Company Announcements

AF-KLM Full Year 2022 Results

Source: OMX
AF-KLM Full Year 2022 Results

February 17, 2023






  • Strong Group capacity ramp up at 85% compared to 2019 with load factor at 84%
  • Group revenues at €26.4bn, with highest fourth quarter revenues in history
  • Operating result at €1.2bn with operating margin at 4.5% above 2019 level (4.2%), despite surging fuel price

  • Positive net income at €0.7bn supporting the Group’s equity restoration

  • Positive Adjusted operating free cash flow ast €1.9bn and solid cash at hand at €10.6bn
  • Net debt down by €1.9bn euros, compared to end of 2021

Commenting on the results, Mr. Benjamin Smith, Group CEO, said:
Throughout 2022, Air France-KLM once again demonstrated its resilience and agility in a context of unprecedented crises. In spite of the Omicron strain, the war in Ukraine, the inflationary situation and the operational disruptions at major international airports last summer, our Group and its airlines were able to successfully capture a strong demand for travel.
On the financial side, we successfully undertook major operations to both restore our equity and consolidate our balance sheet while continuing to pay back the State aids we received. We secured landmark deals, including a strategic commercial partnership with CMA CGM Group which became our largest private shareholder.
All the while, we moved forward with our transformation efforts at every level of our Group to emerge stronger and more efficient from the pandemic as a leader of sustainable aviation. Our fleet renewal efforts and our investments in SAF fully demonstrate our determination to play an active role in the decarbonization, not just of our own operations, but of the industry as a whole.
We close out the year with a positive net income, having turned the page on Covid, and look to the future with confidence in our ability to address the challenges ahead.
I would like to thank all the customers who chose to fly our airlines this year as well as all our employees, who made this year a success through their hard work and commitment to excellence.

Highest Q4 revenue in history and Full Year operating margin at 4.5%

 Fourth quarterFull Year
constant currency
constant currency
Revenues (€m)7,128+47.3%+42.8%26,393+84.4%+79.7%
EBITDA (€m)786-42-403,615+2,8702,891
Operating result (€m) 134-45-421,193+2,8192,839
Operating margin (%)1.9%-1.8 pt-1.6 pt4.5%+15.9 pt+15.7 pt
Net income – Group part (€m)496+622 728+4,020 
Adj. operating free cash flow (€m)-551-776 1,903+2,534 
Net debt at end of period (€m)1   6,337-1,879 

In Q4 2022, revenues were up 47.3% compared to Q4 2021, a record level in the Group’s history, despite a difficult context. Full Year 2022 revenues were up 84.4% up compared to last. This improvement was driven by an increase in capacity, load factor and passenger yield. The Air France-KLM Group posted a positive operating result of 1,193 million euros, up by 2,839 million euros at a constant currency compared to last year. Full Year 2022 operating margin is 0.3 points higher than 2019 (4.2%). 
Net income amounted to 728 million euros in Full Year 2022, an increase of 4,020 million euros compared to last year.

 Fourth quarterFull Year
constant currency
constant currency
Passengers (thousands)20,995+32.2% 83,323+86.5% 
Capacity (ASK m)72,698+21.3% 282,826+44.2% 
Traffic (RPK m)62,422+45.7% 237,567+104.6% 
Passenger load factor85.9%14.4pt 84.0%24.8pt 
Passenger unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 7.87+36.5%+32.3%7.45+55.9%+51.6%
Group unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 8.88+22.3%+18.5%8.52+33.4%+29.5%
Group unit cost per ASK (€ cts) at constant fuel8.69+24.9%+5.1%8.10+12.2%-4.5%

In 2022, Air France-KLM welcomed 83.3 million passengers which is 86.5% above previous year. As capacity increased by 44.2% and traffic grew by 104.6%, the load factor increased by 24.8 points compared to last year.
Group passenger unit revenue per ASK increased by 51.6% against a constant currency compared to last year. This increase was driven by both load factor and yield.
Group unit cost per ASK at constant fuel and constant currency is down 4.5% versus last year thanks to an increase in capacity and the Group’s ongoing transformation efforts.

The full year unit cost is up 1.9% at a constant fuel price and constant currency (USD & related currencies only) versus 2019, with a capacity down by 15%. The ongoing transformation programs enable Air France-KLM to limit the impact of increasing costs such as airport and ATC charges, and the increase of labor cost.

Compared to December 2019, the number of Full Time Equivalents (FTE’s) decreased by 16% at Air France (excluding Transavia France) and by 9% at KLM.

In 2022 staff costs decreased by 10% compared to the same quarter in 2019 mainly thanks to FTE reduction and government support on wages, mainly received in the first quarter.

In 2021 and 2022, Air France-KLM continued redeeming liquidity support while maintaining a solid cash position

  • In December 2021, Air France-KLM redeemed €500 million of the outstanding 4 billion euros bank loan guaranteed by the French State (the “PGE”).
  • In June 2022, Air France-KLM successfully completed a €2.256 billion rights issue, of which €1.6 billion were allocated to the partial redemption of the €3.0 billion perpetual hybrid instruments held by the French State.
  • End of June 2022, KLM fully redeemed its RCF and Dutch State Loan for a total amount of 0.9 billion euros.
  • In July 2022, Air France-KLM and Apollo closed a €500 million transaction whereby Apollo subscribed to perpetual bonds issued by an Air France ad hoc operating affiliate that owns a pool of spare engines dedicated to the airline’s Engineering and Maintenance. The €500 million proceeds were used to further redeem part of the perpetual hybrid instruments held by the French State.
  • In November 2022, Air France-KLM successfully placed undated deeply subordinated unsecured bonds convertible into new shares and/or exchangeable for existing shares, for a nominal amount of c. €300 million. The net proceeds of this offering were fully allocated to the partial redemption of the perpetual hybrid instruments held by the French State.
  • In November 2022, Air France-KLM continued to deleverage and reprofile its unsecured debt with an agreement with the French state and the syndicate of nine banks participating in the PGE to proceed with the early redemption of an additional €1.0 billion, bringing its outstanding amount to €2.5 billion at end-2022.

Altogether, by December 2022, Air France-KLM redeemed €4.9 billion liquidity support, thus rebalancing the Group’s debt profile.

In 2023, Air France-KLM will continue to strengthen its balance sheet

  • In the course of March 2023, the Group will fully redeem the “PGE” (2.5 billion euros outstanding) by using the 1.0 billion euros proceeds of the Sustainability-Linked Bonds issued in January 2023 and by using an additional 1.5 billion euros of cash.
  • In April 2023, Air France & Air France-KLM combined and KLM intends to implement two new Sustainability-linked Revolving Credit Facilities.
  • Aside of net profit generation, Air France-KLM intends to restore its balance sheet by means of non dilutive initiatives such as quasi-equity financing instruments2 (similarly to the one raised by Air France on a pool of spare engines in July 2022), supported by Loyalty Program and/or MRO assets, and/or straight hybrid bonds.

… and will be fully released from current States support

The remaining €1.2bn French State Recapitalization Aid, granted under EU State Aid Covid Temporary Framework, is currently composed by:

  • €600m French State perpetual hybrids instruments.
  • €600m shares, acquired by the French State as part of the May 2021 right issue.

As of April 19th, 20233, Air France-KLM intends to fully exit this current €1.2bn French State recapitalization Aid and its related bans.
Following the approval on February 16th, 2023, by the EU Commission of a French State Compensation Aid without any bans, the Group will achieve this exit of the French Recapitalization Aid through the following steps:

  • March 2023: Air France-KLM will redeem and refinance €300m of French State perpetual bonds into French State perpetual hybrid instruments without bans attached, enabling to cross the 75% redemption threshold of the Recapitalization French State Aid.
  • As of April 19th, 2023: The rest of the c.€300m French State perpetual hybrid instruments and the remuneration associated to the State aid will be redeemed and refinanced similarly. The Group will settle all final obligations related to the exit of the remaining Recapitalization Aid without change needed of the capital structure.

In April 2023 KLM intends to exit the current Dutch State framework with banks & State loans being replaced by a Sustainability Linked Revolving Credit Facility.


Air France-KLM is confident that the recovery will continue and therefore, the Group expects the capacity in Available Seat Kilometers for Air France-KLM Group including Transavia at an index of:

  • 90%-95% for the First quarter of 2023
  • 90%-95% for the Second quarter of 2023
  • above 95% for the Second Half of 2023
  • 95%-100% for the Full Year 2023

Transavia will contribute to this growth and expects to be at circa 135% for the Full Year 2023.
All indices compared to the respective period of 2019.


  • Unit cost: The Group expects for Full Year 2023 a stable unit cost, against a constant fuel price, constant currency and excluding furlough contribution, compared to FY 2022.
  • Net capex: Full year 2023 Net Capex spending is estimated at 3.0 billion euros.

Medium Term Outlook4:

The Group continues its swift transformation initiatives and confirms its medium-term financial ambition with the long-term focus of achieving increased competitiveness. To do this, the Group remains agile in optimizing fleet, workforce, network, costs and continues its sustainability efforts. The Group expects capacity in Available Seat Kilometers back to 2019 levels as from 2024.

The transformation efforts of the Group, including FTE reduction, fleet renewal and spend optimization, will compensate the inflationary pressure on cost. Therefore, the Group expects to decrease its unit cost by -1% to -4% against a constant fuel price, constant currency and excluding Emission Trading Scheme costs (ETS) compared to 2022.

The Adjusted Operating Free Cash Flow excluding exceptionals is expected to remain positive. Exceptionals include the payment of the air-freight litigation and the deferrals of social charges and wage taxes accumulated during the Covid 19 period.

The Net debt/EBITDA target ratio is expected to remain between 1.5x and 2.0x.

The Group’s medium-term financial ambition is to reach an Operating Margin of 7% to 8%.


Network: Significant improvement in revenues and operating result


Fourth quarterFull Year
constant currency
constant currency
Total revenues (€m)6,204+46.3%+41.9%22,758+85.7%+80.5%
Scheduled revenues (€m)5,941+47.6%+42.7%21,844+89.6%+83.6%
Operating result (€m)237+91+971,131+2,713+2,732

Compared to 2021, Full year 2022 total revenues increased by 80.5% at constant currency to 22,758 million euros. The operating result amounted to 1,131 million euros, which represents an 2,732 million euros increase at constant currency compared to last year.

Strong yields on our diversified network

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Passenger network2022ChangeChange
constant currency
constant currency
Passengers (thousands)16,490+28.4% 64,968+81.2% 
Capacity (ASK m)63,282+18.3% 245,457+39.4% 
Traffic (RPK m) 54,439+44.4% 205,733+103.5% 
Load factor 86.0%+15.5 pt 83.8%+26.4 pt 
Total passenger revenues (€m)5,359+66.3%+61.7%19,254+122.2%+116.7%
Scheduled passenger revenues (€m)5,210+66.4%+60.9%18,794+125.0%+118.1%
Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 8.23+40.6%+36.0%7.66+61.3%+56.4%

FY 2022 capacity in Available Seat Kilometers (ASK) was 39.4% higher than last year and at 85% of 2019 Fourth quarter level, which is at the same level as the Group’s guidance provided during the Third quarter 2022 results presentation.

In response to the rise in fuel prices and other external costs, the Group proceeded to several fare increases during 2022 across all flights. The amount of the increase varied according to destination and class of travel, and applied to flights operated by Air France and KLM. Additionally, in line with the strong summer demand, the strong performance in Premium cabins and the solid corporate traffic recovery have all led to a yield above 2019 for the full year.

During Q4 we observed per area the following trends:

  • North Atlantic: Q4 is slightly down after this summer's performance but still very dynamic with capacity slightly higher than 2019. Performance continued driven by Point of Origin North America and India with a positive impact on yield. Good performance of business cabin for Air France and premium economy for KLM.
  • Latin America: Capacity gradully increased since summer in still favorable performance context.
  • Asia & Middle East: Additional capacity due the reopening of Japan and extra frequencies on Dubai. India continued to show a strong performance on volumes and yields. Business cabin performance remained strong with good dynamics.
  • Caribbean & Indian Ocean: Continuation of good Third quarter results especially driven by French West Indies and last minute demand.
  • Africa: A strong corporate recovery was observed in all areas. For KLM, the performance was driven by East and South Africa with strong yield increase linked to positive cabin mix and a positive economy yield evolution. For Air France, performance was driven by West and Central African countries with a good steering strategy.
  • Short and Medium-haul: Strong demand on the Air France side resulting in slightly higher Load factors than in 2019. KLM volumes were impacted by capacity cuts in the context of a tight labor market as well as imposed departing passenger limits, though yield development was favorable.

Over the course of 2022, the Group continued to introduce new generation aircraft to its fleet and phased out old generation aircraft which resulted in a reduction of 15 aircraft. The long haul fleet was expanded by 1 aircraft, while the medium haul fleet has been reduced by 7 aircraft and the regional fleet decreased by 9 aircraft.
In 2023 and beyond the Group will continue to invest in new generation aircraft in order to improve its economic and environmental performance. In 2023, the first Airbus A320neo/A321neo will be delivered.

Cargo: decrease in traffic compensated by strong yield resulting in a broadly stable revenue in 2022

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Cargo business2022ChangeChange
constant currency
constant currency
Tons (thousands)236-10.8% 931-11.6% 
Capacity (ATK m)3,403+9.6% 13,256+15.6% 
Traffic (RTK m) 1,756-12.3% 6,888-14.5% 
Load factor 51.6%-12.9 pt 52.0%-18.3 pt 
Total Cargo revenues (€m)844-17.2%-20.2%3,502-2.4%-5.9%
Scheduled cargo revenues (€m)732-18.2%-20.9%3,049-3.7%-7.0%
Unit revenue per ATK (€ cts ) 21.51-25.3%-27.8%23.00-16.7%-19.5%

2022 was a dynamic year, a very strong first half-year was followed by a more softening second part. Due to the resumption of passenger travel, belly capacity improved and resulted in an increase in Available Ton Kilometers of 15.6% versus Full Year 2021. The slower growth of global trade and the partial rebound of sea freight led to decreasing demand for air cargo from the second quarter onwards. Traffic decreased with 14.5% and the unit revenue per ATK decreased by 16.7% due to a decline in yield as well, although the yield remained still above 2021 level. Total Cargo revenues were 2.4% below Full Year 2021.

Compared to the pre-COVID year 2019, cargo capacity in the Full Year was 9% below. However, due to strong yield performance, total revenues in 2022 were 63% higher compared to 2019.

In 2022, Air France-KLM laid a strong foundation for the coming years to remain a credible and prominent air cargo player with the signing of a ten-year cooperation agreement with the CMA-CGM Group. Moreover, as part of Air France-KLM program to replace its aging Full Freighters and to strengthen Cargo’s financials and sustainability, the Group firmed an order for four Airbus A350F freighters destined to Air France in March 2022 (further to an LOI announced in December 2021) and early 2023 an additional order for four A350F freighters (to replace current fleet) to be operated by Martinair on behalf of KLM Cargo was announced.

Investments in Transavia’s growth capacity continues

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Passengers (thousands)4,505+48.1%18,355+108.3%
Capacity (ASK m)9,416+45.9%37,369+85.9%
Traffic (RPK m) 7,983+55.6%31,834+112.1%
Load factor 84.8%+5.3 pt85.2%+10.5 pt
Total passenger revenues (€m)513+57.3%2,218+119.3%
Unit revenue per ASK (€ cts) 5.44+7.6%6.06+19.9%
Unit cost per ASK (€ cts)6.64+17.7%6.32+9.1%
Operating result (€m)-113-76-100+50

During 2022, the demand recovery in leisure traffic in Europe and North Africa continued. Compared to last year, the capacity increased by 85.9%, traffic increased by 112.1%, and the number of passengers increased by 108.3% resulting in a load factor 10.5 points above 2021.

The operating result stood at -100 million euros and improved by 50 million euros compared to Full Year 2021.

Compared to 2019, Full Year 2022 showed activity levels at index 114 and a load factor below 2019 levels. The average unit revenue per ASK increased by 14% compared to 2019, mainly driven by a strong yield increase of 23%. The average unit cost per ASK increased by 28% versus 2019, mainly driven by the high fuelprice and higher disruption cost.

The fleet of Transavia reached 99 aircraft by the end of the year.

Maintenance business: Solid performance during 2022

 Fourth quarterFull Year
constant currency
constant currency
Total revenues (€m)1,018+27.9% 3,586+28.0% 
Third-party revenues (€m)405+54.0%+41.4%1,389+35.8%+33.7%
Operating result (€m)16-53-551637581
Operating margin (%)1.5%-7.1 pt-7.0 pt4.5%+1.4 pt+1.7 pt

Full Year operating result stood at 163 million euros, which represents an increase of 81 million euros at constant currency compared to Full Year 2021 and is due to a higher activity and an operational improvement.   

Total revenues increased by 28% in 2022 while third party revenues increased by 33.7% at constant currency, showing a strong recovery.
The operating margin stood at 4.5%, which is 1.4 point higher than the operating margin in 2021. Compared to Full Year 2019 the margin is still one point lower.

Adjusted operating free cash flow positive leading to a Net debt/EBITDA ratio at 1.8x

 Fourth quarterFull Year
In € million2022Change2022Change
Cash flow before change in WCR and Voluntary Departure Plans, continuing operations (€m)683-283,121+2,901
Cash out related to Voluntary Departure Plans (€m)-58+20-233+63
Change in Working Capital Requirement (WCR) (€m)-280-5291,968+358
Net cash flow from operating activities (€m)345-5374,8563,322
Net investments* (€m)-688-239-2,092-789
Operating free cash flow (€m)-343-7762,7642,533
Repayment of lease debt-208+0-861+1
Adjusted operating free cash flow**-551-7761,903+2,534

* Sum of ‘Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets’ and ‘Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets’ as presented in the consolidated cash flow statement.

** The “Adjusted operating free cash flowis operating free cash flow after deducting the repayment of lease debt.

The Group generated an adjusted operating free cash flow in 2022 of 1.9 billion euros, which is 2.5 billion euros higher than last year.

In € million31 Dec 202231 Dec 2021
Net debt 6,3378,216
EBITDA trailing 12 months3,615745
Net debt/EBITDA 1.8 x11.0 x

Significant increase in Full Year revenues resulting in positive and improved operating result for both airlines

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Air France Group Operating result (€m)144+92483+1,886
Operating margin (%)3.2%+1.4 pt3.0%+19.0 pt
KLM Group Operating result (€m)-2-129706+933
Operating margin (%)-0.1%-6.3 pt6.6%+10.3 pt

The audit procedures have been completed. The audit report is in the process of being issued.


The results presentation is available at on February 17, 2023 from 7:00 am CET.

A conference call hosted by Mr. Smith (CEO) and Mr. Zaat (CFO) will be held on February 17, 2023 at 08.15 am CET.
To connect to the conference call, please dial:

France: Local +33 (0)1 76 77 22 88
Netherlands: Local +31 (0) 20 703 8211
UK: Local +44 (0)330 165 3656
US: Local +1 323-994-2093

Confirmation code: 8967838

Investor Relations Press
Frederic KahaneMichiel Klinkers+33 1 41 56 56 00 

Income Statement

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Revenues from ordinary activities7,1284,83847%26,39314,31584%
Aircraft fuel-2,057-937120%-7,241-2,748164%
Chartering costs-101-939%-387-32519%
Landing fees and air route charges-439-35025%-1,710-1,18544%
Handling charges and other operating costs-418-31732%-1,608-1,02757%
Aircraft maintenance costs-613-44438%-2,256-1,62539%
Commercial and distribution costs-246-13089%-887-385130%
Other external expenses -412-31232%-1,488-1,15229%
Salaries and related costs-2,049-1,52634%-7,289-5,34036%
Taxes other than income taxes-38-16138%-156-11634%
Other income and expenses226247-9%96471535%
Amortization, depreciation and provisions-652-6490%-2,422-2,3712%
Income from current operations134179-25%1,193-1,626nm
Sales of aircraft equipment2112000%66-19nm
Other non-current income and expenses-2120nm-65-887-93%
Income from operating activities134199-33%1,194-2,532nm
Cost of financial debt-153-247-38%-569-730-22%
Income from cash and cash equivalent330nm4121950%
Net cost of financial debt-120-247-51%-528-728-27%
Other financial income and expenses295-91nm-324-28912%
Income before tax309-139nm342-3,549nm
Income taxes18326604%39028238%
Net income of consolidated companies492-113nm732-3,267nm
Share of profits (losses) of associates12-13nm12-27nm
Net income for the period504-126nm744-3,294nm
Non-controlling interests80nm16-2nm
Net income for the period – Group part496-126nm728-3,292nm

* Restated figures include the change in accounting principles for pensions (interpretation of IAS19)

Consolidated Balance Sheet

Assets31 Dec 2022

31 Dec 2021

Intangible assets1,3371,235
Flight equipment10,61410,466
Other property, plant and equipment1,3751,402
Right-of-use assets5,4285,148
Investments in equity associates120109
Pension assets39-
Other non-current financial assets1,184951
Non-current derivatives financial assets262143
Deferred tax assets714278
Total non-current assets21,29819,954
Other current financial assets620484
Current derivatives financial assets327469
Trade receivables1,7851,511
Other current assets847966
Cash and cash equivalents6,6266,658
Assets held for sale7974
Total current assets11,00710,729
Total assets32,30530,683

Liabilities and equity31 Dec 2022

31 Dec 2021

In million euros
Issued capital2,571643
Additional paid-in capital5,2174,949
Treasury shares-25-25
Perpetual bonds9333,151
Reserves and retained earnings-11,700-12,542
Equity attributable to equity holders of Air France-KLM-3,004-3,824
Non-controlling interests5248
Total Equity-2,480-3,816
Pension provisions1,6341,939
Non-current return obligation liabilities and provisions for leased aircraft and other provisions4,1494,055
Non-current financial liabilities9,65711,274
Non-current lease debt3,3182,924
Non-current derivatives financial liabilities2125
Deferred tax liabilities11
Other non-current liabilities2,3432,555
Total non-current liabilities21,12322,773
Current return obligation liabilities and provisions for leased aircraft and other provisions740885
Current financial liabilities8961,215
Current lease debt834825
Current derivatives financial liabilities8346
Trade payables2,4241,850
Deferred revenue on ticket sales3,7252,644
Frequent flyer programs900888
Other current liabilities4,0573,369
Bank overdrafts34
Total current liabilities13,66211,726
Total equity and liabilities32,30530,683

Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows from 1 January until 31 December 2022

€m31 Dec 202231 Dec 2021*
Net income744-3,294
Amortization, depreciation and operating provisions2,4222,371
Financial provisions145115
Loss (gain) on disposals of tangible and intangible assets-9218
Loss (gain) on disposals of subsidiaries and associates1-26
Derivatives – non monetary result-4-39
Unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses, net151257
Share of (profits) losses of associates-1227
Deferred taxes-436-284
Other non-monetary items-63739
Financial Capacity2,888-76
(Increase) / decrease in inventories-155-41
(Increase) / decrease in trade receivables-146-239
Increase / (decrease) in trade payables570395
Increase / (decrease) in advanced ticket sales1,092227
Change in other assets and liabilities6071,268
Change in working capital requirement1,9681,610
Net cash flow from operating activities4,8561,534
Acquisition of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities-3-4
Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets-2,972-2,202
Proceeds on disposal of subsidiaries, of shares in non-controlled entities-175
Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets880899
Dividends received22
Decrease (increase) in net investments, more than 3 months-59-9
Net cash flow used in investing activities-2,153-1,239
Increase of equity1,5511,024
Capital increase paid by non controlling interests3-
Coupons on perpetual-252-
Issuance of debt1,1101,724
Repayment on debt-3,078-1,993
Payments on lease debt-861-862
New loans-305-188
Repayment on loans45219
Dividends paid--1
Net cash flow from financing activities-2,756-77
Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts (net of cash acquired or sold)2214
Change in cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts-31232
Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at beginning of period6,6546,422
Cash and cash equivalents and bank overdrafts at end of period6,6236,654

* Restated figures include the change in accounting principles for pensions (interpretation of IAS19)
Return on capital employed (ROCE)

In million euros31
Dec 2022
Sep 2022
Jun 2022
31 Mar 202231 Dec 202130* Sep 202130* Jun 202131* Mar 2021
Goodwill and intangible assets1,5621,4251,4371,4731,4571,4561,4641,479
Flight equipment10,61410,29810,52110,53710,46610,47810,64510,800
Other property, plant and equipment1,3751,3491,3581,3781,4021,4181,4531,476
Right-of-use assets5,4285,5365,4395,2055,1485,0615,0334,795
Investments in equity associates120111108107109172166223
Financial assets excluding marketable securities and financial deposits169164162158157147147146
Provisions, excluding pension, cargo litigation and restructuring-4,347-4,792-4,473-4,240-4,180-4,180-4,033-4,083
WCR, excluding market value of derivatives-10,092-10,434-11,156-9,589-8,262-7,995-7,745-6,410
Capital employed 4,8293,6573,3965,0296,2976,5577,1308,426
Average capital employed (A)4,2287,103
Adjusted results from current operations1,193-1,626
- Dividends received-10
- Share of profits (losses) of associates12-27
- Normative income tax-311462
Adjusted result from current operations after tax (B)893-1,191
ROCE, trailing 12 months (B/A)21.1%-16.8%

* Restated figures include the change in accounting principles for pensions (interpretation of IAS19)

Net debt

 Balance sheet at
€m31 Dec 202231 Dec 2021
Current and non-current financial liabilities10,55312,489
Current and non-current lease debt4,1523,749
Accrued interest-127-128
Deposits related to financial liabilities-101-99
Deposits related to lease debt-99-85
Derivatives impact on debt-35-14
Gross financial liabilities (A)14,34315,912
Cash and cash equivalents6,6266,658
Marketable securities > 3 months572513
Bank overdrafts-3-4
Net cash (B)8,0067,696
Net debt (A) – (B)6,3378,216

Adjusted operating free cash flow

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Net cash flow from operating activities3458824,8561,534
Investment in property, plant, equipment and intangible assets-890-659-2,972-2,202
Proceeds on disposal of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets 202210880899
Operating free cash flow-3434332,764231
Payments on lease debt-208-208-861-862
Adjusted operating free cash flow-5512251,903-631

Bridge from EBITDA to Financial capacity



Fourth quarterFull Year
Provisions (CO2 and other)751090-6
Correction of spare parts inventory-51-15
Addition to pension provisions2838125206
Reversal to pension provisions (cash-out)-50-40-100-140
Sales of tangible and intangible assets (excluding aeronauticals)5-13230
Income from operation activities - cash impact8398363,761840
Restructuring costs-58-78-233-296
Other non-current income and expenses0-8-7-74
Cost of financial liability-153-137-582-577
Financial income28-325-14
Realized foreign exchanges gain/loss-1114-2263
Termination of trading hedges - cash000-8
Settlements of forwards derivates - cash000-3
Current income tax-205-46-1
Other financial charges & expenses - cash00-11-8
Other elements0432
Financial capacity6256332,888-76

* Restated figures include the change in accounting principles for pensions (interpretation of IAS19)

Unit cost: net cost per ASK

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Revenues (in €m)7,1284,83826,39314,315
Income/(loss) from current operations (in €m) -/--134-179-1,1931,626
Total operating expense (in €m)6,9944,65925,20015,941
Passenger network business – other revenues (in €m)-150-92-461-313
Cargo network business – other revenues (in €m)-113-125-453-421
Third-party revenues in the maintenance business (in €m)-405-263-1,389-1,023
Transavia - other revenues (in €m)-10453
Third-party revenues of other businesses (in €m)-5-7-26-27
Net cost (in €m)6,3194,17322,91414,161
Capacity produced, reported in ASK*72,69859,937282,826196,116
Net cost per ASK (in € cents per ASK)8.696.968.107.22
Gross change 24.9% 12.2%
Currency effect on net costs (in €m) -141 -397
Change at constant currency 20.8% 9.1%
Fuel price effect (in €m) 639 2,078
Net cost per ASK on a constant currency and fuel price basis (in € cents per ASK)8.698.268.108.48
Change at constant currency and fuel price basis +5.2% -4.5%

* Restated figures include the change in accounting principles for pensions (interpretation of IAS19)
(1) The capacity produced by the transportation activities is combined by adding the capacity of the Passenger network (in ASK) to that of Transavia (in ASK).

Group results

Air France Group

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Revenue (in €m)4,541+53.9%16,285+86.2%
EBITDA (in €m)532+691,961+1,915
Operating result (in €m)144+92483+1,886
Operating margin (%)3.2%+1.4 pt3.0%+19.0 pt
Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m)457+651,601+1,919
Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin10.1%-3.2 pt9.8%+13.5 pt

KLM Group

 Fourth quarterFull Year
Revenue (in €m)2,758+35.3%10,679+76.1%
EBITDA (in €m)261-1041,678+984
Operating result (in €m)-2-129706+933
Operating margin (%)-0.1%-6.3 pt6.6%+10.3 pt
Operating cash flow before WCR and restructuring cash out (in €m)213-1151,535+1,010
Operating cash flow (before WCR and restructuring) margin7.7%-8.4 pt14.4%+5.7 pt

NB: Sum of individual airline results does not add up to Air France-KLM total due to intercompany eliminations at Group level

Group fleet at 31 December 2022

Aircraft typeAF
(incl. HOP)
(incl. KLC & MP)
TransaviaOwnedFinance leaseOperating leaseTotalIn operationChange / 31/12/21
B777-3004316 1817245959 
B777-2001815 26163333-3
B787-91013 47122323 
B787-10 7 25 772
A380-8004  2114  
A350-90020  371020208
A330-300 5   5551
A330-200156 11 102121 
Total Long-Haul1106206638681721688
B737-900 5 5  55 
B737-800 3195348841261259
B737-700 947 61310-4
A32118  10 81818-1 
A32039  34323939-3
A31919  11 81917-11
A3189  5 499-3
A220-30016  12 416159
Total Medium-Haul10145998712146245238-4
Canadair Jet 10006  6  6 -11
Canadair Jet 700         
Embraer 195 E2 14   1414147
Embraer 1901930 1742849492
Embraer 175 17 314 1717 
Embraer 17013  10 31313-2
Embraer 145         
Total Regional386103618459993-4
B747-400ERF 3 3  33 
B747-400BCF 1 1  11 
B777-F2    222 
Total Cargo240402660


Passenger network activity*

  Q4  Year to date
Total Passenger network*20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Passengers carried (‘000s)16,49012,84028.4% 64,96835,85581.2%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)54,43837,71044.4% 205,732101,091103.5%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)63,28153,48518.3% 245,457176,01939.4%
Load factor (%)86.0%70.5%15.5 83.8%57.4%26.4
Passengers carried (‘000s)6,1234,14747.6% 22,90811,038107.5%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)45,48830,06651.3% 168,20778,353114.7%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)52,14342,89321.6% 198,824143,35938.7%
Load factor (%)87.2%70.1%17.1 84.6%54.7%29.9
North America       
Passengers carried (‘000s)2,0671,24865.7% 8,3033,100167.9%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)14,7998,97165.0% 59,38322,405165.0%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)17,10113,46127.0% 70,60842,63165.6%
Load factor (%)86.5%66.6%19.9 84.1%52.6%31.5
Latin America       
Passengers carried (‘000s)85956253.0% 3,1021,293139.9%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)8,1755,42050.8% 29,50212,454136.9%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)9,0316,59037.0% 33,09723,21142.6%
Load factor (%)90.5%82.2%8.3 89.1%53.7%35.5
Asia / Middle East       
Passengers carried (‘000s)1,15060689.8% 3,6231,706112.4%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)8,5614,090109.3% 26,12111,440128.3%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)10,0627,90527.3% 32,91529,73110.7%
Load factor (%)85.1%51.7%33.3 79.4%38.5%40.9
Passengers carried (‘000s)1,04084523.1% 3,8702,57850.1%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)6,3574,84631.2% 23,17014,39860.9%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)7,4496,65711.9% 27,97423,00321.6%
Load factor (%)85.3%72.8%12.5 82.8%62.6%20.2
Caribbean / Indian Ocean       
Passengers carried (‘000s)1,00788713.5% 4,0122,36269.8%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)7,5956,73812.7% 30,03217,65670.1%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)8,5018,2802.7% 34,23024,78238.1%
Load factor (%)89.3%81.4%8.0 87.7%71.2%16.5
Short and Medium-haul       
Passengers carried (‘000s)10,3668,69319.3% 42,05724,81769.5%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)8,9517,64417.1% 37,52522,73965.0%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)11,13810,5925.2% 46,63432,66042.8%
Load factor (%)80.4%72.2%8.2 80.5%69.6%10.8

* Air France and KLM

Transavia activity        

  Q4  Year to date
Transavia20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Passengers carried (‘000s)4,5053,04248.1% 18,3558,814108.3%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)7,9835,13155.6% 31,83415,012112.1%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)9,4166,45245.9% 37,36920,09785.9%
Load factor (%)84.8%79.5%5.3 85.2%74.7%10.5

Total group passenger activity**

  Q4  Year to date
Total group**20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Passengers carried (‘000s)20,99515,88132.2% 83,32344,66986.5%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)62,42242,84145.7% 237,567116,103104.6%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)72,69859,93721.3% 282,826196,11644.2%
Load factor (%)85.9%71.5%14.4 84.0%59.2%24.8

** Air France, KLM and Transavia

Cargo activity

  Q4  Year to date
Total Group20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)1,7562,001(12.2%) 6,8888,057(14.5%)
Available tonne-km (m ATK)3,4033,1069.6% 13,25611,46915.6%
Load factor (%)51.6%64.4%(12.9) 52.0%70.2%(18.3)

Air France activity

  Q4  Year to date
Total Passenger network activity20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Passengers carried (‘000s)10,1537,64432.8% 39,13021,81679.4%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)33,20322,15349.9% 123,44460,180105.1%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)38,31330,32726.3% 146,79693,56856.9%
Load factor (%)86.7%73.0%13.6 84.1%64.3%19.8

Passengers carried (‘000s)3,8292,58648.0% 14,2826,988104.4%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)27,69617,86255.1% 101,26947,127114.9%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)31,58824,42929.3% 119,43775,07159.1%
Load factor (%)87.7%73.1%14.6 84.8%62.8%22.0

Short and Medium-haul       
Passengers carried (‘000s)6,3235,05825.0% 24,84414,82867.6%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)5,5084,29128.4% 22,17513,05469.9%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)6,7255,89814.0% 27,36018,49747.9%
Load factor (%)81.9%72.8%9.1 81.1%70.6%10.5

  Q4  Year to date
Cargo activity20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)929955(2.7%) 3,5593,603(1.2%)
Available tonne-km (m ATK)1,9501,67716.3% 7,4945,87127.7%
Load factor (%)47.6%56.9%(9.3) 47.5%61.4%(13.9)

KLM activity

  Q4  Year to date
Total Passenger network activity20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Passengers carried (‘000s)6,3375,19622.0% 25,83814,03984.0%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)21,23615,55836.5% 82,28940,912101.1%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)24,96823,1587.8% 98,66082,45219.7%
Load factor (%)85.1%67.2%17.9 83.4%49.6%33.8

Passengers carried (‘000s)2,2941,56147.0% 8,6264,050113.0%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)17,79312,20445.8% 66,93931,227114.4%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)20,55518,46311.3% 79,38668,28816.3%
Load factor (%)86.6%66.1%20.5 84.3%45.7%38.6

Short and Medium-haul       
Passengers carried (‘000s)4,0433,63511.2% 17,2129,98972.3%
Revenue pax-kilometers (m RPK)3,4433,3532.7% 15,3509,68558.5%
Available seat-kilometers (m ASK)4,4134,694(6.0%) 19,27414,16336.1%
Load factor (%)78.0%71.4%6.6 79.6%68.4%11.3

  Q4  Year to date
Cargo activity20222021Variation 20222021Variation
Revenue tonne-km (m RTK)8281,047(20.9%) 3,3304,454(25.2%)
Available tonne-km (m ATK)1,4531,4301.7% 5,7625,5982.9%
Load factor (%)57.0%73.2%(16.3) 57.8%79.6%(21.8)

1 Change versus 31 Dec 2021
2 Subject to compliance with EU State Aid Temporary Framework, if applicable
3 2-years anniversary date of the granting of the French State recapitalization aid
4 Refers to 2024-2026 period