Investigational Magrolimab in Combination With Azacitidine Demonstrates Durable Activity in Previously-Untreated Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia
-- Phase 1b Findings Presented in
-- 91 Percent of Patients with Higher-Risk MDS Treated with Magrolimab Plus Azacitidine Achieved an Objective Response and 42 Percent Achieved a Complete Response --
-- 64 Percent of Patients with Intensive Chemo-Ineligible AML Treated with Magrolimab Plus Azacitidine Achieved An Objective Response and 56 Percent Achieved a Complete Response or Complete Response with Incomplete Hematological Recovery --
At the time of the data cut-off, 68 patients had been treated with magrolimab plus azacitidine, including 39 patients with previously untreated higher-risk MDS and 29 patients with previously untreated AML. Of 33 MDS patients who were evaluable for efficacy, 91 percent (n=30/33) achieved an objective response (response assessments per 2006 IWG MDS criteria) including 42 percent (n=14/33) with a complete response (CR). Responses to magrolimab and azacitidine also deepened over time, as the CR rate with at least six months of follow-up was 56 percent in MDS patients.
In AML, 64 percent (n=16/25) of patients evaluable for efficacy achieved an objective response (response assessments per 2017 AML ELN criteria), including 56 percent (n=14/25) with a CR or a CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi). Notably in TP53-mutant AML (n=12), a treatment refractory and poor prognosis population, 75 percent achieved a CR or CRi.
Median duration of response and median overall survival have not yet been reached in MDS, AML or TP53-mutant AML, with a median follow-up of 5.8 (range: 2.0-15.0 months), 9.4 (range: 1.9-16.9 months) and 8.8 months (range: 1.9-16.9 months), respectively.
The safety profile of the combination of magrolimab plus azacitidine was generally consistent with prior reports with no maximum tolerated dose reached. Common all-grade treatment-related adverse events (AEs) among 68 patients with MDS or AML were anemia (38 percent), fatigue (21 percent), neutropenia (19 percent), thrombocytopenia (18 percent) and infusion reaction (16 percent). Treatment-related febrile neutropenia occurred in 1.5 percent of patients. Only one patient (1.5 percent) discontinued the trial due to a treatment-related AE.
“We continue to be encouraged by the response rates observed with magrolimab and azacitidine in first-line, high-risk MDS and AML,” said
“Results presented at ASCO reinforce the clinical potential of CD47 inhibition with magrolimab in high risk, difficult-to-treat hematologic malignancies,” said
Magrolimab is investigational and not approved anywhere globally. Its efficacy and safety have not been established. More information about clinical trials with magrolimab is available at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03248479).
About Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a type of cancer caused by poorly formed or dysfunctional blood cells in the bone marrow. Approximately 15,000 people are diagnosed with MDS in the
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer which begins in the bone marrow and can quickly move to the blood and other parts of the body. AML most often develops from cells that would turn into white blood cells, but can also develop from other types of blood-forming cells. Cancers such as MDS can also develop into AML. Approximately 20,000 Americans will be diagnosed with AML each year.
About the Phase 1b Trial
The Phase 1b trial, which is being funded in part by the
This trial, which is ongoing, aims to enroll up to a total of 257 patients.
Magrolimab is an investigational monoclonal antibody against CD47 that is designed to interfere with recognition of CD47 by the SIRPα receptor on macrophages, thus blocking the "don't eat me" signal used by cancer cells to avoid being ingested by macrophages.
Gilead Forward-Looking Statement
This press release includes forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the possibility of unfavorable results from ongoing and additional clinical studies involving magrolimab, including in combination with azacitidine, and the possibility that Gilead may be unable to initiate and complete future studies involving magrolimab in the anticipated timelines or at all. Further, it is possible that Gilead may make a strategic decision to discontinue development of magrolimab. All statements other than statements of historical fact are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those referred to in the forward-looking statements. The reader is cautioned not to rely on these forward-looking statements. These and other risks are described in detail in Gilead’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended
For more information about Gilead, please visit the company’s website at www.gilead.com, follow Gilead on Twitter (@Gilead Sciences) or call Gilead Public Affairs at 1-800-GILEAD-5 or 1-650-574-3000.
Douglas Maffei, PhD, Investors
Sonia Choi, Media