chemical.

 

Details of the Company's principal subsidiaries are set out in Note 59.

 

2    BASIS OF PREPARATION

 

(1)  Statement of compliance of China Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises ("CASs")

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standards for Business Enterprises - Basic Standards, specific standards and relevant regulations (hereafter referred as CASs collectively) issued by the MOF on or after 15 February 2006. These financial statements also comply with the disclosure requirements of "Regulation on the Preparation of Information Disclosures of Companies Issuing Public Shares, No.15: General Requirements for Financial Reports" issued by the China Securities Regulatory Commission ("CSRC"). These financial statements present truly and completely the consolidated and company financial position as at 31 December 2021, and the consolidated and company financial performance and the consolidated and company cash flows for the year ended 31 December 2021.

 

These financial statements are prepared on a basis of going concern.

 

(2)  Accounting period

The accounting year of the Group is from 1 January to 31 December.

 

(3)  Measurement basis

The financial statements of the Group have been prepared under the historical cost convention, except for the assets and liabilities set out below:

 

-    Financial assets held for trading (see Note 3(11))

 

-    Other equity instrument investments (see Note 3(11))

 

-    Derivative financial instruments (see Note 3(11))

 

-    Receivables financing (see Note 3(11))

 

(4)  Functional currency and presentation currency

The functional currency of the Company's and most of its subsidiaries are Renminbi. The Company and its subsidiaries determine their functional currency according to the main economic environment in where they operate. The Group's consolidated financial statements are presented in Renminbi. Some of subsidiaries use other currency as the functional currency. The Company translates the financial statements of subsidiaries from their respective functional currencies into Renminbi (see Note 3(2)) if the subsidiaries' functional currencies are not Renminbi.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The Group determines specific accounting policies and accounting estimates based on the characteristics of production and operational activities, mainly reflected in the accounting for allowance for financial assets (Note 3(11)), valuation of inventories (Note 3(4)), depreciation of fixed assets and depletion of oil and gas properties (Note 3(7), (8)), measurement of provisions (Note 3(16)), etc.

 

Principal accounting estimates and judgements of the Group are set out in Note 58.

 

(1)  Accounting treatment of business combination involving entities under common control and not under common control

 

(a)  Business combination involving entities under common control

A business combination involving entities or businesses under common control is a business combination in which all of the combining entities or businesses are ultimately controlled by the same party or parties both before and after the business combination, and that control is not transitory. The assets and liabilities that the acquirer receives in the acquisition are accounted for at the acquiree's carrying amount on the acquisition date. The difference between the carrying amount of the acquired net assets and the carrying amount of the consideration paid for the acquisition (or the total nominal value of shares issued) is recognised in the share premium of capital reserve, or the retained earnings in case of any shortfall in the share premium of capital reserve. Any costs directly attributable to the combination shall be recognised in profit or loss for the current period when occurred. The expense incurred for equity securities and debt securities issued as the consideration of the combination is recognised in the initial cost of the securities. The combination date is the date on which the acquirer effectively obtains control of the acquiree.

 

(b)  Business combination involving entities not under common control

A business combination involving entities or businesses not under common control is a business combination in which all of the combining entities or businesses are not ultimately controlled by the same party or parties both before and after the business combination. Difference between the consideration paid by the Group as the acquirer, comprises of the aggregate of the fair value at the acquisition date of assets given, liabilities incurred or assumed, and equity securities issued by the acquirer in exchange for control of the acquiree, and the Group's interest in the fair value of the identifiable net assets of the acquiree, is recognised as goodwill (Note 3(10)) if it is an excess, otherwise in the profit or loss. The expense incurred for equity securities and debt securities issued as the consideration of the combination is recognised in the initial cost of the securities. Any other expense directly attributable to the business combination is recognised in the profit or loss for the year. The difference between the fair value and the book value of the assets given is recognised in profit or loss. The acquiree's identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities, if satisfying the recognition criteria, are recognised by the Group at their fair value at the acquisition date. The acquisition date is the date on which the acquirer effectively obtains control of the acquiree.

 

(c)  Method for preparation of consolidated financial statements

The scope of consolidated financial statements is based on control and the consolidated financial statements comprise the Company and its subsidiaries. Control means an entity is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. The financial statements of subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date that control commences until the date that control ceases.

 

Where the Company combines a subsidiary during the reporting period through a business combination involving entities under common control, the financial statements of the subsidiary are included in the consolidated financial statements as if the combination had occurred at the beginning of the earliest comparative year presented or, if later, at the date that common control was established. Therefore the opening balances and the comparative figures of the consolidated financial statements are restated. In the preparation of the consolidated financial statements, the subsidiary's assets, liabilities and results of operations are included in the consolidated balance sheet and the consolidated income statement, respectively, based on their carrying amounts in the subsidiary's financial statements, from the date that common control was established.

 

Where the Company acquires a subsidiary during the reporting year through a business combination involving entities not under common control, the identifiable assets, liabilities and results of operations of the subsidiaries are consolidated into consolidated financial statements from the date that control commences, based on the fair value of those identifiable assets and liabilities at the acquisition date.

 

Where the Company acquired a minority interest from a subsidiary's minority shareholders, the difference between the investment cost and the newly acquired interest into the subsidiary's identifiable net assets at the acquisition date is adjusted to the capital reserve (capital surplus) in the consolidated balance sheet. Where the Company partially disposed an investment of a subsidiary that do not result in a loss of control, the difference between the proceeds and the corresponding share of the interest into the subsidiary is adjusted to the capital reserve (capital surplus) in the consolidated balance sheet. If the credit balance of capital reserve (capital surplus) is insufficient, any excess is adjusted to retained profits.

 

In a business combination involving entities not under common control achieved in stages, the Group remeasures its previously held equity interest in the acquiree on the acquisition date. The difference between the fair value and the net book value is recognised as investment income for the year. If other comprehensive income was recognised regarding the equity interest previously held in the acquiree before the acquisition date, the relevant other comprehensive income is transferred to investment income in the period in which the acquisition occurs.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(1)  Accounting treatment of business combination involving entities under common control and not under common control (Continued)

 

(c)  Method for preparation of consolidated financial statements (Continued)

Where control of a subsidiary is lost due to partial disposal of the equity investment held in a subsidiary, or any other reasons, the Group derecognises assets, liabilities, minority interests and other equity items related to the subsidiary. The remaining equity investment is remeasured to fair value at the date in which control is lost. The sum of consideration received from disposal of equity investment and the fair value of the remaining equity investment, net of the fair value of the Group's previous share of the subsidiary's identifiable net assets recorded from the acquisition date, is recognised in investment income in the period in which control is lost. Other comprehensive income related to the previous equity investment in the subsidiary, is transferred to investment income when control is lost. Other comprehensive income related to the equity investment of the original subsidiary shall be converted into the current investment income in the event of loss of control.

 

Minority interest is presented separately in the consolidated balance sheet within shareholders' equity. Net profit or loss attributable to minority shareholders is presented separately in the consolidated income statement below the net profit line item.

 

The excess of the loss attributable to the minority interests during the period over the minority interests' share of the equity at the beginning of the reporting period is deducted from minority interests.

 

Where the accounting policies and accounting period adopted by the subsidiaries are different from those adopted by the Company, adjustments are made to the subsidiaries' financial statements according to the Company's accounting policies and accounting period. Intra-group balances and transactions, and any unrealised profit or loss arising from intra-group transactions, are eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Unrealised losses resulting from intra-group transactions are eliminated in the same way as unrealised gains but only to the extent that there is no evidence of impairment.

 

The unrealised profit or loss arising from the sale of assets by the Company to its subsidiaries is eliminated in full against the net profit attributed to shareholders; the unrealised profit or loss from the sale of assets by subsidiaries to the Company is eliminated according to the distribution ratio between shareholders of the parent company and minority interests. For sale of assets that occurred between subsidiaries, the unrealised gains and losses is eliminated according to the distribution ratio for its subsidiaries seller between net profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company and minority interests.

 

(2)  Transactions in foreign currencies and translation of financial statements in foreign currencies

Foreign currency transactions are, on initial recognition, translated into Renminbi at the spot exchange rates quoted by the People's Bank of China ("PBOC rates") at the transaction dates.

 

Foreign currency monetary items are translated at the PBOC rates at the balance sheet date. Exchange differences, except for those directly related to the acquisition, construction or production of qualified assets, are recognised as income or expenses in the income statement. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency measured at historical cost are not translated. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency that are measured at fair value are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. The difference between the translated amount and the original currency amount is recognised as other comprehensive income, if it is classified as other equity instrument investments; or charged to the income statement if it is measured at fair value through profit or loss.

 

The assets and liabilities of foreign operation are translated into Renminbi at the spot exchange rates at the balance sheet date. The equity items, excluding "Retained earnings", are translated into Renminbi at the spot exchange rates at the transaction dates. The income and expenses of foreign operation are translated into Renminbi at the spot exchange rates or an exchange rate that approximates the spot exchange rates on the transaction dates. The resulting exchange differences are separately presented as other comprehensive income in the balance sheet within equity. Upon disposal of a foreign operation, the cumulative amount of the exchange differences recognised in which relate to that foreign operation is transferred to profit or loss in the year in which the disposal occurs.

 

(3)  Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand, demand deposits, short-term and highly liquid investments which are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

 

(4)  Inventories

Inventories are initially measured at cost. Cost includes the cost of purchase and processing, and other expenditures incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The cost of inventories is mainly calculated using the weighted average method. In addition to the cost of purchase of raw material, work in progress and finished goods include direct labour and an appropriate allocation of manufacturing overhead costs.

 

At the balance sheet date, inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

 

Any excess of the cost over the net realisable value of each item of inventories is recognised as a provision for diminution in the value of inventories. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the normal course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale and relevant taxes. The net realisable value of materials held for use in the production is measured based on the net realisable value of the finished goods in which they will be incorporated. The net realisable value of the quantity of inventory held to satisfy sales or service contracts is measured based on the contract price. If the quantities held by the Group are more than the quantities of inventories specified in sales contracts, the net realisable value of the excess portion of inventories is measured based on general selling prices.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(4)  Inventories (Continued)

Inventories include raw materials, work in progress, semi-finished goods, finished goods and reusable materials. Reusable materials include low-value consumables, packaging materials and other materials, which can be used repeatedly but do not meet the definition of fixed assets. Reusable materials are amortised in full when received for use. The amounts of the amortisation are included in the cost of the related assets or profit or loss.

 

Inventories are recorded by perpetual method.

 

(5)  Long-term equity investments

 

(a)  Investment in subsidiaries

In the Company's separate financial statements, long-term equity investments in subsidiaries are accounted for using the cost method. Except for cash dividends or profits distributions declared but not yet distributed that have been included in the price or consideration paid in obtaining the investments, the Company recognises its share of the cash dividends or profit distributions declared by the investee as investment income irrespective of whether these represent the net profit realised by the investee before or after the investment. Investments in subsidiaries are stated at cost less impairment losses (see Note 3(12)) in the balance sheet. At initial recognition, such investments are measured as follows:

 

The initial investment cost of a long-term equity investment obtained through a business combination involving entities under common control is the Company's share of the carrying amount of the subsidiary's equity at the combination date. The difference between the initial investment cost and the carrying amounts of the consideration given is adjusted to share premium in capital reserve. If the balance of the share premium is insufficient, any excess is adjusted to retained earnings.

 

For a long-term equity investment obtained through a business combination not involving enterprises under common control, the initial investment cost comprises the aggregate of the fair values of assets transferred, liabilities incurred or assumed, and equity securities issued by the Company, in exchange for control of the acquiree. For a long-term equity investment obtained through a business combination not involving enterprises under common control, if it is achieved in stages, the initial cost comprises the carrying value of previously-held equity investment in the acquiree immediately before the acquisition date, and the additional investment cost at the acquisition date.

 

An investment in a subsidiary acquired otherwise than through a business combination is initially recognised at actual purchase cost if the Group acquires the investment by cash, or at the fair value of the equity securities issued if an investment is acquired by issuing equity securities, or at the value stipulated in the investment contract or agreement if an investment is contributed by investors.

 

(b)  Investment in joint ventures and associates

A joint venture is an incorporated entity over which the Group, based on legal form, contractual terms and other facts and circumstances, has joint control with the other parties to the joint venture and rights to the net assets of the joint venture. Joint control is the contractually agreed sharing of control of an arrangement, which exists only when decisions about the relevant activities require the unanimous consent of the Group and the parties sharing control.

 

An associate is the investee that the Group has significant influence on their financial and operating policies. Significant influence represents the right to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee but is not control or joint control over the establishment of these policies. The Group generally considers the following circumstances in determining whether it can exercise significant influence over the investee: whether there is representative appointed to the board of directors or equivalent governing body of the investee; whether to participate in the investee's policy-making process; whether there are significant transactions with the investees; whether there is management personnel sent to the investee; whether to provide critical technical information to the investee.

 

An investment in a joint ventures or an associate is accounted for using the equity method, unless the investment is classified as held for sale.

 

The initial cost of investment in joint ventures and associates is stated at the consideration paid except for cash dividends or profits distributions declared but unpaid at the time of acquisition and therefore included in the consideration paid should be deducted if the investment is made in cash. Under the circumstances that the long-term investment is obtained through non-monetary asset exchange, the initial cost of the investment is stated at the fair value of the assets exchanged if the transaction has commercial substance, the difference between the fair value of the assets exchanged and its carrying amount is charged to profit or loss; or stated at the carrying amount of the assets exchanged if the transaction lacks commercial substance.

 

The Group's accounting treatments when adopting the equity method include:

 

Where the initial investment cost of a long-term equity investment exceeds the Group's interest in the fair value of the investee's identifiable net assets at the date of acquisition, the investment is initially recognised at the initial investment cost. Where the initial investment cost is less than the Group's interest in the fair value of the investee's identifiable net assets at the time of acquisition, the investment is initially recognised at the investor's share of the fair value of the investee's identifiable net assets, and the difference is charged to profit or loss.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(5)  Long-term equity investments (Continued)

 

(b)  Investment in joint ventures and associates (Continued)

After the acquisition of the investment, the Group recognises its share of the investee's net profits or losses and other comprehensive income as investment income or losses and other comprehensive income, and adjusts the carrying amount of the investment accordingly. Once the investee declares any cash dividends or profits distributions, the carrying amount of the investment is reduced by that attributable to the Group.

 

The Group recognises its share of the investee's net profits or losses after making appropriate adjustments to align the accounting policies or accounting periods with those of the Group based on the fair values of the investee's net identifiable assets at the time of acquisition. Under the equity accounting method, unrealised profits and losses resulting from transactions between the Group and its associates or joint ventures are eliminated to the extent of the Group's interest in the associates or joint ventures. Unrealised losses resulting from transactions between the Group and its associates or joint ventures are fully recognised in the event that there is an evidence of impairment.

 

The Group discontinues recognising its share of net losses of the investee after the carrying amount of the long-term equity investment and any long-term interest that is in substance forms part of the Group's net investment in the associate or the joint venture is reduced to zero, except to the extent that the Group has an obligation to assume additional losses. However, if the Group has incurred obligations for additional losses and the conditions on recognition of provision are satisfied in accordance with the accounting standard on contingencies, the Group continues recognising the investment losses and the provision. Where net profits are subsequently made by the associate or joint venture, the Group resumes recognising its share of those profits only after its share of the profits equals the share of losses not recognised.

 

The Group adjusts the carrying amount of the long-term equity investment for changes in owners' equity of the investee other than those arising from net profits or losses and other comprehensive income, and recognises the corresponding adjustment in capital reserve.

 

(c)  The impairment assessment method and provision accrual on investment

The impairment assessment and provision accrual on investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures are stated in Note 3(12).

 

(6)  Leases

A lease is a contract that a lessor transfers the right to use an identified asset for a period of time to a lessee in exchange for consideration.

 

(a)  As Lessee

The Group recognises a right-of-use asset at the commencement date, and recognises the lease liability at the present value of the lease payments that are not paid at that date. The lease payments include fixed payments, the exercise price of a purchase option if the Group is reasonably certain to exercise that option, and payments of penalties for terminating the lease if the lease term reflects the Group exercising that option, etc. Variable payments that are based on a percentage of sales are not included in the lease payments, and should be recognised in profit or loss when incurred. Lease liabilities to be paid within one year (including one year) from balance sheet date is presented in non-current liabilities due within one year.

 

Right-of-use assets of the Group mainly comprise land. Right-of-use assets are measured at cost which comprises the amount of the initial measurement of the lease liability, any lease payments made at or before the commencement date, any initial direct costs incurred by the lessee, less any lease incentives received. The Group depreciates the right-of-use assets over the shorter of the asset's useful life and the lease term on a straight-line basis. When the recoverable amount of a right-of-use asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to the recoverable amount.

 

Payments associated with short-term leases with lease terms within 12 months and leases for which the underlying assets are individually of low value when it is new are recognised on a straight-line basis over the lease term as an expense in profit or loss or as cost of relevant assets, instead of recognising right-of-use assets and lease liabilities.

 

(b)  As Lessor

A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset is a finance lease. An operating lease is a lease other than a finance lease.

 

When the Group leases self-owned plants and buildings, equipment and machinery, lease income from an operating lease is recognised on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease. The Group recognises variable lease income which is based on a certain percentage of sales as rental income when occurred.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(7)  Fixed assets and construction in progress

Fixed assets represent the tangible assets held by the Group using in the production of goods, rendering of services and for operation and administrative purposes with useful life over one year.

 

Fixed assets are stated in the balance sheet at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses (see Note 3(12)). Construction in progress is stated in the balance sheet at cost less impairment losses (see Note 3(12)).

 

The cost of a purchased fixed asset comprises the purchase price, related taxes, and any directly attributable expenditure for bringing the asset to working condition for its intended use. The cost of self-constructed assets includes the cost of materials, direct labour, capitalised borrowing costs (see Note 3(19)), and any other costs directly attributable to bringing the asset to working condition for its intended use. According to legal or contractual obligations, costs of dismantling and removing the items and restoring the site on which the related assets located are included in the initial cost.

 

Construction in progress is transferred to fixed assets when the asset is ready for its intended use. No depreciation is provided against construction in progress.

 

Where the individual component parts of an item of fixed asset have different useful lives or provide benefits to the Group in different patterns thus necessitating use of different depreciation rates or methods, each part is recognised as a separate fixed asset.

 

The subsequent costs including the cost of replacing part of an item of fixed assets are recognised in the carrying amount of the item if the recognition criteria are satisfied, and the carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognised. The costs of the day-to-day servicing of fixed assets are recognised in profit or loss as incurred.

 

The Group terminates the recognition of an item of fixed asset when it is in a state of disposal or it is estimated that it is unable to generate any economic benefits through use or disposal. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an item of fixed asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the item and are recognised in profit or loss on the date of retirement or disposal.

 

Other than oil and gas properties, the cost of fixed assets less residual value and accumulated impairment losses is depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, unless the fixed asset is classified as held for sale. The estimated useful lives and the estimated rate of residual values adopted for respective classes of fixed assets are as follows:

 

             

Estimated

Estimated rate

             

useful life

of residual value

Plants and buildings

12-50 years

3%

Equipment, machinery and others

4-30 years

3%

 

Useful lives, residual values and depreciation methods are reviewed at least each year end.

 

(8)  Oil and gas properties

Oil and gas properties include the mineral interests in properties, wells and related support equipment arising from oil and gas exploration and production activities.

 

The acquisition cost of mineral interest is capitalised as oil and gas properties. Costs of development wells and related support equipment are capitalised. The cost of exploratory wells is initially capitalised as construction in progress pending determination of whether the well has found proved reserves. Exploratory well costs are charged to expenses upon the determination that the well has not found proved reserves. However, in the absence of a determination of the discovery of proved reserves, exploratory well costs are not carried as an asset for more than one year following completion of drilling. If, after one year has passed, a determination of the discovery of proved reserves cannot be made, the exploratory well costs are impaired and charged to expense. All other exploration costs, including geological and geophysical costs, are charged to profit or loss in the year as incurred.

 

The Group estimates future dismantlement costs for oil and gas properties with reference to engineering estimates after taking into consideration the anticipated method of dismantlement required in accordance with the industry practices. These estimated future dismantlement costs are discounted at credit-adjusted risk-free rate and are capitalised as oil and gas properties, which are subsequently amortised as part of the costs of the oil and gas properties.

 

Capitalised costs of proved oil and gas properties are amortised on a unit-of-production method based on volumes produced and reserves.

 

(9)  Intangible assets

Intangible assets, where the estimated useful life is finite, are stated in the balance sheet at cost less accumulated amortisation and provision for impairment losses (see Note 3(12)). For an intangible asset with finite useful life, its cost less estimated residual value and accumulated impairment losses is amortised on a straight-line basis over the expected useful lives, unless the intangible assets are classified as held for sale.

 

An intangible asset is regarded as having an indefinite useful life and is not amortised when there is no foreseeable limit to the year over which the asset is expected to generate economic benefits for the Group.

 

Useful lives and amortisation methods are reviewed at least each year end.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(10)  Goodwill

The initial cost of goodwill represents the excess of cost of acquisition over the acquirer's interest in the fair value of the identifiable net assets of the acquiree under the business combination involving entities not under common control.

 

Goodwill is not amortised and is stated at cost less accumulated impairment losses (see Note 3(12)). On disposal of an asset group or a set of asset groups, any attributable amount of purchased goodwill is written off and included in the calculation of the profit or loss on disposal.

 

(11)  Financial Instruments

Financial instruments, refer to the contracts that form one party's financial assets and form the financial liabilities or equity instruments of the other party. The Group recognises a financial asset or a financial liability when the Group enters into and becomes a party to the underlining contract of the financial instrument.

 

(a)  Financial assets

 

(i)   Classification and measurement

The Group classifies financial assets into different categories depending on the business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of cash flows of the financial assets: (1) financial assets measured at amortised cost, (2) financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, (3) financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss. A contractual cash flow characteristic which could have only a de minimis effect, or could have an effect that is more than de minimis but is not genuine, does not affect the classification of the financial asset.

 

Financial assets are initially recognised at fair value. For financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss, the relevant transaction costs are recognised in profit or loss. The transaction costs for other financial assets are included in the initially recognised amount. However, accounts receivable arising from sales of goods or rendering services, without significant financing component, are initially recognised based on the transaction price expected to be entitled by the Group.

 

Debt instruments

The debt instruments held by the Group refer to the instruments that meet the definition of financial liabilities from the perspective of the issuer, and are measured in the following ways:

 

-    Measured at amortised cost:

 

The business model for managing such financial assets by the Group are held for collection of contractual cash flows. The contractual cash flow characteristics are to give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. Interest income from these financial assets is recognised using the effective interest rate method. The financial assets include cash at bank and on hand and receivables.

 

-    Measured at fair value through other comprehensive income:

 

The business model for managing such financial assets by the Group are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, the contractual cash flow characteristics of such financial assets are consistent with the basic lending arrangements. Movements in the carrying amount are taken through other comprehensive income, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, foreign exchange gains and losses and interest income calculated using the effective interest rate method, which are recognised in profit or loss. The financial assets include receivables financing.

 

Equity instruments

Equity instruments that the Group has no power to control, jointly control or exercise significant influence over, are measured at fair value through profit or loss and presented as financial assets held for trading.

 

In addition, the Group designates some equity instruments that are not held for trading as financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income, and presented in other equity instrument investments. The relevant dividends of these financial assets are recognised in profit or loss. When derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income is transferred to retained earnings.

 

(ii)  Impairment

The Group recognises a loss allowance for expected credit losses on financial assets measured at amortised cost and receivables financing measured at fair value through other comprehensive income.

 

The Group measures and recognises expected credit losses, considering reasonable and supportable information about the relevant past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions.

 

The Group measures the expected credit losses of financial instruments on different stages at each balance sheet date. For financial instruments that have no significant increase in credit risk since the initial recognition, on first stage, the Group measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses. If there has been a significant increase in credit risk since the initial recognition of a financial instrument but credit impairment has not occurred, on second stage, the Group recognises a loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. If credit impairment has occurred since the initial recognition of a financial instrument, on third stage, the Group recognises a loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(11)  Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

(a)  Financial assets (Continued)

 

(ii)  Impairment (Continued)

For financial instruments that have low credit risk at the balance sheet date, the Group assumes that there is no significant increase in credit risk since the initial recognition, and measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses.

 

For financial instruments on the first stage and the second stage, and that have low credit risk, the Group calculates interest income according to carrying amount without deducting the impairment allowance and effective interest rate. For financial instruments on the third stage, interest income is calculated according to the carrying amount minus amortised cost after the provision of impairment allowance and effective interest rate.

 

For accounts receivable and receivables financing related to revenue, the Group measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.

 

The Group recognises the loss allowance accrued or written back in profit or loss.

 

(iii) Derecognition

The Group derecognises a financial asset when a) the contractual right to receive cash flows from the financial asset expires; b) the Group transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset; c) the financial assets have been transferred and the Group neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, but the Group has not retained control.

 

On derecognition of other equity instrument investments, the difference between the carrying amounts and the sum of the consideration received and any cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income, is recognised in retained earnings. While on derecognition of other financial assets, this difference is recognised in profit or loss.

 

(b)  Financial liabilities

The Group, at initial recognition, classifies financial liabilities as either financial liabilities subsequently measured at amortised cost or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss.

 

The Group's financial liabilities are mainly financial liabilities measured at amortised cost, including bills payable, accounts payable, other payables, loans and debentures payable, etc. These financial liabilities are initially measured at the amount of their fair value after deducting transaction costs and use the effective interest rate method for subsequent measurement.

 

Where the present obligations of financial liabilities are completely or partially discharged, the Group derecognises these financial liabilities or discharged parts of obligations. The differences between the carrying amounts and the consideration received are recognised in profit or loss.

 

Financial guarantee liabilities

Financial guarantees are contracts that requires the Group to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified debtor fails to make payment when due in accordance with the original or modified terms of a debt instrument.

 

Financial guarantees issued are initially recognised at fair value, which is determined by reference to fees charged in an arm's length transaction for similar services, when such information is obtainable, or to interest rate differentials, by comparing the actual rates charged by lenders when the guarantee is made available with the estimated rates that lenders would have charged, had the guarantees not been available, where reliable estimates of such information can be made. Where consideration is received or receivable for the issuance of the guarantee, the consideration is recognised in accordance with the Group's policies applicable to that category of asset. Where no such consideration is received or receivable, an immediate expense is recognised in profit or loss.

 

Subsequent to initial recognition, the amount initially recognised as deferred income is amortised in profit or loss over the term of the guarantee as income from financial guarantees issued.

 

(c)  Determination of fair value

If there is an active market for financial instruments, the quoted price in the active market is used to measure fair values of the financial instruments. If no active market exists for financial instruments, valuation techniques are used to measure fair values. In valuation, the Group adopts valuation techniques that are applicable in the current situation and have sufficient available data and other information to support it, and selects input values that are consistent with the asset or liability characteristics considered by market participants in the transaction of relevant assets or liabilities, and gives priority to relevant observable input values. Use of unobservable input values where relevant observable input values cannot be obtained or are not practicable.

 

(d)  Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting

Derivative financial instruments are recognised initially at fair value. At each balance sheet date, the fair value is remeasured. The gain or loss on remeasurement to fair value is recognised immediately in profit or loss, except where the derivatives qualify for hedge accounting.

 

Hedge accounting is a method which recognises the offsetting effects on profit or loss of changes in the fair values of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the same accounting period, to represent the effect of risk management activities.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(11)  Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

(d)  Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting (Continued)

Hedged items are the items that expose the Group to risks of changes in future cash flows and that are designated as being hedged and that must be reliably measurable. The Group's hedged items include a forecast transaction that is settled with an undetermined future market price and exposes the Group to risk of variability in cash flows, etc.

 

A hedging instrument is a designated derivative whose changes in cash flows are expected to offset changes in the cash flows of the hedged item.

 

The hedging relationship meets all of the following hedge effectiveness requirements:

 

(1)  There is an economic relationship between the hedged item and the hedging instrument, which share a risk and that gives rise to opposite changes in fair value that tend to offset each other.

 

(2)  The effect of credit risk does not dominate the value changes that result from that economic relationship.

 

(3)  The hedge ratio of the hedging relationship is the same as that resulting from the quantity of the hedged item that the entity actually hedges and the quantity of the hedging instrument that the entity actually uses to hedge that quantity of hedged item. However, that designation shall not reflect an imbalance between the weightings of the hedged item and the hedging instrument.

 

-    Cash flow hedges

 

Cash flow hedge is a hedge of the exposure to variability in cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk associated with all, or a component of, a recognised asset or liability (such as all or some future interest payments on variable-rate debt) or a highly probable forecast transaction, and could affect profit or loss. As long as a cash flow hedge meets the qualifying criteria for hedge accounting, the hedging relationship shall be accounted for as follows:

 

-    The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument from inception of the hedge;

 

-    The cumulative change in present value of the expected future cash flows on the hedged item from inception of the hedge.

 

The gain or loss on the hedging instrument that is determined to be an effective hedge is recognised in other comprehensive income.

 

The portion of the gain or loss on the hedging instrument that is determined to be an ineffective hedge is recognised in profit or loss.

 

If a hedged forecast transaction subsequently results in the recognition of a non-financial asset or non-financial liability, or a hedged forecast transaction for a non-financial asset or a non-financial liability becomes a firm commitment for which fair value hedge accounting is applied, the entity shall remove that amount from the cash flow hedge reserve and include it directly in the initial cost or other carrying amount of the asset or the liability. This is not a reclassification adjustment and hence it does not affect other comprehensive income.

 

For cash flow hedges, other than those covered by the preceding two policy statements, that amount shall be reclassified from the cash flow hedge reserve to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment in the same period or periods during which the hedged expected future cash flows affect profit or loss.

 

If the amount that has been accumulated in the cash flow hedge reserve is a loss and the Group expects that all or a portion of that loss will not be recovered in one or more future periods, the Group immediately reclassify the amount that is not expected to be recovered into profit or loss.

 

When the hedging relationship no longer meets the risk management objective on the basis of which it qualified for hedge accounting (i.e. the entity no longer pursues that risk management objective), or when a hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, exercised, or there is no longer an economic relationship between the hedged item and the hedging instrument or the effect of credit risk starts to dominate the value changes that result from that economic relationship or no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, the Group discontinues prospectively the hedge accounting treatments. If the hedged future cash flows are still expected to occur, that amount shall remain in the cash flow hedge reserve and shall be accounted for as cash flow hedges. If the hedged future cash flows are no longer expected to occur, that amount shall be immediately reclassified from the cash flow hedge reserve to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment. A hedged future cash flow that is no longer highly probable to occur may still be expected to occur, if the hedged future cash flows are still expected to occur, that amount shall remain in the cash flow hedge reserve and shall be accounted for as cash flow hedges.

 

-    Fair value hedges

 

A fair value hedge is a hedge of the exposure to changes in the fair value of a recognized asset or liability or an unrecognised firm commitment, or a portion of such an asset, liability or firm commitment.

 

The gain or loss from remeasuring the hedging instrument is recognised in profit or loss. The gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk adjusts the carrying amount of the recognised hedged item not measured at fair value and is recognised in profit or loss.

 

Any adjustment to the carrying amount of a hedged item is amortised to profit or loss if the hedged item is a financial instrument (or a component thereof) measured at amortised cost.The amortisation is based on a recalculated effective interest rate at the date that amortisation begins.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(12)  Impairment of other non-financial long-term assets

Internal and external sources of information are reviewed at each balance sheet date for indications that the following assets, including fixed assets, construction in progress, right-of-use assets, goodwill, intangible assets, long-term deferred expenses and investments in subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures may be impaired.

 

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. The recoverable amounts of goodwill and intangible assets with uncertain useful lives are estimated annually no matter there are any indications of impairment. Goodwill is tested for impairment together with related asset units or groups of asset units.

 

An asset unit is the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets. An asset unit comprises related assets that generate associated cash inflows. In identifying an asset unit, the Group primarily considers whether the asset unit is able to generate cash inflows independently as well as the management style of production and operational activities, and the decision for the use or disposal of asset.

 

The recoverable amount is the greater of the fair value less costs to sell and the present value of expected future cash flows generated by the asset (or asset unit, set of asset units).

 

Fair value less costs to sell of an asset is based on its selling price in an arm's length transaction less any direct costs attributable to the disposal. Present value of expected future cash flows is the estimation of future cash flows to be generated from the use of and upon disposal of the asset, discounted at an appropriate pre-tax discount rate over the asset's remaining useful life.

 

If the recoverable amount of an asset is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to the recoverable amount. The amount by which the carrying amount is reduced is recognised as an impairment loss in profit or loss. A provision for impairment loss of the asset is recognised accordingly. Impairment losses related to an asset unit or a set of asset units first reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the asset unit or set of asset units, and then reduce the carrying amount of the other assets in the asset unit or set of asset units on a pro rata basis. However, the carrying amount of an impaired asset will not be reduced below the highest of its individual fair value less costs to sell (if determinable), the present value of expected future cash flows (if determinable) and zero.

 

Once an impairment loss is recognised, it is not reversed in a subsequent period.

 

(13)  Long-term deferred expenses

Long-term deferred expenses are amortised on a straight-line basis over their beneficial periods

 

(14)  Employee benefits

Employee benefits are all forms of considerations and compensation given in exchange for services rendered by employees, including short-term compensation, post-employment benefits, termination benefits and other long term employee benefits.

 

(a)  Short-term compensation

Short term compensation includes salaries, bonuses, allowances and subsidies, employee benefits, medical insurance premiums, work-related injury insurance premium, maternity insurance premium, contributions to housing fund, unions and education fund and short-term absence with payment etc. When an employee has rendered service to the Group during an accounting period, the Group shall recognise the short-term compensation actually incurred as a liability and charge to the cost of an asset or to profit or loss in the same period, and non-monetary benefits are valued with the fair value.

 

(b)  Post-employment benefits

The Group classifies post-employment benefits into either Defined Contribution Plan (DC plan) or Defined Benefit Plan (DB plan). DC plan means the Group only contributes a fixed amount to an independent fund and no longer bears other payment obligation; DB plan is post-employment benefits other than DC plan. In this reporting period, the post-employment benefits of the Group primarily comprise basic pension insurance and unemployment insurance and both of them are DC plans.

 

Basic pension insurance

 

Employees of the Group participate in the social insurance system established and managed by local labor and social security department. The Group makes basic pension insurance to the local social insurance agencies every month, at the applicable benchmarks and rates stipulated by the government for the benefits of its employees. After the employees retire, the local labor and social security department has obligations to pay them the basic pension. When an employee has rendered service to the Group during an accounting period, the Group shall recognise the accrued amount according to the above social security provisions as a liability and charge to the cost of an asset or to profit or loss in the same period.

 

(c)  Termination benefits

When the Group terminates the employment relationship with employees before the employment contracts expire, or provides compensation as an offer to encourage employees to accept voluntary redundancy, a provision for the termination benefits provided is recognised in profit or loss under the conditions of both the Group has a formal plan for the termination of employment or has made an offer to employees for voluntary redundancy, which will be implemented shortly; and the Group is not allowed to withdraw from termination plan or redundancy offer unilaterally.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(15)  Income tax

Current tax and deferred tax are recognised in profit or loss except to the extent that they relate to business combinations and items recognised directly in equity (including other comprehensive income).

 

Current tax is the expected tax payable calculated at the applicable tax rate on taxable income for the year, plus any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years.

 

At the balance sheet date, current tax assets and liabilities are offset if the Group has a legally enforceable right to set them off and also intends either to settle on a net basis or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised based on deductible temporary differences and taxable temporary differences respectively. Temporary difference is the difference between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Unused tax losses and unused tax credits able to be utilised in subsequent years are treated as temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable income will be available to offset the deductible temporary differences.

 

Temporary differences arise in a transaction, which is not a business combination, and at the time of transaction, does not affect accounting profit or taxable profit (or unused tax losses), will not result in deferred tax. Temporary differences arising from the initial recognition of goodwill will not result in deferred tax.

 

At the balance sheet date, the amounts of deferred tax recognised is measured based on the expected manner of recovery or settlement of the carrying amount of the assets and liabilities, using tax rates that are expected to be applied in the period when the asset is recovered or the liability is settled in accordance with tax laws.

 

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. If it is unlikely to obtain sufficient taxable income to offset against the benefit of deferred tax asset, the carrying amount of the deferred tax assets is written down. Any such write-down should be subsequently reversed where it becomes probable that sufficient taxable income will be available.

 

At the balance sheet date, deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if all the following conditions are met:

 

-    the taxable entity has a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and current tax liabilities; and

 

-    they relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority on either:

 

-    the same taxable entity; or

 

-   different taxable entities which either to intend to settle the current tax liabilities and assets on a net basis, or to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously, in each future period in which significant amounts of deferred tax liabilities or assets are expected to be settled or recovered.

 

(16)  Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present obligation as a result of a contingent event, it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligations and a reliable estimate can be made. Where the effect of time value of money is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows.

 

Provisions for future dismantlement costs are initially recognised based on the present value of the future costs expected to be incurred in respect of the Group's expected dismantlement and abandonment costs at the end of related oil and gas exploration and development activities. Any subsequent change in the present value of the estimated costs, other than the change due to passage of time which is regarded as interest costs, is reflected as an adjustment to the provision of oil and gas properties.

 

(17)  Revenue recognition

Revenue arises in the course of the Group's ordinary activities, and increases in economic benefits in the form of inflows that result in an increase in equity, other than those relating to contributions from equity participants.

 

The Group sells crude oil, natural gas, petroleum and chemical products, etc. Revenue is recognised according to the expected consideration amount, when a customer obtains control over the relevant goods or services. To determine whether a customer obtains control of a promised asset, the Group shall consider indicators of the transfer of control, which include, but are not limited to, the Group has a present right to payment for the asset; the Group has transferred physical possession of the asset to the customer; the customer has the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the asset; the customer has accepted the asset.

 

Sales of goods

 

Sales are recognised when control of the goods have transferred, being when the products are delivered to the customer. Advance from customers but goods not yet delivered is recorded as contract liabilities and is recognised as revenues when a customer obtains control over the relevant goods.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(18)  Government grants

Government grants are the gratuitous monetary assets or non-monetary assets that the Group receives from the government, excluding capital injection by the government as an investor. Special funds such as investment grants allocated by the government, if clearly defined in official documents as part of "capital reserve" are dealt with as capital contributions, and not regarded as government grants.

 

Government grants are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the grants will be received and the Group is able to comply with the conditions attaching to them. Government grants in the form of monetary assets are recorded based on the amount received or receivable, whereas non-monetary assets are measured at fair value.

 

Government grants received in relation to assets are recorded as deferred income, and recognised evenly in profit or loss over the assets' useful lives. Government grants received in relation to revenue are recorded as deferred income, and recognised as income in future periods as compensation when the associated future expenses or losses arise; or directly recognised as income in the current period as compensation for past expenses or losses.

 

(19)  Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs incurred on borrowings for the acquisition, construction or production of qualified assets are capitalised into the cost of the related assets in the capitalisable period.

 

Except for the above, other borrowing costs are recognised as financial expenses in the income statement when incurred.

 

(20)  Repairs and maintenance expenses

Repairs and maintenance (including overhauling expenses) expenses are recognised in profit or loss when incurred.

 

(21)  Environmental expenditures

Environmental expenditures that relate to current ongoing operations or to conditions caused by past operations is expensed as incurred. Liabilities related to future remediation costs are recorded when environmental assessments and/or cleanups are probable and the costs can be reliably estimated. As facts concerning environmental contingencies become known to the Group, the Group reassesses its position both with respect to accrued liabilities and other potential exposures.

 

(22)  Research and development costs

Research costs and development costs that cannot meet the capitalisation criteria are recognised in profit or loss when incurred.

 

(23)  Dividends

Dividends and distributions of profits proposed in the profit appropriation plan which will be authorised and declared after the balance sheet date, are not recognised as a liability at the balance sheet date and are separately disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. Dividends are recognised as a liability in the period in which they are declared.

 

(24)  Related parties

If a party has the power to control, jointly control or exercise significant influence over another party, or vice versa, or where two or more parties are subject to common control, joint control from another party, they are considered to be related parties, except for the two parties significantly influenced by a party. Related parties may be individuals or enterprises. Where enterprises are subject to state control but are otherwise unrelated, they are not related parties.

 

In addition to the related parties stated above, the Company determines related parties based on the disclosure requirements of Administrative Procedures on the Information Disclosures of Listed Companies issued by the CSRC.

 

(25)  Segment reporting

Reportable segments are identified based on operating segments which are determined based on the structure of the Group's internal organisation, management requirements and internal reporting system. An operating segment is a component of the Group that meets the following respective conditions:

 

‧   engage in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses;

 

‧   whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the Group's management to make decisions about resource to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance; and

 

‧   for which financial information regarding financial position, results of operations and cash flows are available.

 

Inter-segment revenues are measured on the basis of actual transaction price for such transactions for segment reporting, and segment accounting policies are consistent with those for the consolidated financial statements.

 

3    SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

(26)  Changes in significant accounting policies

In 2021, the Group has adopted the following newly revised accounting standards and implementation guidance and illustrative examples issued by the MOF, mainly include:

 

-    CAS Bulletin No.14 (Caikuai [2021] No.1) ("Bulletin No. 14")

-    Notice of Extending the Applicable Period of 'Accounting Treatment of COVID-19 Related Rent Concessions' (Caikuai [2021] No.9)

 

(a)  Bulletin No.14

Bulletin No.14 takes effect on 26 January 2021 (implementation date).

 

(i)   "Public-private partnership" (PPP) arrangements

Bulletin No.14, implementation Q&As and illustrative examples clarify the features and conditions of PPP arrangements, sets out the accounting and disclosure requirements of a private entity in PPP arrangements. The adoption of Bulletin No.14 does not have significant effect on the financial position and financial performance of the Group.

 

(b)  Caikuai [2021] No.9

The Accounting Treatment of COVID-19 Related Rent Concessions (Caikuai [2020] No.10) provides practical expedient under certain conditions for rent concessions occurring as a direct consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, and combining the requirements of Caikuai [2021] No.9, such practical expedient is only applicable to any reduction in lease payments due before 30 June 2022. The adoption of the above regulations does not have significant effect on the financial position and financial performance of the Group.

 

4    TAXATION

 

Major types of tax applicable to the Group are value-added tax, resources tax, consumption tax, income tax, crude oil special gain levy, city construction tax, education surcharge and local education surcharge.

 

Tax rate of products is presented as below:

 

Type of taxes

Tax rate

Tax basis and method

Value Added Tax (the "VAT")

 

 

13%, 9%, 6%

 

 

Based on taxable value added amount. Tax payable is calculated using the taxable sales amount multiplied by the applicable tax rate less current period's deductible VAT input.

Resource Tax

6%

Based on the revenue from sales of crude oil and natural gas.

Consumption Tax

 

 

 

 

 

RMB2,109.76 per tonnage for Gasoline, RMB1,411.20 per tonnage for Diesel, RMB2,105.20 per tonnage for Naphtha, RMB1,948.64 per tonnage for Solvent oil, RMB1,711.52 per tonnage for Lubricant oil, RMB1,218.00 per tonnage for Fuel oil, and RMB1,495.20 per tonnage for Jet fuel oil.

Based on quantities

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate Income Tax

5% to 50%

Based on taxable income.

Crude Oil Special Gain Levy

 

20% to 40%

 

Based on the sales of domestic crude oil at prices higher than a specific level.

City Maintenance and
 Construction Tax

1%, 5% or 7%

 

Based on the actual paid VAT and consumption tax.

 

Education surcharges

3%

Based on the actual paid VAT and consumption tax.

Local Education surcharges

2%

Based on the actual paid VAT and consumption tax.

 

5    CASH AT BANK AND ON HAND

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Original

currency

Exchange

RMB

Original

currency

Exchange

RMB

             

million

rates

million

million

rates

million

Cash on hand

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renminbi

 

 

1

 

 

8

Cash at bank

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renminbi

 

 

144,294

 

 

120,542

US Dollar

2,027

6.3757

12,924

1,054

6.5249

6,875

Hong Kong Dollar

3,533

0.8176

2,888

1,377

0.8416

1,159

EUR

3

7.2197

20

1

8.0250

8

Others

 

 

180

 

 

2,403

 

 

 

160,307

 

 

130,995

Deposits at related parities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renminbi

 

 

15,758

 

 

23,737

US Dollar

6,943

6.3757

44,266

4,443

6.5249

28,993

EUR

67

7.2197

483

49

8.0250

394

Others

 

 

1,175

 

 

293

 

 

 

61,682

 

 

53,417

Total

 

 

221,989

 

 

184,412

 

Deposits at related parties represent deposits placed at Sinopec Finance Company Limited and Sinopec Century Bright Capital Investment Limited. Deposits interest is calculated based on market rate.

 

At 31 December 2021, time deposits with financial institutions of the Group amounted to RMB113,399 million (2020: RMB96,853 million).

 

6    DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL ASSETS AND DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL LIABILITIES

 

Derivative financial assets and derivative financial liabilities of the Group are primarily commodity futures and swaps contracts. See Note 64.

 

7    ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

             

The Group

The Company

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Accounts receivable

38,894

39,299

21,239

21,871

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

4,033

3,860

93

108

Total

34,861

35,439

21,146

21,763

 

Ageing analysis on accounts receivable is as follows:

 

             

The Group

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total

accounts

receivable

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to accounts

receivable

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total

accounts

receivable

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to accounts

receivable

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

34,263

88.1

83

0.2

34,478

87.7

117

0.3

Between one and two years

623

1.6

181

29.0

4,062

10.3

3,131

77.1

Between two and three years

3,411

8.8

3,190

93.5

149

0.4

85

57.0

Over three years

597

1.5

579

97.0

610

1.6

527

86.4

Total

38,894

100.0

4,033

 

39,299

100.0

3,860

 

 

             

The Company

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total

accounts

receivable

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to accounts

receivable

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total

accounts

receivable

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to accounts

receivable

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

20,196

95.1

9

0.1

21,647

99.0

1

-

Between one and two years

946

4.5

6

0.6

76

0.3

7

9.2

Between two and three years

20

0.1

2

10.0

49

0.2

13

26.5

Over three years

77

0.3

76

98.7

99

0.5

87

87.9

Total

21,239

100.0

93

 

21,871

100.0

108

 

 

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the total amounts of the top five accounts receivable of the Group are set out below:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

Total amount (RMB million)

10,444

15,628

Percentage to the total balance of accounts receivable

26.9%

39.8%

Allowance for doubtful accounts

2,062

2,057

 

Sales are generally on a cash term. Credit is generally only available for major customers with well-established trading records. Amounts due from China Petrochemical Corporation ("Sinopec Group Company") and fellow subsidiaries are repayable under the same terms.

 

Accounts receivable (net of allowance for doubtful accounts) primarily represent receivables that are neither past due nor impaired. These receivables relate to a wide range of customers for whom there is no recent history of default. Information about the impairment of accounts receivable and the Group exposure to credit risk can be found in Note 64.

 

During 2021 and 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant accounts receivable been fully or substantially provided allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

During 2021 and 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant write-off or recovery of doubtful debts which had been fully or substantially provided for in prior years.

 

7    ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE (Continued)

 

Ageing started from the overdue date of accounts receivable. The Group always measured the provision for impairment of accounts receivable based on the amount equivalent to the expected credit loss during the entire duration. The ECLs were calculated based on historical actual credit loss experience. The rates were considered the differences between economic conditions during the period over which the historical data has been collected, current conditions and the Group's view of economic conditions over the expected lives of the receivables. The Group performed the calculation of ECL rates by the operating segment and geographical location.

 

             

             

Impairment provision on

individual basis

Impairment provision

on provision matrix basis

             

31 December 2021

Gross

carrying

amount

Carrying

amount

Impairment

provision on

individual basis

Weighted-

average

loss rate

Impairment

provision

Loss

allowance

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

%

RMB million

RMB million

Current and within 1 year past due

34,263

4,280

26

0.2%

57

83

1 to 2 years past due

623

500

137

35.8%

44

181

2 to 3 years past due

3,411

3,324

3,146

50.6%

44

3,190

Over 3 years past due

597

208

190

100.0%

389

579

Total

38,894

8,312

3,499

 

534

4,033

 

             

             

Impairment provision on

individual basis

Impairment provision

on provision matrix basis

             

31 December 2020

Gross

carrying

amount

Carrying

amount

Impairment

provision on

individual basis

Weighted-

average

loss rate

Impairment

provision

Loss

allowance

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

%

RMB million

RMB million

Current and within 1 year past due

34,478

5,023

117

0.0%

-

117

1 to 2 years past due

4,062

3,637

3,024

25.2%

107

3,131

2 to 3 years past due

149

27

18

54.9%

67

85

Over 3 years past due

610

218

182

88.0%

345

527

Total

39,299

8,905

3,341

 

519

3,860

 

8    RECEIVABLES FINANCING

 

Receivables financing represents mainly the bills of acceptance issued by banks for sales of goods and products and certain trade accounts receivable.The business model of financial assets is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling of these assets.

 

At 31 December 2021, the Group's derecognised but outstanding bills due to endorsement or discount amounted to RMB36,400 million (2020: RMB25,740 million).

 

At 31 December 2021, the Group considers that its bills of acceptance issued by banks do not pose a significant credit risk and will not cause any significant loss due to the default of drawers.

 

9    PREPAYMENTS

 

             

The Group

The Company

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Prepayments

9,350

4,934

4,556

2,637

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

83

77

16

11

Total

9,267

4,857

4,540

2,626

 

Ageing analysis of prepayments is as follows:

 

             

The Group

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total

prepayments

Allowance

Percentage of

allowance to

prepayments

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total

prepayments

Allowance

Percentage of

allowance to

prepayments

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

8,541

91.3

-

-

4,435

89.9

-

-

Between one and two years

444

4.8

7

1.6

267

5.4

20

7.5

Between two and three years

166

1.8

25

15.1

142

2.9

8

5.6

Over three years

199

2.1

51

25.8

90

1.8

49

54.4

Total

9,350

100.0

83

 

4,934

100.0

77

 

 

             

The Company

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total

prepayments

Allowance

Percentage of

allowance to

prepayments

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total

prepayments

Allowance

Percentage of

allowance to

prepayments

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

3,965

87.0

-

-

2,337

88.6

-

-

Between one and two years

369

8.1

2

0.5

159

6.0

7

4.4

Between two and three years

99

2.2

10

10.1

39

1.5

-

-

Over three years

123

2.7

4

3.3

102

3.9

4

3.9

Total

4,556

100.0

16

 

2,637

100.0

11

 

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the total amounts of the top five prepayments of the Group are set out below:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

Total amount (RMB million)

2,939

1,131

Percentage to the total balance of prepayments

31.4%

22.9%

 

10  OTHER RECEIVABLES

 

             

The Group

The Company

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Other receivables

37,254

35,255

47,827

38,835

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

1,590

1,531

898

897

Total

35,664

33,724

46,929

37,938

 

Ageing analysis of other receivables is as follows:

 

             

The Group

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total other

receivables

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to other

receivables

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total other

receivables

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to other

receivables

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

26,579

71.3

35

0.1

24,010

68.1

51

0.2

Between one and two years

597

1.6

112

18.8

8,513

24.2

196

2.3

Between two and three years

7,661

20.6

165

2.2

1,169

3.3

84

7.2

Over three years

2,417

6.5

1,278

52.9

1,563

4.4

1,200

76.8

Total

37,254

100.0

1,590

 

35,255

100.0

1,531

 

 

             

The Company

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Amount

Percentage

to total other

receivables

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to other

receivables

balance

Amount

Percentage

to total other

receivables

Allowance

Percentage

of allowance

to other

receivables

balance

             

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

RMB million

%

Within one year

28,176

58.9

-

-

21,378

55.0

-

-

Between one and two years

3,740

7.8

2

0.1

2,123

5.5

1

-

Between two and three years

1,414

3.0

2

0.1

1,618

4.2

5

0.3

Over three years

14,497

30.3

894

6.2

13,716

35.3

891

6.5

Total

47,827

100.0

898

 

38,835

100.0

897

 

 

 

At 31 December 2021 and at 31 December 2020, the total amounts of the top five other receivables of the Group are set out below:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

Total amount (RMB million)

19,056

22,581

Ageing

Within one year,

one to two years,

two to three years

and over three years

Within one year,

one to two years,

two to three years

and over three years

Percentage to the total balance of other receivables

51.2%

64.1%

Allowance for doubtful accounts

74.0

-

 

During the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant other receivables been fully or substantially provided allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2021 and 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant write-off or recovery of doubtful debts which had been fully or substantially provided for in prior years.

 

11  INVENTORIES

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Raw materials

109,940

60,379

Work in progress

15,701

13,066

Finished goods

84,174

78,481

Spare parts and consumables

2,515

3,372

 

212,330

155,298

Less: Provision for diminution in value of inventories

4,897

3,107

Total

207,433

152,191

 

At 31 December 2021, the provision for diminution in value of inventories of the Group was primarily due to the costs of finished goods were higher than net realisable value.

 

12  LONG-TERM EQUITY INVESTMENTS

 

The Group

 

             

Investments in

joint ventures

Investments

in associates

Provision for

impairment

losses

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Balance at 1 January 2021

55,018

136,872

(3,548)

188,342

Additions for the year

4,110

5,212

-

9,322

Share of profits less losses under the equity method

9,366

13,887

-

23,253

Change of other comprehensive loss under the equity method

155

286

-

441

Other equity movements under the equity method

24

675

-

699

Dividends declared

(3,872)

(7,120)

-

(10,992)

Disposals for the year

(1,176)

(97)

-

(1,273)

Foreign currency translation differences

(368)

(315)

42

(641)

Other movements

127

100

-

227

Movement of provision for impairment

-

-

(199)

(199)

Balance at 31 December 2021

63,384

149,500

(3,705)

209,179

 

The Company

 

             

Investments in

 subsidiaries

Investments in

joint ventures

Investments in

associates

Provision for

impairment

losses

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Balance at 1 January 2021

266,939

14,762

69,540

(7,885)

343,356

Additions for the year

12,646

812

1,014

-

14,472

Share of profits less losses under the equity method

-

4,190

3,961

-

8,151

Change of other comprehensive loss under the equity method

-

-

12

-

12

Other equity movements under the equity method

-

18

155

-

173

Dividends declared

-

(1,387)

(1,019)

-

(2,406)

Disposals for the year

(2,275)

(786)

(8)

-

(3,069)

Other movement

-

-

199

-

199

Movement of provision for impairment

-

-

-

(41)

(41)

Balance at 31 December 2021

277,310

17,609

73,854

(7,926)

360,847

 

For the year ended 31 December 2021, the Group and the Company had no individually significant long-term investment impairment.

 

Details of the Company's principal subsidiaries are set out in Note 59.

 

12  LONG-TERM EQUITY INVESTMENTS (Continued)

 

Principal joint ventures and associates of the Group are as follows:

 

(a)  Principal joint ventures and associates

 

Name of investees

Principal place

of business

Register

location

Legal

representative

Principal activities

Registered Capital

RMB million

Percentage of

equity/voting right

directly or

indirectly held

by the Company

1. Joint ventures

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fujian Refining & Petrochemical Company  Limited ("FREP")

PRC

 

PRC

 

Gu Yuefeng

 

Manufacturing refining oil products 

14,758

 

50.00%

 

BASF-YPC Company Limited

 ("BASF-YPC")

PRC

 

PRC

 

Gu Yuefeng

 

Manufacturing and distribution of petrochemical products

12,704

 

40.00%

 

Taihu Limited ("Taihu")

 

Russia

 

Cyprus

 

NA

 

Crude oil and natural gas extraction

25,000 USD

 

49.00%

 

Yanbu Aramco Sinopec Refining Company Ltd. ("YASREF")

 

Saudi Arabia

 

 

Saudi Arabia

 

 

NA

 

 

Petroleum refining and processing

 

1,560 million USD

 

37.50%

 

 

Sinopec SABIC Tianjin Petrochemical Company Limited ("Sinopec SABIC Tianjin")

PRC

 

 

PRC

 

 

AHMED AL-SHAIKH

 

Manufacturing and distribution of petrochemical products

 

10,520

 

 

50.00%

 

 

2. Associates

 

 

 

 

 

 

China Oil & Gas Pipeline Network Corporation

 ("PipeChina") (i)

PRC

 

 

PRC

 

 

Zhang Wei

 

 

Operation of oil and natural gas pipelines
 and auxiliary facilities

500,000

 

 

14.00%

 

 

Sinopec Finance Company Limited

 ("Sinopec Finance")

PRC
 

PRC
 

Jiang Yongfu
 

Provision of non-banking financial services

18,000
 

49.00%
 

Sinopec Capital Co.,Ltd. ("Sinopec Capital")

 

 

PRC

 

 

 

PRC

 

 

 

Sun Mingrong

 

 

 

Project management, equity
 management, investment consulting,self-owned equity management

10,000

 

 

 

49.00%

 

 

 

Zhongtian Synergetic Energy Company Limited
 ("Zhongtian Synergetic Energy")

PRC

 

 

PRC

 

 

Peng Yi

 

 

Mining coal and manufacturing of coal- chemical products

17,516

 

 

38.75%

 

 

Caspian Investments Resources Ltd.

 ("CIR")

The Republic of Kazakhstan

British VirginIslands

NA

 

Crude oil and natural gas extraction 

10,002 USD

 

50.00%

 

 

Joint ventures and associates above are limited companies.

 

12  LONG-TERM EQUITY INVESTMENTS (Continued)

 

(b)  Major financial information of principal joint ventures

Summarised balance sheet and reconciliation to their carrying amounts in respect of the Group's principal joint ventures:

 

             

FREP

BASF-YPC

Taihu

YASREF

Sinopec SABIC Tianjin

             

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

             

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

6,562

7,448

5,375

1,838

1,258

1,280

5,441

1,408

4,820

5,259

Other current assets

9,217

7,492

6,953

4,777

2,188

1,223

12,404

7,516

3,437

2,665

Total current assets

15,779

14,940

12,328

6,615

3,446

2,503

17,845

8,924

8,257

7,924

Non-current assets

13,744

15,237

9,336

9,993

14,032

12,531

41,947

45,413

18,835

18,258

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current financial liabilities

(1,177)

(1,203)

(77)

(456)

(32)

(38)

(9,549)

(9,520)

(597)

(998)

Other current liabilities

(5,008)

(5,147)

(2,546)

(2,190)

(1,931)

(1,043)

(15,844)

(8,644)

(3,547)

(3,052)

Total current liabilities

(6,185)

(6,350)

(2,623)

(2,646)

(1,963)

(1,081)

(25,393)

(18,164)

(4,144)

(4,050)

Non-current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current financial liabilities

(6,857)

(8,761)

-

-

(85)

(85)

(30,903)

(29,650)

(7,599)

(6,773)

Other non-current liabilities

(242)

(235)

(92)

(42)

(1,439)

(2,017)

(1,723)

(2,008)

(382)

(378)

Total non-current liabilities

(7,099)

(8,996)

(92)

(42)

(1,524)

(2,102)

(32,626)

(31,658)

(7,981)

(7,151)

Net assets

16,239

14,831

18,949

13,920

13,991

11,851

1,773

4,515

14,967

14,981

Net assets attributable to
 shareholders of the company

16,239

14,831

18,949

13,920

13,523

11,439

1,773

4,515

14,967

14,981

Net assets attributable to
 minority interests

-

-

-

-

468

412

-

-

-

-

Share of net assets from
 joint ventures

8,120

7,416

7,580

5,568

6,626

5,605

-

-

7,484

7,491

Carrying Amounts

8,120

7,416

7,580

5,568

6,626

5,605

-

-

7,484

7,491

 

Summarised income statement

 

For the year ended

 31 December 2021

FREP

BASF-YPC

Taihu

YASREF

Sinopec SABIC Tianjin

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Turnover

47,224

38,691

27,499

15,701

15,190

9,528

68,548

37,337

24,631

14,881

Interest income

147

118

52

27

451

291

6

17

209

183

Interest expense

(411)

(535)

(5)

(16)

(107)

(20)

(945)

(1,136)

(89)

(131)

Profit/(loss) before taxation

2,261

520

8,218

1,518

2,864

2,304

(2,868)

(7,193)

1,393

954

Tax expense

(597)

(87)

(2,054)

(379)

(601)

(378)

332

1,057

(407)

(236)

Profit/(loss) for the year

1,664

433

6,164

1,139

2,263

1,926

(2,536)

(6,136)

986

718

Other comprehensive loss

-

-

-

-

(123)

(3,368)

(206)

(584)

-

-

Total comprehensive income/(loss)

1,664

433

6,164

1,139

2,140

(1,442)

(2,742)

(6,720)

986

718

Dividends from joint ventures

128

300

454

691

-

-

-

-

500

-

Share of net profit/(loss) from
 joint ventures

832

217

2,466

456

1,081

911

-

(2,301)

493

359

Share of other comprehensive loss
 from joint ventures (ii)

-

-

-

-

(60)

(1,593)

-

(219)

-

-

 

The share of profit and other comprehensive income for the year ended 31 December 2021 in all individually immaterial joint ventures accounted for using equity method in aggregate was RMB4,494 million (2020: RMB993 million) and RMB215 million (2020: other comprehensive income RMB808 million) respectively. As at 31 December 2021, the carrying amount of all individually immaterial joint ventures accounted for using equity method in aggregate was RMB30,640 million (2020: RMB26,099 million).

 

12  LONG-TERM EQUITY INVESTMENTS (Continued)

 

(c)  Major financial information of principal associates

Summarised balance sheet and reconciliation to their carrying amounts in respect of the Group's principal associates:

 

             

PipeChina

Sinopec Finance

Sinopec Capital

Zhongtian Synergetic Energy

CIR

             

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

At 31

             

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Current assets

86,335

74,012

194,458

175,139

13,140

11,871

3,532

3,721

576

2,402

Non-current assets

768,161

655,982

55,086

53,008

102

106

51,331

53,124

870

903

Current liabilities

(136,150)

(55,562)

(217,987)

(197,872)

(28)

(18)

(8,577)

(8,315)

(822)

(699)

Non-current liabilities

(103,243)

(104,150)

(602)

(514)

(676)

(411)

(22,216)

(28,422)

(144)

(286)

Net assets

615,103

570,282

30,955

29,761

12,538

11,548

24,070

20,108

480

2,320

Net assets attributable to
 shareholders of the Company

526,241

505,336

30,955

29,761

12,538

11,548

24,070

20,108

480

2,320

Net assets attributable to
 minority interests

88,862

64,946

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Share of net assets from associates

73,674

70,747

15,168

14,583

6,144

5,659

9,327

7,792

240

1,160

Carrying Amounts

73,674

70,747

15,168

14,583

6,144

5,659

9,327

7,792

240

1,160

 

Summarised income statement

 

For the year ended

 31 December 2021

PipeChina

Sinopec Finance

Sinopec Capital

ZTHC Energy

CIR

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Turnover

101,572

22,766

5,177

4,742

2

2

16,959

11,707

1,826

1,252

Profit for the year

29,776

6,444

2,168

2,027

990

1,278

4,184

551

461

181

Other comprehensive income

2

-

26

(372)

-

-

-

-

3

(308)

Total comprehensive income

29,778

6,444

2,194

1,655

990

1,278

4,184

551

464

(127)

Dividends declared by associates

442

-

490

-

-

-

86

284

1,152

2,517

Share of profit from associates

3,205

709

1,062

993

485

626

1,621

214

231

91

Share of other comprehensive
 income from associates (ii)

-

-

13

(182)

-

-

-

-

2

(154)

 

The share of profit and other comprehensive income for the year ended 31 December 2021 in all individually immaterial associates accounted for using equity method in aggregate was RMB7,283 million (2020: RMB3,444 million) and RMB271 million (2020: loss of RMB1,101 million) respectively. As at 31 December 2021, the carrying amount of all individually immaterial associates accounted for using equity method in aggregate was RMB44,176 million (2020: RMB36,222 million).

 

Notes:

 

(i)    Sinopec is able to exercise significant influence in PipeChina since Sinopec has a member in PipeChina's Board of Directors and has a member in PipeChina's Management Board.

 

(ii)   Including foreign currency translation differences.

 

13  FIXED ASSETS

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Fixed assets (a)

598,925

593,615

Fixed assets pending for disposal

7

38

Total

598,932

593,653

 

(a)  Fixed assets

 

             

Plants and

buildings

Oil and gas

properties

Equipment,

machinery

and others

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cost:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

138,550

757,592

996,702

1,892,844

Additions for the year

509

2,192

5,177

7,878

Transferred from construction in progress

5,487

40,357

65,182

111,026

Reclassifications

646

(617)

(29)

-

Decreases for the year

(1,970)

(5,539)

(18,710)

(26,219)

Exchange adjustments

(57)

(940)

(95)

(1,092)

Balance at 31 December 2021

143,165

793,045

1,048,227

1,984,437

Less: Accumulated depreciation:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

59,471

572,603

577,748

1,209,822

Additions for the year

4,586

39,670

48,568

92,824

Reclassifications

185

(410)

225

-

Decreases for the year

(734)

(7)

(12,987)

(13,728)

Exchange adjustments

(29)

(844)

(56)

(929)

Balance at 31 December 2021

63,479

611,012

613,498

1,287,989

Less: Provision for impairment losses:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

4,069

48,117

37,221

89,407

Additions for the year

742

1,904

6,774

9,420

Decreases for the year

(124)

(135)

(984)

(1,243)

Exchange adjustments

-

(60)

(1)

(61)

Balance at 31 December 2021

4,687

49,826

43,010

97,523

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

74,999

132,207

391,719

598,925

Balance at 31 December 2020

75,010

136,872

381,733

593,615

 

The Company

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Fixed assets (a)

284,618

283,691

Fixed assets pending for disposal

4

4

Total

284,622

283,695

 

13  FIXED ASSETS (Continued)

 

(a)  Fixed assets (Continued)

 

The Company (Continued)

 

             

Plants and

buildings

Oil and gas

properties

Equipment,

machinery

and others

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cost:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

49,356

618,483

484,351

1,152,190

Additions for the year

2,056

1,592

10,850

14,498

Transferred from construction in progress

970

29,458

27,752

58,180

Reclassifications

360

(620)

260

-

Transferred from subsidiaries

-

-

33

33

Transferred to subsidiaries

(422)

(286)

(667)

(1,375)

Decreases for the year

(624)

(2,607)

(8,157)

(11,388)

Balance at 31 December 2021

51,696

646,020

514,422

1,212,138

Accumulated depreciation:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

25,189

468,718

309,841

803,748

Additions for the year

2,604

31,534

27,473

61,611

Reclassifications

98

(412)

314

-

Transferred from subsidiaries

-

-

1

1

Transferred to subsidiaries

(91)

-

(383)

(474)

Decreases for the year

(428)

(7)

(6,793)

(7,228)

Balance at 31 December 2021

27,372

499,833

330,453

857,658

Provision for impairment losses:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

1,917

41,406

21,428

64,751

Additions for the year

359

1,901

3,472

5,732

Transferred to subsidiaries

(27)

-

(2)

(29)

Decreases for the year

(21)

-

(571)

(592)

Balance at 31 December 2021

2,228

43,307

24,327

69,862

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

22,096

102,880

159,642

284,618

Balance at 31 December 2020

22,250

108,359

153,082

283,691

 

The additions to oil and gas properties of the Group and the Company for the year ended 31 December 2021 included RMB2,163 million (2020: RMB1,563 million) and RMB1,525 million (2019: RMB1,256 million), respectively of the estimated dismantlement costs for site restoration.

 

In 2021, the impairment loss on fixed assets was mainly due to the impairment loss of the chemical segment of RMB5,184 million (2020: RMB2,680 million), and the impairment loss of the exploration and development segment of RMB2,467 million (2020: RMB8,435 million). RMB894 million (2020: RMB226 million), impairment loss of the refining segment and RMB873 million (2020: RMB442 million) of the marketing and distribution segment. The impairment losses in the exploration and development segment were mainly impairment losses on fixed assets related to oil and gas production activities. Among them, oil and gas properties and other fixed assets provided impairment losses of RMB1,904 billion and RMB563 million respectively, which were mainly related to the decline in oil and gas reserves of individual oilfields. The Exploration and Development segment allocates fixed assets related to oil and gas production activities into individually identifiable groups of assets and estimates their recoverable amounts. The recoverable amount is determined based on the discounted value of the reserves of the relevant asset group and estimated future cash flows, and the pre-tax discount rate adopted is 10.47% (2020: 10.47%). If the Group's estimate of future oil prices is lowered, further impairment losses may be incurred and the aggregate amount of impairment losses may be significant. With other conditions remaining constant and a 5% drop in oil prices, the Group's impairment loss on fixed assets related to oil and gas production activities will increase by approximately RMB3,628 million (2020: RMB4,548 million); Other conditions remain unchanged and operating costs increase by 5%, the Group's impairment loss on fixed assets related to oil and gas production activities will increase by approximately RMB2,400 million (2020: RMB2,836 million); With other conditions remaining unchanged and the discount rate increasing by 5%, the Group's impairment loss on fixed assets related to oil and gas production activities will increase by approximately RMB180 million (2020: RMB287 million). Impairment losses recognised in the chemical segment and refining segment relate to certain refinery and chemical production facilities and are not individually significant. The primary factors resulting in the impairment losses were due to the suspension of operations of certain production facilities, and evidence that indicate the economic performance of certain production facilities was lower than the expectation, thus the carrying amounts of these facilities were written down to their recoverable amounts, which were determined based on the present values of expected future cash flows of the assets using a pre-tax discount rates ranging from 10.50% to 13.9% (2020: 9.87% to 11.60%).

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant fixed assets which were pledged.

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant fixed assets which were temporarily idle or pending for disposal.

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group and the Company had no individually significant fully depreciated fixed assets which were still in use.

 

14  CONSTRUCTION IN PROGRESS

 

             

The Group

The Company

             

RMB million

RMB million

Cost:

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

127,572

60,182

Additions for the year

159,729

72,196

Disposals for the year

(146)

(90)

Dry hole costs written off

(7,702)

(6,733)

Transferred to fixed assets

(111,026)

(58,180)

Reclassification to other assets

(10,302)

(927)

Exchange adjustments

(56)

-

Balance at 31 December 2021

158,069

66,448

Provision for impairment losses:

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

2,047

302

Additions for the year

144

-

Decreases for the year

(39)

-

Exchange adjustments

(22)

-

Balance at 31 December 2021

2,130

302

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

155,939

66,146

Balance at 31 December 2020

125,525

59,880

 

At 31 December 2021, major construction projects of the Group are as follows:

 

Project name

Budgeted

amount

Balance at

1 January

2021

Net change

for the year

Balance at

31 December

2021

Percentage

of project

investment

to budgeted

amount

Source of funding

Accumulated

interest

capitalised at

31 December

2021

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

             

             

RMB million

Hainan Refining and Chemical Ethylene and Refining Reconstruction and Expansion Project

28,565

5,002

10,600

15,602

55%

Bank loans & self-financing

63

Zhenhai Refinery Expansion Ethylene Project

23,055

9,155

2,022

11,177

48%

Bank loans & self-financing

305

Caprolactam Industry Chain Relocation and Upgrading Transformation Development Project

13,950

1,000

2,700

3,700

27%

Bank loans & self-financing

32

Tianjin Nangang Ethylene and Downstream High-end New Material Industry Cluster Project

29,052

-

2,999

2,999

10%

Bank loans & self-financing

13

Zhenhai Refining and Chemical Refining and High-end Synthetic New Material Project

41,639

328

1,800

2,128

5%

Self-financing

-

 

15  RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS

 

The Group

 

             

Land

Others

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cost

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

171,392

40,698

212,090

Additions for the year

2,389

9,653

12,042

Decreases for the year

(1,677)

(3,430)

(5,107)

Balance at 31 December 2021

172,104

46,921

219,025

Accumulated depreciation:

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

12,591

10,481

23,072

Additions for the year

6,495

6,863

13,358

Decreases for the year

(182)

(2,197)

(2,379)

Balance at 31 December 2021

18,904

15,147

34,051

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

153,200

31,774

184,974

Balance at 31 December 2020

158,801

30,217

189,018

 

The Company

 

             

Land

Others

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cost

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

115,047

2,272

117,319

Additions for the year

653

1,619

2,272

Decreases for the year

(211)

(935)

(1,146)

Balance at 31 December 2021

115,489

2,956

118,445

Accumulated depreciation:

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

7,494

1,088

8,582

Additions for the year

3,760

882

4,642

Decreases for the year

(50)

(441)

(491)

Balance at 31 December 2021

11,204

1,529

12,733

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

104,285

1,427

105,712

Balance at 31 December 2020

107,553

1,184

108,737

 

16  INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

The Group

 

             

Land use rights

Patents

Non-patent

technology

Operation rights

Others

Total

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cost:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

102,177

5,383

5,593

53,567

6,179

172,899

Additions for the year

10,690

1,159

379

912

2,122

15,262

Decreases for the year

(1,003)

(9)

(832)

(688)

(84)

(2,616)

Balance at 31 December 2021

111,864

6,533

5,140

53,791

8,217

185,545

Accumulated amortisation:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

24,957

3,791

3,477

21,522

3,931

57,678

Additions for the year

3,406

1,123

332

2,458

604

7,923

Decreases for the year

(169)

(7)

(9)

(310)

(43)

(538)

Balance at 31 December 2021

28,194

4,907

3,800

23,670

4,492

65,063

Provision for impairment losses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 1 January 2021

226

482

27

189

17

941

Additions for the year

11

-

103

241

-

355

Decreases for the year

(1)

-

-

(23)

-

(24)

Balance at 31 December 2021

236

482

130

407

17

1,272

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net book value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at 31 December 2021

83,434

1,144

1,210

29,714

3,708

119,210

Balance at 31 December 2020

76,994

1,110

2,089

31,856

2,231

114,280

 

Amortisation of the intangible assets of the Group charged for the year ended 31 December 2021 is RMB6,363 million (2020: RMB5,907 million).

 

17  GOODWILL

 

Goodwill is allocated to the following Group's cash-generating units:

 

             

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

Name of investees

Principal activities

2021

2020

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

Sinopec Zhenhai Refining and Chemical Branch

 

Manufacturing of intermediate petrochemical products
 and petroleum products

4,043

 

4,043

 

Shanghai SECCO Petrochemical Company Limited

 ("Shanghai SECCO")

Production and sale of petrochemical products

 

2,541

 

2,541

 

Sinopec Beijing Yanshan Petrochemical Branch

 

Manufacturing of intermediate petrochemical products  and petroleum products

1,004

 

1,004

 

Other units without individual significant goodwill

 

1,006

1,032

Total

 

8,594

8,620

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of purchase over the fair value of the underlying assets and liabilities. The recoverable amounts of the above cash generating units are determined based on value in use calculations. These calculations use cash flow projections based on financial budgets approved by management covering a one-year period and pre-tax discount rates primarily ranging from 11.4% to 11.7% (2020: 11.4% to 13.4%). Cash flows beyond the one-year period are maintained constant. Based on the estimated recoverable amount, no major impairment loss was recognised.

 

Key assumptions used for cash flow forecasts for these entities are the gross margin and sales volume. Management determined the budgeted gross margin based on the gross margin achieved in the period immediately before the budget period and management's expectation on the future trend of the prices of crude oil and petrochemical products. The sales volume was based on the production capacity and/or the sales volume in the period immediately before the budget period.

 

18  LONG-TERM DEFERRED EXPENSES

 

Long-term deferred expenses primarily represent catalysts expenditures and improvement expenditures of fixed assets.

 

19  DEFERRED TAX ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities before the consolidated elimination adjustments are as follows:

 

             

Deferred tax assets

Deferred tax liabilities

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Receivables and inventories

3,763

2,411

-

-

Payables

2,858

1,286

-

-

Cash flow hedges

258

1,790

(2,709)

(4,420)

Fixed assets

16,777

15,793

(15,037)

(13,415)

Tax value of losses carried forward

4,749

13,322

-

-

Other equity instrument investments

127

127

(9)

(11)

Intangible assets

1,008

869

(492)

(517)

Others

1,056

371

(870)

(676)

Deferred tax assets/(liabilities)

30,596

35,969

(19,117)

(19,039)

 

The consolidated elimination amount between deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Deferred tax assets

11,207

10,915

Deferred tax liabilities

11,207

10,915

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities after the consolidated elimination adjustments are as follows:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Deferred tax assets

19,389

25,054

Deferred tax liabilities

7,910

8,124

 

At 31 December 2021, certain subsidiaries of the Company did not recognise deferred tax of deductible loss carried forward of RMB18,342 million (2020: RMB17,718 million), of which RMB5,564 million (2020: RMB4,349 million) was incurred for the year ended 31 December 2021, because it was not probable that the related tax benefit will be realised. These deductible losses carried forward of RMB4,135 million, RMB2,308 million, RMB1,986 million, RMB4,349 million and RMB5,564 million will expire in 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026 and after, respectively.

 

Periodically, management performed assessment on the probability that future taxable profit will be available over the period which the deferred tax assets can be realised or utilised. In assessing the probability, both positive and negative evidence was considered, including whether it is probable that the operations will have sufficient future taxable profits over the periods which the deferred tax assets are deductible or utilised and whether the tax losses result from identifiable causes which are unlikely to recur.

 

20  OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other non-current assets mainly represent long-term receivables, prepayments for construction projects and purchases of equipment.

 

21  DETAILS OF IMPAIRMENT LOSSES

 

At 31 December 2021, impairment losses of the Group are analysed as follows:

 

             

Note

Balance at

1 January

2021

Provision for

the year

Written back

for the year

Written off

for the year

Other

increase/

(decrease)

Balance at

31 December

2021

             

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Included:   Accounts receivable

7

3,860

436

(127)

(30)

(106)

4,033

Prepayments

9

77

14

(54)

-

46

83

Other receivables

10

1,531

83

(12)

(12)

-

1,590

Other non-current assets

 

-

1,931

-

-

2

1,933

 

 

5,468

2,464

(193)

(42)

(58)

7,639

Inventories

11

3,107

3,148

(18)

(1,300)

(40)

4,897

Long-term equity investments

12

3,548

206

-

(7)

(42)

3,705

Fixed assets

13

89,407

9,420

-

(1,141)

(163)

97,523

Construction in progress

14

2,047

144

-

(33)

(28)

2,130

Intangible assets

16

941

262

-

(24)

93

1,272

Goodwill

17

7,861

-

-

-

-

7,861

Others

 

6

43

-

-

-

49

Total

 

112,385

15,687

(211)

(2,547)

(238)

125,076

 

The reasons for recognising impairment losses are set out in the respective notes of respective assets.

 

22  SHORT-TERM LOANS

 

The Group's short-term loans represent:

 

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB million

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB

million

Short-term bank loans

 

 

24,959

 

 

16,111

- Renminbi loans

 

 

24,959

 

 

16,111

Short-term other loans

 

 

-

 

 

3

- Renminbi loans

 

 

-

 

 

3

Short-term loans from Sinopec Group Company and
 fellow subsidiaries

 

 

2,407

 

 

4,642

- Renminbi loans

 

 

1,320

 

 

1,141

- US Dollar loans

146

6.3757

934

505

6.5249

3,298

- Hong Kong Dollar loans

-

 

-

37

0.8416

31

- Euro loans

21

7.2197

153

21

8.0250

172

Total

 

 

27,366

 

 

20,756

 

At 31 December 2021, the Group's interest rates on short-term loans were from interest 0.53% to 4.20% (At 31 December 2020: 0.63% to 4.55%) per annum. The majority of the above loans are by credit.

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group had no significant overdue short-term loans.

 

23  BILLS PAYABLE

 

Bills payable primarily represented bank accepted bills for the purchase of material, goods and products. Bills payable were due within one year.

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group had no overdue unpaid bills.

 

24  ACCOUNTS PAYABLE

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group had no individually significant accounts payable aged over one year.

 

25  CONTRACT LIABILITIES

 

As at 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group's contract liabilities primarily represent advances from customers. Related performance obligations are satisfied and revenue is recognised within one year.

 

26  EMPLOYEE BENEFITS PAYABLE

 

(1)  Employee benefits payable:

 

             

Balance at the

beginning

of the year

Accrued

during the year

Decreased

during the year

Balance at

the end

of the year

Short-term employee benefits

7,043

97,396

(90,472)

13,967

Post-employment benefits

74

12,241

(12,246)

69

defined contribution plans

12

91

(91)

12

Total

7,129

109,728

(102,809)

14,048

 

(2)  Short-term employee benefits

 

             

Balance at

the beginning

of the year

Accrued

during the year

Decreased

during the year

Balance at

the end

of the year

Salaries, bonuses, allowances

3,836

72,704

(65,810)

10,730

Staff welfare

2,660

7,610

(7,684)

2,586

Social insurance

234

5,955

(5,912)

277

Medical insurance

224

5,423

(5,382)

265

Work-related injury insurance

5

381

(380)

6

Maternity insurance

5

151

(150)

6

Housing fund

47

6,244

(6,243)

48

Labour union fee, staff and workers' education fee

236

2,246

(2,203)

279

Other short-term employee benefits

30

2,637

(2,620)

47

Total

7,043

97,396

(90,472)

13,967

 

(3)  Post-employment benefits - defined contribution plans

 

             

Balance at

the beginning

of the year

Accrued

during the year

Decreased

during the year

Balance at

the end

of the year

Basic pension insurance

51

8,147

(8,148)

50

Unemployment insurance

8

305

(305)

8

Annuity

15

3,789

(3,793)

11

Total

74

12,241

(12,246)

69

 

 

27  TAXES PAYABLE

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Value-added tax payable

8,818

5,089

Consumption tax payable

56,084

56,762

Income tax payable

4,809

6,586

Mineral resources compensation fee payable

8

132

Other taxes

11,548

8,279

Total

81,267

76,848

 

28  OTHER PAYABLES

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, other payables of the Group over one year primarily represented payables for constructions.

 

29  NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES DUE WITHIN ONE YEAR

 

The Group's non-current liabilities due within one year represent:

 

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB million

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB million

Long-term bank loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Renminbi loans

 

 

3,281

 

 

4,613

- US Dollar loans

2

6.3757

12

4

6.5249

24

Long-term loans from Sinopec Group Company and
 fellow subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Renminbi loans

 

 

466

 

 

622

Long-term loans due within one year

 

 

3,759

 

 

5,259

Debentures payable due within one year

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Renminbi debentures

 

 

7,000

 

 

-

Lease liabilities due within one year

 

 

15,173

 

 

15,293

Others

 

 

2,719

 

 

1,942

Non-current liabilities due within one year

 

 

28,651

 

 

22,494

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, the Group had no significant overdue long-term loans.

 

30  OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

At 31 December 2021 and 31 December 2020, other current liabilities mainly represent output VAT to be transferred.

 

31  LONG-TERM LOANS

 

The Group's long-term loans represent:

 

             

             

At 31 December 2021

At 31 December 2020

             

Interest rate and final maturity

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB

million

Original

currency

million

Exchange

rates

RMB

million

Long-term bank loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Renminbi loans



 

Interest rates ranging from interest 1.08% to 4.00% per annum at 31 December 2021 (2020: 1.08% to 5.23%) with maturities through 2039

 

 


 

 

 


 

38,880

 


 

 

 


 



 

 

38,226

 

 

- US Dollar loans


 

Interest rates at 1.55% per annum at 31 December 2020 (2020: 1.55%) with maturities through 2038

 

10



 

6.3757



 

64



 

14



 

6.5249
 


 

92



 

Less: Portion with one year

 

 

 

(3,293)

 

 

(4,637)

Long-term bank loans

 

 

 

35,651

 

 

33,681

Long-term loans from Sinopec Group Company and fellow subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Renminbi loans

 


 

Interest rates ranging from interest 1.08% to 5.23% per annum at 31 December 2021 (2020: 1.08% to 5.23%) with maturities through 2037

 

 


 

 

 


 

12,988

 

 

 

 


 



 

 

11,013

 


 

- US Dollar loans
 

 

Interest rates at 1.65% per annum at 31 December 2021 (2020:1.60%)with maturities in 2027

183


 

6.3757


 

1,168


 

213


 

6.5249


 

1,387


 

Less: Portion with one year (note 29)

 

 

 

(466)

 

 

(622)

Long-term loans from Sinopec Group Company and fellow subsidiaries

 

 

13,690

 

 

11,778

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

49,341

 

 

45,459

 

The maturity analysis of the Group's long-term loans is as follows:

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Between one and two years

18,373

3,520

Between two and five years

26,633

39,504

After five years

4,335

2,435

Total

49,341

45,459

 

Long-term loans are carried at amortised costs.

32  DEBENTURES PAYABLE

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Debentures payable:

 

 

- Corporate Bonds (i)

49,649

38,356

Less: Portion with one year (Note 29)

7,000

-

Total

42,649

38,356

 

Note:

 

(i)    The Company issued corporate bonds with a maturity of five years on 26 July 2021 at par value of RMB100. The total issued amount of the corporate bonds is RMB5 billion. The corporate bonds adopt a simple interest rate on an annual basis with a fixed rate at 3.20% per annum and the interest is paid once a year.

 

The Company issued corporate bonds with a maturity of three years on 5 August 2021 at par value of RMB100. The total issued amount of the corporate bonds is RMB2 billion. The corporate bonds adopt a simple interest rate on an annual basis with a fixed rate at 2.59% per annum and the interest is paid once a year.

 

The Company issued corporate bonds with a maturity of two years on 6 August 2021 at par value of RMB100. The total issued amount of the corporate bonds is RMB2 billion. The corporate bonds adopt a simple interest rate on an annual basis with a fixed rate at 2.80% per annum and the interest is paid once a year.

 

The Company issued corporate bonds with a maturity of three years on 27 December 2021 at par value of RMB100. The total issued amount of the corporate bonds is RMB2.55 billion. The corporate bonds adopt a simple interest rate on an annual basis with a fixed rate at 2.50% per annum and the interest is paid once a year.

 

These corporate bonds are carried at amortised cost, including USD denominated corporate bonds of RMB11,127 million, and RMB denominated corporate bonds of RMB38,521 million (2020: USD denominated corporate bonds of RMB11,379 million, and RMB denominated corporate bonds of RMB26,977 million).

 

33  LEASE LIABILITY

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Lease liabilities

185,406

187,033

Deduct: Portion of lease liabilities with one year (Note 29)

15,173

15,293

Total

170,233

171,740

 

34  PROVISIONS

 

Provisions primarily represent provision for future dismantlement costs of oil and gas properties. The Group has established certain standardised measures for the dismantlement of its retired oil and gas properties by making reference to the industry practices and is thereafter constructively obligated to take dismantlement measures of its retired oil and gas properties. Movement of provision of the Group's obligations for the dismantlement of its retired oil and gas properties is as follows:

 

             

The Group

             

Balance at 1 January 2021

Provision for the year

Accretion expenses

Decrease for the year

Exchange adjustments

Balance at 31 December 2021

 

35  OTHER NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

Other non-current liabilities primarily represent long-term payables, special payables and deferred income.

 

36  SHARE CAPITAL

 

The Group

 

             

At 31 December

At 31 December

             

2021

2020

             

RMB million

RMB million

Registered, issued and fully paid:

 

 

95,557,771,046 listed A shares (2020: 95,557,771,046) of RMB1.00 each

95,558

95,558

25,513,438,600 listed H shares (2020: 25,513,438,600) of RMB1.00 each

25,513

25,513

Total

121,071

121,071

 

The Company was established on 25 February 2000 with a registered capital of 68.8 billion domestic state-owned shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each. Such shares were issued to Sinopec Group Company in consideration for the assets and liabilities transferred to the Company (Note 1).

 

Pursuant to the resolutions passed at an Extraordinary General Meeting held on 25 July 2000 and approvals from relevant government authorities, the Company is authorised to increase its share capital to a maximum of 88.3 billion shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each and offer not more than 19.5 billion shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each to investors outside the PRC. Sinopec Group Company is authorised to offer not more than 3.5 billion shares of its shareholdings in the Company to investors outside the PRC. The shares sold by Sinopec Group Company to investors outside the PRC would be converted into H shares.

 

In October 2000, the Company issued 15,102,439,000 H shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, representing 12,521,864,000 H shares and 25,805,750 American Depositary Shares ("ADSs", each representing 100 H shares), at prices of HKD1.59 per H share and USD20.645 per ADS, respectively, by way of a global initial public offering to Hong Kong SAR and overseas investors. As part of the global initial public offering, 1,678,049,000 state-owned ordinary shares of RMB1.00 each owned by Sinopec Group Company were converted into H shares and sold to Hong Kong SAR and overseas investors.

 

In July 2001, the Company issued 2.8 billion listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each at RMB4.22 by way of a public offering to natural persons and institutional investors in the PRC.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2010, the Company issued 88,774 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of exercise of 188,292 warrants entitled to the Bonds with Warrants.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2011, the Company issued 34,662 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of conversion by the holders of the 2011 Convertible Bonds.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2012, the Company issued 117,724,450 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of conversion by the holders of the 2011 Convertible Bonds.

 

On 14 February 2013, the Company issued 2,845,234,000 listed H shares ("the Placing") with a par value of RMB1.00 each at the Placing Price of HKD8.45 per share. The aggregate gross proceeds from the Placing amounted to approximately HKD24,042,227,300.00 and the aggregate net proceeds (after deduction of the commissions and estimated expenses) amounted to approximately HKD23,970,100,618.00.

 

In June 2013, the Company issued 21,011,962,225 listed A shares and 5,887,716,600 listed H shares as a result of bonus issues of 2 shares converted from the retained earnings, and 1 share transferred from capital reserve for every 10 existing shares.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2013, the Company issued 114,076 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of exercise of conversion by the holders of the 2011 Convertible Bonds.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2014, the Company issued 1,715,081,853 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of exercise of conversion by the holders of the 2011 Convertible Bonds.

 

During the year ended 31 December 2015, the Company issued 2,790,814,006 listed A shares with a par value of RMB1.00 each, as a result of conversion by the holders of the 2011 Convertible Bonds.

 

All A shares and H shares rank pari passu in all material aspects.

 

36  SHARE CAPITAL (Continued)

 

The Group (Continued)

 

Capital management

 

Management optimises the structure of the Group's capital, which comprises of equity and debts and bonds. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure of the Group, management may cause the Group to issue new shares, adjust the capital expenditure plan, sell assets to reduce debt, or adjust the proportion of short-term and long-term loans and bonds. Management monitors capital on the basis of the debt-to-capital ratio, which is calculated by dividing long-term loans (excluding current portion) and debentures payable, by the total of equity attributable to shareholders of the Company and long-term loans (excluding current portion) and debentures payable, and liability-to-asset ratio, which is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets. Management's strategy is to make appropriate adjustments according to the Group's operating and investment needs and the changes of market conditions, and to maintain the debt-to-capital ratio and the liability-to-asset ratio of the Group at a range considered reasonable. As at 31 December 2021, the debt-to-capital ratio and the liability-to-asset ratio of the Group were 10.6% (2020: 10.1%) and 51.5% (2020: 48.9%), respectively.

 

The schedule of the contractual maturities of loans and commitments are disclosed in Notes 31,32 and 61, respectively.

 

There were no changes in the management's approach to capital management of the Group during the year. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is subject to externally imposed capital requirements.

 

37  CAPITAL RESERVE

 

The movements in capital reserve of the Group are as follows:

 

             

RMB million

Balance at 1 January 2021

127,389

Adjustment for business combination of entities under common control

(6,124)

Transaction with minority interests

(1,396)

Others

319

Balance at 31 December 2021

120,188

 

Capital reserve represents mainly: (a) the difference between the total amount of the par value of shares issued and the amount of the net assets transferred from Sinopec Group Company in connection with the Reorganisation; (b) share premiums derived from issuances of H shares and A shares by the Company and excess of cash paid by investors over their proportionate shares in share capital, the proportionate shares of unexercised portion of the Bond with Warrants at the expiration date, and the amount transferred from the proportionate liability component and the derivative component of the converted portion of the 2011 Convertible Bonds; (c) difference between consideration paid for the combination of entities under common control and the transactions with minority interests over the carrying amount of the net assets acquired.

 

38  OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

The Group

 

(a)  The changes of other comprehensive income in consolidated income statement

 

             

2021

             

Before-tax

amount

Tax

effect

Net-of-tax

amount

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

Effective portion of changes in fair value of hedging instruments
 recognised during the year

15,659

(3,881)

11,778

Less: Reclassification adjustments for amounts transferred to the consolidated
 income statement

(8,858)

1,618

(7,240)

Subtotal

24,517

(5,499)

19,018

Cost of hedging reserve

(220)

-

(220)

Changes in fair value of other equity instrument investments

(6)

2

(4)

Other comprehensive loss that can be converted into profit or loss under the
 equity method

441

-

441

Foreign currency translation differences

(1,728)

-

(1,728)

Other comprehensive income

23,004

(5,497)

17,507

 

             

2020

             

Before-tax

amount

Tax

effect

Net-of-tax

amount

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

Cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

Effective portion of changes in fair value of hedging instruments recognised
 during the year

9,207

(2,295)

6,912

Less: Reclassification adjustments for amounts transferred to the consolidated
 income statement

(198)

37

(161)

Subtotal

9,405

(2,332)

7,073

Cost of hedging reserve

162

-

162

Changes in fair value of other equity instrument investments

(18)

(4)

(22)

Other comprehensive loss that can be converted into profit or loss under the
 equity method

(2,441)

-

(2,441)

Foreign currency translation differences

(4,457)

-

(4,457)

Other comprehensive income

2,651

(2,336)

315

 

(b)  The change of each item in other comprehensive income

 

             

Equity Attributable to shareholders of the company

             

             

             

Other

comprehensive

income that can

be converted

into profit or

loss under

the equity

method

Changes in

fair value of

other equity

instrument

investments

fair value

hedges

Cash flow

hedges

Foreign

currency

translation

differences

Subtotal

Minority

interests

Total other

comprehensive

income

             

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

RMB million

1 January 2020

(4,088)

(16)

-

1,037

2,746

(321)

(1,569)

(1,890)

Changes in 2020

(2,001)

(4)

81

6,768

(3,485)

1,359

(1,031)

328

31 December 2020

(6,089)

(20)

81

7,805

(739)

1,038

(2,600)

(1,562)

1 January 2021

(6,089)

(20)

81

7,805

(739)

1,038

(2,600)

(1,562)

Changes in 2021

324

2

(110)

(591)

(1,353)

(1,728)

(715)