Company Announcements

Half-year report

Source: OMX
Half-year report

11 August 2021
Positive claims experience drives strong Admiral Group results for H1 2021
2021 Interim Results Highlights

 30 June 202130 June 2020% change
    
Group profit before tax, continuing operations 1£482.2 million£274.4 million+76%
Earnings per share, continuing operations 1132.9 pence79.7 pence+67%
Group profit before tax, including discontinued operations and gain on disposal2£897.9 million£286.1 million+214%
    
Interim dividend per share 3115.0 pence70.5 pence+63%
First special dividend per share from sale of Penguin Portals comparison businesses

46.0 pence


Return on equity 1 268%50%+36%
    
Group turnover1 2 4£1.75 billion£1.60 billion+9%
Net revenue 1£0.79 billion£0.61 billion+30%
Group customers28.02 million7.17 million+12%
UK Insurance customers26.22 million5.58 million+12%
International Insurance customers21.71 million1.49 million+14%
Loans and advances to customers, net of provision£425.7 million£455.3 million-7%
    
Solvency ratio (post dividend) 2 5209%186%+12%

Around 10,000 staff each receive an award worth up to £1,800 under the employee share scheme based on the interim 2021 results.

Comment from Milena Mondini de Focatiis, Group Chief Executive Officer  
  
“A good strategy is a plus; good execution is a must, especially in times of disruption. It’s been a half year of good execution for Admiral. By and large, we’ve done the right things more often and a bit earlier than most.

“This included adjusting pricing ahead of the market in the UK to reflect shifting pandemic-related claims trends and providing more self-service and digital options to our customers. These actions have rewarded us with double digit growth in policy numbers in the UK and in international insurance, whilst operating in very competitive markets. 

“Another highlight of this half year is a notably higher level of profit 1 - driven by positive development of prior years in our UK Motor book resulting in increased reserve releases and higher than usual profit commission, as well as lower levels of claims frequency. We also made progress against our long-term strategy, increasing adoption of advanced analytics models and planting new seeds for product diversification. 

“I am delighted that we can once again pay a record dividend (which includes a part of the proceeds from the sale our comparison businesses) to our shareholders, including our staff who continued to work hard to provide great service to our customers. I would also like to thank all of our customers for their continued trust in us.”

1 Group profit before tax, Earnings per share, Group turnover, Net revenue and Return on equity presented on a continuing operations basis
2 Alternative Performance Measures - refer to the end of the report for definition and explanation
3 Prior period interim dividend excludes the 20.7 pence special dividend, deferred from 2019
4 Group Turnover in H1 2020 includes the impact of the ‘Stay at Home’ premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers of £97 million. Refer to the Alternative Performance Measures section at the end of this report for further explanation
5 Solvency ratio excludes positive impact of capital held from Penguin Portals disposal to be returned to shareholders

Dividend
The Board has declared an interim dividend of 115.0 pence, made up of a normal dividend of 87.9 pence per share and a special dividend of 27.1 pence per share, 63% higher than the 2020 interim dividend of 70.5 pence per share (excluding the deferred special dividend of 20.7 pence from 2019 which was paid alongside the 2020 interim dividend). The payment represents 87% of first half earnings per share from continuing operations.

The Board has also declared a further special dividend of 46.0 pence per share reflecting the first payment of the phased return to shareholders of the proceeds from the sale of the Penguin Portals comparison businesses. This brings the total interim dividend to 161.0 pence, made up of a normal dividend of 87.9 pence per share and a total special dividend of 73.1 pence per share.

Payment will be on 1 October 2021. The ex-dividend date is 2 September 2021 and the record date is 3 September 2021.

Management presentation
Analysts and investors will be able to access the Admiral Group management presentation which commences at 9.00 BST on Wednesday 11 August 2021 by registering at the following link on webcast at https://pres.admiralgroup.co.uk/admiral040 or via conference call at https://pres.admiralgroup.co.uk/admiral040/vip_connect. A copy of the presentation slides will be available at www.admiralgroup.co.uk

H1 2021 Group overview

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Group turnover (£bn)*1*2*41.681.601.753.37
Underwriting profit including investment income*296.0152.7244.5333.1
Profit commission36.144.6187.3134.0
Net other revenue and expenses*284.683.356.3153.4
Operating profit, continuing operations216.7280.6488.1620.5
Group profit before tax, continuing operations210.5274.4482.2608.2
Group profit before tax, including discontinued operations and gain on disposal 218.2286.1897.9637.6
     
Analysis of profit:    
UK Insurance255.0314.0543.5698.3
International Insurance(2.7)6.5(0.9)8.8
Admiral Loans(4.3)(9.4)(1.9)(13.8)
Other(37.5)(36.7)(58.5)(85.1)
Group profit before tax, continuing operations210.5274.4482.2608.2
Key metrics    
Group loss ratio*2*369.1%54.7%49.1%54.4%
Group expense ratio*2*323.2%28.3%26.1%26.8%
Group combined ratio*292.3%83.0%75.2%81.2%
Customer numbers (million)*26.747.178.027.66
     
Earnings per share *460.9p79.7p132.9p170.7p
Dividend per share *563.0p70.5p115.0p156.5p
Special dividend from sale of Penguin Portals46.0p
Return on equity*2*447%50%68%52%
Solvency ratio*2190%186%209%187%

*1 Group Turnover in H1 2020 includes the impact of the ‘Stay at Home’ premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers of £97 million. Refer to note 14(d) to the financial statements for reconciliation to the net insurance premium impact of £21 million
*2 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of the report for definition and explanation
*3 See notes 14b and 14c for a reconciliation of reported loss and expense ratios to the financial statements
*4 Group turnover, Earnings per share, Return on equity presented on a continuing operations basis
*5 The 2020 interim dividend of 70.5 pence per share excludes the deferred special dividend from 2019 of 20.7 pence per share, that was paid alongside the interim 2020 dividend.

Group Highlights

Key highlights for the Group in H1 2021 include:

  • Group turnover from continuing operations increased by 9% to £1.75 billion (H1 2020: £1.60 billion); excluding the impact of the premium refund in H1 2020, turnover increased by 3%. Customer numbers were 12% higher at 8.02 million (30 June 2020: 7.17 million)
  • Group profit before tax from continuing operations increased to £482.2 million (H1 2020: £274.4 million), as a result of continued improvement of UK motor insurance prior period claims, leading to strong prior period reserve releases and profit commission, as well as a reduced current period loss ratio due to lower claims frequency
  • Group profit before tax, including discontinued operations and the gain on disposal of the Penguin Portals businesses increased to £897.9 million (H1 2020: £286.1 million), with the gain on disposal contributing £404.4 million (H1 2020: nil)
  • UK Insurance recorded a 10% increase in turnover to £1.37 billion (H1 2020: £1.25 billion) with customer numbers growing by 12% to 6.22 million (30 June 2020: 5.58 million)
  • Significant profit growth of £229.5 million in UK Insurance, primarily attributable to favourable development in prior year loss ratios and a reduced current year loss ratio for UK Motor
  • UK Household profit improved in H1 2021 to £13.9 million (H1 2020: £5.5 million), with more benign weather in 2021 compared to the bad weather impact of approximately £5 million in H1 2020
  • International Insurance businesses made a combined loss of £0.9 million (£6.5 million profit in H1 2020), with lower profit in the European operations and slightly increased losses in the US partly attributable to weather in Texas in the period
    • The combined International Insurance turnover grew by 5% to £347.2 million (H1 2020: £329.5 million) and customer numbers grew by 14% to 1.71 million (30 June 2020: 1.49 million), with prior period figures negatively impacted by the reduced new business demand in the early Covid lockdown period in H1 2020.

Earnings per share
Earnings per share from continuing operations is 67% higher than in H1 2020 at 132.9 pence (H1 2020: 79.7 pence). This is lower than the growth in pre-tax profit of 76%, primarily as a result of a higher effective tax rate, relating primarily to an adjustment to prior year tax as a result of changes in intra-group contractual arrangements.

Dividends and solvency
The Group’s dividend policy is to pay 65% of post-tax profits as a normal dividend and to pay a further special dividend comprising earnings not required to be held in the Group for solvency or buffers.

The Board has declared a total interim dividend of 115.0 pence per share (approximately £335 million).

The 115.0 pence per share interim 2021 dividend is split as follows:

  • 87.9 pence per share normal dividend, based on the dividend policy of distributing 65% of the Group’s share of post-tax profits; plus
  • A special dividend of 27.1 pence per share

The 2021 interim dividend (excluding the further special dividend referred to below) is 63% ahead of the 2020 interim dividend (70.5 pence per share, which excludes the payment of the deferred special dividend from 2019), with a pay-out ratio of 87% of earnings per share from continuing operations.

The Group has confirmed plans for the use of the net proceeds from the disposal of the Penguin Portals Comparison businesses and will return £400 million to shareholders in the form of special dividends phased equally over the interim 2021, final 2022 and interim 2022 dividends.  The Board has consequently declared a further special interim dividend of 46.0 pence per share to reflect the first payment.  This brings the total interim 2021 dividend to 161.0 pence per share, split 87.9 pence per share normal element and 73.1 pence per share special element.

The payment date is 1 October 2021, ex-dividend date 2 September 2021 and record date 3 September 2021.

The Group reports a strong solvency ratio of 209% post-dividend, excluding the positive impact of capital held from the Penguin Portal disposal to be returned to shareholders as noted above.  The solvency ratio has increased by 22 percentage points from the end of 2020 and surplus capital has increased by £55 million.  This is primarily due to a reduction in the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which includes a lower risk charge related to profit commission risk.

Covid-19 impact
The Covid-19 (‘Covid’) pandemic has continued to impact the interim results across the Group. In most markets, whilst road traffic levels have started to return towards more normal levels, this has been slower than expected as lockdown restrictions have persisted longer, resulting in continued lower claims frequency relative to pre-pandemic levels. The UK, in particular, saw a longer than expected lockdown in the first half of 2021, with claims frequency taking longer to recover. In contrast, the US has seen a more rapid return towards more normal levels.

Admiral Loans continued to cautiously grow its loans book in the first half of 2021. Provisions remain prudent, whilst reflecting the reduced likelihood of a severe economic downturn. No significant increase in the level of defaults has been experienced to date.

Admiral remains committed to supporting its customers, staff and local communities throughout the pandemic. Measures in 2021 to date have included continued assistance for customers needing support, prioritising staff safety and wellbeing and numerous community initiatives to support charities in the areas in which the Group operates.

The Group’s results are presented in the following sections:

  • UK Insurance – including UK Motor (Car and Van), Household and Travel
  • International Insurance – including L’olivier (France), Admiral Seguros (Spain), ConTe (Italy), and Elephant (US)
  • Admiral Loans
  • Other Group Items – including compare.com (US comparison) and Admiral Pioneer
  • Discontinued operations – Penguin Portals Group and Preminen Price Comparison Holdings Limited Group (disposal of which completed in April 2021)

UK Insurance

£m30 June
2019*2
30 June
2020*2
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020*2
Turnover*11,338.81,248.41,372.02,672.0
Total premiums written*11,186.01,101.61,230.92,373.3
Net insurance premium revenue264.7251.7295.6539.7
Underwriting profit including investment income*1106.7158.1259.6346.5
Profit commission and other income148.3155.9283.9351.8
UK Insurance profit before tax255.0314.0543.5698.3

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation
*2 Re-presented to statutory profit before tax from group share of profit before tax

Split of UK Insurance profit before tax

£m30 June
2019*1
30 June
2020*1
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020*1
Motor252.0310.6530.4683.6
Household4.25.513.915.4
Travel(1.2)(2.1)(0.8)(0.7)
UK Insurance profit255.0314.0543.5698.3

*1 Re-presented to statutory profit before tax from group share of profit before tax

Key performance indicators

 30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Vehicles insured at period end4.33m4.42m4.93m4.75m
Households insured at period end0.92m1.07m1.23m1.16m
Travel Insurance customers0.07m0.09m0.06m0.07m
Total UK Insurance customers5.32m5.58m6.22m5.98m

Highlights for the UK insurance business for H1 2021 include:

In UK Motor insurance:

  • Good customer growth of 12% to 4.93 million customers (H1 2020: 4.42 million)
  • A significant increase in profit to £530.4 million (H1 2020: £310.6 million) driven by positive development of prior period claims resulting in significantly higher reserve releases and profit commission, as well as a favourable current year loss ratio as a result of continued reduced claims frequency

In UK Household insurance:

  • Continued growth, with customers 15% higher than one year ago at 1.23 million (30 June 2020: 1.07 million)
  • Profit of £13.9 million (H1 2020: £5.5 million), with lower claims incurred in H1 2021 as a result of benign weather compared to H1 2020 (which saw an approximate weather impact of £5 million, net of Flood Re recoveries) and positive development on prior year claims driving increased profit commission

UK Motor Insurance

£m30 June
2019*4
30 June
2020*4
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020*4
Turnover*11,255.21,158.31,266.02,473.8
Total premiums written*11,110.11,019.81,135.02,193.0
Net insurance premium revenue225.4208.5242.4451.4
Investment income15.930.620.750.8
Net insurance claims(106.2)(48.9)16.6(97.1)
Net insurance expenses(36.1)(38.6)(39.9)(77.2)
Underwriting profit including investment income*1*299.0151.6239.8327.9
Profit commission35.041.1177.7124.7
Underwriting profit and profit
commission
134.0192.7

417.5
452.6
Net other revenue*3118.0117.9112.9231.0
UK Motor Insurance profit before tax252.0310.6530.4683.6

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation
*2 Underwriting profit excludes contribution from underwritten ancillaries (included in net other revenue)
*3 Net other revenue includes instalment income and contribution from underwritten ancillaries and is analysed later in the report
*4 Re-presented to statutory profit before tax from group share of profit before tax

Key performance indicators

 30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Reported Motor loss ratio*1*267.8%49.4%39.4%49.2%
Reported Motor expense ratio*1*318.7%21.3%19.0%19.8%
Reported Motor combined ratio86.5%70.7%58.4%69.0%
Written basis Motor expense ratio17.5%18.8%18.7%18.8%
Reported loss ratio before releases90.0%80.2%72.9%72.3%
Claims reserve releases – original net share*1*4£50.0m£64.2m£81.1m£104.3m
Claims reserve releases – commuted reinsurance*1*5

£52.8m


£60.0m


£118.3m


£137.3m
Total claims reserve releases£102.8m£124.2m£199.4m£241.6m
Vehicles insured at period end4.33m4.42m4.93m4.75m
Other Revenue per vehicle£66£64£58£61

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation
*2 Motor loss ratio adjusted to exclude impact of reserve releases on commuted reinsurance contracts. Reconciliation in note 14b
*3 Motor expense ratio is calculated by including claims handling expenses that are reported within claims costs in the income statement. Reconciliation in note 14c
*4 Original net share shows reserve releases on the proportion of the account that Admiral wrote on a net basis at the start of the underwriting year in question
*5 Commuted reinsurance shows releases on the proportion of the account that was originally ceded under quota share reinsurance contracts but has since been commuted and hence reported through underwriting profit and not profit commission

UK Motor profit in the first six months of 2021 was £219.8 million ahead of the same period in 2020 (H1 2021: £530.4 million; H1 2020: £310.6 million). The increase was driven by positive development in the cost of UK motor bodily injury claims from a number of prior underwriting years which has led to higher reserve releases and profit commission revenue. In addition, lower than expected motor claims frequency in 2021 has led to a more favourable current period loss ratio. It is not currently expected that the level of reserve releases and profit commission for the first half of 2021 will be repeated in the second half.

Claims frequency increased in the first half of 2021, albeit slower than expected due to extended lockdown restrictions in the UK. In addition, underlying claims inflation continued, primarily driven by accidental damage claims, particularly an increase in the cost of parts as a result of advances in technology. To reflect increasing levels of claims frequency, Admiral increased prices ahead of the market in the first half of 2021. The number of vehicles insured increased by 12% to 4.93 million (30 June 2020: 4.42 million) which was driven by strong new business customer growth in H2 2020 which slowed down in the first half of 2021, where growth was mainly driven by renewing customers. Customer retention remained strong.

Further highlights for the period were as follows:

  • Net insurance premium revenue was 16% higher than H1 2020 at £242.4 million (H1 2020: £208.5 million), with the ‘Stay at Home’ premium rebate to customers having an adverse impact of £21.1 million in H1 2020. Excluding this impact, net insurance premium revenue increased by 6%, reflecting the growth in both Car and Van books over the last twelve months, offset somewhat by lower average premiums in Car particularly.
  • Investment income was £20.7 million, down from £30.6 million in H1 2020. The prior period benefitted by £12.9 million from additional investment income on cash held by Admiral relating to the portion of the book reinsured under quota share contracts. Excluding this benefit, investment income in the prior period was £17.7 million, with the £3.0 million improvement in the current period primarily resulting from a larger asset base.
  • The reported combined ratio improved significantly to 58.4% (H1 2020: 70.7%).The loss ratio improved to 39.4% (H1 2020: 49.4%) as follows:

Reported Motor loss ratio     
  Reported Loss ratio before releasesImpact of claims reserve releases - net original shareReported Loss Ratio
H1 2020 80.2%-30.8%49.4%
Change in current period loss ratio -7.3%-7.3%
Change in claims reserve release – original net share -2.7%-2.7%
H1 2021 72.9%-33.5%39.4%
  • The current period loss ratio is 7.3 percentage points better than the first half of 2020, at 72.9% (H1 2020: 80.2%) as a result of continuing Covid-19 restrictions and associated reductions in claims frequency, in particular during the first quarter. Whilst the first half of 2020 also saw Covid-related claims frequency reductions, the H1 2020 current period loss ratio of 80.2% included the full impact of the Stay-at-Home premium rebate on premium revenue as noted above.
  • Reserve releases on original net share of reserves of £81.1 million (H1 2020: £64.2 million) equated to 33.5% of premium, an improvement of 2.7 points (H1 2020: 30.8%). Excluding the impact of the Stay-at-Home premium rebate in the prior period, the increase would be larger at 5.5 percentage points. This reflects the strong positive development of claims reserves, in particular from the 2016 to 2019 underwriting years.
  • The margin held in the financial statements above the projected best estimate reserves remains appropriately prudent and is consistent with that held at the end of 2020 in relative terms.
  • The written basis expense ratio is 18.7% for H1 2021 (H1 2020: 18.8%), with the earned expense ratio lower at 19.0% (H1 2020: 21.3%). The earned expense ratio in H1 2020 was adversely impacted by the premium rebate and additional costs of setting up remote working.
  • Both claims reserve releases from commuted reinsurance and profit commission were significantly higher in H1 2021 than H1 2020, as follows:

£m Reserve releases – commuted reinsuranceProfit commissionTotal
H1 2020 60.041.1101.1
Change in reserve releases on commuted reinsurance 58.358.3
Change in profit commission 136.6136.6
H1 2021 118.3177.7296.0
  • Releases on reserves originally reinsured but since commuted were higher at £118.3 million (v £60.0 million in H1 2020), with underwriting years 2017 to 2019 making a more significant contribution than equivalent years at the same stage of development in the first half of 2020.
  • Profit commission was significantly higher at £177.7 million (H1 2020: £41.1 million). This increase is positively impacted by profit commission recognised on the 2020 underwriting year. 2020 is more profitable than previous underwriting years at the same stage of development as a result of the Covid-related claims frequency trends.

Co- and reinsurance, commutations and profit commission
Admiral makes significant use of proportional risk sharing agreements, where insurers outside the Group underwrite a majority of the risk generated, either through co-insurance or quota share reinsurance contracts. The Group’s net retained share of UK Car business is 22%. These arrangements include profit commission terms which allow Admiral to retain a significant portion of the profit generated.

The arrangements with Munich Re for 2021 are consistent with those previously reported, with Munich Re writing 30% of the business through co-insurance (via Great Lakes) and 10% through quota share reinsurance arrangements.

Admiral has agreed terms for the extension of its contractual arrangements with Munich Re and its subsidiary Great Lakes from 2022. The current 10% quota share contract remains in place until at least 2023. For the remaining 30% share, 20% of this total will be on a co-insurance basis (via Great Lakes), and will extend to 2029. The remaining 10% will be on a quota share reinsurance basis and these arrangements extend to 2026.

Admiral also has other quota share arrangements in place, confirmed to at least the end of 2023, covering 38% of the total UK Car insurance business.

Admiral tends to commute its UK Car Insurance quota share reinsurance contracts for an underwriting year 24 months from inception, assuming there is sufficient confidence in the profitability of the business covered by the reinsurance contract.

As at 30 June 2021, all UK car quota share reinsurance contracts for underwriting years up to 2016 have been commuted, along with the majority of contracts for the 2017, 2018 and 2019 underwriting years, meaning Admiral assumes a higher net risk for these years than had the reinsurance been left in place.

Other Revenue and Instalment Income

UK Motor Insurance Other Revenue – analysis of contribution:

£m 30 June 2019*430 June 2020*430 June 202131 Dec
2020*4
Contribution from additional products & fees, including those underwritten by Admiral*1111.1105.197.2203.3
Instalment income42.047.650.8100.9
Other revenue153.1152.7148.0304.2
Internal costs*2
Net other revenue
(35.1)
118.0
(34.8)
117.9
(35.1)
112.9
(73.2)
231.0
Other revenue per vehicle*3£66£64£58£61
Other revenue per vehicle net of internal costs£56£54£48£50

*1 Additional products underwritten by Admiral Included in underwriting profit in income statement but re-allocated to Other Revenue for purpose of KPIs.
*2 Internal costs reflect an allocation of insurance expenses incurred in generating other revenue.
*3 Other revenue (before internal costs) divided by average active vehicles, rolling 12-month basis.
*4 Re-presented to statutory profit before tax from group share of profit before tax

Overall contribution (Other Revenue net of costs plus instalment income) was £112.9 million which was lower than H1 2020 (£117.9 million). There was a reduction in optional ancillary income, continuing to reflect a greater proportion of transactions completing digitally and also the impact of Covid resulting in lower sales.

Other revenue was equivalent to £58 per vehicle (gross of costs; H1 2020: £64) and Net Other revenue (after deducting costs) per vehicle was £48 (H1 2020: £54).

UK Household Insurance

£m 30 June 201930 June 202030 June 202131 Dec 2020
Turnover*180.087.0104.6193.8
Total premiums written*172.278.794.5175.9
Net insurance premium revenue18.120.923.343.2
Underwriting profit/(loss) *10.6(0.7)1.72.5
Profit commission and other income3.66.212.212.9
UK Household insurance profit4.25.513.915.4

     *1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation

Key performance indicators

 30 June 201930 June 202030 June 202131 Dec 2020
Reported Household loss ratio*166.8%69.0%63.6%64.8%
Reported Household expense ratio*130.1%34.2%32.5%29.4%
Reported Household combined ratio*196.9%103.2%96.1%94.2%
Impact of extreme weather and subsidence*111.1%5.3%
Households insured at period end (m)0.921.071.231.16

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation

Admiral’s Household business continued to grow strongly, increasing the number of homes insured by 15% to 1.23 million (H1 2020: 1.07 million) across all channels, with good growth in Admiral’s multiproduct offering. Turnover increased to £104.6 million (H1 2020: £87.0 million) and retention remained strong. Customers continue to use digital channels more for both shopping and reporting claims.

The Household business reported a profit before tax of £13.9 million (H1 2020: £5.5 million profit), reflecting relatively benign weather compared to H1 2020 where the result was impacted by weather events in the first half of approximately £5 million (net of recoveries from Flood Re; H1 2019: nil). The loss ratio also benefitted from favourable experience in theft, escape of water and fire perils with the positive development on prior periods claims, resulting in higher profit commission. The claims mix remained broadly similar to 2020 with fewer escape of water claims and more damage claims as more people worked from home.

Admiral’s expense ratio decreased to 32.5% (H1 2020: 34.2%), as premium grew more rapidly than in H1 2020 which was impacted by lower sales in the lockdown period.

International Insurance

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Turnover*1319.5329.5347.2648.8
Total premiums written*1288.0297.6314.3584.0
Net insurance premium revenue80.695.5111.7204.2
Investment income0.9(0.1)0.6
Net insurance claims(66.0)(63.3)(82.1)(139.3)
Net insurance expenses(26.7)(37.7)(44.7)(78.8)
Underwriting result*1(11.2)(5.6)(14.5)(13.9)
Net other income8.512.113.622.7
International Car Insurance result(2.7)6.5(0.9)8.8

Key performance indicators        

 30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Loss ratio*275.5%63.2%70.2%64.3%
Expense ratio*238.4%44.8%43.9%43.9%
Combined ratio*3113.9%108.0%114.1%108.2%
Combined ratio, net of Other revenue*4103.3%95.4%102.2%97.9%
Claims reserve releases (£m)9.011.76.518.6
Vehicles insured at period end (m)1.36m1.49m1.71m1.60m

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation
*2 Loss ratios and expense ratios adjusted to remove the impact of reinsurer caps
*3 Combined ratio is calculated on Admiral’s net share of premiums and excludes Other Revenue. It excludes the impact of reinsurer caps. Including the impact of reinsurer caps the reported combined ratio would be H1 2021: 114%; H1 2020: 106%; FY 2020: 107%; H1 2019: 115%.
*4 Combined ratio, net of Other Revenue is calculated on Admiral’s net share of premiums and includes Other Revenue. Including the impact of reinsurer caps the reported combined ratio, net of Other Revenue would be H1 2021: 102%; H1 2020: 93%; FY 2020: 96%; H1 2019: 104%.

Geographical analysis*1

30 June 2021SpainItalyFranceUSTotal
Vehicles insured at period end0.35m0.82m0.32m0.22m1.71m
Turnover (£m)44.6112.487.4102.8347.2m
      
30 June 2020SpainItalyFranceUSTotal
Vehicles insured at period end0.30m0.71m0.26m0.22m1.49m
Turnover (£m)40.8106.264.1118.4329.5
      
31 Dec 2020SpainItalyFranceUSTotal
Vehicles insured at period end0.33m0.77m0.29m0.21m1.60m
Turnover (£m)83.9213.0139.3212.6648.8

*1 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of this report for definition and explanation

International Insurance financial performance

Admiral’s International insurance businesses continued to grow in turnover and customer numbers despite lockdown restrictions continuing to impact demand as well as a competitive market environment. Customer numbers increased by 14% to 1.71 million (30 June 2020: 1.49 million) and turnover growth increased by 5% to £347.2 million (H1 2020: £329.5 million). The combined ratio, net of other revenue, increased to 102% (H1 2020: 95%). This was partly driven by higher claims frequency in the first half of 2021, compared to H1 2020 and less positive prior year development, together with some pressure on premium revenue particularly in Italy and Spain, where competition remained high.     

The expense ratio improved to 44% (H1 2020: 45%). An increase in the expense ratio in 2020 was partly due to the cost of shifting to work from home, and a higher net retained share of business in the US.

The European insurance operations in Spain, Italy and France insured 1.49 million vehicles at 30 June 2021 – 17% higher than a year earlier (30 June 2020: 1.27 million). Turnover was up 16% to £244.4 million (H1 2020: £211.1 million). The combined European profit was £3.3 million (H1 2020: profit of £9.8 million), a £6.5 million decrease partly driven by a small loss in France, higher cost of claims, and lower average market premiums. The combined ratio net of other revenue (excluding the impact of reinsurer caps) increased to 96% from 82%, impacted by lower average market premiums and worsened claims experience primarily due to higher than expected bodily injury inflation.

Admiral Seguros (Spain) grew by 15% to 346,000 customers over the past year (30 June 2020: 302,000). The growth was supported by strong acquisition and retention, despite the competitive market environment. Investments in the business continue to focus on building sustainable growth through the broker channel and improvements in the online customer experience.

The Group's largest international operation, ConTe in Italy, continued to perform well and increased vehicles insured by 15% to 820,000 (30 June 2020: 712,000). The business continued to focus on improving loss ratio and risk selection capabilities, and grew strongly despite challenging market conditions.

L'olivier assurance (France) continued to grow strongly. The customer base increased by 24% to 324,000 at 30 June 2021 (30 June 2020: 261,000) with investments in direct channel acquisition including brand investment, marketing campaigns, and an enhanced user experience driving strong growth.

In the US, Admiral underwrites motor insurance in eight states through its Elephant Auto business. The number of vehicles insured remained broadly flat at 216,000 at 30 June 2021 (30 June 2020: 218,000) and turnover was down by 13% to £102.8 million (H1 2020: £118.4 million; in local currency turnover was down 4%). The business maintains a cautious approach to growth whilst the key focus remains to focus on improving technical fundamentals.

Elephant reported a loss of £4.2 million (from £3.3 million in H1 2020), in part due to severe weather in Texas in the first half of the year and a reduced Covid impact as road usage and claims frequency were higher than H1 2020. Continued efforts to strengthen digital capabilities and increase acquisition efficiency helped drive lower costs and improve customer outcomes. The business is also testing expanded distribution to the broker channel and through partnerships as opportunities to grow in future. Overall, the combined ratio net of other revenue improved to 110% (111% in H1 2020).

Admiral Loans

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Total interest income13.319.815.736.8
Interest expense*1(4.1)(5.1)(4.3)(10.1)
Net interest income9.214.711.426.7
Other fee income0.90.90.52.1
Total income10.115.611.928.8
Credit loss charge(6.0)(16.2)(4.0)(25.8)
Expenses(8.4)(8.8)(9.8)(16.8)
Admiral Loans loss before tax(4.3)(9.4)(1.9)(13.8)

*1 Includes £1.4 million intra-group interest expense (FY 2020 £2.9 million; H1 2020: £1.5 million; H1 2019: £1.2 million)

Admiral Loans distributes and underwrites unsecured personal loans and car finance products through the comparison channel and direct to consumers via the Admiral website.  

Gross loan balances totalled £469.4 million at the end of June 2021, with a £43.7 million provision, resulting in a net loans balance of £425.7 million (net loans balance at 30 June 2020: £455.3 million, 31 December 2020: £359.8 million). 

In mid-March 2020, following a deterioration in the UK economic outlook due to the impact of Covid, the Group made the decision to pause the writing of new loans.  Admiral Loans cautiously re-entered the market in the second half of 2020 with the loan book starting to grow more significantly in 2021.   Net interest income and other fee income remained lower than in H1 2020 due to lower average loan balances, although this is offset by a significantly lower charge for expected credit losses of £4.0 million (H1 2020: £16.2 million). This improvement was driven by improved future UK economic outlook and unemployment assumptions at 30 June 2021 compared to 30 June 2020, although caution remains given the additional uncertainty arising from the withdrawal of pandemic support measures. Admiral Loans continues to manage lending within a defined risk appetite and has not seen a significant change in defaults over the period and arrears remain low. 

For further information on the loan provision for expected credit losses, refer to note 7 in the financial statements. 

Admiral Loans recorded a pre-tax loss of £1.9 million in the first half of 2021 (decreased from £9.4 million loss in H1 2020 and £13.8 million loss in FY 2020). The lower loss predominantly reflects the reduction in credit loss charge recognised in the period as noted above. 

Other Group Items

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Share scheme charges(24.2)(21.3)(30.6)(50.9)
Compare.com loss before tax(4.6)(0.8)(1.4)(2.3)
Other interest and investment income2.73.01.54.9
Business development costs(0.4)(0.5)(3.8)(1.8)
Other central costs(5.5)(11.2)(18.5)(22.9)
Finance charges(5.5)(5.9)(5.7)(12.1)
Total(37.5)(36.7)(58.5)(85.1)

Share scheme charges relate to the Group’s two employee share schemes (refer to note 9 in the financial statements). The increase in the charge is driven by a combination of the expected increase of the proportion of shares that will eventually vest following strong Group results, as well as a higher share price and higher bonuses linked to the Group’s dividend, compared to the first half of 2020.

Business development costs include costs associated with potential new ventures, in particular Admiral Pioneer which incurred a loss of just over £2 million in H1 2021. Compare.com reported a higher loss of £1.4 million, as a result of increased investment in marketing and acquisition in a challenging market environment in the US.

Other central costs consist of Group-related expenses and include the cost of a number of significant Group projects, such as preparation for the significant new insurance accounting standard, IFRS 17, the development of the internal model and group cross-charges. The increase in the period is primarily due to higher costs of regulatory projects and matters that are unlikely to be recurring.

Finance charges of £5.7 million (H1 2020: £5.9 million) primarily relate to interest on the £200 million subordinated notes issued in July 2014 (refer to note 6 to the financial statements).

Discontinued Operations (Comparison)

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Profit before tax in period7.711.711.329.4
Gain on disposal404.4
Total profit before tax from discontinued operations7.711.7415.729.4

On the 30 April 2021, the Group announced that, following regulatory and competition authority approvals, RVU had completed the purchase of the Penguin Portals Group and Admiral’s 50% share of Preminen. MAPFRE has also sold its 25% holding in Rastreator and 50% holding in Preminen to RVU. The total transaction value was settled in cash on completion.

The cash proceeds from the disposal amount to £471.8 million; with the gain on disposal being £404.4 million.

The Group has confirmed plans for the use of the net proceeds from the disposal and will return £400 million to shareholders in the form of special dividends phased equally over the interim 2021, final 2022 and interim 2022 dividends.

Group capital structure and financial position
Admiral’s capital-efficient and profitable model led to a return on equity from continuing operations of 68% (H1 2020: 50%). The increase in the period relates to the higher profits generated by the UK motor business. Refer to the Glossary at the end of this report for the basis of the calculation. A continuing key feature of the business model is the extensive use of co- and reinsurance across the Group which reduces the level of capital the Group is required to maintain.

The Group continues to develop its partial internal model to form the basis of calculation of its capital requirement in the future. The Board is currently reconsidering model methodology, scope and platform and as a result, application to the Group’s regulators for model approval is unlikely to take place in the near term. In the period before model approval, the Group will continue to use the current standard formula plus capital add-on basis to calculate its regulatory capital requirement.

The estimated Solvency II position for the Group at the date of this report was as follows:

Group capital position (estimated)

 30 June 2021
£bn
31 Dec 2020
£bn
30 June 2020
£bn
Eligible Own Funds (pre dividend)1.751.721.47
Dividend(0.34)(0.25)(0.20)
Eligible Own Funds (post dividend)1.411.471.27
Solvency II capital requirement0.680.790.68
Surplus over regulatory capital requirement0.730.680.59
Solvency ratio (post dividend)209%187%186%

The Group reports a strong solvency ratio of 209% post-dividend, excluding the positive impact of capital held from the Penguin Portal disposal to be returned to shareholders.  The solvency ratio has increased by 22 percentage points from the end of 2020 and surplus capital has increased by £55 million.  This is primarily due to a reduction in the Solvency Capital Requirement (SCR), which includes a lower risk charge related to profit commission risk

The solvency capital requirement includes an updated capital add-on which remains subject to regulatory approval. The solvency ratio based on the previously approved capital add-on that is calculated at the balance sheet date rather than the date of this report, and will be submitted to the regulator within the Q2 Quantitative Reporting Template (QRT) is as follows:

Regulatory solvency ratio (estimated)30 June 2021

31 Dec 2020

30 June 2020

Solvency ratio as reported above 209%187%186%
Impact of Penguin Portals retained capital40%
Change in valuation date(6%)(5%)(7%)
Other (including impact of updated, unapproved capital add-on)(16%)27%(10%)
Solvency ratio (QRT basis)227%209%169%

Estimated sensitivities to the current Group solvency ratio are presented in the table below. These sensitivities cover the two most material risk types, insurance risk and market risk, and within these risks cover the most significant elements of the risk profile. Aside from the catastrophe events, estimated sensitivities have not been calibrated to individual return periods.

Solvency ratio sensitivities

 30 June 202131 Dec 202030 June 2020
UK Motor – incurred loss ratio +5%-24%-10%-23%
UK Motor – 1 in 200 catastrophe event-1%-1%-1%
UK Household – 1 in 200 catastrophe event-3%-2%-2%
Interest rate – yield curve down 50 bps-3%-4%-3%
Credit spreads widen 100 bps-9%-6%-9%
Currency – 25% movement in euro and US dollar-2%-3%-3%
ASHE – long term inflation assumption up 0.5%-3%-3%-3%
Loans – 100% weighting to severe scenario-1%-1%-1%

The impact of the incurred loss ratio +5% sensitivity has returned to more typical levels after the reduction at YE 2020, which saw higher levels of profit commission risk in the solvency capital requirement reducing the sensitivity.

For further detail on Loans sensitivities refer to note 7a to the financial statements.

Investments and cash
Admiral’s investment strategy was unchanged in H1 2021. The main focus of the Group’s strategy is capital preservation, with additional priorities including low volatility of returns, high levels of liquidity and matching of asset durations with PPO and non-PPO liability durations.

Cash and investments analysis

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Fixed income and debt securities1,827.62,024.12,317.42,101.3
Money market funds and other fair value
instruments
1,029.31,243.41,465.91,339.3
Cash deposits88.785.096.065.4
Cash461.4396.3395.9351.7
Total3,407.03,748.84,275.23,857.7

Investment return

£m30 June
2019
30 June
2020
30 June
2021
31 Dec
2020
Investment return23.321.323.147.8
Movement on accruals held for reinsurer funds withheld(4.5)12.912.9
Unrealised (losses)/gains on forward contracts(0.4)0.2(0.6)
Movement in provision for expected credit losses(0.1)(2.4)(1.1)(7.8)
Total18.332.021.452.9

Net investment income for the first half of 2021 was £21.4 million (H1 2020: £32.0 million).

The higher income in 2020 was a result of the investment income in the period being positively impacted by investment income adjustments related to UK motor quota share reinsurance arrangements. £12.9 million of investment income earned in 2019 was recognised in the H1 2020 income statement as the projection of the result of the 2019 underwriting year improved to a profitable level.

The investment return on the Group’s investment portfolio excluding unrealised gains and losses, the release of the investment income accruals held in relation to reinsurance contracts and the movement in provision for expected credit losses, was £23.1 million in H1 2021 (compared to £21.3 million in H1 2020), with the annualised rate of return remaining flat at 1.2% (H1 2020: 1.2%).

The Group continues to generate significant amounts of cash and its capital-efficient business model enables the distribution of the majority of post-tax profits as dividends. Total cash and investments at 30 June 2021 was £4,275.2 million (31 December 2020: £3,857.7 million).

Taxation
The tax charge for the period, reported on a statutory basis for continuing operations is £88.2 million (H1 2020: £40.3 million), which equates to 18.3% (H1 2020: 15.1%) of profit before tax. The increase in the tax rate is primarily driven an adjustment to prior year tax relating to changes in intra-group contractual arrangements.

Principal Risks and Uncertainties

Admiral has performed a robust assessment of its principal risks and uncertainties (PR&Us), including those which would threaten its business model, future performance, liquidity and solvency. The result of this assessment has concluded that Admiral’s PR&Us are consistent with those reported in the Group's 2020 Annual Report (pages 85 - 90). However, given the ongoing importance of the following topics, additional commentary has been provided on: Covid-19; Brexit; FCA Pricing Remedies; and Climate Change.

Covid-19
The impact of Covid-19 on Admiral’s PR&Us, as well as the steps taken to appropriately manage these risks, continues to be overseen by the Group Risk Committee (GRC). Some of the current trends in risks most impacted by Covid-19 are highlighted below.

Operational Risk: The impact of Covid-19 on levels of operational risk continues to reduce across the Admiral Group, largely a result of remote-working solutions becoming more robust and the business continuously enhancing its approach to hybrid working. Throughout the pandemic Admiral prioritised staff mental and physical health, as well as excellent customer service, and continues to do so.

During the period there was a rise in Covid-19 cases in India, impacting Admiral support centres. The Group is monitoring the situation daily and taking appropriate steps to ensure that customer impacts are minimised and that operations and Admiral staff are fully supported.

Insurance Risk: Admiral continues to closely monitor the impact of Covid-19 on driving patterns, claims experience and the market, especially in light of national lockdowns. Admiral has taken part in the FCA industry-wide review of forbearance practices implemented during the pandemic.

Market Risk & Credit Risk: The impact of Covid-19 on Admiral’s market and credit risks has also reduced in the first half of 2021, with the improved economic outlook. However, there remains significant uncertainty over the longer-term impacts of the pandemic on the economic environment and Admiral continues to monitor these uncertainties, in particular the risk of inflation, and the potential impacts on the Group’s balance sheet.

UK exit from the European Union (“Brexit”)
The Group continues to closely monitor ongoing Brexit developments, with the agreement of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement and the prudent approach adopted by Admiral prior to the end of the transition period leading to the risks previously identified by the Brexit Working Group to be largely mitigated. These risks include supply chain changes, communications to customers, and continuation of a high level of service. No new significant risks have been identified.

FCA Pricing Remedies
The FCA’s Policy Statement on General Insurance Pricing Practices, which set out final rules to address harm in home and motor insurance markets, was published in May 2021.  Admiral is supportive of the remedies, including the key proposal - the New Business Equivalent price remedy - which is good for both the market and for consumers. The Group is focused on ensuring that it appropriately and compliantly interprets the Policy Statement; achieving desired customer outcomes, whilst remaining competitive in the UK home and motor insurance markets.  

Admiral has been preparing for the reform for a number of years in anticipation of the release of the Policy Statement and given the significance and complexity of the remedies, continues to consult with subject matter experts and an external assurance partner. A range of potential scenarios and outcomes have been modelled and whilst there is likely to be some volatility in market pricing as a result of the reform, Admiral believes it is in a strong position to mitigate the potential risks.

Climate Change
Admiral remains committed to recognising and understanding the threats posed by climate change to the Group, as well as to mitigating its impact on the environment. Climate-related risks can impact on all of Admiral’s business lines, operations, investments, and reinsurance arrangements and the Group has a number of ongoing streams of work that are focused on this issue.    

As part of this work there is an ongoing Group focus on:

  • Ensuring full compliance with regulatory and disclosure requirements, such as those outlined in FCA Policy Statement PS20/17, which confirmed the introduction of a new listing rule LR 9.8;  
  • Researching climate-change trends and better understanding the risks arising from climate change;
  • Incorporating climate-related risk drivers into business-as-usual risk management, such as enhancing Admiral’s stress and scenario testing to incorporate climate-change related financial risks; and
  • Continuing efforts to further reduce the Group’s carbon footprint.

Disclaimer on forward-looking statements
Certain statements made in this announcement are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on current expectations and assumptions and are subject to a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause actual events or results to differ materially from any expected future events or results expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements.

Persons receiving this announcement should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, regulation or accounting standard, the Group does not undertake to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Condensed consolidated income statement (unaudited)

        

  Six months ended  
   Re-presented Year ended
 Note30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
 31 December 2020
£m
Insurance premium revenue 1,222.51,063.4 2,265.3
Insurance premium ceded to reinsurers (806.3)(712.6) (1,513.7)
Net insurance premium revenue5416.2350.8 751.6
Other revenue8152.5166.2 329.4
Profit commission5187.344.6 134.0
      
Interest income715.719.8 36.8
Interest expense7(2.9)(3.8) (7.2)
Net interest income from loans 12.816.0 29.6
      
Investment return – interest income at effective interest rate619.817.7 33.9
Investment return – other62.716.7 26.8
Net revenue 791.3612.0 1,305.3
Insurance claims and claims handling expenses (597.3)(611.6) (1,318.6)
Insurance claims and claims handling expenses recoverable from co- and reinsurers 501.5470.3 1,025.4
Net insurance claims (95.8)(141.3) (293.2)
Operating expenses and share scheme charges9(440.8)(394.7) (814.6)
Operating expenses and share scheme charges recoverable from co- and reinsurers9238.5223.2 456.6
Expected credit losses6, 9(5.1)(18.6) (33.6)
Net operating expenses and share scheme charges (207.4)(190.1) (391.6)
Total expenses (303.2)(331.4) (684.8)
      
Operating profit 488.1280.6 620.5
Finance costs6(6.7)(7.3) (14.3)
Finance costs recoverable from co- and reinsurers60.81.1 2.0
Net finance costs (5.9)(6.2) (12.3)
Profit before tax from continuing operations 482.2274.4 608.2
Taxation expense10(88.2)(40.3) (106.2)
Profit after tax from continuing operations 394.0234.1 502.0
Profit before tax from discontinued operations13415.711.7 29.4
Taxation expense13(2.3)(2.8) (3.6)
Profit after tax from discontinued operations 413.48.9 25.8
Profit after tax from continuing and discontinued operations 807.4243.0 527.8
Profit after tax attributable to:     
Equity holders of the parent 807.6243.7 528.8
Non-controlling interests (NCI) (0.2)(0.7) (1.0)
  807.4243.0 527.8
Earnings per share – From continuing operations     
Basic12132.9p79.7p 170.7p
Diluted12132.7p79.6p 170.4p
Earnings per share – From continuing and discontinued operations     
Basic12272.0p82.9p 179.5p
Diluted12271.6p82.8p 179.2p
      
Dividends declared and paid (total)12250.8162.3 425.7
Dividends declared and paid (per share)1286.0p56.3p 147.5p

Condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income (unaudited)

 Six months ended Year ended
     
 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
 31 December 2020
£m
Profit for the period807.4243.0 527.8
Other comprehensive income    
Items that are or may be reclassified to profit or loss    
Movements in fair value reserve(32.2)17.7 40.6
Deferred tax charge in relation to movement in fair value reserve0.5(1.5) (1.8)
Exchange differences on translation of foreign operations(7.0)11.7 3.5
Movement in hedging reserve1.9(3.6) (2.4)
Other comprehensive income for the period, net of income tax(36.8)24.3 39.9
Total comprehensive income for the period770.6267.3 567.7
Total comprehensive income for the period attributable to:    
Equity holders of the parent771.2267.5 568.6
Non-controlling interests(0.6)(0.2) (0.9)
 770.6267.3 567.7

Condensed consolidated statement of financial position (unaudited)

  As at
 Note30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
ASSETS    
Property and equipment11131.6150.7140.4
Intangible assets11177.4162.2166.7
Deferred income tax107.32.1
Corporation tax asset1022.9
Reinsurance assets51,911.91,891.62,083.2
Loans and advances to customers7425.7455.3359.8
Insurance and other receivables61,223.91,227.71,182.0
Financial investments63,879.33,352.53,506.0
Cash and cash equivalents6395.9396.3298.2
Assets associated with disposal group held for sale 83.0
Total assets 8,153.07,638.47,842.2
EQUITY    
Share capital120.30.30.3
Share premium account 13.113.113.1
Other reserves 59.878.994.9
Retained earnings 1,595.3947.41,004.4
Total equity attributable to equity holders of the parent 1,668.51,039.71,112.7
Non-controlling interests 3.511.210.7
Total equity 1,672.01,050.91,123.4
LIABILITIES    
Insurance contracts liabilities54,019.24,022.64,081.3
Subordinated and other financial liabilities6548.8644.2488.6
Trade and other payables6, 111,783.81,777.81,991.2
Lease liabilities6114.9132.6122.8
Deferred income tax100.9
Current tax liabilities1014.310.3
Liabilities associated with disposal group held for sale 34.0
Total liabilities 6,481.06,587.56,718.8
Total equity and total liabilities 8,153.07,638.47,842.2
     

Condensed consolidated cash flow statement (unaudited)

  Six months ended Year ended
 Note30 June
2021
£m
Restated
30 June
2020
£m
 Restated
31 December 2020
£m
Profit after tax 807.4243.0 527.8
Adjustments for non-cash items     
  • Depreciation of property, plant and equipment and right-of-use assets
1112.012.8 23.6
  • Impairment of property, plant and equipment and right-of-use assets
11 3.1
  • Amortisation and impairment of intangible assets
118.48.9 19.2
  • Gain on disposal of Comparison entities held for sale
13(404.4) 
  • Movement in expected credit loss provision
62.816.2 25.8
  • Share scheme charges
9,1331.122.9 54.0
  • Accrued interest income from loans and advances to customers
 (0.2)(0.2) 0.2
  • Interest expense on funding for loans and advances to customers
 2.91.3 7.2
  • Investment return
6(22.5)(34.4) (60.7)
  • Finance costs, including unwinding of discounts on lease liabilities
6,136.06.2 12.4
  • Taxation expense
10,1390.543.1 109.8
Change in gross insurance contract liabilities5(62.1)47.6 106.3
Change in reinsurance assets5171.3180.1 (11.5)
Change in insurance and other receivables6, 11(23.2)(1.7) 25.1
Change in gross loans and advances to customers7(67.6)(16.4) 77.3
Change in trade and other payables, including tax and social security11(232.3)(198.1) 40.2
Cash flows from operating activities, before movements in investments 320.1331.3 959.8
Purchases of financial instruments (1,898.5)(1,170.7) (2,389.2)
Proceeds on disposal/ maturity of financial instruments 1,480.81,088.1 2,160.6
Interest and investment income received621.524.6 52.6
Cash flows from operating activities, net of movements in investments (76.1)273.3 783.8
Taxation payments (57.8)(87.0) (175.0)
Net cash flow from operating activities (133.9)186.3 608.8
      
Cash flows from investing activities:     
Purchases of property, equipment and software (27.3)(15.3) (43.1)
Proceeds from sale of Comparison entities13471.8 
Net costs paid on sale of Comparison entities (14.8) 
Net cash used in investing activities 429.7(15.3) (43.1)
      
Cash flows from financing activities:     
Non-controlling interest capital contribution 2.2 2.4
Proceeds/ (Repayment of) on issue of loan backed securities 38.724.1 (46.3)
Proceeds from other financial liabilities 20.086.5 0.1
Finance costs paid, including interest expense paid on funding for loans6(9.6)(6.7) (19.2)
Repayment of lease liabilities (4.7)(4.3) (9.4)
Equity dividends paid12(250.8)(162.3) (425.7)
Net cash used in financing activities (206.4)(60.5) (498.1)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 89.4110.5 67.6
Cash and cash equivalents at 1 January 351.7281.7 281.7
Cash and cash equivalents included within disposal of Comparison entities (41.3) 
Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates (3.9)4.1 2.4
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period6395.9396.3 351.7

Condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity (unaudited)

                

 Attributable to the owners of the Company  
 Share
Capital
£m
Share premium account £mFair value reserve £mHedging reserve £mForeign exchange reserve £mRetained profit
and loss £m
Total
£m
Non-controlling interests £mTotal equity
£m
At 1 January 20200.313.146.6(1.2)9.7840.9909.49.2918.6
Profit/(loss) for the period – from continuing and discontinued operations243.7243.7(0.7)243.0
Other comprehensive income         
Movements in fair value reserve17.717.717.7
Deferred tax charge in relation to movement in fair value reserve(1.5)(1.5)(1.5)
Movement in hedging reserve(3.6)(3.6)(3.6)
Currency translation differences11.211.20.511.7
Total comprehensive income for the period16.2(3.6)11.2243.7267.5(0.2)267.3
Transactions with equity holders         
Dividends(162.3)(162.3)(162.3)
Share scheme credit24.924.924.9
Deferred tax credit on share scheme credit0.20.20.2
Contributions by NCIs2.22.2
Total transactions with equity holders(137.2)(137.2)2.2(135.0)
As at 30 June 20200.313.162.8(4.8)20.9947.41,039.711.21,050.9
          
At 1 January 20200.313.146.6(1.2)9.7840.9909.49.2918.6
Profit/(loss) for the period – from continuing and discontinued operations528.8528.8(1.0)527.8
Other comprehensive income         
Movements in fair value reserve40.640.640.6
Deferred tax charge in relation to movement in fair value reserve(1.8)(1.8)(1.8)
Movement in hedging reserve(2.4)(2.4)(2.4)
Currency translation differences3.43.40.13.5
Total comprehensive income for the period38.8(2.4)3.4528.8568.6(0.9)567.7
Transactions with equity holders         
Dividends(425.7)(425.7)(425.7)
Share scheme credit53.853.853.8
Deferred tax credit on share scheme credit6.66.66.6
Contributions by NCIs2.22.2
Changes in ownership interests without a change in control0.20.2
Total transaction with equity holders(365.3)(365.3)2.4(362.9)
As at 31 December 20200.313.185.4(3.6)13.11,004.41,112.710.71,123.4

Condensed consolidated statement of changes in equity (unaudited) (continued)

 Attributable to the owners of the Company  
 Share
Capital
£m
Share premium account £mFair value reserve £mHedging reserve £mForeign exchange reserve £mRetained profit
and loss £m
Total
£m
Non-controlling interests £mTotal equity
£m
At 1 January 20210.313.185.4(3.6)13.11,004.41,112.710.71,123.4
Profit/(loss) for the period – from continuing and discontinued operations807.6807.6(0.2)807.4
Other comprehensive income         
Movements in fair value reserve(32.2)(32.2)(32.2)
Deferred tax charge in relation to movement in fair value reserve0.50.50.5
Movement in hedging reserve1.91.91.9
Currency translation differences(6.6)(6.6)(0.4)(7.0)
Total comprehensive income for the period(31.7)1.9(6.6)807.6771.2(0.6)770.6
Transactions with equity holders         
Dividends(250.8)(250.8)(250.8)
Share scheme credit33.233.233.2
Deferred tax credit on share scheme credit2.92.92.9
Transfer to gain on disposal of assets held for sale1.3(2.0)(0.7)0.1(0.6)
NCIs on disposal of comparison entities held for sale(6.7)(6.7)
Total transactions with equity holders1.3(216.7)(215.4)(6.6)(222.0)
As at 30 June 20210.313.153.7(1.7)7.81,595.31,668.53.51,672.0

Notes to the financial statements (unaudited)

1.    General information


Admiral Group plc (the “Company”) is a company incorporated in the United Kingdom and registered and domiciled in England and Wales. Its registered office is at Tŷ Admiral, David Street, Cardiff, CF10 2EH and its shares are listed on the London Stock Exchange.

The condensed interim financial statements comprise the results and balances of the Company and its subsidiaries (the Group) for the six-month period ended 30 June 2021 and the comparative periods for the six-months ended 30 June 2020 and the year ended 31 December 2020. This condensed set of financial statements has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting as adopted by the UK, and should be read in conjunction with the Group’s last annual consolidated financial statements as at and for the year ended 31 December 2020 (“last annual financial statements”). They do not include all of the information required for a complete set of IFRS financial statements. However, selected explanatory notes are included to explain events and transactions that are significant to an understanding of the changes in the Group’s financial position and performance since the last annual financial statements.

As required by the FCA’s Disclosure and Transparency Rules, the condensed set of financial statements has been prepared applying the accounting policies and presentation that were applied in the preparation of the Company's published consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020, except where new accounting standards apply as noted below.

The financial statements of the Company’s subsidiaries are consolidated in the Group financial statements. In accordance with IAS 24, transactions or balances between Group companies that have been eliminated on consolidation are not reported as related party transactions.

The comparative figures for the financial year ended 31 December 2020 are not the Company's statutory accounts for that financial year. Those accounts have been reported on by the Company's auditors and delivered to the registrar of companies. The report of the auditors was:

  1. unqualified;

  2. did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditors drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying their report; and

  3. did not contain a statement under section 498 (2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

The accounts have been prepared on a going concern basis. In considering the appropriateness of this assumption, the Board have reviewed the Group’s projections for the next twelve months and beyond. Further information is given in note 2 below.

2.    Basis of preparation


The condensed set of interim financial statements have been prepared applying the accounting policies and presentation that were applied in the preparation of the Company’s published consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020.

A number of other IFRS and interpretations have been endorsed by the UK in the period to 30 June 2021 and although they have been adopted by the Group, none of them has had a material impact on the Group’s financial statements.

The Group’s assessment of the impact of standards that have yet to be adopted remains consistent with that reported on page 182 of the Group’s 2020 Annual Report. In particular, the Group continues to assess the impact of IFRS 17 on its results and financial position, and work towards implementation by the effective date of 1 January 2023.  

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a Going Concern basis. In making this going concern assessment, the Directors have considered in detail the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Group’s financial position and performance, including the projection of the Group’s profits, regulatory capital surpluses and sources of liquidity for the next 12 months and beyond.

In particular, as part of this assessment the Board has considered updated projections of performance and profitability a number of times during the pandemic, with some key highlights including:

  • The impact of the pandemic on the Group’s profit projections, including:
    • The continuation of reduced motor insurance claims frequency when compared to pre-pandemic levels
    • Changes in premium rates and projected policy volumes across the Group’s insurance businesses
    • Potential impacts on the cost of settling claims across all insurance businesses
    • Projected trends in other revenue generated by the Group’s insurance business from fees and the sale of ancillary products
  • The sale of the Group price comparison businesses, Penguin Portals and Preminen along with the intention to return a majority of net proceeds back to shareholders
  • The Group’s solvency position, which has been closely monitored through periods of market volatility, in particular, early in the pandemic. The Group continues to maintain a strong solvency position above target levels.
  • The adequacy of the Group’s liquidity position after considering all of the factors noted above
  • The results of business plan scenarios and stress tests on the projected profitability, solvency and liquidity positions including the impact of severe downside scenarios that assume severe adverse economic, credit and trading stresses
  • The regulatory environment, in particular focusing on regulatory guidance issued by the FCA and the PRA in the UK and ongoing communications between management and regulators
  • A review of the Company’s principal risks and uncertainties and the assessment of emerging risk

Following consideration of all of the above, the Directors have reasonable expectation that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operation for the foreseeable future, a period of not less than 12 months from the date of this report, and that it is therefore appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in preparing the consolidated financial statements.

The accounting policies set out in the notes to the financial statements have, unless otherwise stated, been applied consistently to all periods presented in these Group financial statements.

The financial statements are prepared on the historical cost basis, except for the revaluation of financial assets classified as fair value through profit or loss or fair value through other comprehensive income. The financial statements are presented in pounds sterling, rounded to the nearest £0.1 million.
Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the Group. The Group controls an entity when it is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. In assessing control, the Group takes into consideration potential voting rights that are currently exercisable. The acquisition date is the date on which control is transferred to the acquirer. The financial statements of subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date that control commences until the date that control ceases. Losses applicable to the non-controlling interests in a subsidiary are allocated to the non-controlling interests even if doing so causes the non-controlling interests to have a deficit balance. The preparation of financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis of making the judgements about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is reviewed if this revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods. To the extent that a change in an accounting estimate gives rise to changes in assets and liabilities, it is recognised by adjusting the carrying amount of the related asset or liability in the period of the change.

Restatement of prior year Consolidated cash flow statement
A prior period classification error within the Consolidated cash flow statement has been identified impacting both the six months ended 30 June 2020 and the year ended 31 December 2020. In both prior periods, amounts that should have been presented as “Interest and investment income received” were incorrectly presented as ‘Proceeds on disposal/maturity of financial instruments’.  The prior periods have been restated, resulting in an increase of £18.0 million (30 June 2020) and £42.5 million (31 December 2020) in Interest and investment income received, and a corresponding decrease in ‘Proceeds on disposal/ maturity of financial instruments’. The error has had no impact on the Condensed consolidated statement of financial position, Condensed consolidated income statement or the Earnings per share calculations within.

3.    Critical accounting judgements and estimates


The Group’s 2020 Annual Report provides full details of significant judgements and estimates used in the application of the Group’s accounting policies. There have been no additional critical judgements or estimates applied in the period.

Note 5 provides further information as to the changes in the estimates with respect to the calculation of insurance reserves.

Note 7 provides further information as to changes in the estimates with respect to the calculation of the expected credit loss provision for the Admiral Loans business, following the impact of Covid on management’s key judgements and the sources of estimation uncertainty.

Note 13 provides further information on the accounting and presentation of the discontinued operations and sale of the comparison businesses that took place in the period.

4.            Operating segments


The Group has four reportable segments; UK Insurance, International Insurance, Admiral Loans, and Other. The result of the discontinued operations is also shown for completeness. These reportable segments are consistent with those set out on page 186 of the Group’s 2020 Annual Report.

Note that as a result of the sale of the comparison businesses (other than compare.com), and the growth of the Admiral Loans business, the Group’s reportable segments changed at the end of 2020, so that compare.com is now presented within ‘Other’ along with Admiral Pioneer, and Admiral Loans is presented as a separate segment. Accordingly, the Group has restated the previously reported segment information for the six months ended 30 June 2020.

Segment income, results and other information
An analysis of the Group’s revenue and results for the period ended 30 June 2021, by reportable segment, is shown below. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are consistent with those presented in the notes to the 2020 Group financial statements.

  Six months ended 30 June 2021
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance £mAdmiral Loans
£m
Other
£m
Discontinued operations*6 £mEliminations*2 £mTotal (continuing) £mTotal
£m
Turnover*11,372.0347.2

16.2
11.167.2(7.7)

1,746.4
1,806.0
Net insurance premium revenue295.6116.04.6416.2416.2
Other revenue and profit commission320.016.1

0.5
3.367.2(7.7)

339.8
399.4
Net interest income11.41.412.812.8
Investment return*520.70.6(1.4)19.919.9
Net revenue636.3132.711.97.967.2(7.7)788.7848.3
Net insurance claims(8.1)(84.6)(3.1)(95.8)(95.8)
Expenses(84.7)(49.0)(13.8)(8.4)(55.4)7.7(155.8)(203.6)
Gain on disposal of Comparison entities







404.4



404.4
Segment profit/(loss) before tax543.5(0.9)(1.9)(3.6)416.2537.1953.3
Other central revenue and expenses, including share scheme charges  (50.7)(51.2)
Investment and interest income   1.51.5
Finance costs*4   (5.7)(5.7)
Consolidated profit before tax*3    482.2897.9
Taxation expense      (88.2)(90.5)
Consolidated profit after tax      394.0807.4

*1 Turnover is an Alternative Performance Measure presented before intra-group eliminations and consists of total premiums written (including co-insurers’ share) and Other revenue. Refer to the glossary and note 14 for further information.
*2 Eliminations are in respect of the intra-group trading between the Group’s comparison and UK and International insurance entities and intra-group interest. Of the £7.7 million elimination of other revenue and profit commission, £7.6 million relates to discontinued operations, with the remaining £0.1 million relating to compare.com.
*3 Profit before tax above of £897.9 million is presented cumulative of profit before tax from continuing operations (£482.2 million) and discontinued operations (£415.7 million, including £0.5 million of central expenses ).
*4 £0.3 million of IFRS 16 interest expense (being the Group’s net share of IFRS 16 interest expense) included within Finance Costs in the Income Statement has been reallocated to individual segments within expenses, in line with management segmental reporting.
*5 Investment return is reported net of impairment on financial assets, in line with management reporting.
*6 See note 13 for further detail on discontinued operations.

Revenue and results for the corresponding reportable segments for the period ended 30 June 2020 are shown below.

 Six months ended 30 June 2020 (Re-presented)
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance
£m
Admiral Loans £mOther
£m
Discontinued operations*6

£m
Eliminations*2 £mTotal (continuing) £mTotal
£m
Turnover*11,248.4329.520.73.487.6(10.0)1,601.91,679.6
Net insurance premium revenue251.799.1









350.8
350.8
Other revenue and profit commission191.814.8

0.9


3.4
87.6(10.0)210.8288.5
Net interest income14.71.316.016.0
Investment return*530.6(0.1)(1.5)29.029.0
Net revenue474.1113.815.63.487.6(10.2)606.6684.3
Net insurance claims(76.2)(65.1)(141.3)(141.3)
Expenses(83.9)(42.2)(25.0)(4.2)(74.3)10.0(155.2)(219.6)
Segment profit/(loss) before tax314.06.5

(9.4)


(0.8)
13.3(0.2)310.1323.4
Other central revenue and expenses, including share scheme charges  (32.9)(34.5)
Investment and interest income   3.03.0
Finance costs*4   (5.8)(5.8)
Consolidated profit before tax*3    274.4286.1
Taxation expense      (40.3)(43.1)
Consolidated profit after tax    234.1243.0

*1 Turnover is an Alternative Performance Measure presented before intra-group eliminations and consists of total premiums written (including co-insurers’ share) and Other revenue. Refer to the glossary and note 14 for further information.
*2 Eliminations are in respect of the intra-group trading between the Group’s comparison and UK and International insurance entities and intra-group interest. Of the £10.0 million elimination of other revenue and profit commission, £9.9 million relates to discontinued operations, with the remaining £0.1 million relating to compare.com.
*3 Profit before tax above of £286.1 million is presented cumulative of profit before tax from continuing operations (£274.4 million) and discontinued operations (£11.7 million, including £1.6 million of central expenses).
*4 £0.4 million of IFRS 16 interest expense (being the Group’s net share of IFRS 16 interest expense) included within Finance Costs in the Income Statement has been reallocated to individual segments within expenses, in line with management segmental reporting.
*5 Investment return is reported net of impairment on financial assets, in line with management reporting.
*6 See note 13 for further detail on discontinued operations

Revenue and results for the corresponding reportable segments for the year ended 31 December 2020 are shown below.

 Year ended 31 December 2020
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance
£m
Admiral Loans
£m
Other
£m
Discontinued (Comparison) *6 £mEliminations*2 £mTotal (continuing) £mTotal
£m
Turnover*12,672.0648.838.46.8183.9(22.2)3,365.83,527.7
Net insurance premium revenue539.8211.8751.6751.6
Other revenue and profit commission427.927.41.66.7183.9(22.2)463.4625.3
Net interest income26.72.929.629.6
Investment return*550.80.5(3.3)48.048.0
Net revenue1,018.5239.228.86.7183.9(22.6)1,292.61,454.5
Net insurance claims(150.2)(143.0)(293.2)(293.2)
Expenses(170.0)(87.4)(42.6)(9.8)(151.4)22.2(309.6)(439.0)
Segment profit/(loss) before tax698.38.8(13.8)(3.1)32.5(0.4)689.8722.3
Other central revenue and expenses, including share scheme charges  (74.8)(77.9)
Investment and interest income   4.94.9
Finance costs*4   (11.7)(11.7)
Consolidated profit before tax*3    608.2637.6
Taxation expense      (106.2)(109.8)
Consolidated profit after tax    502.0527.8

*1 Turnover is an Alternative Performance Measure presented before intra-group eliminations and consists of total premiums written (including co-insurers’ share) and Other revenue. Refer to the glossary and note 14 for further information.
*2 Eliminations are in respect of the intra-group trading between the Group’s comparison and UK and International insurance entities and intra-group interest. Of the £22.2 million elimination of other revenue and profit commission, £22.0 million relates to discontinued operations, with the remaining £0.2 million relating to compare.com.
*3 Profit before tax above of £637.6 million is presented cumulative of profit before tax from continuing operations (£608.2 million) and discontinued operations (£29.4 million, including £3.1 million of central expenses).
*4 £0.7 million of IFRS 16 interest expense (being the Group’s net share of IFRS 16 interest expense) included within the Finance Costs in the Income Statement has been reallocated to individual segments within expenses, in line with management segmental reporting.
*5 Investment return is reported net of impairment on financial assets, in line with management reporting.
*6 See note 13 for futher detail on discontinued operations

Segment revenues

The UK Insurance, International Insurance and Other reportable segments derive all insurance premium income from external policyholders. Revenue within these segments is not derived from an individual policyholder that represents 10% or more of the Group’s total revenue.

The total of discontinued revenues from transactions with other reportable segments is £7.6 million (H1 2020: £9.9 million, FY 2020: £22.0 million) which has been eliminated on consolidation, along with £0.1 million (H1 2020: £0.1 million, FY 2020: £0.2 million) of revenues from compare.com that are also eliminated on consolidation.

£1.4 million of intra-group interest charges (H1 2020: £1.5 million, FY 2020: £2.8 million) related to the UK Insurance and Admiral Loans segment have also been eliminated on consolidation. There are no other transactions between reportable segments.

Revenues from external customers for products and services is consistent with the split of reportable segment revenues as shown above.

5.    Premium, Claims and Profit Commissions


5a.        Net insurance premium revenue

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020*1
£m
31 December
2020*1
£m
Total insurance premiums written before co-insurance*21,553.11,399.32,957.2
Group gross premiums written after co-insurance1,253.91,119.82,344.0
Outwards reinsurance premiums(821.3)(741.3)(1,555.9)
Net insurance premiums written432.6378.5788.1
Change in gross unearned premium provision(31.4)(56.4)(78.7)
Change in reinsurers’ share of unearned premium provision15.028.742.2
Net insurance premium revenue416.2350.8751.6

*1 See note 14d for the impact of the Stay At Home premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers on premiums written and net insurance premium revenue

*2 Alternative Performance Measures – refer to the end of the report for definition and explanation, and to note 14a for reconciliation to Group gross premiums written

The Group’s share of its insurance business was underwritten by Admiral Insurance (Gibraltar) Limited, Admiral Insurance Company Limited, Admiral Europe Compania Seguros, and Elephant Insurance Company LLC. The vast majority of contracts are short term in duration, lasting for 12 months.

5b.         Profit commission

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Underwriting year    
2016 & prior37.334.163.3
201715.86.223.3
201813.30.85.5
201922.820.9
202088.511.7
Total UK motor profit commission*1177.741.1124.7
Total UK household and International profit commission*19.63.59.3
Total profit commission187.344.6134.0

*1 Of the total UK motor profit commission recognised of £177.7 million (H1 2020: £41.1 million, FY 2020 £124.7 million), £100.5 million (H1 2020: £39.6 million, FY 2020 £102.3 million) relates to co-insurance arrangements and £77.2 million (H1 2020: £1.5 million, FY 2020 £22.4 million) to reinsurance arrangements. The UK Household and International profit commission relates solely to reinsurance arrangements.

No profit commission has yet been recognised on the 2021 underwriting year as the combined ratios calculated from the financial statement loss ratios on these years sit above the threshold for profit commission recognition.

Sensitivities of the recognition of profit commission to movements in the booked loss ratio are shown in note 5c(v).

5c.        Reinsurance assets and insurance contract liabilities

               (i)      Analysis of recognised amounts:


 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Gross   
Claims outstanding*12,837.42,872.72,919.9
Unearned premium provision1,181.81,149.91,161.4
Total gross insurance liabilities4,019.24,022.64,081.3
Recoverable from reinsurers   
Claims outstanding1,140.41,137.01,319.3
Unearned premium provision771.5754.6763.9
Total reinsurers share of insurance liabilities1,911.91,891.62,083.2
Net   
Claims outstanding*21,697.01,735.71,600.6
Unearned premium provision410.3395.3397.5
Total insurance liabilities - net2,107.32,131.01,998.1

*1 Gross claims outstanding at 30 June 2021 is presented before the deduction of salvage and subrogation recoveries totaling £70.1 million (30 June 2020: £68.6 million, 31 December 2020: £70.5 million).
*2 The Group typically commutes quota share reinsurance contracts in its UK Motor Insurance business 24-36 months following the start of the underwriting year. After commutation, claims outstanding from these contracts are included in the Group’s net claims outstanding balance. Refer to note (ii) below.

(ii)        Analysis of gross and net claims reserve releases:

The following table analyses the impact of movements in prior year claims provisions on a gross and net basis. This data is presented on an underwriting year basis.

Gross30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Underwriting year (UK Motor Insurance):   
2016 & prior62.863.2116.2
201741.022.469.8
201846.922.257.3
201956.771.354.8
202032.1
Total gross release (UK Motor Insurance)239.5179.1298.1
Total gross release (UK Household Insurance)4.09.49.2
Total gross release (International Insurance)19.634.153.2
Total gross release263.1222.6360.5


Net30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Underwriting year (UK Motor Insurance):   
2016 & prior62.763.2116.2
201739.621.867.7
201845.317.040.7
201942.222.217.0
20209.6
Total net release (UK Motor Insurance)199.4124.2241.6
Total net release (UK Household Insurance)2.02.82.8
Total net release (International Insurance)6.511.718.6
Total net release207.9138.7263.0
Analysis of net releases on UK Motor Insurance   
  • Net releases on Group net share (UK Motor)
81.164.2104.3
  • Releases on commuted quota share reinsurance contracts (UK Motor)
118.360.0137.3
Total net releases as above199.4124.2241.6

Releases on the share of reserves originally reinsured but since commuted are analysed by underwriting year as follows:

Net30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Underwriting year:   
2016 & prior36.536.967.9
201726.713.046.0
201830.510.123.4
201924.6
Total releases on commuted quota share reinsurance contracts118.360.0137.3

The table below shows the development of UK Car Insurance loss ratios for the past six financial periods, presented on an underwriting year basis.

 31 December30 June
UK Car Insurance loss ratio development201620172018201920202021
Underwriting year (UK Car only)      
201688%84%77%73%68%66%
201787%83%75%70%67%
201892%81%78%74%
201992%76%73%
202072%69%
202177%

(iii)        Reconciliation of movement in claims provision

 30 June 2021
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Claims provision at start of period2,919.9(1,319.3)1,600.6
Claims incurred (excluding claims handling costs and releases)827.6(535.3)292.3
Reserve releases(263.1)55.2(207.9)
Movement in claims provision due to commutation318.4318.4
Claims paid and other movements(647.0)340.6(306.4)
Claims provision at end of period2,837.4(1,140.4)1,697.0

        

 30 June 2020
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Claims provision at start of period2,899.4(1,354.2)1,545.2
Claims incurred (excluding claims handling costs and releases)801.8(533.1)268.7
Reserve releases(222.6)83.9(138.7)
Movement in claims provision due to commutation352.7352.7
Claims paid and other movements(605.9)313.7(292.2)
Claims provision at end of period2,872.7(1,137.0)1,735.7


 31 December 2020
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Claims provision at start of period2,899.4(1,354.2)1,545.2
Claims incurred (excluding claims handling costs and releases)1,612.4(1,079.6)532.8
Reserve releases(360.5)97.5(263.0)
Movement in claims provision due to commutation352.7352.7
Claims paid and other movements(1,231.4)664.3(567.1)
Claims provision at end of period2,919.9(1,319.3)1,600.6

          (iv)     Reconciliation of movement in net unearned premium provision

 30 June 2021
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Unearned premium provision at start of period1,161.4(763.9)397.5
Written in the period1,253.9(821.3)432.6
Earned in the period(1,222.5)806.3(416.2)
Foreign exchange differences(11.0)7.4(3.6)
Unearned premium provision at end of period1,181.8(771.5)410.3


 30 June 2020
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Unearned premium provision at start of period1,075.6(717.5)358.1
Written in the period1,119.8(741.3)378.5
Earned in the period(1,063.4)712.6(350.8)
Foreign exchange differences17.9(8.4)9.5
Unearned premium provision at end of period1,149.9(754.6)395.3
 31 December 2020
 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Net
£m
Unearned premium provision at start of period1,075.6(717.5)358.1
Written in the period2,344.0(1,555.9)788.1
Earned in the period(2,265.3)1,513.7(751.6)
Foreign exchange differences7.1(4.2)2.9
Unearned premium provision at end of period1,161.4(763.9)397.5

(v)     Sensitivity of recognised amounts to changes in assumptions:

The following table sets out the impact on equity and post-tax profit or loss at 30 June 2021 that would result from a 1%, 3% and 5% deterioration and improvement in the UK Car insurance loss ratios used for each underwriting year for which material amounts remain outstanding.

 Underwriting year
Impact on income statement (including profit commission)2017201820192020
Booked loss ratio - 30 June 202167%74%73%69%
Impact of 1% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(15.7)(15.9)(15.4)(14.8)
Impact of 3% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(47.1)(46.5)(43.7)(43.4)
Impact of 5% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(78.4)(73.4)(68.7)(70.9)
Impact of 1% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)15.715.915.414.8
Impact of 3% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)47.147.646.344.3
Impact of 5% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)78.480.378.073.8

The following table sets out the impact on equity and post-tax profit or loss at 30 June 2021 that would result from a 1%, 3% and 5% deterioration and improvement in the UK Car insurance loss ratios used for each underwriting year for which material amounts remain outstanding, on profit commission only.

 Underwriting year
Impact on profit commission only2017201820192020
Booked loss ratio - 30 June 202167%74%73%69%
Impact of 1% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(4.3)(4.0)(5.9)(11.4)
Impact of 3% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(13.0)(11.0)(15.1)(33.2)
Impact of 5% deterioration in booked loss ratio (£m)(21.6)(14.1)(21.0)(53.9)
Impact of 1% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)4.34.05.911.4
Impact of 3% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)13.012.117.734.1
Impact of 5% improvement in booked loss ratio (£m)21.621.130.456.8

6.    Investment income and finance costs


6a.        Investment return

 30 June 2021
£m
Re-presented 30 June 2020
£m
 At EIROtherTotalAt EIROtherTotal
Investment return      
On assets classified as FVTPL3.33.33.33.3
On debt securities classified as FVOCI*1,*319.519.517.017.0
On assets classified as amortised cost*10.30.30.70.7
       
Net unrealised losses      
Unrealised (losses)/gains on forward contracts(0.6)(0.6)0.20.2
Movement in reinsurers’ share of investment return*412.912.9
Interest receivable on cash and cash equivalents*10.30.3
Total investment and interest income*219.82.722.517.716.734.4


 31 December 2020
£m
 At EIROtherTotal
Investment return   
On assets classified as FVTPL8.58.5
On debt securities classified as FVOCI*1,*332.55.037.5
On assets classified as amortised cost*11.41.4
    
Net unrealised losses   
Movement in reinsurers’ share of investment return*412.912.9
Interest receivable on cash and cash equivalents*10.40.4
Total investment and interest income*233.926.860.7

*1 Interest received during the period was £21.5 million (30 June 2020: £6.6 million, 31 December 2020: £10.1 million)

*2 Total investment return excludes £1.4 million of intra-group interest (30 June 2020: £1.5million, 31 December 2020: £2.9 million)
*3 Realised gains/losses on sales of debt securities classified as FVOCI are immaterial
*4   Refer to “Cash and investments analysis” for further detail

6b.        Finance costs

Continuing operations30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Interest payable on subordinated loan notes and other credit facilities*1*25.75.811.7
Interest payable on Lease Liabilities1.01.52.6
Interest recoverable from co- and reinsurers(0.8)(1.1)(2.0)
Total finance costs5.96.212.3

*1 Interest paid during the year to date was £7.0 million (30 June 2020: £6.7 million, 31 December 2020: £14.0 million)
*2 See note 7c for details of credit facilities

Finance costs include interest payable on the £200.0 million (30 June 2020: £200.0 million, 31 December 2020: £200.0 million) subordinated notes and other financial liabilities.

Interest payable on lease liabilities represents the unwinding of the discount on lease liabilities under IFRS 16 and does not result in a cash payment.

6c.        Changes in Expected Credit Loss (‘ECL’) provision

 Note30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Expected credit losses on financial investments61.12.47.8
Expected credit losses on loans and advances to customers *174.016.225.8
Total expense for expected credit losses 5.118.633.6

*1 Includes £2.3m of write-offs (30 June 2020: £0.6 million, 31 December 2020: £7.8 million)

6d.        Financial assets and liabilities

The Group’s financial instruments can be analysed as follows:

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Financial investments measured at FVTPL   
Money market and other funds1,465.91,243.41,339.3
    
Financial investments classified as FVOCI   
Debt securities2,134.01,833.61,912.7
Fixed interest gilts169.9180.0177.3
 2,303.92,013.62,090.0
Equity investments (designated FVOCI)13.510.511.3
 2,317.42,024.12,101.3
Financial assets measured at amortised cost   
Deposits with credit institutions96.085.065.4
    
Total financial investments3,879.33,352.53,506.0
    
Other financial assets   
Insurance receivables979.9971.6977.9
Trade and other receivables (measured at amortised cost)244.0256.1204.1
Insurance and other receivables1,223.91,227.71,182.0
    
Loans and advances to customers (note 7)425.7455.3359.8
    
Cash and cash equivalents395.9396.3298.2
    
Total financial assets5,924.85,431.85,346.0
    
Financial liabilities    
Subordinated notes204.3204.2204.3
Loan backed securities299.6328.6260.7
Other borrowings40.0106.520.0
Derivative financial instruments4.94.93.6
Subordinated and other financial liabilities548.8644.2488.6
Trade and other payables*11,783.81,777.81,991.2
Lease liabilities114.9132.6122.8
Total financial liabilities2,447.52,554.62,602.6

*1 Trade and other payables total balance of £1,783.8 million (30 June 2020: £1,777.8 million, 31 December 2020: £1,991.2 million) above includes £1,384.5 million (30 June 2020: £1,302.2 million, 31 December 2020: £1,502.6 million) in relation to tax and social security, deferred income and reinsurer balances that are outside the scope of IFRS 9.

All investments held at fair value at the end of the period are invested in funds; mainly money market funds.

The measurement of investments at the end of the period, for the majority investments held at fair value, is based on active quoted market values (level one). Equity investments held at fair value are measured at level three of the fair value hierarchy. No further information is provided due to the immateriality of the balance at 30 June 2021.

Deposits are held with well rated institutions; as such the approximate fair value is the book value of the investment as impairment of the capital is not expected.
The amortised cost carrying amount of receivables is a reasonable approximation of fair value.

During the period, an impairment charge of £1.1 million has been recognized in H1 2021 in relation to the Group’s assets held at FVOCI (H1 2020: £2.4 million, FY 2020: £7.8 million). The credit rating of the Group’s financial assets with an external rating is shown below.

    30 June 2021
 FVTPL
£m
FVOCI
£m
Amortised Cost
£m
Total
£m
AAA- AA492.3          914.2            16.1       1,422.6
A          711.9          834.8          436.8       1,983.5
BBB51.3          422.6            39.0          512.9
Sub BBB34.662.4            97.0
Not rated*1          175.8            83.4             —          259.2
Total financial investments1,465.92,317.4491.94,275.2

*1        The majority (£163.6 million) of the unrated exposure stems from money market funds, which are rated AAA, but where the underlying securities are unrated. The remaining unrated exposure is a mixture of private debt (£82.1 million) and other holdings (£13.5 million).

The fair value of subordinated notes (level one valuation) at 30 June 2021 is £225.5 million (H1 2020: £224.4 million, FY 2020: £222.9 million).

6e.        Cash and cash equivalents

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Cash at bank and in hand395.9396.3

298.2
Total cash and cash equivalents*1395.9396.3298.2

*1 Total cash and cash equivalents, including discontinued operations, is £395.9 million (30 June 2020: 396.3 million, 31 December 2020: 351.7 million)

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, deposits held at call with banks, and other short-term deposits with original maturities of three months or less.

6f.         Insurance and other receivables

 30 June
2021
£m
Restated
30 June
2020*1
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Insurance receivables979.9971.6977.9
Trade and other receivables209.2221.0179.0
Prepayments and accrued income34.835.125.1
Total insurance and other receivables*21,223.91,227.71,182.0

*1 – Trade and other receivables and prepayments and accrued income in H1 2020 have been restated to better reflect the nature of the underlying balances
*2 – Total insurance and other receivables at 30 June 2021 include £70.1 million in respect of salvage and subrogation recoveries (30 June 2020: £68.6 million, 31 December 2020: £70.5 million).

7.        Loans and Advances to Customers

7a.        Loans and advances to customers
        

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Loans and advances to customers – gross carrying amount469.4495.5401.8
Loans and advances to customers – provision(43.7)(40.2)(42.0)
Total loans and advances to customers425.7455.3359.8

Loans and advances to customers are comprised of the following:

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Unsecured personal loans430.6463.7371.3
Finance leases38.831.830.5
Total loans and advances to customers, gross469.4495.5401.8

The table below shows the gross carrying value of loans in stages 1 – 3.

    30 June
2021
30 June
2020
31 December
2020
 Gross carrying amount
£m
Expected credit loss allowance
£m
Other loss allowance*1
£m
Carrying amount
£m
Carrying amount
£m
Carrying amount
£m
Stage 1367.1(8.6)(0.5)358.0437.3331.8
Stage 278.5(14.2)64.315.324.8
Stage 323.8(20.4)3.42.73.2
Total469.4(43.2)(0.5)425.7455.3359.8

*1 Other loss allowance covers losses due to a reduction in current or future vehicle value or costs associated with recovery and sale of vehicles.

Enhancements to ECL methodology
There have been several enhancements to the provisioning methodology since the 31 December 2020 year end position. The key changes include:

  • The definition of default to now includes loans 3 cycles in arrears (previously 4 cycles or more)
  • The Significant Increase in Credit Risk (SICR) criteria and forward looking probability of default modelling have been updated utilising updated analysis.

Forward-looking information
Under IFRS9 the provision must reflect an unbiased and probability-weighted amount that is determined by evaluating a range of possible outcomes. The means by which the Group has determined this is to run scenario analyses.

Management judgment has been used to define the weighting and severity of the different scenarios based on available data without undue cost or effort.

The key economic driver of the losses from the scenarios is the likelihood of a customer entering hardship through unemployment. Unemployment forecasts include a risk grade split of probability of default (PD) based on the correlation between grade-level default rates observed relative to the change in unemployment rates in the previous downturn, adjusted for the unemployment forecast expected in the current economic environment.

The scenario weighting assumptions used are detailed below, along with the unemployment rate assumed in each scenario at 30 June 2021.

 Scenario Probability Weighting
31 December 2020
MovementScenario Probability Weighting
30 June 2021
Peak Unemployment rate %
30 June 2021
Peak Unemployment rate %
31 December 2020
Base40%40%7.28.2
Upturn5%5%6.47.0
Downturn25%25%8.09.3
Severe30%30%9.110.7
Probability weighted100% 100%7.99.2

Economic scenarios have been developed using the latest Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee report as per the year end approach. Four scenarios are used representing a base case, a downturn, an upturn and a severe downturn. The view of management is that given the inherent uncertainty of the current economic environment and the impact of the new delta variant, and delays to relaxation of measures and recent high growth in UK COVID-19 case numbers, it is likely there will be a high level of variance in actual unemployment vs the forecast.

This is further supported by the high level of change of forecasts in each update, from the Bank of England and other market commentators. Therefore, an economic response uncertainty uplift has been applied to each scenario, which represents the average forecast uncertainty as published in the MPC data pack. This results in a level of forecast unemployment that represents management’s best estimate under each scenario at the half year.

In addition to unemployment, characteristics including whether customers have communicated to Admiral an impact due to COVID-19 are considered. For each customer, the sensitivities from each characteristic are combined to determine an overall sensitivity.

The PD by stage has moved since the year end as shown below. The gross balance of loans in stage 2 is now 119% higher than it was at year-end, with 98% relating to up to date customers, resulting in a reduction in overall probability of default in the stage. This was as a result of the changes discussed above. Stage 1 and 3 are largely consistent with year-end.

PD30 June 202131 December 2020
Stage 13.1%1.8%
Stage 228.9%58.7%
Stage 3100%100%

Sensitivities to key areas of estimation uncertainty

 30 June 2021Sensitivity (£m)31 December 2020Sensitivity (£m)
Base40%(1.8)40%(2.0)
Upturn5%(3.9)5%(4.9)
Downturn25%0.225%0.3
Severe30%3.030%3.2

The sensitivities in the above tables show the variance to ECL that would be expected if the given scenario unfolded rather than the weighted position the provision is based on. At 30 June 2021, the implied weighted unemployment rate is 7.9%. A downturn only scenario with an 8.0% unemployment rate would increase the provision by £0.2m, whilst the upturn scenario would create a reduction of £3.9m, base case a reduction of £1.8m and the severe downturn an increase in the ECL allowance of £3.0m.

The sensitivity to each of the scenarios has reduced since year end, driven by improvements in forecast economic conditions across each scenario during the period. However, uncertainty remains around the timing and strength of economic recovery during the second half of 2021 and into 2022, which is reflected in the impact that a fully severe scenario weighting would have.

Credit grade information

Credit grade is the internal credit banding given to a customer at origination and is based on external credit rating information. The credit grading as at 30 June 2021 is as follows:

    30 June
2021
31 December
2020
 Stage 1
12- month ECL
£m
Stage 2
Lifetime ECL
£m
Stage 3
Lifetime ECL
£m
Total
£m
Total
£m
Credit Grade*1     
Higher244.562.0306.5269.6
Medium99.514.3113.894.1
Lower23.12.225.317.0
Credit Impaired23.823.821.1
Gross carrying amount367.178.523.8469.4401.8

        *1 Credit grade is the internal credit banding given to a customer at origination. This is based on external credit rating information

7b.        Interest income

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Loans and advances to customers15.719.836.8

Interest receivable on loans and advances to customers is recognised in the Income Statement using the effective interest method, which calculates the amortised cost of the financial asset and allocates the interest income over the expected product life.

7c.        Interest expense

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Interest payable on Loan backed securities               2.7               3.2               6.2
Interest payable on other credit facilities               0.2               0.6               1.0
Total interest expense*1               2.9               3.8               7.2

*1 Interest paid in total during the year to date was £2.6 million (30 June 2020: £2.5 million, 31 December 2020: £5.2 million)

Interest expense represents the interest payable on loan backed securities through:
   (i)      a Special Purpose Entity (SPE) of £400.0 million (H1 2020: £400.0 million, FY 2020 £400.0 million), of which £299.6 million (H1 2020: £328.6; FY 2020: £260.7 million) was drawn down at 30 June 2021; and
   (ii)      funding specifically allocated to the Admiral Loans business, in the form of credit facilities of £120.0 million (H1 2020 £120.0 million, FY 2020 £120.0 million), of which £40.0 million (H1 2020: £66.5 million; FY 2020: £20.0 million) was drawn down at 30 June 2021.

Admiral Group also has a further credit facility of £100.0 million (H1 2020 £100.0 million, FY 2020 £100.0 million) of which £nil was drawn down at 30 June 2021 (H1 2020: £40.0 million; FY 2020: £nil).

8.        Other Revenue

8a.        Disaggregation of revenue

In the following tables, other revenue is disaggregated by major products/service lines and timing of revenue recognition. The total revenue disclosed in the table of £399.4 million (H1 2020: £288.5 million, FY 2020: £625.3 million) represents total other revenue and profit commission and is disaggregated into the segments included in note 4.

 Six months ended 30 June 2021
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance
£m
Admiral Loans
£m
Other
£m
Total (continuing) £mComparison (discontinued)*2
£m
Total
£m
Major products/ service line       
Comparison*12.92.959.662.5
Instalment income51.51.853.353.3
Fee and commission revenue62.514.10.577.177.1
Revenue from law firm13.413.413.4
Other5.50.35.85.8
Total other revenue132.915.90.53.2152.559.6212.1
Profit commission187.10.2187.3187.3
Total other revenue and profit commission320.016.1

0.5


3.2
339.859.6399.4
        
Timing of revenue recognition       
Point in time167.714.10.53.2185.559.6245.1
Over time14.214.214.2
Revenue outside the scope of IFRS 15138.12.0



140.1

140.1
 320.016.10.53.2339.859.6399.4


 Re-presented
Six months ended 30 June 2020
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance
£m
Admiral Loans
£m
Other
£m
Total (continuing) £mComparison (discontinued)*2
£m
Total
£m
Major products/ service line       
Comparison*13.03.077.780.7
Instalment income48.42.050.450.4
Fee and commission revenue78.612.80.992.392.3
Revenue from law firm17.217.217.2
Other3.00.33.33.3
Total other revenue147.214.80.93.3166.277.7243.9
Profit commission44.644.644.6
Total other revenue and profit commission191.814.8

0.9


3.3
210.877.7288.5
        
Timing of revenue recognition       
Point in time120.712.80.93.3137.777.7215.4
Over time17.717.717.7
Revenue outside the scope of IFRS 1553.42.055.455.4
 191.814.80.93.3210.877.7288.5


 Year ended 31 December 2020
 UK Insurance £mInternational Insurance
£m
Admiral Loans
£m
Other
£m
Total (continuing) £mComparison (discontinued)*2
£m
Total
£m
Major products/ service line       
Comparison*15.95.9161.9167.8
Instalment income102.44.0106.4106.4
Fee and commission revenue155.321.81.6178.7178.7
Revenue from law firm26.726.726.7
Other11.10.611.711.7
Total other revenue295.525.81.66.5329.4161.9491.3
Profit commission132.41.6134.0134.0
Total other revenue and profit commission427.927.41.66.5463.4161.9625.3
        
Timing of revenue recognition       
Point in time267.121.81.66.5297.0161.9458.9
Over time28.428.428.4
Revenue outside the scope of IFRS 15132.45.6138.0138.0
 427.927.41.66.5463.4161.9625.3

*1 – Comparison revenue excludes £7.7 million (30 June 2020: £10.0 million, 31 December 2020: £22.2 million) of income from other Group companies, including £7.6 million (30 June 2020: £9.9 million, 31 December 2020: £22.0 million) from discontinued operations
*2 – See note 13 for further detail on discontinued operations

Instalment income is recognised applying the effective interest rate over the term of the policy, and is outside the scope of IFRS 15. Profit commission from reinsurers is recognised under IFRS 4, and is discussed further in note 5 to the financial statements.

9.        Expenses

9a.        Operating expenses and share scheme charges

 30 June 2021




Continuing operations        
Gross
£m
Recoverable
from co- and
reinsurers
£m
Net
£m
Acquisition of insurance contracts89.5(56.3)33.2
Administration and other marketing costs (insurance contracts)229.6(165.6)64.0
Insurance contract expenses319.1(221.9)97.2
Administration and other marketing costs (other)74.574.5
Share scheme charges47.2(16.6)30.6
Movement in the expected credit loss provision5.15.1
Total expenses and share scheme charges – continuing operations445.9(238.5)207.4


 Re-presented
30 June 2020




Continuing operations        
Gross
£m
Recoverable
from co- and
reinsurers
£m
Net
£m
Acquisition of insurance contracts80.1(52.6)27.5
Administration and other marketing costs (insurance contracts)217.9(158.2)59.7
Insurance contract expenses298.0(210.8)87.2
Administration and other marketing costs (other)63.063.0
Share scheme charges33.7(12.4)21.3
Movement in expected credit loss provision18.618.6
Total expenses and share scheme charges – continuing operations413.3(223.2)190.1


 31 December 2020




Continuing operations        
Gross
£m
Recoverable
from co- and
reinsurers
£m
Net
£m
Acquisition of insurance contracts166.2(106.8)59.4
Administration and other marketing costs (insurance contracts)437.4(321.0)116.4
Insurance contract expenses603.6(427.8)175.8
Administration and other marketing costs (other)131.3131.3
Share scheme charges79.7(28.8)50.9
Movement in expected credit loss provision33.633.6
Total expenses and share scheme charges – continuing operations848.2(456.6)391.6

The £64.0 million (H1 2020: £59.7 million, FY 2020: £116.4 million) administration and marketing costs allocated to insurance contracts is principally made up of salary costs.

Analysis of other administration and other marketing costs:

Continuing operations30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Expenses relating to additional products and fees43.042.280.6
Loans expenses (excluding movement on ECL provision)9.88.816.8
Other expenses21.712.033.9
Total74.563.0131.3

Refer to note 14 for a reconciliation between insurance contract expenses and the reported expense ratio.

9b.        Staff share schemes

Total share scheme costs for the continuing operations of the Group are analysed below:

 30 June 2021
 SIP*1 charge DFSS*2 charge Total charge
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
IFRS 2 charge for equity settled share schemes8.75.8 22.014.3 30.720.1
IFRS 2 charge for cash settled share schemes 2.51.4 2.51.4
Total IFRS 2 charge8.75.8 24.515.7 33.221.5
Social security costs on IFRS 2 charge0.60.4 5.73.9 6.34.3
Discretionary bonus on shares allocated but unvested 7.74.8 7.74.8
Total share scheme charges9.36.2 37.924.4 47.230.6


 Re-presented 30 June 2020
 SIP*1 charge DFSS*2 charge Total charge
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
IFRS 2 charge for equity settled share schemes8.55.7 15.29.5 23.715.2
IFRS 2 charge for cash settled share schemes 1.20.7 1.20.7
Total IFRS 2 charge8.55.7 16.410.2 24.915.9
Social security costs0.90.5 2.71.8 3.62.3
Discretionary bonus on shares allocated but unvested 5.23.1 5.23.1
Total share scheme charges9.46.2 24.315.1 33.721.3


 Re-presented 31 December 2020
 SIP*1 charge DFSS*2 charge Total charge
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
 Gross
£m
Net
£m
IFRS 2 charge for equity settled share schemes17.311.6 34.321.8 51.633.4
IFRS 2 charge for cash settled share schemes 3.92.2 3.92.2
Total IFRS 2 charge17.311.6 38.224.0 55.535.6
Social security costs on IFRS 2 charge1.71.1 8.45.7 10.16.8
Discretionary bonus on shares allocated but unvested 14.18.5 14.18.5
Total share scheme charges19.012.7 60.738.2 79.750.9

*1 – Share Incentive Plan
*2 – Discretionary Free Share Scheme

For equity settled schemes, the charge, which reflects the fair value of the employee services received in exchange for the grant of the free shares, is recognised as an expense, with a corresponding increase in equity, as shown in the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity of £33.2 million (H1 2020: £24.9 million, FY 2020: £53.8 million).

For the cash settled schemes, the expense recognised for the fair value of services received results in a corresponding increase in liabilities.

Net share scheme charges are presented after allocations to co-insurers (in the UK and Italy) and reinsurers (in the International Insurance businesses). The proportion of net to gross share scheme charges would be expected to be consistent in each period, at approximately 65%.

  1. Taxation


10a.        Taxation

  Re-presented 
Continuing operations30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Current tax   
Corporation tax on profits for the year81.744.1101.6
Under provision relating to prior periods7.10.6
Current tax charge88.844.1102.2
Deferred tax   
Current period deferred taxation movement(0.6)(3.8)4.0
Under provision relating to prior periods
Total tax charge per Consolidated Income Statement88.240.3106.2

Factors affecting the total tax charge are:

    
Continuing operations30 June
2021
£m
Re-presented
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Profit before tax482.2274.4608.2
Corporation tax thereon at effective UK corporation tax rate of 19.0% (2020: 19.0%)91.652.1115.5
Expenses and provisions not deductible for tax purposes(0.1)0.7
Non-taxable income(3.7)(5.8)(10.5)
Impact of change in UK tax rate on deferred tax balances2.6(0.7)0.4
Adjustments relating to prior periods7.10.6
Impact of different overseas tax rates(10.4)(5.8)(1.6)
Unrecognised deferred tax1.10.51.1
Total tax charge for the period as above88.240.3106.2

The outstanding corporation tax payable for continuing operations as at 30 June 2021 was £14.3 million (30 June 2020: £10.3 million; 31 December 2020: corporate tax receivable of £22.9 million). See note 13 for details of the corporation tax charge on discontinued operations, and the related corporation tax balance as at 30 April 2021.

10b.        Deferred income tax asset/ (liability)

The average effective rate of tax for 2021 is 19.0% (2020: 19.0%).

The deferred tax asset at 30 June 2021 has been calculated based on the rate at which each timing difference is most likely to reverse.

At 30 June 2021, the Group had unused tax losses amounting to £241.7 million (H1 2020: £233.6 million, FY 2020: £236.8 million), relating to the Group’s US businesses Elephant Auto and compare.com, for which no deferred tax asset has been recognized.
11.        Other Assets and Other Liabilities

11a.        Property and equipment

 Improvements to short leasehold buildings
£m
Computer equipment £mOffice equipment
£m
Furniture and fittings
£m
ROU Asset – Leasehold buildings £mTotal
£m
Cost      
At 1 January 202033.471.422.410.6134.4272.2
Additions1.55.40.20.70.38.1
Disposals(0.4)(0.1)(0.8)(1.3)
Foreign exchange and other movements0.30.50.40.21.52.9
At 30 June 202035.277.322.611.4135.4281.9
Depreciation      
At 1 January 202019.858.718.49.111.8117.8
Charge for the year1.73.41.10.66.012.8
Disposals(0.2)(0.1)(0.1)(0.4)
Foreign exchange and other movements0.20.30.10.10.31.0
At 30 June 202021.762.419.49.718.0131.2
Net book amount      
At 1 January 202013.612.74.01.5122.6154.4
Net book amount       
At 30 June 202013.514.93.21.7117.4150.7
Cost      
At 1 January 202033.471.422.410.6134.4272.2
Transfer of assets associated with disposal group held for sale(1.2)(6.2)(0.9)(0.2)(5.5)(14.0)
Additions3.114.10.80.20.118.3
Impairment(3.1)(3.1)
Disposals(0.6)(0.3)(1.8)(2.7)
Foreign exchange and other movements0.7(0.1)0.3(0.1)0.10.9
At 31 December 202036.078.622.610.2124.2271.6
Depreciation      
At 1 January 202019.858.718.49.111.8117.8
Transfer of depreciation associated with disposal group held for sale(0.6)(5.2)(0.5)(0.2)(1.6)(8.1)
Charge for the year3.76.81.80.510.823.6
Disposals(0.7)(0.2)(1.5)(2.4)
Foreign exchange and other movements0.10.3(0.1)0.3
At 31 December 202023.059.620.09.119.5131.2
Net book amount      
At 31 December 202013.019.02.61.1104.7140.4
Cost      
At 1 January 202136.078.622.610.2124.2271.6
Additions1.05.10.20.31.37.9
Disposals(0.1)(5.0)(5.1)
Foreign exchange and other movements(0.3)(0.2)(0.2)(0.1)0.3(0.5)
At 30 June 202136.783.522.610.3120.8273.9
Depreciation      
At 1 January 202123.059.620.09.119.5131.2
Charge for the year2.34.10.60.24.812.0
Disposals(0.1)(0.1)
Foreign exchange and other movements(0.1)(0.2)(0.2)(0.3)(0.8)
At 30 June 202125.263.520.49.224.0142.3
Net book amount      
At 30 June 202111.520.02.21.196.8131.6

11b.        Intangible assets

 Goodwill
£m
Deferred acquisition costs
£m
Software*1
£m
Total
£m
At 1 January 202062.324.873.2160.3
Additions28.57.536.0
Amortisation charge(27.7)(8.9)(36.6)
Disposals
Transfers
Foreign exchange movement0.91.62.5
At 30 June 202062.326.573.4162.2
     
At 1 January 202062.324.873.2160.3
Additions61.324.886.1
Amortisation charge(59.0)(19.2)(78.2)
Disposals(1.2)(1.2)
Transfer of assets associated with disposal group held for sale(1.2)(1.2)
Foreign exchange movement0.20.70.9
At 31 December 202062.327.377.1166.7
Additions31.320.752.0
Amortisation charge(31.3)(8.4)(39.7)
Disposals
Transfers
Foreign exchange movement(0.6)(1.0)(1.6)
At 30 June 202162.326.788.4177.4

*1 Software additions relating to internal development are immaterial in both 2021 and 2020. Gross carrying amount and accumulated amortisation of software as at 30 June 2021 are £203.3 million (30 June 2020: £178.8 million; 31 December 2020: £184.8 million) and £114.9 million respectively (30 June 2020: £105.3 million; 31 December 2020: £107.7 million).

Goodwill relates to the acquisition of Group subsidiary EUI Limited (formerly Admiral Insurance Services Limited) in November 1999. The amortisation of this asset ceased on transition to IFRS on 1 January 2004. All annual impairment reviews since the transition date have indicated that the estimated recoverable value of the asset is greater than the carrying amount and therefore no impairment losses have been recognised. Refer to the accounting policy for goodwill in the 2020 financial statements for further information.

An analysis of deferred acquisition costs is given in the table below:

 Gross
£m
Reinsurance
£m
Total
£m
At 1 January 202074.6(49.8)24.8
Additions77.9(49.4)28.5
Amortisation(81.8)54.1(27.7)
Foreign exchange movement2.4(1.5)0.9
At 30 June 202073.1(46.6)26.5
At 1 January 202074.6(49.8)24.8
Additions168.4(107.1)61.3
Amortisation(166.4)107.4(59.0)
Foreign exchange movement1.0(0.8)0.2
At 31 December 202077.6(50.3)27.3
Additions85.3(54.0)31.3
Amortisation(85.1)53.8(31.3)
Foreign exchange movement(1.4)0.8(0.6)
At 30 June 202176.4(49.7)26.7

11c.        Trade and other payables

        

 30 June
2021
£m
Restated
30 June
2020*1
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Trade payables40.530.934.9
Amounts owed to co-insurers128.3198.3240.9
Amounts owed to reinsurers1,131.01,067.61,262.8
Other taxation and social security liabilities80.779.672.9
Other payables151.5168.2135.6
Accruals and deferred income251.8233.2244.1
Total trade and other payables1,783.81,777.81,991.2

*1 Other payables and accruals and deferred income balances in H1 2020 have been restated to better reflect the nature of the underlying balances

Of amounts owed to reinsurers, £1,029.9 million (H1 2020: £949.2 million, FY 2020: £1,175.1 million) is held under funds withheld arrangements.

11d.        Contingent liabilities

The Group’s legal entities operate in numerous tax jurisdictions and on a regular basis are subject to review and enquiry by the relevant tax authority.

One of the Groups’ previously owned subsidiaries was subject to a Spanish Tax Audit which concluded with the Tax Authority denying the application of the VAT exemption relating to insurance intermediary services.   The company has appealed this decision via the Spanish Courts and is confident in defending its position which is, in its view, in line with the EU Directive and is also consistent with the way similar supplies are treated throughout Europe.  Whilst the company is no longer part of the Admiral Group, the contingent liability which the company is exposed to has been indemnified by the Admiral Group up to a cap of £22 million.

The Group is also in discussions with tax authorities in Italy and Spain on various corporate tax matters.   To date these discussions have focused primarily on the transfer pricing and cross-border arrangements in place between the Group’s intermediaries and insurers.

No provision has been made in these Financial Statements in relation to the matters noted above 

The Group is, from time to time, subject to threatened or actual litigation and/or legal and/or regulatory disputes, investigations or similar actions both in the UK and overseas. All potentially material matters are assessed, with the assistance of external advisers if appropriate, and in cases where it is concluded that it is more likely than not that a payment will be made, a provision is established to reflect the best estimate of the liability. In some cases it will not be possible to form a view, for example if the facts are unclear or because further time is needed to properly assess the merits of the case. In these circumstances, specific disclosure of a contingent liability will be made where material.

The Directors do not consider that the final outcome of any such current case will have a material adverse effect on the Group’s financial position, operations or cash flows, and no material provisions are currently held in relation to such matters.

12.        Dividends, Earnings and Share Capital

12a.        Dividends

Dividends were proposed, approved and paid as follows.        

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Proposed, March 2020 (56.3p approved April 2020 and paid June 2020)*1162.3162.3
Declared August 2020 (91.2 pence per share, including 20.7 pence per share deferred, paid October 2020)263.4
Proposed, March 2021 (86.0 pence per share, approved April 2021 and paid June 2021)250.8
Total250.8162.3425.7

*1 56.3 pence of proposed 2019 final dividend of 77.0 pence was approved in April 2020 and paid in June 2020, with the remaining special dividend of 20.7 pence per share being deferred and later paid in October 2020

The dividends proposed in March (approved in April) represent the final dividends paid in respect of the 2019 and 2020 financial years. The dividend declared in August reflects the 2020 interim dividend.

A 2021 interim dividend of 161.0 pence per share (approximately £469 million) has been declared, reflecting 115.0 pence per share relating to continuing operations, and 46.0 pence per share as the first special dividend relating to the disposal of the Penguin Portal comparison businesses.

12b.        Earnings per share

  Re-presented 
 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December
2020
£m
Profit for the financial year after taxation attributable to equity shareholders – continuing operations

394.7
234.4502.9
Profit for the financial year after taxation attributable to equity shareholders – discontinued operations

412.9
9.325.9
Profit for the financial year after taxation attributable to equity shareholders – continuing and discontinued operations

807.6
243.7528.8
Weighted average number of shares – basic





296,881,162
293,877,486294,563,978
Unadjusted earnings per share – basic – continuing operations132.9p79.7p170.7p
Unadjusted earnings per share – basic – discontinued operations139.1p3.2p8.8p
Unadjusted earnings per share – basic – continuing and discontinued operations272.0p82.9p179.5p
Weighted average number of shares – diluted297,315,818294,464,776295,034,233
Unadjusted earnings per share – diluted – continuing operations132.7p79.6p170.4p
Unadjusted earnings per share – diluted – discontinued operations138.9p3.2p8.8p
Unadjusted earnings per share – diluted – continuing and discontinued operations271.6p82.8p179.2p

The difference between the basic and diluted number of shares at the end the period (being 434,656; 30 June 2020: 587,290 31 December 2020: 470,255) relates to awards committed, but not yet issued under the Group’s share schemes.

12c.        Share capital

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Authorised   
500,000,000 ordinary shares of 0.1 pence0.50.50.5
Issued, called up and fully paid   
296,692,063 ordinary shares of 0.1p0.3
294,037,749 ordinary shares of 0.1p0.3
297,021,168 ordinary shares of 0.1p0.3
Total share capital0.30.30.3


During the first half of 2021, 329,105 (HY 2020: 351,420; FY 2020: 3,005,734) new ordinary shares of 0.1p were issued to the trusts administering the Group’s share schemes.

329,105 (HY 2020: 351,420; FY 2020: 775,734) of these were issued to the Admiral Group Share Incentive Plan Trust for the purposes of this share scheme.

No shares (HY 2020: nil; FY 2020: 2,250,000) were issued to the Admiral Group Employee Benefit Trust for the purposes of the Discretionary Free Share Scheme.

12d.        Objectives, policies and procedures for managing capital

The Group manages its capital to ensure that all entities within the Group can continue as going concerns and to ensure that regulated entities comfortably meet regulatory requirements. Excess capital above these levels within subsidiaries is paid up to the Group holding company in the form of dividends on a regular basis.

The Group’s dividend policy is to pay 65% of post-tax profits as a normal dividend and to pay a further special dividend comprising earnings not required to be held in the Group for solvency or buffers.

Refer to the financial review for further information about the Group’s capital structure and financial
position.

12e.        Related party transactions

Details relating to the remuneration and shareholdings of key management personnel are set out in the Directors’ Remuneration Report within the Group’s 2020 Annual Report. Key management personnel can obtain discounted motor insurance at the same rates as all other Group staff.

The Board considers that Executive and Non-Executive Directors of Admiral Group plc are key management personnel. Aggregate compensation for the Executive and Non-Executive Directors is disclosed in the Directors’ Remuneration Report in the 2020 Annual Report.

13.        Discontinued Operations

13a.        Background

On 29 December 2020, the Group announced that it had reached an agreement with ZPG Comparison Services Holdings UK Limited (“RVU") that RVU would purchase the Penguin Portals Group (“Penguin Portals”, comprising online comparison portals Confused.com, Rastreator.com and LeLynx.fr and the Group’s technology operation Admiral Technologies) and its 50% share of Preminen Price Comparison Holdings Limited (“Preminen”). MAPFRE would also sell its 25% holding in Rastreator and 50% holding in Preminen as part of the transaction.

As such, management considered these entities to meet the definition of a disposal group as set out under IFRS 5 above. The disposal group is included within the “Discontinued (comparison)” operating segment as stated in note 4.

On 30 April 2021, the Group announced that, following regulatory and competition authority approvals, RVU had completed the purchase of the Penguin Portals Group and Admiral’s 50% share of Preminen. MAPFRE also sold its 25% holding in Rastreator and 50% holding in Preminen to RVU. The total transaction value was settled in cash on completion.

13b. Financial performance        

Financial information relating to the discontinued operations for the period ending 30 June 2021 and 2020 are presented below. The results for the period ending 30 June 2021 relates to the period prior to completion on 30 April 2021, and the gain recognised on disposal.

 30 June 202130 June 2020

 GrossEliminationsNetGrossEliminationsNet
 £m£m£m£m£m£m
Revenue67.2(7.6)59.687.6(9.9)77.7
Net Revenue67.2(7.6)59.687.6(9.9)77.7
Operating expenses and share scheme charges(55.8)7.6(48.2)(75.9)9.9(66.0)
Operating profit11.411.411.711.7
Finance costs(0.1)(0.1)
Gain on disposal sale of Comparison entities held for sale404.4404.4
Profit before tax from discontinued operations415.7415.711.711.7
Taxation expense(2.3)(2.3)(2.8)(2.8)
Profit after tax from discontinued operations413.4413.48.98.9


 31 December 2020
 GrossEliminationsNet
 £m£m£m
Revenue183.9(22.0)161.9
Net Revenue183.9(22.0)161.9
Operating expenses and share scheme charges(154.4)22.0(132.4)
Operating profit29.529.5
Finance costs(0.1)(0.1)
Profit before tax from discontinued operations29.429.4
Taxation expense(3.6)(3.6)
Profit after tax from discontinued operations25.825.8

Operating expenses and share scheme charges include £0.5 million (HY 2020: £1.6 million, FY 2020: £3.1 million) of share scheme expenses that are not included in the segmental result in note 4.

13c.        Assets disposed of

Consideration received consisted of cash only and was received at the point of completion. The total consideration received by the Group in cash was £471.8 million. This excludes any costs incurred by the Group in relation to the sale. The total gain on disposal is £404.4 million.

The carrying amount of assets and liabilities as at the date of sale (30 April 2021) were:

 30 April 2021
 £m
Assets 
Property, plant and equipment5.4
Intangible assets1.1
Deferred tax asset4.2
Trade and other receivables41.9
Corporation tax asset0.2
Cash and cash equivalents41.3
Total Assets94.1
  
Liabilities 
Trade payables and other liabilities33.3
Lease Liabilities3.6
Total liabilities36.9
  
Net Assets57.2

13d.        Gain on disposal

 30 June
2021
£m
Gross sales proceeds 508.1
Accrued sale proceeds less dividends received prior to disposal and costs to sell recharged from purchaser(7.4)
Non-controlling interest share of sales proceeds(28.9)
Total Admiral Group cash received (note 13c)471.8
Costs to sell incurred by seller, out of proceeds(17.6)
Proceeds to Admiral, net of minority interests and transaction costs454.2
Assets held for sale (Note 13c)(57.2)
Non-controlling interest share of assets held for sale6.6
Other adjustments0.8
Gain on disposal of comparison entities held for sale404.4

14.        Reconciliations

The following tables reconcile significant Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and Alternative Performance Measures (APMs) included in the financial review above to items included in the financial statements.

14a.        Reconciliation of turnover to reported total premiums written and other revenue as per the financial statements
                        

 30 June
2021
£m
30 June
2020
£m
31 December 2020
£m
Gross premiums written after co-insurance per note 5a of financial statements1,253.91,119.82,344.0
Premiums underwritten through co-insurance arrangements299.2279.5613.2
Total premiums written1,553.11,399.32,957.2
Other Revenue*1152.5166.2329.4
Admiral Loans interest income and other fee income15.719.836.8
 1,721.31,585.33,323.4
Other*225.116.642.4
Turnover as per note 4 of financial statements *31,746.41,601.93,365.8
Intra-group income elimination*40.10.10.2
Total turnover*1 *31,746.51,602.03,366.0

*1 Continuing operations
*2 Other reconciling items represent co-insurer and reinsurer shares of Other Revenue in the Group’s Insurance businesses outside of UK Car Insurance
*3 See note 14d for the impact of the “Stay at home” premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers on Turnover in H1 2020.
*4 Intra-group income elimination related to comparison income earned by compare.com from other Group entities.

14b.        Reconciliation of claims incurred to reported loss ratio, excluding releases on commuted reinsurance

June 2021UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK other*1 £mUK Total £mInt. Car £mInt. other £mInt. Total £mOther
£m
Group £m
          
Net insurance claims(16.6)14.710.08.182.12.584.63.195.8
Deduct claims handling costs(6.1)(0.7)(6.8)(4.4)(4.4)(0.1)(11.3)
Prior year release/strengthening – net original share81.11.282.36.56.588.8
Prior year release/strengthening – commuted share118.30.8119.1119.1
Impact of reinsurer caps0.70.70.7
Attritional current period claims176.716.010.0202.784.92.587.43.0293.1
          
Net insurance premium revenue242.423.329.9295.6111.74.3116.04.6416.2
          
Loss ratio – current period attritional72.9%68.8%76.0%70.4%
Loss ratio – prior year release/strengthening (net original share)(33.5%)(5.2%)(5.8%)(21.3%)
Loss ratio – reported39.4%63.6%70.2%49.1%


June 2020UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK Other £mUK Total £mInt. Car
£m
Int. Other £mInt. Total £mGroup
£m
         
Net insurance claims48.915.012.376.263.31.865.1141.3
Deduct claims handling costs(5.9)(0.6)(6.5)(4.8)(4.8)(11.3)
Prior year release/strengthening – net original share64.22.867.011.711.778.7
Prior year release/strengthening – commuted share60.060.060.0
Impact of reinsurer caps1.81.81.8
Impact of weather events(2.3)(2.3)(2.3)
Attritional current period claims167.214.912.3194.472.01.873.8268.2
         
Net insurance premium revenue208.520.922.3251.795.53.699.1350.8
         
Loss ratio – current period attritional80.2%71.3%75.4%76.4%
Loss ratio – current period weather events11.1%0.7%
Loss ratio – prior year release/strengthening (net original share)(30.8%)(13.4%)(12.2%)(22.4%)
         
Loss ratio – reported49.4%69.0%63.2%54.7%

        

December 2020UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK Other £mUK Total £mInt. Car £mInt. Other £mInt. Total £mGroup
£m
         
Net insurance claims97.129.323.8150.2139.33.7143.0293.2
Deduct claims handling costs(12.3)(1.3)(13.6)(9.8)(9.8)(23.4)
Prior year release/strengthening – net original share104.32.8107.118.618.6125.7
Prior year release/strengthening – commuted share137.3137.3137.3
Impact of reinsurer caps1.91.91.9
Impact of weather events(2.3)(2.3)(2.3)
Attritional current period claims326.428.523.8378.7150.03.7153.7532.4
         
Net insurance premium revenue451.443.245.2539.8204.27.6211.8751.6
         
Loss ratio – current period attritional72.3%65.9%70.2%73.4%70.8%
Loss ratio – current period weather events5.3%0.4%0.3%
Loss ratio – prior year release/strengthening (net original share)(23.1%)(6.4%)(19.8%)(9.1%)(16.7%)
         
Loss ratio – reported49.2%64.8%50.8%64.3%54.4%

*1 ‘UK other’ includes travel insurance and underwritten ancillaries; ‘Int. other’ includes underwritten ancillaries

14c.        Reconciliation of expenses related to insurance contracts to reported expense ratio

June 2021UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK Other £m*2UK Total £mInt. Car £mInt. Other £m*2Int. Total £mOtherGroup
£m
          
Net insurance expenses39.86.91.848.544.51.846.32.497.2
Claims handling costs6.10.76.84.44.40.111.3
Intra-group expenses elimination*10.10.10.1
Impact of reinsurer caps
Net IFRS 16 finance costs0.10.10.10.10.2
Adjusted net insurance expenses46.07.61.855.449.11.850.92.5108.8
          
Net insurance premium revenue242.423.329.9295.6111.74.3116.04.6416.2
          
Expense ratio – reported19.0%32.5%43.9%26.1%


June 2020UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK Other £m*2UK Total £mInt. Car £mInt. Other £m*2Int. Total £mGroup £m
         
Net insurance expenses38.46.62.847.837.61.839.487.2
Claims handling costs5.90.66.54.84.811.3
Intra-group expenses elimination*10.10.10.1
Impact of reinsurer caps0.30.30.3
Net IFRS 16 finance costs0.20.20.2
Adjusted net insurance expenses44.57.22.854.542.81.844.699.1
         
Net insurance premium revenue208.520.922.3251.795.53.699.1350.8
         
Expense ratio – reported21.3%34.2%44.8%28.3%


December 2020UK Motor £mUK Home £mUK Other £m *2UK Total £mInt. Car £mInt. Other £m*2Int. Total £mGroup £m
         
Net insurance expenses76.711.45.293.378.54.082.5175.8
Claims handling costs12.31.313.69.89.823.4
Intra-group expenses elimination*10.20.20.2
Impact of reinsurer caps1.11.11.1
Net IFRS 16 finance costs0.50.50.10.10.6
Adjusted net insurance expenses89.512.75.2107.489.74.093.7201.1
         
Net insurance premium revenue451.443.245.2539.8204.27.6211.8751.6
         
Expense ratio – reported19.8%29.4%19.9%43.9%26.8%

*1 The intra-group expenses elimination amount relates to aggregator fees charges by the Group’s comparison entities to other Group companies: given the re-presentation of other comparison businesses to discontinued operations, those expenses are now included in net insurance expenses in note 9, as acquisition costs
*2 ‘UK other’ includes travel insurance and underwritten ancillaries; ‘Int. other’ includes underwritten ancillaries

14d.        Reconciliation of Impact of “Stay at Home” premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers on Turnover, Total written premiums, Gross written premiums and net insurance premium revenue
                        

 30 June and
31 December 20
£m
Total “stay at home” premium refund issued to UK motor insurance customers110.0
Insurance premium tax(12.7)
Impact of premium refund on turnover and total written premium97.3
Co-insurer share of premium refund(27.3)
Impact of premium refund on gross written premium and gross earned premium70.0
Reinsurer share of premium refund on reinsurers’ written and earned premium(48.9)
Impact of premium refund on net insurance premium revenue (written and earned)21.1

There is no impact of the premium refund on Turnover, Total written premiums, Gross written premiums or net insurance premium revenue in the period ended 30 June 2021.

15. Statutory Information

The financial information above does not constitute the Company's statutory accounts. Statutory accounts for 2020 have been delivered to the Registrar of Companies, and those for 2021 will be delivered in due course. The auditors have reported on the statutory accounts for 2020, and their reports were (i) unqualified, (ii) did not include a reference to any matters to which the auditors drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying their report and (iii) did not contain a statement under section 498 (2) or (3) of the Companies Act 2006.

Glossary
Alternative Performance Measures

Throughout this report, the Group uses a number of Alternative Performance Measures (APMs); measures that are not required or commonly reported under International Financial Reporting Standards, the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under which the Group prepares its financial statements.

These APMs are used by the Group, alongside GAAP measures, for both internal performance analysis and to help shareholders and other users of the Annual Report and financial statements to better understand the Group’s performance in the period in comparison to previous periods and the Group’s competitors.

The table below defines and explains the primary APMs used in this report. Financial APMs are usually derived from financial statement items and are calculated using consistent accounting policies to those applied in the financial statements, unless otherwise stated. Non-financial KPIs incorporate information that cannot be derived from the financial statements but provide further insight into the performance and financial position of the Group.

APMs may not necessarily be defined in a consistent manner to similar APMs used by the Group’s competitors. They should be considered as a supplement rather than a substitute for GAAP measures.

TurnoverTurnover is defined as total premiums written (as below), other revenue and income from Admiral Loans. It is reconciled to financial statement line items in note 14a to the financial statements. It has been redefined in the current period to exclude revenue from discontinued operations.



This measure has been presented by the Group in every Annual Report since it became a listed Group in 2004. It reflects the total value of the revenue generated by the Group and analysis of this measure over time provides a clear indication of the size and growth of the Group.



The measure was developed as a result of the Group’s business model. The UK Car insurance business has historically shared a significant proportion of the risks with Munich Re, a third party reinsurance Group, through a co-insurance arrangement, with the arrangement subsequently being replicated in some of the Group’s international insurance operations. Premiums and claims accruing to the external co-insurer are not reflected in the Group’s income statement and therefore presentation of this metric enables users of the Annual Report to see the scale of the Group’s insurance operations in a way not possible from taking the income statement in isolation.



In 2020 a “Stay at Home” premium rebate of £25 per vehicle was issued to UK motor insurance customers. The total refunded was £110 million. Of this total, £97 million was reflected within the 2020 total premiums written, and therefore, turnover metric, with the remaining amount reflecting insurance premium tax.   
Total Premiums WrittenTotal premiums written are the total forecast premiums, net of forecast cancellations written in the underwriting year within the Group, including co-insurance. It is reconciled to financial statement line items in note 14a to the financial statements.



This measure has been presented by the Group in every Annual Report since it became a listed Group in 2004. It reflects the total premiums written by the Group’s insurance intermediaries and analysis of this measure over time provides a clear indication of the growth in premiums, irrespective of how co-insurance agreements have changed over time.



The reasons for presenting this measure are consistent with that for the Turnover APM noted above.
<